<![CDATA[The Daily Tar Heel]]> Fri, 07 Aug 2020 14:07:23 -0400 Fri, 07 Aug 2020 14:07:23 -0400 SNworks CEO 2020 The Daily Tar Heel <![CDATA[Mike Fox, UNC baseball's head coach for 22 years, announces he is retiring]]> Mike Fox, the North Carolina baseball team's head coach for the last 22 years, announced Friday that he is retiring. Fox was the winningest active head coach in all of D1 baseball, and the first coach to lead a team to four consecutive college world series.

"From playing in the College World Series as a Tar Heel senior, to winning a Division III national championship at N.C. Wesleyan, to leading Carolina to Omaha seven times as the Tar Heels' head coach, Mike's impact on college baseball has been legendary," Athletic Director Bubba Cunningham said in a statement.

"He has connected generations of players and fans to Carolina baseball, and his commitment to his students in and out of the dugout is highlighted by the scores of players who have returned to Chapel Hill after professional careers to earn their degrees."

Fox will be replaced as head coach by Associate Head Coach Scott Forbes, who has been on UNC's staff for 19 seasons. Forbes will become the 25th head coach in school history, and just the fifth head coach since 1931.

Fox graduated UNC in 1978, and finishes his coaching career with a 1,487-547-5 record and a winning percentage of .731. He is seventh in all-time wins and 15th in career winning percentage, and led the NCAA in both categories among active coaches in 2020.

"Serving as the head baseball coach at my alma mater for the past 22 seasons has been one of the greatest blessings of my professional life," Fox said in a statement. "I have been in love with the University of North Carolina since I was a young boy. To see my dream of becoming a Tar Heel student, player and coach is hard for me to even comprehend."

Fox started his UNC career as a true walk-on in 1974, played in a College World Series in 1978, and became head coach of UNC's team prior to the 1999 season. His teams at UNC went 948-406-1, won three ACC Championships in 2007, 2013 and 2018, and advanced to the College World Series in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013 and 2018. Both the 2006 and 2007 teams advanced to the championship round in Omaha.

Fox retires as the winningest coach in UNC history, and coached seven of the school's 11 College World Series appearances. He played in or coached in all of UNC's 18 College World Series victories. Fox was Baseball America's National Coach of the Year in 2008, ACC Coach of the Year in 2018, and he was selected as the Atlantic Region Coach of the Year three times. He was inducted into the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame in 2017.

Under his tenure, UNC averaged almost 45 wins per season before the COVID-19 shortened 2020 season, and posted five 50-win teams, along with setting a program-best 59 wins in 2013. His players have been selected for first-team All-ACC 37 times, and for All-American honors 32 times.

Two of his players, Andrew Miller (2006) and Dustin Ackley (2009), were named National Player of the Year, and Ackley set the all-time record for base hits in College World Series history. Three of his players, Ackley (2006), Colin Moran (2011) and Aaron Sabato (2019) were named National Freshman of the Year. His players have also been selected twice for ACC Player of the Year, four times for ACC Pitcher of the Year and six times for ACC Freshmen of the Year.


Sophomore Michael Busch (15) shakes hands with head coach Mike Fox as he runs the bases after a home run against Florida State on March 23, 2018.

<![CDATA[University releases 15 sexual assault records following four-year lawsuit]]> According to records the University released on Thursday, 15 students have been found in violation of UNC's sexual assault policy since 2007.

The North Carolina Supreme Court ordered the release of these records on May 1, following a four-year lawsuit.

Individuals found responsible of sexual assault or sexual violence include Jalek Felton, former UNC basketball player.

The Supreme Court ordered that the University was required to "release, as public records, disciplinary records of its students who have been found to have violated UNC-CH's sexual assault policy," Justice Michael Morgan wrote in the majority opinion.

The University produced 15 cases of sexual assault or sexual violence, sexual misconduct or deliberate touching of another's sexual parts without consent, pursuant to the court order.

"This is everything that the University identified, and that the court identified, as being responsive to the Supreme court's opinion," said Hugh Stevens, the lawyer representing DTH Media Corp.

According to the 2019 Association of American Universities' Campus Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Misconduct, 35.3 percent of undergraduate female respondents reported experiencing sexual touching or penetration involving physical force (including attempted penetration), inability to consent or stop what was happening because the student was passed out, asleep or incapacitated due to drugs or alcohol, coercion or no voluntary agreement.

45 percent of women in their fourth year or higher reported the same.

Vice Chancellor of University Communications Joel Curran commented about the release of the records in a statement via UNC Media Relations.

"We have notified the parties involved in those cases and taken a responsible approach to these disclosures," Curran stated. "It is important to note that the University's Title IX policy and process are mandated by the federal government and are separate and distinct from any criminal process."

In the records obtained by The Daily Tar Heel, there were:

  • 10 cases of sexual assault or sexual violence
  • Four cases of sexual misconduct
  • One case of deliberate touching of another's sexual parts without consent.

The original 2016 lawsuit requested the records from 2007 to the present.

Based on the records released earlier Thursday, sanctions for sexual assault or sexual violence range from expulsion from the UNC System, definite suspension, indefinite suspension or a set ban from the University's campus.

For sexual misconduct, sanctions range from definite suspension to indefinite suspension.

UNC had previously announced that Felton had been suspended from the University in the spring of 2018, before his attorney Kerry Sutton said on Twitter that Felton was withdrawing from the University.

Felton was found responsible of sexual violence or sexual assault and was sanctioned with expulsion from the UNC System, order of No Contact and a ban from the University's campus for four years.

Sutton said that Felton withdrew from the University before he was expelled. Sutton declined to comment on whether or not Jalek was informed of his ban from the University's campus, but spoke with him earlier today to inform him of the courts' decision to release the documents.

UNC Athletics declined to comment or answer questions.

Curran said in the statement that the University will seek review from the U.S Supreme Court in the case.

"Later this year, the University will ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review the state court's 4-3 decision, resolute in our view that universities shouldnot be forced to release student records that could identify sexual assault  survivors," Curran stated.

Hugh Stevens said this petition, in the form of a writ of certiorari, is an order from a higher court to a lower court, extending the case for review.

"They're basically asking the Supreme Court of the U.S. to review the opinion and the ruling of the Supreme Court," Stevens said.

Since the records have already been released, an order like that from the Supreme Court could say that the N.C. Supreme Court was wrong and therefore prevent this case from serving as a precedent that would be applicable to future records requests. This action from the Supreme Court would also prevent others from citing this case to try and get similar records from other schools.

"As a practical matter, it wouldn't change anything now," Stevens said. "But it would have huge ramifications for the future."

How did we get here?

  • The N.C. Supreme Court ruled that UNC must turn over the disciplinary records for individuals found responsible for rape, sexual assault or related acts of sexual misconduct on May 1 - four years after the DTH Media Corp filed its initial lawsuit.
  • The DTH Media Corporation, along with WRAL, The Charlotte Observer and The Durham Herald Sun, sued the University for the records during the fall of 2016.
  • The lawsuit alleged the University had violated North Carolina public records law by refusing to release disciplinary records for students or faculty found responsible for sexual misconduct. Then-DTH Editor-in-Chief Jane Wester said in a column that the lawsuit was a fight for more than just records - it was a fight for transparency and the ability to hold the University accountable for what occurs on its campus.
  • "The issue of sexual assault on college campuses is far from theoretical. It is real, painfully real; it is holding friends while they cry and watching personalities change and not assigning stories to reporters anymore because people are drained, because we do not get a break from this issue," Wester wrote.
  • The Supreme Court heard oral arguments in August 2019. The University argued that the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act gives it the discretion to choose whether to release records in this case, regardless of the state's Public Records laws.
  • The Supreme Court ruled nine months later that the University must turn over the records.
  • The release of the records on Thursday comes after a delay on the part of UNC over the summer.
  • Special Deputy Attorney General Stephanie Brennan informed Hugh Stevens, who represents the media corporations in the lawsuit, in an email on June 15 that the University expected to release 11 records and set a deadline of June 30 provided there was no further court intervention.
  • On June 23, two students who had been found responsible for violations of UNC's sexual harassment policy filed a motion to intervene, seeking court permission for the records to use general neutral pseudonyms. The students believed releasing their names "will cause them immediate and irreversible reputational and economic harms."
  • By July 1, the records were not released, due to new developments over a "handful of issues," Brennan said in an email to Stevens.
  • Also this summer, UNC settled with the U.S. Department of Education for a $1.5 million fine after UNC was found responsible for violations of the Clery Act.
  • This fine was the third largest Clery Act fine settlement to date, S. Daniel Carter, president of Safety Advisors for Educational Campuses LLC, told the Daily Tar Heel in June.
  • The University was found responsible for violating campus safety laws for years between 2009 and 2016. These violations include inadequate systems for sexual violence victims, omitting serious crimes from annual reports and violating a federal non-retaliation provision.

Sports Editor Brian Keyes contributed reporting.



Lawyer Hugh Stevens presents the DTH's argument in court on Tuesday morning.

<![CDATA['Living on campus will be very different': Carolina Housing makes changes for fall]]> Update 12:56 p.m.: All residential students may cancel their housing contract for any reason and without penalty prior to 5 p.m. on Aug. 7, UNC Media Relations said in an email. The original article has been updated to reflect this deadline.

If a student has a course schedule of all remote instruction and notifies Carolina Housing before Aug. 16 -the fall 2020 late registration deadline - the student will have no cancellationcostsor penaltyandwillreceive a proratedcredit.

After Aug. 7 or following move-in, astudent-initiated contract cancellationwill be accompanied by the standard cancellationcosts,andthat individual student will receivea proratedcredit.

Updated 1:43 p.m.: Executive Director of Carolina Housing Allan Blattner said at a media availability Thursday that if a student's course availability changes to all-online after Aug. 7, Carolina Housing will cancel their housing contract with no penalty.

"All they need to do is make themselves known to us and we will take care of that for them, because clearly we want to give them an opportunity to reevaluate as their schedule changes," Blattner said.

To cancel the contract, the student can call or email Carolina Housing or access the resident student portal.

Updated 8:21 p.m.: Carolina Housing extended the deadline to cancel housing contracts to Aug. 7 and prior to moving in, according to an email to on-campus residents from Carolina Housing sent July 31.

Penalties will apply to any cancellations after Aug. 7 or after move in, the email states.

Students living on campus will begin returning to campus in less than 10 days as FDOC approaches on Aug. 10.

Carolina Housing has implemented a number of changes to housing operations that will alter the on-campus experience this fall in response to the COVID-19 situation across the state, according to an email sent Thursday from University leaders to students with on-campus housing contracts.

The deadline to cancel housing contracts for any reason without penalty has been extended to Aug. 7.

"Living on campus will be very different this fall, and we believe it is important for you to make the most informed housing decision that suits your individual circumstances," the email stated.

Carolina Housing Executive Director Allan Blattner said in an email statement via UNC Media Relations that more than 1,200 students have canceled their housing contracts since May 1. Blattner said full occupancy in residence halls this fall is not expected, due to the number of cancellations already received and more that may occur, as well as no new housing applications being accepted at this time.

Here's a breakdown of the new regulations, as well as some concerns from residential advisers.


Move-in will occur through pre-scheduled two-hour appointments from Aug. 3-9 to encourage physical distancing.

Before coming to campus, the Carolina Housing Move-In Guide states all individuals should check for COVID-19 symptoms using UNC's health screening checklist.

The Move-In Guide also outlines the following rules for move-in:

  • Students are allowed to bring a maximum of three helpers to assist them.
  • Residents moving in and all individuals assisting will be required to wear masks for the duration of the move-in process.
  • The elevator capacity during move-in is four people and limited to the resident and their move-in helpers.
  • Move-in helpers should leave as soon as possible once student belongings have been brought to their rooms.
  • UNC Transportation and Parking staff will be using contactless move-in parking assistance by logging license plates and the time of entry as cars enter parking lots to monitor the 40-minute unloading time limit.

The ideal placement of furniture to allow for maximum physical distancing in each room will be predetermined by Carolina Housing staff, according to the move-in guide. Blattner said in an email statement that the recommended furniture guidelines will be provided to residents before move-in, but students will be allowed to arrange the furniture in their rooms how they want.

Carolina Housing is asking residents to pack light in case they are required to permanently relocate to another room or building on relatively short notice or return home during the semester.

Students requiring quarantine or isolation will be moved and housed in Craige North or Parker residence halls.

"As the fall progresses, it is possible that residents will need to move rooms as housing is consolidated to meet potential health challenges," the move-in guide states.

Living on-campus

University leaders sent a summary of changes for fall 2020 to students with on-campus housing contracts Thursday that will alter the on-campus residential experience.

Residents will be expected to wear a face covering or mask while indoors in their suite or apartment and in residence hall restrooms, lobbies, elevators, stairwells and other common areas in accordance with University guidelines.

Residents will not be required to wear a mask while in their assigned room with the door closed. Roommates will be treated as a single household and will not be required to maintain a six-foot physical distance while in their room.

