If passed, the bill would halt executions in North Carolina until at least 2003, when the General Assembly would review a finalized death penalty study.
But Republican leaders say there is little chance that the temporary moratorium will pass due to the divided stance of legislators on either side of the aisle.
Ballance attributes the recent push for death penalty reform legislation to a transformation in the opinions of residents about capital punishment.
"I think attitudes are changing (in North Carolina) because people are realizing that innocent people are on death row," he said.
Last year, Ballance served as chairman of a legislative committee that examined the death penalty.
Two other pieces of legislation that will be introduced by Ballance call for banning execution of the mentally retarded and modifying court procedure for capital cases.
Rep. Paul Luebke, D-Durham, who served on the legislative committee, said he supports both bills.
Senate Bill 173 would prohibit prosecutors from seeking capital punishment against defendants with an I.Q. under 70. Under the proposal, defendants could be judged "retarded" by the judge.
"The conclusion of the commission was that putting a mentally retarded person to death is unfair because they really don't know what's happening," Luebke said.