Weissman, an adviser for the 225-page “Solitary Confinement as Torture” report released in 2014 by the Human Rights Policy Seminar at UNC’s School of Law, used the United Nations Convention Against Torture to classify solitary confinement as torture.
The convention defines torture as “any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed...”
By this definition, Weissman and other prisoners’ rights activists believe that solitary confinement is torture.
Chris Brook, legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina, said not all groups are equally represented in solitary confinement — mentally ill people, for example, are found in solitary confinement in disproportionately large numbers.
“These sorts of conditions only exacerbate mental illness, and if someone’s not already mentally ill, it can make them become that way,” Brook said.
“You’re sort of breaking people so they can’t contribute to society when they come out. Ninety-five percent of prisoners will come out at some point and have to interact with society.”
Emily Venturi, co-chairwoman of the Criminal Justice Awareness and Action committee, talked about reform in North Carolina’s prison system specifically.
“In North Carolina, 16- and 17-year-olds are tried as adults, and juveniles have high rates of solitary confinement in prisons for protection,” Venturi said.
“One of the campaigns that we want to get involved with is raising the age to 18 because then juveniles won’t be held in adult prisons and tried in adult courts. What happens is a lot of juveniles get put in prison for misdemeanors, end up in solitary confinement, and it’s a cyclic entry and reentry into the prison system.”
CORRECTION: Due to a reporting error, a previous version of this story misattributed quotes to Elizabeth Simpson, who did not attend the event. Deborah Weissman, a UNC law professor, spoke about solitary confinement. The story has been updated to reflect this change. The Daily Tar Heel apologizes for this error.