The federal funding will constitute at least 75 percent of the total Hurricane Florence relief spending, as mandated by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. The remaining quarter — or less, depending on if the federal government decides to increase its appropriation — will come from the state legislature when it convenes on Oct. 9.
Gov. Roy Cooper has requested for FEMA to supply 100 percent of the initial funding for a response to Florence.
“Because the funding comes through Community Development Block Grants, we will be able to better transition from an emergency response to long-term recovery efforts, knowing the path ahead of us is long and arduous," Burr said in the press release. "Throughout this process, I’ve been impressed by the coordination and rapid response from local, state and federal officials."
Democratic U.S. Rep. David Price, who is the only N.C. representative on the House Appropriations Committee, said in a press release he was pleased to help secure disaster relief funding but understands there is more work to be done.
“While it’s clear additional funding will be required to meet the needs of the many communities still reeling from this storm, this funding, once enacted into law, will be a significant down payment that will help millions of residents in North Carolina and elsewhere recover from recent disasters," Price said in his statement.
Bill Gentry, an assistant professor of health policy and management in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, said natural disaster relief funding operates differently than many people believe it does.
“You hear complaints after these type of events from certain individuals who say ‘That’s the reason why people don’t have insurance: they know that they’re going to get this federal money,’" Gentry said.
Often times though people can't afford insurance, or if they're renting, they don't necessarily get insurance, Gentry said. The federal aid is designed to help people get back up and to help them with immediate needs he said.
Gentry said there are also a lot of barriers to accessing resources within FEMA.
"And so right from the beginning you’re creating barriers. People who have access to the Internet and people who have access to a working phone are already registering and already getting information and applying for assistance," he said.
He said the best way to register in the FEMA system is to call their 800 number or go to their website.
Gentry said FEMA eventually sets up physical assistance centers in affected counties, but this also creates barriers for people who don't have transportation or are unable to understand and appropriately fill out all the paperwork.
“It’s not a perfect system by any means, and they do try to capture people as they can, but it is a challenge for people in lower socioeconomic levels to get the same access that other people do," Gentry said.