University housekeeping staff will perform increased and enhanced cleaning of "high touch" areas, such as elevator buttons and door handles, common areas and restrooms in residence halls each day. Blattner said the University is hiring additional housekeeping staff to accomplish the enhanced cleaning program.While Granville Towers has not added additional housekeepers, he said they will follow the same cleaning protocols as main campus.

Hand-sanitizing stations will also be placed throughout residence halls.

Carolina Housing has suspended residence hall visitation until further notice for the health and well-being of residents and housing staff. Visitors include non-residents and campus residents not assigned to that building, including family members, friends, study partners and significant others. Residents will be permitted to visit buildings within their residential community to visit the community office or laundry facilities, according to the document.

To use common areas in their assigned building, residents must follow mask requirements, physical distancing, posted occupancy limits and other rules.

Protocols for common areas include:

  • Common areas such as laundry rooms, lounges and kitchens will be limited to no more than 10 individuals and fewer in spaces where 6 feet of physical distancing cannot be achieved.
  • Elevator capacities will be four people unless otherwise determined.
  • Stairwells will be designated as one-way where possible.
  • Water fountains will not be available, but ice machines and water bottle refill stations will remain functional where possible.
  • Morrison Arts Studio, Craige Gaming Arena and Carmichael Maker Space will open with adjusted hours and operational protocols.

Only a limited number of enhancements - items that can be checked out for use by residents at the community office in each dorm - will be available at the beginning of the year to avoid potential issues with shared-use items.

Violations of the housing rules may result in loss of privilege to live in the residence hall, according to the summary of changes.

An addendum has been made to students' housing contracts to allow Carolina Housing to "respond, if needed, to the unknown conditions presented by this pandemic and bring our contract language in line with Carolina Housing operational procedures."

New language was added to the contract referencing refunds if housing is temporarily suspended during the semester. The University may offer prorated rent, as it did in the spring, but Carolina Housing said refunds are not guaranteed if housing is suspended.

"Regrettably, the current uncertain economic environment and health outlook precludes us from making any definitive decisions or commitments now on future refunds," the document states.

Concerns about living on campus

Kira Griffith, president of the Residence Hall Association, said students have expressed concerns to her about the safety of living on campus given the population density and common spaces in dorms.

Griffith said the main concerns include how well peers will abide by community standards and guidelines and if the capacity of two residence halls reserved for students requiring quarantine and isolation is enough.

Aaron Park, a rising senior who will be a resident adviser mentor in Morrison Residence Hall this year, said he is particularly concerned about the University's regulation of Greek life. Park said he thinks Greek life and the large gatherings and parties that may occur could be a hole in the University's efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19 on campus.

Park said an on-campus resident who goes to a fraternity party could endanger all the residents in the building by potentially bringing the virus back and causing an outbreak.

"You can have social distancing and mask-wearing, but once you kind of infiltrate a community that is as dense as Hinton James or Morrison or all the first-year high rises, you're putting everybody at risk," Park said.

Griffith said students can voice any concerns about living on campus as the fall progresses to RHA.

While fall modifications to on-campus living may make fulfilling RHA's mission of building a "comfortable and supportive living learning community" more challenging, Griffith said RHA will be striving to provide that environment by pivoting to foster connections and coordinate fun activities in a virtual space. Virtual programs hosted by RHA will occur several times a month, Griffith said.

"It'll be a challenge to return to campus and have an experience that may not necessarily be what you expected out of college, but I think that's something that students are facing all over the world, and RHA and several other organizations around campus are here to make sure that we can still do our best to offer the best living and learning environment and a safe, fun environment for students as well," Griffith said.

Park said he expects being a RA will be more challenging this year due to additional stressors, such as navigating new relationships in a virtual space and concern for both his own and his residents' personal safety and well-being.

The best way to promote a safe living environment on campus will be through a team effort, with students being mindful of their actions, he said.

"We are eager to welcome students back to Carolina, yet we understand the concerns that have been shared by many students and families," Blattner said in an email. "We are implementing every precaution possible to create a safe and healthy environment for our residential students. Each student and their family must make the decision that is best for them and their situation."


Taylor Hall, also known as Ram Village 4 is a residence hall that is located on South Campus behind the first-year dorm, Hinton James. This is one of the five buildings that makes up the Ram Village Community.

<![CDATA[How a UNC Police tweet highlighted a gap between UNC leaders and its students]]> A July 31 tweet from UNC Police about officer presence during move-in fueled responses from student leaders and community members, who were angered that police would be near campus dorms this week.

The UNC Police post said officers would be near dorms as part of "Welcome Home Well" to help students and their families during move-in. The original tweet has over 100 retweets with comments, most of them criticizing police presence outside dorms with phrases like "read the room."

The post from UNC Police comes after protests against police brutality have continued across the state and country, including at UNC, in the wake of George Floyd's killing at the hands of white police officers on May 25. One protest on June 3 drew hundreds to McCorkle Place on UNC's campus.

Wednesday morning, members of UNC Black Congress held a demonstration on campus addressing the presence of police and the University's response to the concerns of students and activists.

"Let us make one thing very clear," a demonstrator said. "We see what UNC is trying to do in their attempt to rebrand UNCPD and shove them down our faces in order to evade being called out for the blood on their hands, for the damage they have done, for the lives they have ruined."

Here's what happened during this three-day period of email exchanges, spontaneous meetings and public statements -all in response to one tweet from UNC Police.


In response to the UNC Police tweet, student leaders and organizations signed a statement demanding administration reverse the decision for campus police presence during move-in. The letter was sent to University leaders at 12:30 p.m. on Aug. 2, and signatories included Residence Hall Association President Kira Griffith, Black Student Movement President Tamiya Troy, Undergraduate Student Body President Reeves Moseley and 23 other UNC student leaders.

Fourteen organizations and committees were represented in the letter, including the Graduate and Professional Student Federation, the Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity and the Carolina Union Board of Directors.

The letter cited the Carolina Housing mission statement, which states that it works to provide safe, inclusive and supportive housing.

"Allowing UNCPD to be present at residence hall entrances is in direct opposition to this goal as many students and families will not be comfortable or feel 'welcomed' in this setting," the letter stated.

The statement cited the psychological effects that the murders of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery and other Black individuals have had on the Black community. Signatories also emphasized that the LGBTQ+ community and other marginalized racial groups experience harmful encounters with police.

"Police presence does not foster a sense of safety nor a feeling of comfort," the letter stated, addressing UNC's student body, particularly Black students.

A few hours after the statement was posted on social media, UNC Police tweeted a quotation from Chief of Police David Perry about the progress of his department in the past year and rebuilding trust with the community.

"Know that we will continue our work to make the campus an inviting place for students of color & to renew the confidence and belief in our officers," Perry stated.

Student leaders gave University administration a deadline of 9 p.m. on Aug. 2 - the same day the letter was sent. Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz responded at 9:57 p.m., in an email obtained by The Daily Tar Heel that was only sent to Griffith, out of the 26 total signatories.

"I value the opinions of you and other student leaders on this issue," Guskiewicz wrote. "However, after reading your letter and discussing it with others who received it, I believe there may be a misunderstanding of the role our police officers are playing in welcoming our students (and their parents) and our employees back to campus."

According to Guskiewicz's email, UNC Police have always assisted during the move-in process. He requested to hear specific instances during move-in that have created problems for students and parents. Guskiewicz also requested a meeting between some of his leadership team and members of student government to understand the concerns about police presence during move-in and "address them as necessary."

At 11:18 p.m., Griffith responded to Guskiewicz, copying three other student leaders on the email. "My peers and I share disappointment, though, that all the signatories were not copied in a response by 9pm," Griffith wrote. She said the students were ready to meet at 10 a.m. the next day, Aug. 3.


The next morning, without a meeting scheduled beforehand, Griffith went to Guskiewicz's office to speak with him. She felt this would be more effective than email communication.

"I was worried that the entire move-in process would be completed before any of our concerns were received and acted on," Griffith said.

Later on Aug. 3, Griffith said Guskiewicz met with Perry, Carolina Housing Executive Director Allan Blattner and other senior University leaders to discuss UNC Police's plan for move-in.

At 7:17 p.m., Griffith sent an email to student leaders, many of whom signed the Aug. 2 statement to administration, explaining Perry's revised plan. Griffith's email stated the following changes:

  • Reducing police officer primary assignment in residence halls and limiting work to what they have done in previous years, such as assisting with directing traffic, parking and moving in heavy items.
  • Minimizing placement of officers around campus.
  • Caroling Housing staff will be responsible for enforcing community standards, not campus police.

Move-in for students began on Monday. UNC Police Media Relations Manager Randy Young said in a statement that the campus police department "encourages the community to provide any feedback  or concerns  regarding specific instances where UNC Police interactions were considered inappropriate  or unwelcoming."

Though the revised plan did not meet the exact demands in the Aug. 2 statement, Griffith said it was a "step in the right direction."

"I felt the frustration of a lot of student leaders that we didn't necessarily get what we wanted, but I was happy that steps were made in the right direction," Griffith said. "We'll wait to see what happens over the next few days of move-in, but I do think it was a positive step for the administration."

But other student leaders, including many who signed the first statement, issued another response to administration about the revised plan. This second statement, which was sent on Aug. 4, compared the student demands - having no police present during move-in - to the University's response - revising the plan so that UNC Police would be a background presence near dorms.


Twenty-five student leaders signed the statement, which was again addressed to University administration.

"The administration's response to our letter was inadequate and unacceptable," the statement said.

The statement cited that Guskiewicz's response was only sent to Griffith, and that the Aug. 2 deadline of 9 p.m. was not met. The statement issued four new demands:

  • Establishment of an Ad Hoc Committee assembled by the Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity to advise the chancellor on policy, with respect to equity.
  • Inclusion of the Ad Hoc Committee in all decision-making processes of the University.
  • Open communication between University leaders and concerned individuals, without fragmentation.
  • University leaders release a public commitment to no police presence during future move-in periods, as well as little to no UNC Police and Chapel Hill Police presence on campus.

The deadline for a response from the University was 5 p.m. Tuesday. Signatories also requested a meeting with administration prior to the first day of classes on Aug. 10.

So far, the University has not responded.

Griffith did not sign this second statement. RHA released its own a statement Wednesday about its stance on police presence during move-in, referencing Perry's revised plan and writing that "RHA is content with this resolution as we feel that our mission has been largely accomplished in the best possible compromise given the situation at hand."

In a statement to the DTH via UNC Media Relations, Blattner said UNC Police is one of the many departments Carolina Housing works with "to make sure move-in goes smoothly." He said campus police help students and families through answering questions and navigating campus during move-in.

"We've heard the concerns of student organizations and groups, and we are working with University leaders to address them," Blattner stated.

Guskiewicz's Chief of Staff Amy Hertel responded around 10 p.m. on Aug. 4 via email - five hours after the deadline issued in the statement.

According to the email, since the Aug. 2 statement, Guskiewicz had met with Perry, Vice Chancellor for Institutional Integrity and Risk Management George Battle and Associate Vice Chancellor for Campus Safety and Risk Management Derek Kemp, as well as Griffith, Moseley and Graduate and Professional Student Federation President Ryan Collins.

According to Hertel, Guskiewicz confirmed UNC Police officers have always had a presence during fall move-in.

"This year the police planned to serve the added purpose of providing no-cost masks to individuals without proper community protective equipment, especially given that masks are now required inside all University buildings," Hertel said in the email. "This added task is not meant as a measure of enforcement, but as a community service."

As of Tuesday night, more than 2,500 students had moved in and feedback from parents and students had been "very positive," according to Hertel. She also shared resources for anonymous reporting and campus safety concerns, and suggested other leadership members to meet with.

"Please give us a chance. We are listening to you and your voices have been heard. As mentioned above, the Chancellor has acted quickly to engage leaders of campus safety," Hertel wrote. "I am confident that we are all working toward a safe and successful semester."

Lamar Richards, chairperson of the Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity, signed both statements demanding more adequate responses from UNC administration. He said speaking out against police presence like this is necessary for a university that aims to improve equity and inclusion.

"The over-policing of our Black and brown students has to quit because it furthers the agenda of a university we say we don't have anymore," Richards said. "By over-policing Black and brown students, that furthers the agenda of a Carolina that does not exist anymore."



<![CDATA[Orange County health director calls for UNC to go fully remote for at least five weeks]]> In a July 29 letter released to the public Wednesday, the Orange County Health Department recommended to UNC officials that the University restrict on-campus housing to at-risk students and implement online-only instruction for the first five weeks of the semester.

These recommendations stemmed from increasing case counts of COVID-19 in Orange County as well as emails to OCHD from UNC faculty, staff, students and community members who fear the return of students to campus.

In the letter, Orange County Health Department Director Quintana Stewart said the department recommends students with no equitable educational resources and those with "true housing needs" to be allowed to live on campus.

