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A look at the COVID-19 pandemic in North Carolina: Protocol changes in 2022


Masks lie at the entrance to Wilson Library on Jan. 9, 2022. 

North Carolina has seen several changes to COVID-19 protocols in 2022 regarding masks, schools and vaccines.

In February, Gov. Roy Cooper announced his encouragement for schools and local governments to end their mask mandates, according to a press release.

“We are taking a positive step on mask requirements to help us move safely toward a more normal day-to-day life,” Cooper said in the statement. 

Orange County dropped its mask mandate on March 7, citing indicators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to demonstrate that Orange County was no longer “high-risk”. 

Orange County Board of County Commissioners Chairperson Renée Price said in a March meeting that the county will still recommend that residents wear masks in public, and masks would still be mandated in some settings, including public transit.

“It’s been almost two years, just shy of a few days, that we’ve been dealing with this COVID pandemic and hopefully we are now coming out," Price said. 

Commissioner Jean Hamilton said a lack of clarity regarding COVID-19 guidelines added to the suffering of residents during the pandemic.

“No matter what perspective was shared, what came across to me is how difficult life has been for all of us during this pandemic,” Hamilton said. 

In order to continue to fight the virus, the Orange County Health Department offers free PCR COVID-19 tests for people of all ages, insured or not. 

Following the dropped mandate, Orange County Schools announced that masks would be optional in OCS schools, and that temperature checks and screening questions would no longer be required.

OCS will provide at-home COVID-19 testing kits for students and families over winter break in order to prepare them for the return to school in January, according to the district's website. The district is also holding a booster clinic for students, staff and family members on Dec. 9.

Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools is a “mask-recommended but optional” district and no longer uses universal contact tracing, according to its website. 

Andy Jenks, chief communications officer for CHCCS, said the district wants students and adults to feel comfortable and supported in the choice that is best for them when it comes to wearing a mask.

Jenks said the pandemic highlighted innovation and thoughtfulness in public education. It is important to take lessons from the pandemic as schools adjust to a “new normal," he said.

“While we are glad to be in the situation that we're in, and it's a very joyful time to be in schools, we also need to constantly be looking forward and drawing on lessons from the pandemic so that we're providing the best possible learning environment for our students,” Jenks said.

In June, the CDC recommended children 6 months and older receive a COVID-19 vaccine. The organization approved the use of the updated bivalent boosters for children 12 and older in September and children from ages 5 to 11 were included in October. 

Residents who want to get vaccinated can book an appointment at the Chapel Hill vaccine clinic, or visit Hillsborough’s walk-in clinic. Both of these clinics are free and do not require proof of ID or insurance.

Throughout the year, North Carolina has also seen a decrease in the number of patients hospitalized for COVID-19.

Of the week ending on Jan. 1, the daily average of hospitalized patients was 2,244 people. Peak hospitalization occurred at the end of January, with a daily average of 5,049 people hospitalized. By the week ending in Nov. 19, that number dropped to 569.

UNC Health Care also has a COVID-19 symptom checker that helps people determine whether or not someone is in need of medical follow-up, and offers virtual urgent care consultation through its UNC Urgent Care 24/7 service for non-emergency medical issues, including COVID-19. 

As the pandemic continues, those who had COVID-19 may experience long-term effects of the virus, also known as long COVID. In September, the CDC updated its recommendations for those experiencing post-COVID-19 conditions, including coping strategies and stress management.

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