The letter also said UNC should implement online-only instruction for the first five weeks of the semester as a minimum, and recommended the University "consider virtual classes for the entire fall semester."

"To date a major part of our planning efforts remain incomplete," Stewart said in the letter.

In a Wednesday email to UNC students, Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz said the letter was not a mandate for UNC to take specific action, but the University has made progress towards aligning with the department's recommendations.

Move-in for UNC students began Aug. 3, but Guskiewicz's email said the University has reduced on-campus residential capacity to 64 percent.

"The University will continue to regularly advise and consult our partners at the OCHD as we navigate the days and weeks ahead," he said in the email.

UNC classes begin on Monday.

Student and town leaders call for scaled-back reopening

The Orange County Health Department is not the only organization calling for a scaled-back campus reopening plan.

On July 29 -the same day Stewart sent the letter with the health department's recommendations - a group of faculty and community leaders sent a letter addressed to Stewart and Dr. Erica Pettigrew, OCHD medical director, calling for the department to "order the University closed for normal business."

"We know how this is going to turn out," the letter states. "UNC has been promising, for weeks now, to define the thresholds and metrics that it will use for knowing when to close the university and offer all-remote classes, but they have told us nothing. We are worried about our community, and particularly worried about the unequal burden of morbidity and mortality that will impact the residents of Orange County."

Cosigners of this letter include Orange County Commissioner Mark Marcoplos, Carrboro Town Council member Sammy Slade, UNC professor Jay Smith, UNC professor Michael Palm, the NC Public Service Workers Union and the UNC chapter of the American Association of University Professors.

Slade said if an outbreak were to occur on UNC's campus, it could exhaust COVID-19 testing resources and hospital capacity that are already limited in Orange County.

"It would be really bad because we currently don't have enough testing or contact tracing without the quarter increase of population represented by UNC reopening," he said.

Orange County currently has 1,308 COVID-19 cases as of Wednesday, according to the most recent data from the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services.

Smith, a professor in the department of history, said the letter was just one of many efforts to get the University to adjust its reopening plans.

"I know I'm not alone in feeling a growing sense of desperation," Smith said. "Since late May we have done numerous things … all of which were designed to get the attention of the administration, put pressure on the administration, bring about a course correction in their roadmap -and we were consistently ignored."

"They seemed incredibly inflexible and deaf to all of the warnings that we've been pelting them with for two months -that frustration led to this letter," he added.

Other local government officials have also joined the effort.

A Wednesday letter from Orange County Board of Commissioners Chairperson Penny Rich, Chapel Hill Mayor Pam Hemminger, Carrboro Mayor Lydia Lavelle and Hillsborough Mayor Jenn Weaver that was addressed to University officials called for UNC to follow the recommendations made by the health department "to the fullest extent possible."

"There is high anxiety amongst the elected bodies we represent and in our communities as we anticipate thousands of university students moving into the community from all over the state and country, many coming from areas that lack the same requirements we have locally for slowing the spread of COVID-19," the letter said.

The letter also requested the University work with the health department to ensure sufficient resources are available to provide testing and community contact tracing to all students and staff who have been exposed to COVID-19, and update the 2020 Roadmap Community Standards to clearly establish expectations and safety protocols.

Orange County's options

A Wednesday News & Observer article stated that Orange County can issue a stay-at-home order that would force UNC students to halt campus operations and move classes online.

But Rich said Orange County is not considering shutting down and going back into a stay-at-home order. She also said Orange County does not have the ability to shut the University down.

"The University lives in Chapel Hill, but Chapel Hill doesn't have any jurisdiction over the University," she said.

Orange County is under a safer-at-home recommendation that expires Aug. 31.

UNC System spokesperson Josh Ellis said chancellors have been told to comply with any order or recommendation to shut down in-person learning that comes from the institution's county health director, the News & Observer reported July 23.

But in a letter from Stewart to her board, which Rich provided to The Daily Tar Heel, Stewart said this is not true.

"Last week an article in the News & Observer stated that the UNC System would make the final decision about the campuses reopening, but that the Board of Governors would adhere to the recommendations from the local Health Director," Stewart wrote in the letter. "There is no formal record of this and it appears the final decision remains with the UNC System, not the local campus."

Stewart said Guskiewicz called her the Friday after she sent the July 29 recommendation and shared that he could not commit to implementing the recommendation as written, but that the University continues to decrease the number of students moving back to campus daily.

Stewart said the director of local health departments has the ability to determine an imminent hazard exists, but in order for the University to be shut down she would need substantive data, support from an epidemiologist and Orange County would most likely bear the costs of shutting down the UNC campus.

"This is not a realistic option," she said.

Emergency Faculty Executive Committee meeting

On the day the letter from the health department was released, Chairperson of the Faculty Mimi Chapman wrote a letter to Guskiewicz and Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost Bob Blouin, expressing disappointment at how she heard about the letter from the Orange County Health Department.

In Chapman's letter, obtained by NC Policy Watch, she said keeping the recommendations from faculty represented a "serious breach of trust."

Palm, who is one of the lead plaintiffs representing faculty in a lawsuit against the UNC System, agreed.

"I think that pretty well captures what I imagine is the overriding sense of the faculty," Palm said about Chapman's letter. "Not only outrage and disbelief that they're not closing the campus but on top of that, the fact that they didn't even make that letter known."

The Faculty Executive Committee convened in an emergency meeting Wednesday conducted over Zoom for committee members to ask questions about the letter to Guskiewicz and Blouin, who were both at the meeting.

"We want to give you our best advice," Chapman said. "We want to let you know how people are feeling."

At the meeting, Guskiewicz and Blouin emphasized that the University is in constant communication with the Orange County Health Department.

"I started and ended my phone conversations with both Erica and Quintana on Friday by saying how much we value this partnership, this critical partnership that we have with Orange County Health Department," Guskiewicz said.

Committee member Barbara Entwisle said at the meeting that the committee felt "blindsided" to have been excluded from these recommendations.

"I think you have a good sense by now of how truly blindsided we all felt today when we saw that letter," Entwisle said. "I thought that was a powerful message, one that we should hear -one that I actually would have much preferred to hear directly from the two of you."

@sonjarao | @madelinellis

city@dailytarheel.com | university@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Cooper extends Phase 2 until Sept. 11 as UNC students move back to campus]]> Gov. Roy Cooper extended Phase 2 of North Carolina's COVID-19 restrictions until Sept. 11, he announced in a Wednesday news briefing.

Phase 2 limits restaurants, salons and retail stores to be open at 50 percent capacity, limits indoor gatherings to 10 people and outdoor gatherings to 25 people, and requires that bars, gyms and entertainment venues remain closed.

Cooper said at the briefing that one of the reasons he is extending Phase 2 is because of the reopening of schools across the state, including colleges.

"In-person learning has benefits, but it means challenges for our state, especially as our higher education campuses draw students from around the country and the world," he said.

UNC classes begin Monday, and local officials have already expressed concerns as students are starting to move back to campus.

The Orange County Health Department sent a letter to UNC officials July 29, recommending that the University restrict on-campus housing to at-risk students and begin the first five weeks of the semester with online learning.

A Wednesday letter from Orange County Board of Commissioners Chair Penny Rich, Chapel Hill Mayor Pam Hemminger, Carrboro Mayor Lydia Lavelle and Hillsborough Mayor Jenn Weaver was addressed to University officials with additional requests.

These requests included that the University work with the Orange County Health Department to ensure sufficient resources are available to provide testing and community contact tracing to all students and staff who have been exposed to COVID-19, and update the 2020 Roadmap Community Standards to clearly establish expectations and safety protocols.

Orange County is currently under a safer-at-home recommendation that differs from the state by requiring restaurant, personal care, grooming, tattoo and retail employees to wear a face covering while on duty.

The county's recommendation limits tables at restaurants to no more than six people and restricts sales of on-site alcohol consumption after 10 p.m. and before 7 a.m.

Cooper said although COVID-19 numbers in the state are stabilizing, health experts have said that reopening the state too quickly could cause a devastating increases in cases, sickness and death.

As of today, the state has had 129,288 lab-confirmed coronavirus cases and 2,050 deaths, according to data from the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services.

"Other states that have lifted restrictions quickly have had to go backward as their hospital capacity ran dangerously low and their cases jumped higher," he said. "We won't make that mistake in North Carolina."


city@dailytarheel.com | @DTHCityState

Gov. Roy Cooper visited Chapel Hill on Tuesday, Nov. 19 2019 to announce that Well Dot, Inc, a health technology company will base its new operations center in the town and create 400 jobs.

<![CDATA['This road leads to a disaster': Faculty express reopening concerns in letters]]> Editor's note: This story is the first of a two-part series on faculty concerns with the University's reopening plans.

Students, faculty and staff have expressed concerns about UNC's plans for a fall return to campus for months - and some recently turned to letter-writing to make their voices heard.

Erik Gellman, an associate professor of history, said he and other faculty members have expressed their concerns about fall reopening plans to UNC leaders, in Chapel Hill and System-wide.

"The original Roadmap (for Fall 2020) was based on a false premise that starting the semester early would allow for us to start at a level where the number of COVID cases in North Carolina and elsewhere were at a low point," Gellman said. "I get why when you have made a plan, you want to stick with it, but for a long time, this Roadmap has been driving us down the wrong road. There's a feeling that 'oh we've gone far enough down this road we might as well just continue down the road,' but I think this road leads to a disaster."

The recently-released COVID-19 Dashboard on Carolina Together's website tracks positive cumulative cases. Thirteen students have tested positive for COVID-19 in the past week, according to the dashboard.

Last week, Gellman and more than two dozen tenured faculty members turned their voices directly to students in the form of an open letter published in The Charlotte Observer. In part, the letter encourages students who have the ability to stay home and take remote courses to do so.

Gellman said the University's plan to allow students to return to dormitories at full capacity is a recipe for how to start an outbreak, rather than prevent one.

"Whatever goes on in the dorms is going to be like petri dishes," María DeGuzmán, a professor of English and comparative literature and one of the letter's signatories, said. "The CDC has already said this represents the highest risk possible when you have full capacity dorms. And that is what UNC-Chapel Hill decided to do and that is going to spread to every other part of campus, into the classrooms and into the town."

DeGuzmán said she is especially worried about systemic health disparities affecting Latinx people and African Americans across the state, which are being exacerbated by the pandemic. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Black or African American people account for 21 percent of the population in North Carolina, but make up 24 percent of COVID-19 cases and 31 percent of deaths. Hispanic or Latinx people account for nine percent of the population, but make up 41 percent of COVID-19 cases and 11 percent of deaths.

Michael Palm, an associate professor in the Department of Communication and one of the letter's signatories, said it aimed to address the fact that risks for campus community members are not distributed equally.

"As tenured faculty, we do have more protection in terms of being able to decide how we want to teach or whether we want to be on campus, than a lot of other groups and communities on campus," Palm said.

The letter is a "desperate move," he said, following months of attempts to demonstrate to leadership at UNC and the Board of Governors that members of the campus community have an established consensus that it is unsafe to reopen campus at the current planned scale.

Palm, who also serves as president of the UNC chapter of the American Association of University Professors, said a primary frustration throughout the summer has been a lack of transparency in decision-making on the part of the administration.

"Everybody understands that UNC and the leadership of the campus are under tremendous political, as well as financial pressure," Palm said. "It's become painfully clear that they are incapable - or unwilling - of standing up to that pressure."

Advocating for autonomy

BOG Chairperson Randy Ramsey said in mid-July that chancellors would not have autonomy in deciding if and when to close campus due to a rise in COVID-19 cases. He said the decision would remain with the BOG and UNC-System President Peter Hans.

In response, Chairperson of the Faculty Mimi Chapman sent a letter on July 21 to the chairpersons of the Board of Trustees and BOG. She expressed her concerns for the fall reopening and the lack of autonomy considering each campus' unique situation.

In her letter, Chapman noted that the circumstances create an "extraordinarily stressful reality," for faculty and staff.

"Many of the assumptions that the Roadmap is based on are not holding, and that's not anyone at the University's fault," Chapman told The Daily Tar Heel. "I believe the right thing to do is for our campus to have the freedom to make decisions based on our local circumstances."

BOT Chairperson Richard Stevens and a media representative for the UNC System did not respond to requests for comment. UNC Media Relations directed The Daily Tar Heel to the Carolina Together website about flexibility available for University employees.

"As we plan for our phased reentry to normal campus operations, we request and expect that we will all operate out of compassion, understanding and concern for each other," the website states. "We will work to balance individual needs for flexible work arrangements with the broader needs of the campus unit/department and the overall University mission."

For faculty concerned about returning to work, the web page states that the University will ask employees to use the Americans with Disabilities Act accommodations process when there are requests for accommodations or flexibility based on medical circumstances.

When requests are made for non-medical reasons, such as due to child care needs, age or living with a high-risk individual, employees should work with their managers, supervisors and department chairs to seek solutions that "balance individual needs with those of their respective schools and units, and the University as a whole," UNC Media Relations said in a statement.

In her letter, Chapman said many faculty members have committed themselves to teaching in person in the interests of students, particularly those from vulnerable communities.

"We are willing to do our part," Chapman wrote. "But at this point, I believe that our University and perhaps the entire UNC System is being asked to turn straw into gold."

@maydhadevarajan | @forepreston


Screenshot from the virtually Faculty Committee Meeting on Friday, June 19, 2020 to discuss the Carolina Roadmap.

<![CDATA[Campus workers delivered demands to University officials. Their deadline just passed.]]> Campus workers fear the return of students to campus -and are calling out the University for failing to address those concerns.

UNC housekeepers delivered a petition expressing concerns about fall reopening plans and demanding concrete policies to Director of Housekeeping Services Herb Richmond on July 22.

The petition gave administration a deadline of five business days to respond. To date, campus workers have heard no response, said Penny Elliott, a crew leader for UNC Housekeeping.

The petition addresses concerns such as providing proper personal protective equipment, requiring health checks at work, extending administrative leave and requiring the University to be transparent about the private contractors hired to clean.

A tweet from the UNC chapter of UE 150, the North Carolina Public Service Workers Union, said:

The housekeepers' demands are part of a series of ongoing demonstrations by faculty to demand safer working conditions.

On Monday, UE 150 hosted its latest direct action protest. This protest coincided with the first day of UNC on-campus housing move-in.

Delivering the petition

Elliott delivered the demands to Richmond at the Cheek Clark building. The letter had over 250 signatures from workers and members of the campus community.

"I'd like to make sure that everybody knows that the University housekeeping services are committed to making sure that all of our students, staff and faculty are treated safely," Richmond said upon receiving the demands. "We have all the protections, we follow the CDC guidelines, the guidelines set up by EHS, Environmental Health Services, and we've done extensive training inside of housekeeping. So we're doing our best to make sure that everyone is safe."

When asked for Richmond's response to the workers' petition, UNC Media Relations responded via email with a written statement from Richmond.

"I think about their well-being every day and it's more important now than ever that we stay vigilant and protect each other. I'm consistently talking with campus leaders about how Carolina can adapt what we're doing to address their concerns," Richmond said in the statement.

Media Relations said Richmond received the petition and spoke with facilities workers but did not comment on whether the workers demands had been met.

Workers' concerns

Many concerns center around fears that students will not adhere to community guidelines of wearing masks, social-distancing and other precautions to limit community spread of COVID-19.

"In my dorm, Carmichael, I have seen several students come in and out of the building with no masks, no nothing," Elliott said.

Housekeepers clean spaces used by students, such as residence halls, bathrooms and lounge areas. When students do not comply with social distancing guidelines, campus workers risk exposure, Elliott said.

"I feel like it's not fair," Elliott said. "The University is worried about the students' safety, you know, but they're not making them cover the guidelines. That still puts us at risk."

James Holman, a facilities worker, echoed Elliott's concerns.

"The students are going to have to do their part too, just like we have to do ours," Holman said.

Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost Bob Blouin said students must comply with UNC's community standards, proper hand-washing, physical distancing and mask-wearing in order to maintain a safe campus.

Blouin also said failing to comply may result in removal from a class or course, de-enrollment from the University or losing their status as a residential student.

Employees are also required to follow community standards "as a condition of employment," according to UNC Media Relations.

Another concern from campus workers is a lack of proper equipment. Holman, who has previously emphasized the need for more sanitation equipment, said the University still needs to fulfill the housekeepers request for more equipment.

According to UNC Media Relations, Carolina ordered 12 sanitation machines, one of which is already in use. The rest are expected to arrive in August.

But Holman said that 12 sanitation machines will not be enough to cover Carolina's large campus.

"The housekeeping staff doesn't have enough people to wipe everything down constantly," Holman said. "The way people are going out being sick and being quarantined -it's not going to work."

Elliott and Holman both emphasized the need for proper testing and health checks for employees. Holman said employees were not tested for COVID-19 upon returning to work. The University has said that everyone will not be tested before returning to campus because doing so "could create a false sense of security."

Holman said that since housekeepers are being asked to protect employees by disinfecting the campus that they should be frequently tested.

"You mean that the University can not take care of the people that are on the front lines," Holman said. "We need to be protected better than we are."



UNC System workers march across campus towards South Building on Friday, July 17, 2020 to protest the university's approach to reopening.

<![CDATA[UNC student commission resolution: 'All courses must be offered virtually']]> The Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity unanimously passed a resolution Thursday at its last meeting of the summer calling for a remote semester and reduced student population on campus. The commission also heard updates on its requests since its earlier meeting in July, including a clarification on grading for the fall.

"As we dialogue with undergraduate students throughout our most marginalized Carolina communities, there is a consistent consensus from both our peers and residents of the town of Chapel Hill -they are scared, fearful and distrustful," the resolution states.

The resolution was addressed to University leaders, including Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz and newly appointed UNC System President Peter Hans.

"We write to further urge you to proactively dialogue with the UNC system and the UNC Board of Governors for more longitude in making the right decision for our community: All courses must be offered virtually and our campus must significantly reduce the amount of students living on-campus this upcoming semester," the statement reads.

The Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity is the latest group of student leaders calling for full remote instruction this fall.

For students who require on-campus housing, such as international students, college athletes and students in environments "unconducive to academic success," the commission requests these students have access to housing. But to make housing less dense, the commission states the greater student population should be required to "interact with UNC in a remote capacity."

Here's the full resolution:

Chairperson Lamar Richards cited three types of hurdles facing the UNC community that led to the commission's resolution: academic, financial and community.

Academic hurdles include concerns from students who fear returning to campus, but whose coursework is offered in person. Financial hurdles include worries about on-campus jobs and internship opportunities, and community hurdles include the concerns of local residents, such as those expressed at the Chapel Hill Town Council meeting on July 29.

Students rely on the resources offered to them on campus. But since resources are already fractured, such as library access, on-campus life cannot proceed as normal, Richards said.

"Everything is pointing to a very atypical Carolina experience," Richards told The Daily Tar Heel. "The only way we can make sure that everyone is safe, and everyone has access to an equitable education experience, is by offering all courses virtually and de-densifiying our dorms."

Richards said part of the resolution is to give students a voice and demand more transparency from the administration in its decision-making.

"We would like a more concrete, transparent and frequent line of communication and line of dialogue with University leadership," Richards said.

Changes in the last two weeks

At its previous meeting on July 16, the commission passed a series of recommendations for fall 2020, including:

  • More transparent and equitable accountability measures.
  • A program to provide equitable internet access.
  • Application-only on campus housing so it is only provided for those who need it.
  • An online option for all courses.
  • A revised grading policy.

This latest resolution expresses disappointment in the lack of a response from the University on the previously issued recommendations and "in the way our senior leadership has chosen to communicate with its most valuable stakeholders: students."

"In all, we made several other recommendations that the University leadership was not willing to meet us on," Richards said. "We have not received official word back from them."

Some of the initial recommendations that have been implemented include waiving the insurance mandate for remote students and working toward an internet accessibility program.

Katie Cartmell, associate director for retention for Academic Eligibility and Outreach, said her department is considering these policies.

"Like you, we've been looking into at, what are those processes that are standing in students way," Cartmell said.

Cartmell also said she is preparing recommendations to go before University officials.

Commission members asked if the pass/fail policy applied in the spring will roll over in the fall at the meeting Thursday.

"I can provide an update that students should expect to be graded in the fall," Cartmell said.

At Thursday's meeting, Chancellor Fellow Nicholas Sengstaken provided an update on the internet accessibility program, saying funding for internet access will be available based on financial need.

"This is a program designed in equity not equality," Sengstaken said.

Another recommendation from the previous meeting included an academic forgiveness policy, such as the ability to retroactively remove a grade from a student's GPA, or allowing a student to retake a course and preventing the previous course grade from affecting GPA.

At the meeting, the commission also announced its partnership with the UNC System Association of Student Governments to host a town hall addressing campus reopening on Aug. 3 at 6 p.m., with representation from all 17 campuses in the system.


Screenshot from the virtually held Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity meeting regarding UNC's fall reopening on Thursday, July 16, 2020.

<![CDATA[Cooper declares state of emergency in N.C. as Hurricane Isaias approaches coast]]> Gov. Roy Cooper declared a state of emergency for North Carolina in a Friday news briefing as Hurricane Isaias is set to approach the state.

The hurricane could reach North Carolina's coast by Monday, Cooper said, and make its greatest impact Monday night.

He said the state Emergency Operations Center, which has already been activated for COVID-19, has been activated for Hurricane Isaias as well.

Cooper said the state will coordinate shelters for those who need to evacuate and cannot find other arrangements.

Due to COVID-19 precautions, he said shelters should be a last resort, and people should try to stay with family and friends or at hotels. Those who need a shelter will be screened for symptoms and provided masks, and those with symptoms will be given a sheltering option where it is easier to isolate.

Orange County residents should prepare for potential impact by removing and securing loose vegetative debris, trash cans, outdoor furniture and other yard items, according to a statement from the Town of Carrboro.

Residents are also recommended to pack an emergency kit with supplies such as water and non-perishable food, charge cell phones and fill up gas tanks, the Town of Chapel Hill said in an emergency update.

Those who live in low-lying areas should prepare their homes with sandbags for flooding and plywood for flying debris. More information about flood plains in Orange County can be found here.

"With the right protection and sheltering, we can keep people safe from the storm while at the same time trying to avoid making the pandemic worse," Cooper said. "A hurricane during a pandemic is double trouble. But the state has been carefully preparing for this scenario."


city@dailytarheel.com | @DTHCityState

Gov. Roy Cooper visited Chapel Hill on Tuesday, Nov. 19 2019 to announce that Well Dot, Inc, a health technology company will base its new operations center in the town and create 400 jobs.

<![CDATA[Granville Towers delays move in for students with FDOC two weeks away]]> Granville Towers informed residents of the East Tower on Tuesday that their move-in date has been pushed back at least three weeks.

Just 14 days before the first day of classes, residents of Granville Towers East received an email that their move-in date will be delayed due to unfinished dorm renovations.

Students were originally permitted to move in as early as Aug. 5, but according to the email, the dorm is now working to have half of the East Tower ready for occupancy by Aug. 29 and the second half ready by Sept. 12.

Renovations in the form of a "state-of-the-art" heating and air conditioning system began in early May, according to the email fromGeneral Manager Clayton Hayer. Hayer said Granville planned to complete the HVAC replacement in time for the earlier University fall schedule, but it was hindered by "unanticipated construction challenges" and "COVID-19-related manufacturing delays on crucial parts of the HVAC system."

Kendra Randle, a sophomore majoring in neuroscience, planned on living in Granville for her second year in a row with the same suitemates from last year. She said she was shocked when she got the news.

"I didn't even know how to interpret what I just read," Randle said. "I ended up reading the email multiple times to make sure my eyes saw."

In the email, Granville offered students three options to navigate the delay. The first option is for students to live at home or in another short-term housing option until they can move into the dorm and receive a $100-per-day rebate for every day their move in is delayed from Aug. 5. The second option is for students to cancel their lease agreement with Granville and receive priority on a room in the East Tower for spring semester. The final option is for students who must be in Chapel Hill for in-person classes to live in a hotel room booked by Granville Towers. The rooms "will be in Chapel Hill but likely not within walking distance of campus," per the email.

"Complimentary transportation will be provided to and from Granville Towers from hotels outside of walking distance," according to the email.

A statement from UNC Media Relations confirmed that transportation will be provided for these students.

Media Relations also said that "campus leadership asks all instructors to show care and compassion during this period. Students should first reach out to their professor and department chair for assistance with accommodations."

For students who cancel their lease with Granville, moving into Carolina Housing is not an option.

"We areworking to de-densify residence halls and arenot accepting new on-campus housing contracts," Media Relations said in the email.

On Tuesday, Granville sent East Tower residents a form asking them to choose one of the options by the July 31.

For some students, the decision to cancel their contract with Granville is an easy one. Molly Klenzak, a first-year math major, has opted to move into an apartment off campus.

"I'd been wanting to cancel my lease and move off campus and do online classes for a while," Klenzak said. "And I had started looking at apartments when they sent out that email, so that was just kind of like the icing on the cake."

For other residents, the decision isn't so simple.

Dylan Heneghan, a junior double majoring in political science and communications, was planning to live in Granville for his third year in a row. This is not the first time he's had to be flexible with his Granville housing. Last year, he had to evacuate for three days due to mold in the dorm.

Heneghan said it doesn't make sense for him to stay in a hotel because he lives so close to campus. But he said he's also hesitant to cancel his lease, because he's worried it might jeopardize his housing for the spring semester.

"They have mentioned that if we pulled our lease then we will get priority for the spring to try and re-book rooms," Heneghan said. "But that leaves the question of, 'OK, first priority for what? Just East building? Will I lose my single?' That's been a huge concern."

Representatives of Granville Towers declined to comment.


<![CDATA['We want everyone to be safe': Chapel Hill Town Council discusses UNC's reopening plan]]> Chapel Hill community members voiced concerns about UNC's reopening plan at a special Chapel Hill Town Council meeting Wednesday.

For almost three hours, Robert Blouin, UNC's executive vice chancellor and provost, gave an update to the council on UNC's roadmap for reopening, and the council had the opportunity to ask questions. The update covered topics like COVID-19 testing, Greek life and disciplinary actions for those who violate the community standards.

Blouin said the University will be partnering with UNC Health Care to provide more tests for COVID-19 and get quicker results. UNC will also continue to work with LabCorp to provide tests when a quick turnaround is not crucial, he said.

Council member Jessica Anderson asked Blouin whether testing all students, not just those who meet certain criteria, would be beneficial.

Blouin said the University will be following CDC guidelines and will not be doing universal testing for anyone who may be asymptomatic. The only exception to this will be athletes, he said.

Blouin also said concerns about universal testing include students having a false sense of security if they receive a negative test.

"A large percentage of patients may end up testing negative but still harbor the virus," Blouin said.

Anderson then asked about the concerns the public made at a July 14 Carrboro Town Council meeting about Greek organizations holding parties and being a public health hazard.

Blouin said many times that the main difficulty with fraternities and sororities is that their houses are off campus, but they will be working with the Town to help enforce the community standards.

All students were required to acknowledge community standards centered around wearing face coverings, practicing social distancing and washing hands, he said.

Council member Allen Buansi asked Blouin what the repercussions would be for those who violate the community standards.

Blouin said disciplinary actions would range from students' presence on campus being questioned to being de-enrolling from a course and being de-enrolled from the University.

For faculty and staff, adhering to the community standards is a condition of employment, he said.

Council member Amy Ryan said one of her priorities would be making the term "community" inclusive of the towns as well as the University, and not be solely campus-focused.

"I think there needs to be a mindset change," Ryan said. "We can just try not to have that distinction that these behaviors end at those stone walls, but that there's something we're all going to do together."

When the floor was opened up to public comments, one of the main concerns was that most off-campus housing is located in the Northside and Pine Knolls communities, where many at-risk populations live.

George Barrett, executive director at the Marian Cheek Jackson Center, said Northside neighbors are consistently following health guidelines, but they have seen students not wearing masks and gathering in large groups all around Northside.

"Normal life for you can cause someone to lose their life," Barrett said one Northside neighbor said to him.

Logan Pratico, a UNC alumnus and Chapel Hill resident, said he was stunned at UNC's decision to reopen and have in-person classes. He said the University should be ashamed of itself for prioritizing student tuition and money over the lives of Chapel Hill citizens.

"We are one community," Chapel Hill Mayor Pam Hemminger said to end the discussion. "We want everyone to be safe."


city@dailytarheel.com | @DTHCityState

<![CDATA[UNC Board of Trustees votes to rename campus buildings, tables a "forgiveness" proposal]]> The UNC Board of Trustees voted to remove the names of Charles Aycock, Josephus Daniels, Julian Carr and Thomas Ruffin Sr. from UNC campus buildings because of their ties to white supremacy in North Carolina.

The Board voted 11-2 to remove each name during its meeting on Wednesday, with Trustees John Preyer and Allie Ray McCullen voting against.

Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz presented the Board with his recommendation to remove the names Wednesday after forming a committee to review the Commission on History, Race and A Way Forward's unanimous resolution recommending the removal of these four names from campus buildings earlier this month.

"If we kept these names on our buildings, I believe we jeopardize our integrity and impede our mission of teaching, research and service to all North Carolinians," he said. "Continuing to honor these men is antithetical toward our work in building a diverse and inclusive community."

Here's what the buildings will be called in the interim:

  • The building formerly named the Josephus Daniels Student Stores will be called the Student Stores Building.
  • The name for the Carr Building will be the Student Affairs Building. Wednesday, new signage was put up reflecting the name change.
  • Aycock Residence Hall will be called Residence Hall One.
  • Ruffin Residence Hall will keep its name, after Thomas Ruffin Jr., but will remove its ties to Thomas Ruffin Sr. The Board voted to keep the name of the junior Ruffin after several Trustees said they felt not enough evidence was provided to justify the removal of Ruffin Jr.'s name.

The Commission on History, Race and A Way Forward resolved that Ruffin Residence Hall should remove ties to both Thomas Ruffin Sr., one of the largest slaveholders in North Carolina, and Thomas Ruffin Jr., a Confederate officer, lawyer and legislator. However, the resolution said Ruffin Jr. "left no distinctive mark on jurisprudence."

Aycock and Daniels were prominent instigators of the 1898 Wilmington Massacre, a white supremacy campaign led by the Democratic Party, where a white mob killed at least 60 Black individuals, destroyed Black businesses and led a violent overthrow of the local government, a Fusion of Black and white politicians.

Carr was a leader of the United Confederate Veterans in North Carolina. He gave a speech at the 1913 dedication to Silent Sam in which he proudly recounted whipping a Black woman near to the University.

A forgiveness proposal

Instead of removing the names, Trustee Preyer made a motion to formally forgive the four men and create a day of forgiveness the University would celebrate annually.

"Instead of judging these alumni, I think we should do something more meaningful and more significant, and we should forgive them," Preyer said. "And, in return, the University can ask for forgiveness from their families for the embarrassment that this has caused them, as most of the family members had nothing to do with the actions of their ancestors, but nonetheless the family members have been subjected to pain and embarrassment."

Trustee Gene Davis made a motion to table Preyer's motion, which passed with an 11-2 vote.

Davis then motioned to remove the names of the four men from campus buildings.

"To me, this is a decision born out of my desire for reconciliation and healing as a University, as a community, as a state and nation," Davis said. "It is born out of this moment in time when the arc of the moral universe is importantly bending in a meaningful way towards justice."

Undergraduate Senator Collyn Smith, a rising junior, said he is glad some changes are being made but was disappointed that Ruffin Residence Hall will still be named after Ruffin Jr.

"I don't want these to be like a sticker for advocacy, that the Board of Trustees is patting themselves on the back for something they should have done a while ago," he said.

Smith said he was shocked by Preyer's motion to formally forgive the men instead of removing their names from buildings.

He said forgiving the men would add to the erasure of the histories and struggles of Black and Indigenous people of color.

"The idea that we would recognize and appreciate and forgive these people is beyond embarrassing to me," he said. "It looked like it was some kind of parody tweet to me when I saw it."

More work to be done

UNC graduate Dorothy Colón said while the vote is a step towards change, there are still many other buildings that should be renamed.

After the BOT lifted its moratorium on renaming buildings in June, she compiled a list of potential new names for buildings, using Instagram and Twitter to collect ideas from members of the UNC community.

"After Trustee McCullen said that there would be a ton of names that would need changing, I was like 'Ok, well, let me help you out, do your job and send you a whole bunch of names,'" she said.

Some potential names Colón suggested in the list are Julius Chambers Hall, after the UNC graduate and lifetime civil rights advocate, and Henry Owl Hall, honoring the first Native American student to enroll at UNC.

Colón said she has been using social media to make the University aware of her list, tagging Guskiewicz and several news organizations in her posts.

She said that in creating the list, she learned about Black people and people of color that made major contributions to UNC.

"These are people that I should have been taught about in my time at Carolina," she said. "While I am glad that this was a learning opportunity, it also speaks to how UNC has failed to acknowledge those that paved the way for future students. UNC must improve on publicly acknowledging and honoring Black and POC activists of the past, present and future."


<![CDATA[ACC announces schedule for fall sports]]> The Atlantic Coast Conference announced on Wednesday afternoon that all seven fall sports will begin competition the week of Sept. 7.

The sponsored ACC fall sports are football, field hockey, men's soccer, women's soccer, volleyball and cross country.

ACC football

The college football schedule will move to a "10 plus one" model: 10 conference games and one non-conference game. The non-conference game must be played in the home state of the ACC team, and the opponent must meet medical protocol requirements agreed upon by the ACC.

The ACC has also included Notre Dame, whose football team does not belong to a conference. Notre Dame will play a 10 game ACC conference schedule.

The league announced that all television revenue for the 2020 college football season will be split evenly among the 15 institutions taking part, including the Notre Dame home games that are broadcast on NBC.

While the ACC said the week-by-week schedule for all the teams will be released in the future, although the teams' opponents were announced and each team will play its 11 games over the course of 13 weeks, with each team having two open dates.

Here's UNC's schedule:

  • At home: NC State, Notre Dame, Syracuse, Virginia Tech and Wake Forest
  • Away: Boston College, Duke, Florida State, Miami and Virginia

There will only be one division for the entire league, instead of the Atlantic and Coastal divisions the league normally plays with. The ACC Championship Football Game will be played between the two teams who finish with the highest conference winning percentage rather the winners of the two divisions as in previous years.

Olympic sports

Olympic sports competitions can start on Sept. 10, and each team sport will play a conference schedule that includes the NCAA minimum amount of games: six games for field hockey, men's soccer and women's soccer, and 10 games for volleyball. Cross country meets will be scheduled at each schools' discretion, and any additional conference or non-conference games for team sports will also be scheduled at the schools' discretion as long as their opponent meets ACC medical requirements. However, any additional games with conference opponents beyond the mandated number will not count in ACC standings.

The schedule for the fall championships will be as follows:

  • The ACC Football Championship Game will be on either Dec. 12 or 19 at Bank of America Stadium in Charlotte.
  • The cross country championship will be held at WakeMed Soccer Park in Cary on Oct. 30 with all 15 schools participating.
  • The field hockey championship will be held at Duke University on Nov. 5, 6 and 8.
  • The women's soccer championship will include the top four teams in the conference and be held at WakeMed Soccer Park on Nov. 6 and 8.
  • The men's soccer championship will include the top four teams in the conference and be held at WakeMed Soccer Park on Nov. 13 and 15.

Competitions for swimming and diving, indoor track and field and fencing have all been postponed until Sept. 10. Fall competitions for spring sports have all been canceled. Teams may continue to practice at their institution's discretion, and athletes in golf and tennis may compete in events unattached to their schools.



<![CDATA[UNC will not require COVID-19 tests for students or faculty before they return to campus]]> The University will not be testing students for COVID-19 prior to re-entry on campus this semester.

That's according to the Carolina Together website, with the University's Roadmap for Fall 2020, UNC's COVID-19 response plan. The website states that testing everyone "could create a false sense of security," and that the CDC does not recommend widespread, asymptomatic testing. Rather, individuals should take preventative measures to combat the spread. These measures include social distancing, wearing a face covering and practicing daily health monitoring.

Jim Thomas, a professor of epidemiology and ethics at the University, said the reasoning behind not testing everyone was, in part, an effort to conserve the limited testing supplies and staff resources available in the fall.

"A test is informative for the moment that the test was taken," Thomas said. "You can have a test taken and then you could leave and go to a bar and celebrate with your friends that you were negative and in that moment, get infected."

Instead of testing everyone, individuals should work under the assumption that everybody is infected, he said.

Madison Ward, a sophomore majoring in media and journalism and political science, said she was worried college students would not take the pandemic, and subsequent precautionary measures, seriously when they returned in the fall.

In regards to testing, she said she hopes the University focuses on those who have been exposed to or have symptoms of the virus.

"I mean, in an ideal world, students would be notified if someone in their class or dorm tested positive, but I do also understand that this is a nearly impossible task considering how many students attend UNC," Ward said.

The University is developing a COVID-19 dashboard to show the positive cases reported and the metrics they will use to inform decisions, UNC Media Relations said in an email. The dashboard will protect the anonymity of students, faculty and staff while providing holistic, transparent data.

The dashboard is expected to be operational prior to the first day of classes, the email stated.

In his essay "Reopening the UNC Campus," Thomas wrote that trust, communication and transparency between the University and its people are essential for individuals to practice and maintain effective disease control measures.

"We are all feeling these deep emotions," Thomas told The Daily Tar Heel. "And when we are communicated to in a way that is lacking emotion, there is this intuitive sense that they're not getting it, they're not feeling what I'm feeling."

Building trust between students, faculty, staff and the University would be essential in garnering compliance to health and safety guidelines, Thomas said.

Here's how testing will work:

Daily health monitoring

According to Carolina Together, if students, faculty or staff experience any of the following symptoms, they should not attend class or work and should call their medical provider for further guidance. These symptoms should be monitored daily before going to campus:

  • Having new muscle aches that are not related to another medical condition or activity.
  • Having a temperature of greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Having a sore throat, runny nose and/or congestion that is not related to another medical condition.
  • Having a new or worsening cough that is not related to another medical condition or activity.
  • Having shortness of breath that is not related to another medical condition.
  • Having recent (less than five days) loss of smell and/or taste.
  • Having a new onset of vomiting or diarrhea that is not related to another medical condition.
  • Having had recent close contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19.

Having any one of these symptoms, according to Media Relations, is grounds for consulting a medical provider. This provider can then determine whether COVID-19 testing or isolation is needed.

Criteria for testing

According to Carolina Together, the University is following CDC guidelines for determining which individuals are tested. The qualifications are listed below:

  1. Individuals exhibiting symptoms for COVID-19.
  2. Individuals who do not have symptoms, but have come in close contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19.
  3. Individuals who are in a CDC-defined high risk group.

The website recommends that University employees, except for health care and COVID-19 researchers, request COVID-19 testing through their primary care physician.

Tests offered

UNC Media Relations said in an email that the University is offering swab testing, specifically "polymerase chain swab testing," for students at Campus Health and for employees by referral through the University Employee Occupational Health Clinic.

Both Campus Health and the UEOHC will not be offering antibody testing, according to Media Relations. If interested in that testing, individuals can check with their healthcare provider to see if they offer antibody tests.

The testing process

According to Media Relations, students are encouraged to make an appointment for testing before going to Campus Health, but walk-ins are allowed if the student meets the criteria for testing.

When students arrive at Campus Health, they will be screened for symptoms and have their temperature taken. Students will then be tested in an area designated for COVID-19 testing.

Testing positive

When a student tests positive for COVID-19, Campus Health will work alongside local health departments to conduct close contact tracing, according to Carolina Together. Environment, Health and Safety and UEOHC will conduct contact tracing for employees who test positive, focusing specifically on contact that occurred in the workplace or on campus.

Any student, faculty or staff that tests positive through a health care provider off-campus must notify Campus Health or the UEOHC.Students living on or off campus should notify Campus Health of a positive COVID-19 test result by calling Campus Health or through their patient portal.

According to Carolina Together, individuals who test positive will then receive instructions on whether they will be in isolation or quarantine, which could last up to 14 days. Isolation is for those who have tested positive or are presumed positive, and quarantine is for those who have been exposed to the virus but have not been diagnosed, according to Carolina Together.

Parker and Craige North residence halls will house on-campus residents requiring isolation or quarantine.

During this time, individuals may not attend class, go to work or be on campus unless seeking medical care.


DTH Photo Illustration depicting a nasal swab used for COVID-19 testing.

<![CDATA[Vice Chancellor Jonathan Pruitt leaving UNC to return to the UNC System]]> Vice Chancellor for Finance and Operations Jonathan Pruitt is leaving UNC and returning to the UNC System as chief operating officer effective Aug. 1, according to a Monday email from Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz.

The University will launch a search to fill the position, Guskiewicz said in the email.

Pruitt started at UNC in January 2018 after working for the UNC System for 11 years as senior vice president and chief financial officer. As vice chancellor for finance and operations, Pruitt led UNC's financial planning and budgeting, managed the treasury and oversaw operations, including facilities planning, construction, real estate development and public safety.

In his time at UNC, Pruitt created a new University budgeting process, led the development and approval of the campus master plan and contributed to UNC's strategic initiative Carolina Next: Innovations for Public Good. Guskiewicz also credited Pruitt for his role in developing UNC's COVID-19 response plan, the Roadmap for Fall 2020.

"With his deep expertise, sound judgment, and calm demeanor, Jonathan will be an asset to incoming UNC System President Peter Hans. Fortunately, for us, Jonathan has put an excellent senior leadership team in place, which will report to me until an interim vice chancellor is appointed," Guskiewicz said in the email.

The Daily Tar Heel reported in February 2020 that Pruitt terminated Brad Ives, the former chief sustainability officer, in August 2019, after it was first announced that Ives was leaving his role to "pursue other opportunities."

Also during his time as vice chancellor, Pruitt denied allegations that multiple violations had taken place with the University's coal plant in a letter. Pruitt stated that the cogeneration plant was crucial to operating the University and UNC Hospitals, that there were few instances of errors in record-keeping and that UNC had cut coal use in half in the last 20 years.


The Old Well, a popular UNC monument, pictured on Wednesday, April 19, 2017.

<![CDATA['She was all about absorbing life': Remembering UNC student Sally Sasz]]> Sally Sasz, a rising senior at UNC who always found beauty in the many people and places she encountered, passed away on July 6 while hiking in Utah at age 21.

She is survived by her father and mother, Steve and Nancy Sasz, and younger sisters, Patsy and Lulu.

Her parents said Sally was an authentic and genuine soul who was growing into a beautiful young adult.

"She just cared about people and she cared about moments," Steve Sasz said. "And she worked really hard to make the moments that she shared really special."

Her mother said that she was always most interested in spending quality time with people and acquiring experiences, not possessions.

Friends remember Sally, who was a Morehead-Cain scholar, for being the "brightest light" and "effortlessly herself." They said she exuded joy, kindness and confidence.

"She approached every person with equal love and respect and a total absence of judgment," said Sammy Ferris, a rising junior at UNC, who viewed Sally as a mentor, role model and friend.

Sally's positivity and warmth had a welcoming presence on those around her, friends said.

"When you saw Sally, she would always make you feel so good just by being around her. And that's really special. Not many people can do that," said Caroline Durante, a rising senior who knew Sally through their mutual involvement in Morehead-Cain, the Kappa Delta sorority and creative writing.

Friends said Sally approached each day as an adventure by seizing opportunities and pursuing her many passions.

Sally was an avid reader, beautiful writer and incredible artist, said close friend Cassie Drury, a rising senior at UNC.

Hiking, biking, cooking and painting were among her many hobbies.

From an early age, Sally was able to find joy in everything she did and turn what some may consider mundane or boring tasks into creative endeavors.

Her mother said that while some children are afraid to make art because they fear it won't be good, Sally was always eager to experiment with different mediums and reconfigure her work if needed. She loved the freedom of playing with different materials, and also grew to love finding the meaning behind art, her mother said.

"Not only was she an amazing artist herself, but she loved to celebrate the art of everyone around her - and I think that's one of the many, many things that made Sally such a beautiful person was the way that she was able to appreciate and see the goodness and the talent and the joy in everyone around her," said Ryan Benson, who knew Sally growing up and attended high school with her at Charlotte Country Day School.

At UNC, Sally majored in art history and English and minored in creative writing.

Brianna Guthrie, a graduate teaching fellow in the art history department at the time, taught Sally as a sophomore in the course "Women in the Visual Arts II." She said Sally dove right into the 400-level course as an engaged and vocal participant. Sally was one of the few students who learned her classmates' names, Guthrie said.

Guthrie said she was so impressed by Sally that she talked to her adviser and said, "If you haven't had this student, you should watch out for her" - something she said she has only done once in her roughly 10 years as a teacher.

Friends said Sally completed her coursework with care and did exactly what needed to be done - and more. And although she was driven academically, she made time for the people and activities that mattered.

To many on campus, Sally was known as "the girl on the bike," who could be seen gliding through campus on her purple bike. But friends said she never hesitated to get off and walk to have a conversation with someone she knew.

In Chapel Hill, Drury said Sally enjoyed going to her favorite coffee shop, Bread & Butter, for coffee and scones, along with the public library and the farmers' market. She also said Sally loved exploring the outdoors and discovering nooks and crannies that no one else knew about.

"She was always, always doing something, never just sitting around," said friend Jack Dewey, a rising junior at UNC. "And if she was, she was hard at work at something, but she would pause in an instant if she spotted a friend from across the room to call them over and catch up with them."

Emily Galvin, a rising senior at UNC who lived with Sally for two years, said Sally also enjoyed evenings in, whether it was baking banana bread for her housemates, cooking her favorite Vietnamese food, having dance parties, reading a book or introducing friends to games she played with her family.

Sally was actively involved in the UNC arts community. As chairperson of Art & Life, an after-school education program through the Campus Y, she designed lesson plans and taught art and art history to middle and high school students in Chapel Hill and Carrboro public schools.

She also served as an arts ambassador for Arts Everywhere and an art editor and art board member at the undergraduate literary magazine, "Cellar Door."

Sally shared her passion for music as a DJ for WXYC 89.3 FM this spring. The station management team compiled every song that she played during her time as a DJ and broadcast them on July 26 in her honor.

Sally also volunteered for The Sonder Market, a student-run local food cooperative, and played on the co-ed intramural basketball team, Phi Slamma Jamma.

"She just knew herself really well and what she wanted and what she loved," Galvin said. "She didn't stress about feeling the need to polish her resume in a certain way, but at the same time poured so much energy into her accomplishments and was so passionate and intelligent and hardworking."

Sally spread her creativity and artistry beyond UNC, as well.

In the summer of 2018, Sally worked with students in public schools across New York City to create large-scale murals through her internship at Thrive Collective.

For the past two summers, she worked at the Turner Carroll Gallery in Santa Fe, New Mexico where she curated and installed shows, wrote and designed exhibition catalogs and worked with top artists like Hung Liu and Judy Chicago.

Tonya Turner Carroll said Sally worked on some of the gallery's biggest projects. She said Sally was a creative thinker who was able to come up with new ideas and new things to say about artwork.

"I trusted her with projects that I never had trusted another intern with, even most of my employees," Turner Carroll said.

Sally grasped opportunities and went out of her way to acquire new experiences. For example, Turner Carroll said Sally traveled to Oakland to assist a shipper in packaging one of Hung Liu's paintings to send to a museum, to fulfill her wish of meeting the artist.

Friends said Sally thrived in Santa Fe. Dewey, a fellow Morehead-Cain scholar who became friends with Sally while he was working in Albuquerque, New Mexico last summer, said she seemed like a local after just being there a month. He said she knew all the cool places to see and go, and would have something to say about each art installation in the city.

"She was able to reach the top levels of the art world even though she was still so young," Turner Carroll said. "So she actually had achieved an art history career, even though her life ended so early."

Turner Carroll said she plans to keep Sally's voice in art history alive by continuing to share the exhibition catalogs and essays she wrote. An exhibition gallery room at the Turner Carroll gallery will also be named in honor of Sally, Turner Carroll said.

Friends said Sally inspired them to be more authentic, open and the biggest versions of themselves.

"I think she sought to live life very authentically and true to herself, true to her friends, true to her family - and just wanted to love the universe, and make it an amazing place, and touch it, and connect to it, and connect it to as many people and experiences," Nancy Sasz said. "She was all about absorbing life."


<![CDATA[Roy and Wanda Williams donate over $600,000 to fund scholarships for spring athletes ]]> North Carolina men's basketball head coach Roy Williams and his wife, Wanda, donated over $600,000 to fund scholarships for student-athletes in spring sports returning for their senior season, UNC announced in a press release on Thursday.

The donation will go to fund scholarships for student-athletes in spring sports including men's and women's lacrosse, baseball, softball, men's and women's outdoor track, men's and women's tennis and men's and women's golf.

Williams made a phone call to discuss the donation with UNC athletics director Bubba Cunningham the day all spring sports competitions were canceled by the NCAA, the release said.

"He didn't want those students to miss that experience and wanted to fund those scholarships for next year," Cunningham said in the release. "I still get chills when I think about his phone call and the impact it would have for dozens of our students."

On March 30, less than three weeks after the NCAA canceled all winter and spring competition, an extra year of eligibility was granted to spring sport athletes following a vote from the NCAA Division I Council.

Extending an extra year of eligibility to spring sport athletes came with its own hurdles, as the council allowed schools the opportunity to give athletes whose eligibility was set to expire the chance to come back without requiring that the same level of athletic scholarship aid was provided.

North Carolina's spring coaches were notified of the identity of the benefactors in a Zoom call with Cunningham.

"Things were very difficult, and our seniors were devastated," UNC women's tennis head coach Brian Kalbas said in a YouTube video following the announcement. "For them to have their senior year back is truly amazing."

The Williamses initially asked to keep the donation anonymous but agreed to make it known as athletes continue their return to campus.

"Roy and Wanda have donated millions of dollars to UNC, the athletic department, the Rams Club and individual sport programs over the years but have always chosen to do so without fanfare or publicity," Montgomery said in the release.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Here's what you need to know about CARES Act emergency aid for UNC students]]> In May, the University announced plans to begin releasing emergency funding from the CARES Act to students with a demonstrated need for aid. In the months since then, confusion has spread throughout the student body about the University's process to do so. In particular, students pointed to a lack of timeliness in awarding the money, lack of clear communication over who would be awarded the money and a lack of transparency in how the money has been awarded for the spring, summer and fall semesters.

First off, what is the CARES Act?

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was a bill passed by Congress in March to provide relief to American citizens and businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic. That act set up the Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund (HEERF), which provides money to universities across the country to award emergency financial aid grants to students.

How much money has been awarded?

According to UNC's COVID-19 Emergency Funding FAQ website, as of July 20, the University has awarded $8,646,087 of the $8,647,589 it was provided by the federal government to give to students in emergency grants.The money now will show up in students' revised financial aid packages.

The University also received an additional $8.6 million from the HEERF to cover institutional costs. That money could be used for paying the University back in case it has to offer full refunds for tuition or housing, buying new technology to facilitate online teaching, or it can also be awarded to students in additional grants, according to a list of FAQs by the U.S. Department of Education.

Because of the additional financial need of UNC students, the University has allocated $2.5 million from this second source of money to give students emergency grants, according to UNC Media Relations. UNC has awarded $365,541 of that $2.5 million as of July 20, for a total of $9,011,628 given out in emergency grants to 3,957 students.

Why aid packages and not checks/direct deposits?

The CARES Act is limited in what it can be used for. Rachelle Feldman, associate provost and director of the Office of Scholarships and Student Aid, said the University identified the fall semester as the time when students would need the most aid.

"We saw that a lot of the need in the fall was going to come from parents who had lost jobs or students, graduate students or independent students who had lost employment, maybe a spouse who lost employment," Feldman said.

She said some of those needs could not be met through the CARES Act and had to be met through other funds.

"We just thought it was so important that students be able to afford the fall and persist in the fall," Feldman said. "Since the amounts that we are projecting, and still projecting, (show) that students' need far exceeded our CARES Act allocation, we thought it was the smartest thing, the best thing for students to use the money in the fall, when they weren't already funded up to this additional need."

Other UNC System schools, like N.C. State University and UNC-Charlotte, gave out a large portion of their CARES Act money earlier in the spring and summer.

Why did I get CARES Act money in my financial aid package despite not applying?

Unlike in the spring and summer, when students had to apply to receive emergency grant funding, the Office of Scholarships and Student Aid has stated that to ensure students receive CARES Act grants by the beginning of the fall semester, the Office will be awarding funds to eligible students without an additional application. Undergraduates who are eligible include Carolina Covenant scholars, Pell Grant recipients or any student who receives over $1,000 in need-based University grants.

According to the University's FAQ website, UNC is also awarding CARES Act funds to graduate and professional students, in addition to other undergraduate students who demonstrate extraordinary need. Students who did not qualify earlier for funding but whose circumstances have changed can fill out appeals for need-based aid to the Office.

What about non-CARES Act funding?

UNC's FAQ page on CARES Act funding states that the federal government prohibits funds from being given for certain financial needs resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, like that arising from loss of employment or income. Funding is only to be used for students who were enrolled in "post-secondary education" in the spring, when campus functions were disrupted, and only for pandemic-related needs.

Feldman said this could take the form of needing money to move in the spring when dorms were closed to students, or needing new technology to complete schoolwork remotely.

In March, UNC set up the Carolina Student Impact Fund to cover the needs of students impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Some of the costs students might incur that the CARES Act can't be used for, like providing funding after a student lost their job, are covered by the fund.

Some students saw in the spring that their applications for emergency grants that were initially given through the Impact Fund were later changed to be from the CARES Act. Feldman said these were retroactively funded through the CARES Act if the student was eligible.

Why have some grants decreased while total aid increased?

While all students who receive CARES Act money should see a total increase in their financial aid package, they may also see a decrease in University grants. Feldman said this is because the University is giving CARES Act funding where it can, and then using the more flexible grant money to help fund other students.

"The University's approach has been, 'Let's pool all the resources we can find towards meeting student needs and for those students who are eligible for the CARES money, let's give them CARES money,'" Feldman said. "'And for students who are not, let's give them other money and let's make sure we have some kind of money for the things CARES can't be used for, and let's use it all in a holistic way.' It's why we had an emergency grant application and not a CARES Act application, because not all of those were funded through CARES money."

Over the past few weeks, students have taken to social media to express concerns about how UNC has been allocating CARES Act funding. A petition, which gained over 1,200 signatures, alleged that the University had not been redistributing the grants it previously gave students, but was instead using the CARES Act as a cost-saving measure.

Feldman insists this is not the case, and that the University is not allowed to use the money to pay itself back for grants.

"We're using that money to help students with funds that we can't use CARES money for," she said. "We're using it for all the need analysis appeals, which are mostly loss of jobs; we have (had) hundreds of them come in already that we're still working it through."

Why is this all taking so long?

Part of the confusion, Feldman said, is a result of the University trying to recalculate students' financial aid over the course of a few weeks when the process normally takes from October to April, and that the Office of Scholarships and Student Aid is still working on allocating aid. As a result, some UNC students have expressed that the process has been neither quick nor transparent when compared to other UNC System institutions, whose students were receiving grants in May.

Since students took to social media to express these concerns, UNC's CARES Act FAQ page has been updated to include information about how and when students are receiving their grant funds.

When am I getting my grant funds?

The funds show up in students' financial aid packages. Feldman said those funds will be automatically refunded to students when the refunds are processed in August and will not directly apply to their bill like other financial aid money does. If a student receives $2,000 in a CARES Act grant, for example, their refund will include that $2,000 and will not automatically take out $2,000 from their semester bill.

Why were Carolina Covenant scholars asked to take out loans over the summer if they applied for emergency funding?

Several Carolina Covenant scholars encountered an issue during the summer where they were told they would not be eligible for a CARES Act grant if they had not previously exhausted other financial aid options, which included taking out loans. While the Carolina Covenant program aims to provide students the opportunity to attend and graduate from UNC without taking on debt or taking out loans, Feldman says that the program is not funded during the summer.

As a result, Covenant scholars who took summer classes were requesting money for things that would normally have been covered during the fall and spring. Feldman said the University doesn't get state support for summer tuition grants, and that because summer semester is optional, students were asked to take out loans before they received grant aid, so that most of the money from the CARES Act could be allocated to students in the fall.

What's happening with work-study?

The amount of work-study jobs available for students is expected to decrease for the fall semester as a result of the pandemic. As a result, Feldman said, the CARES Act money is being used for the students with the most need, like Covenant scholars or Pell Grant recipients.

Feldman said some students would see a reduction in their work-study grants, which would be replaced by a CARES Act grant. That way, students with the most need could be ensured that they would receive their money without necessarily worrying about finding a work-study job, when they may potentially be more difficult to find this fall. Additionally, that work-study money would be able to go to other students in the form of financial aid, she said.

When will this all be done?

Most of the CARES Act money that is set to be given away in the form of emergency grants has been allocated, and students should see that reflected in their updated financial aid packages, Feldman said. The Office of Scholarships and Student Aid is still working to allocate the remaining funds that UNC set aside from the HEERF to cover institutional costs, which should now be roughly $2.2 million. This process will continue to happen through the start of the school year, she said.

Additionally, the Office of Scholarships and Student Aid is still working on processing the needs analysis appeals that students filled out to update their financial aid in the event of special circumstances, as well as money students are asking for to cover things like a change in health insurance or housing.

"We really appreciate that students have been super patient with us," Feldman said. "Just know we're trying our best."



A peer counselor at the Office of Scholarships and Student Aid gives financial advice to an incoming transfer student. Students with work study jobs are eligible for SNAP benefits, but few UNC students use the program.

<![CDATA[UNC community expresses concern over Greek life compliance to fall guidelines]]> CLARIFICATION: This article has been updated to clarify the evidence by which the Interfraternity Council's Judicial Board will be evaluating violations of the IFC COVID-19 Code of Conduct and Judicial Policy.

Despite the University's implementation of community standards to limit the transmission of COVID-19 during the fall semester, many fear the regulations won't extend to off-campus fraternities - opening the door for potentially deadly outbreaks.

On July 20, the Office of the Chancellor sent out an email stating that as a condition of enrollment, all students must sign a COVID-19 Notice and Student Acknowledgement. By signing, students acknowledge that they will follow UNC COVID-19 guidelines or risk disenrollment, restrictions to being on campus and disciplinary proceedings.

The Carolina Roadmap has additionally stated that large-scale gatherings will be prohibited this fall.

"... Individuals should avoid gathering in large groups and avoid crowded areas," the roadmap states. "When indoors, all individuals must wear a face covering or face mask and maintain 6 feet of physical distance or observe facility specific requirements."

However, social media activists such as the Instagram account @abolishUNCIFCandPanhel have pointed to an N.C. Policy Watch interview with Meg Miller, the former Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity house mother, who said that members of the fraternity told her they would not wear masks and would continue to party, regardless of University regulations.

Outbreak concerns

Rising junior Collyn Smith, a public policy major, worries that off-campus fraternities will be able to circumvent University guidelines, endangering the lives of his fellow students.

"Traditionally, these are students who get away with whatever they want, whether it's sexual assault, gender-based violence, and there's no regulation," said Smith. "I think a lot of students are not only tired of that, we're scared."

In addition, Smith voiced concerns that unequal enforcement of University COVID-19 guidelines could deepen existing racial inequalities at UNC if majority-white Greek organizations are regulated less strictly than Black and brown students.

While many fraternities and sororities are off campus, UNC's eight Black fraternities and sororities have housing on campus in Ram Village Apartments.

Smith also pointed out that student behavior could have a larger impact on Chapel Hill locals, especially if fraternity parties aren't banned.

The Carolina Together website states that UNC's off-campus fraternities and sororities are on private property, and as a part of the Town of Chapel Hill and Orange County, they must follow local ordinances regarding social gatherings and other community guidelines.

Monica Waugh, a Chapel Hill resident, voiced concerns about fraternities holding large parties off campus, as well as the University's ability to regulate them.

"As a realtor, we're allowed to show homes to clients, so I think that having the town's cases go up would impact so many businesses and residents negatively," she said. "And it would also concern me, in that it would be very irresponsible."

Waugh also said that, as a former nurse, she's concerned that UNC Hospitals could be overwhelmed by a spike in cases.

"UNC Hospitals, because they are a state hospital, get more people who may not be insured," Waugh said. "I think that if those people who are underinsured or not insured didn't get health care, that would be hard."

University guidance

In an email statement via UNC Media Relations, Cassie Hughes Thomas, assistant director of the Office of Fraternity and Sorority Life, said that the OFSL is working with Greek organizations and housing corporations to develop house management plans compliant with CDC guidelines and with input from the Orange County Health Department.

"Those plans include items related to occupancy, dining protocols, meeting capacities and compliance with local and state government requirements and guidelines," UNC Media Relations said in an email. "More details and specifics about these plans will be finalized by the end of the month."

Recent statewide trends indicate that COVID-19 cases are spiking among younger adults, raising concerns about the consequences of any large-scale student gatherings.

"Even though the elderly and people with medical conditions have gotten the most attention in the news, the majority of COVID-19 cases have involved the 18- to 49-year-old age bracket in North Carolina," said Dr. Jonathan Parr, an assistant professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases at UNC's School of Medicine.

For Greek life to successfully return to campus, it will require students to make changes to adapt to the current climate, Parr said.

"It means physical distancing from others, using face masks, paying attention to hand hygiene," Parr said. "While difficult, it means choosing not to attend events where social distancing isn't practiced, or where substance use might lead to relaxed standards."

IFC repercussions

Brandon Wacaser, president of the UNC Interfraternity Council, said in a statement to The Daily Tar Heel that the IFC will use its judicial system to enforce a code of conduct and judicial policy passed Wednesday evening.

"The IFC Judicial Board will not tolerate any behavior from member chapters that puts our student body, faculty, or community at risk - this includes social events. Through our judicial system, we do have the ability to enforce regulations put forth by our self-governing body," he wrote.

The IFC COVID-19 Code of Conduct and Judicial Policy limits member chapters to gatherings of 10 or fewer indoors and 25 or fewer outdoors. Chapters that violate this policy face sanctions ranging from a written warning to possible recruitment restrictions, fines, social probation and loss of University recognition, imposed based on the level of risk posed to public safety.

Will Spillman, vice president of judicial affairs for the IFC, said in an email that the COVID-19 Judicial Policy was greatly influenced by an academic sanctioning chart in UNC's Instrument of Student Judicial Governance. He said the IFC expects to evaluate violations similar to academic sanctions, in which each case is different and involves a process of considering all mitigating and aggravating evidence before coming to a conclusion.

He said as a baseline, the IFC Judicial Board will consider the following questions when examining cases:

  • How many people attended the event?
  • To what degree was physical distancing practiced?
  • Did attendees wear proper facial covering?
  • Did the offending chapter take any other precautions to protect its guests?
  • Did this event demonstrate a clear disregard for adverse effects on the University community? (i.e. reckless behavior and/or deliberate intent to hold a gathering in violation of IFC Judicial Policy.)

Wacaser stated that the IFC will partner with the Good Neighbor Initiative to promote social distancing and mask-wearing through a social media campaign, and the IFC has set up a hotline to report violations.

Fall recruitment

Beta Upsilon Chi's president, Brett McCraw, said he wants Greek life to return this fall, but he recognizes that things must look different.

"Unfortunately, this thing doesn't seem to be turning around, so we will have to adapt," McCraw said. "As a leader, though, I'm excited to work with everybody to figure out creative ways to make it a good fall."

Thomas, assistant director of OFSL, said the OFSL has met with the executive boards of UNC's four Greek councils to address fall recruitment and intake.

"They are working with each chapter to implement meaningful virtual experiences for all large events, including recruitment, induction and other chapter operations," Thomas said via UNC Media Relations.

Some sorority houses have already begun to adapt their operating procedures to abide by social distancing recommendations, with events either being canceled or taking place virtually.

Pi Beta Phi President Chelsea Rowe said her sorority is relying on technology to ensure that proceedings can go ahead as planned.

"All of our events or gatherings as a group will take place virtually until we are able to safely gather in large groups again," Rowe said.

Some, like Waugh, hope that this crisis will be an opportunity for the University to reevaluate its relationship with fraternities.

"Maybe because of this, the University can revisit those things, speak to the national chapters of those fraternities," Waugh said. "But I think that how fraternities operate and sororities operate when they're off campus, and yet tied to school, could change for the better."

The National Pan-Hellenic Council did not respond to a request for comment.

@seaynthia | @KyleArendas1


Photo illustration. In response to a series of serious infractions at fraternities across the country, UNC system schools have cracked down on codes of conduct violations.

<![CDATA['No end in sight': Franklin Street rides out a post-pandemic reality ]]> When Robert Poitras first closed Carolina Brewery's doors at 460 W. Franklin St. to in-person diners in March, he expected it to last a couple of weeks.

"Then the goal post kept moving," Poitras said. "Now, there's no end in sight."

Like many businesses on Franklin Street, Carolina Brewery is still reeling from the ongoing effects of the coronavirus pandemic. After two months of takeout-only service, the restaurant opened to in-person diners again in late May. But business isn't the same, Poitras said, and it doesn't generate the same sales.

"You just don't know what every day is going to bring, from a sales standpoint," he said.

With steep rents, high property taxes and stiff competition among shops and restaurants, running a successful business on Franklin Street was difficult enough before the COVID-19 outbreak. Now, local owners are working to survive an economic shock unlike anything they've seen.

Even for well-established businesses, the effects were cataclysmic, said Jamil Kadoura, the owner of Mediterranean Deli, Bakery and Catering, located at 410 W. Franklin St.

"I'm friends with many restaurants, and everybody can tell you the same - this year has just gotten away from us." Kadoura said. "You just have to accept it and try to survive until this whole thing can go by."

Kadoura's catering operation, which typically accounts for about half of his total business, was decimated by the pandemic. The nine white vans he once used to cart food around the Triangle now sit idle in the parking lot.

He never fully closed his doors, choosing to take out federal and private loans rather than conserve his losses and lay off the 96 employees he had on staff before the outbreak.

But even for a business that's been around for decades, times are tough.

"For the first time in 31 years, I see loss on my profit and loss statement," Kadoura said.

Like many shops and eateries on Franklin Street, Kadoura gets a lot of his business from the University, either directly through catering orders or indirectly through the students, visitors and sports fans that UNC brings to Chapel Hill.

"We're hoping with the school open, that the town will have a little more foot traffic in it," he said. "We hope that we'll go back to at least break even."

Unlike Med Deli, Epilogue Books Chocolate Brews was only open for a few months before COVID-19 forced the business to close its physical storefront at 109 E. Franklin St.

Co-owner Jaime Sanchez worked quickly to prop up Epilogue's online store and generate new products like pastry and "surprise" boxes full of books and other gifts.

"People already knew us and knew what our selection was about … so we quickly got traction there," Sanchez said.

Sanchez said Epilogue has been able to ride out the effects of the pandemic thanks to support from Chapel Hill community members.

"It's a combination of community support for wanting a bookstore on Franklin Street, it's amazing landlords and business partners that are invested in us in one way or another and completely willing to help - coming down to working with great individuals that are willing to work with you," Sanchez said.

Not all businesses were so lucky. LOTSA Stone Fired Pizza, formerly located at the corner of Franklin and Columbia streets, announced it would be closing its Chapel Hill location in April, citing insufficient revenue. Peño Mediterranean Grill, which opened last July, has boarded up its windows and doors. Other restaurants, including Waffle House, Ms. Mong's and Ye Olde Waffle Shoppe, have yet to reopen.

Marilyn Payne, the marketing and communications manager at the Chapel Hill Downtown Partnership said Lula's, also located at the intersection of Franklin and Columbia streets, will not reopen. Top of the Hill - the restaurant - will reopen Thursday for takeout and delivery and is expected to open to in-person diners Aug. 5.

University closures - including the cancellations of sports seasons, summer programs and graduation weekend - have had a significant impact on downtown Chapel Hill, Payne said.

"The importance (of the University) cannot be overstated," she said.

In early August, the Chapel Hill Downtown Partnership will be implementing a plan to accommodate social distancing on Franklin Street. The plan will close one lane of traffic on either side of the street for pedestrians and transform sidewalks into increased outdoor dining and sales space.

The lane closure, which won't cause the street to lose parking spaces, is expected to begin the week of July 27.

Still, crowds of new customers who don't follow safety guidelines would cause more problems than it would solve, Payne said.

"We need people desperately to be safe," she said. "The businesses need you to wear a mask. The businesses need you to be mindful of how many people you're interacting with, and at what close proximity. And the businesses need your business. But your business, if it's bringing carelessness into the downtown, is as much a part of the problem as the solution."

Even with campus reopening, all the business owners who spoke to The Daily Tar Heel said they expect this new way of doing things to last for several months, with the effects lingering long after.

Payne said a complete economic recovery could take a year or longer.

"I think the unfortunate truth about our downtown is that full recovery is not the goal," Payne said. "Full recovery and then some is the goal."

Even if Chapel Hill returns to normal, Kadoura said, it's likely some things at Med Deli will change for good.

"I believe my sanitizer bottle is going to stay on my tables even after they find a vaccine … salt, pepper and sanitizer," he said. "It's going to stay forever."

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Here's how COVID-19 has affected Chapel Hill tourism]]> As the nation deals with the economic impacts from COVID-19, the pandemic has also taken its toll on Chapel Hill's hospitality and tourism industry.

On July 7, the Carolina Inn filed a WARN Act notice with the state Department of Commerce stating that the hotel would be extending furloughs for 217 employees.

In the notice, General Manager Mark Sherburne wrote that employees were impacted by temporary furloughs that started back on April 5, but these will now be extended.

"We initially anticipated that employee furloughs at the Hotel would be temporary," Sherburne wrote. "Due to the sudden, dramatic, and unforeseeable additional impact of this pandemic on our business that is outside of our control, unfortunately, we must now separate some employees permanently and plan for some extended layoffs and furloughs that may exceed 6 months."

Laurie Paolicelli, the executive director of the Chapel Hill/Orange County Visitors Bureau, said using hotel occupancy as a metric, the hotel industry is down nearly 70 percent, according to reports from April to June.

In an email statement sent to Paolicelli which she then forwarded to The Daily Tar Heel, Sherburne said due to difficulties caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, these actions were necessary to maintain business.

"These painful decisions were necessary to preserve the hotel's business so that we can emerge from this crisis intact and ultimately be in a position to rebuild both our business and our world-class team when the hospitality industry rebounds and when our guests and customers once again choose The Carolina Inn," he said.

Carolina Inn declined to further comment.

Aaron Nelson, president and CEO of the Chapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce, said the levels of occupancy in local hotels have fluctuated during the pandemic.

"We saw it go down as low as five percent occupancy," he said. "And then since then, there have been a couple of weekends that have been as high as 60 percent occupancy. But, we are hearing in general, 15 percent to 20 percent is sort of the average occupancy."

Nelson also said that the Chamber has seen average daily rates for hotels decline to some of the lowest levels since 9/11.

"The average daily rate is declining, and that can be problematic as hotels continue to lower prices in order to try to get the traveler," he said. "It is a downward cycle though, because then even if you get the traveler you're not getting much revenue from them."

Nelson said some of the hotels were able to receive federal aid, but has often depended on eligibility requirements.

"Some are eligible and some are not," he said. "Some have gotten PPP funds and those are helping them stay alive during this time. Most hotels, I think, applied for PPP funds, and were successful in getting them."

In terms of the future, both Nelson and Paolicelli say they're optimistic for the industry's recovery.

"We believe that the COVID-19 realities have resulted in a lack of consumer confidence where travel and tourism is concerned," said Paolicelli. "We are optimistic for the long haul but we will continue to invest dollars in PPE, safety and sanitation efforts at our hotels, restaurants and retail facilities."

Nelson cited local hospitals have been bringing in visitors.

"As our hospitals are able to do more of the surgeries and more of the services, we've seen some increase in people that are here for medical purposes," he said. "People are here for their surgery and they need a place to stay while they recover or their families."

He also said he believes the safety of Chapel Hill should inspire visitors to explore the community.

"We are a safer community to be in than many other places," he said. "People looking for a safe place with great food and a walkable community, we're a great place for them to come."

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

Donald Strickland and Martina Brooks at the Carrboro Hampton Inn & Suites inspect safe breakfast procedures. Photo Courtesy of Laurie Paolicelli.

<![CDATA[Black student leaders discuss their opposition to fully reopening campus]]> Throughout July, UNC student leaders have attended meetings and conversations with Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz, Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost Bob Blouin and other University administrators to discuss reopening campus and the student perspective in decision-making for the fall semester.

Five Black student leaders, sophomores Greear Webb and Lamar Richards, junior Maya Logan, senior Tamiya Troy and graduate student Jalyn Howard, spoke with The Daily Tar Heel about their opposition to fully reopen campus, particularly with respect to student well-being, racial equity, the potential impact of COVID-19 and a lack of institutional accountability.

The student leaders believe the ideal plan for the fall semester entails completely remote learning without a return to campus, excluding certain individuals such as student researchers, international students and those with an unsafe home environment.

This week, North Carolina exceeded 100,000 positive COVID-19 cases, according to the state Department of Health and Human services. UNC has not announced any changes in response to the continued rise in cases.

According to the CDC, racial or ethnic minority groups are at a higher risk of getting COVID-19 due to systemic health and social inequities. These groups include non-Hispanic Black people, Latinx and Hispanic people and American Indian/Alaska Native people.

Webb, co-chairperson of Black Student Movement's political action committee, said he felt Black and minority students, in particular, were not included in the development the University's fall reopening plans.

"They can consult with us all they'd like, but when it's time to pull the metaphorical trigger and make decisions about returning to campus, there are no students in the room to serve as that last check and balance on them," Webb said.

Howard, chief of staff of the Graduate and Professional Student Federation, previously spoke about graduate student concerns in a July 13 Faculty Executive Committee meeting. However, even after meeting with University leaders, he said he felt they haven't given enough answers or clarity.

"I realized that we've been sitting in multiple meetings, and every meeting we're saying the same thing," Howard said. "We're telling them what's wrong, and we keep telling them what's wrong. And it's not just us."

Richards is chairperson of the Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity; the Undergraduate Senate passed a resolution to form the commission in June. Logan is vice chairperson and Troy and Webb also serve on the commission.

On July 17, the commission sent a document with 10 formal recommendations to both UNC and UNC System leaders on how to make the Roadmap for Fall 2020 more equitable. The recommendations include adopting more transparent and equitable accountability measures, restricting on-campus living by application for certain situations and offering all fall courses in a fully virtual format.

According to the commission's document, they also recommended nine University leaders they named to participate in a "Mock-Academic Day" by July 31. The day would simulate an in-person experience on campus, with a schedule similar to that expected for a typical student's day at UNC.

"And then after doing that, I'd like to see whether or not their perspective changes in regards to whether or not students should be back in person," Richards said.

Logan said that while it was important for Black student leaders to be involved in various efforts and meetings, it might not be enough for administrative change.

"Right now, I'm just not in a comfortable position to stand on that 'Yes, they will listen. Yes, they will help change and promote the things that we're doing,'" Logan said. "At this time, I just feel very wary about that, but I am in a decent place where I can say that it was a decent effort on our part yesterday of bringing up these issues."

Kia Caldwell, a professor in the Department of African, African American and Diaspora Studies, has been similarly advocating for racial equity on campus. In a Faculty Executive Committee meeting on June 22, Caldwell, along with professor Sharon Holland, presented a Roadmap for Racial Equity, which she said has not been met with an adequate response from administration.

"I don't think the pattern that we've seen so far has been a positive one," Caldwell said. "One of the really big things I think is that we do not have diverse leadership on our campus."

Interim Chief Diversity Officer Sibby Anderson-Thompkins serves as co-chairperson of the University's Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Council, which was charged by the Provost on May 21, 2020. The Council met with the Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity on July 9, and Anderson-Thompkins met with student leaders earlier that week.

"They truly impressed upon me the urgency of making space and making sure that they were on our agenda," Anderson-Thompkins said. "I think what was really compelling was that the students talk about this as a real life or death decision, that it could have very serious ramifications for our brown and Black communities."

Anderson-Thompkins and the Council are also currently working on recommendations for the Roadmap Implementation Team to consider. The team, led by Blouin, works to update the Roadmap for Fall 2020.

On July 16, the American Association of Professors and UE Local 150, the North Carolina Public Service Workers Union, hosted a virtual town hall. In the town hall, speakers emphasized the heightened risk of COVID-19 for Black and brown campus workers.

"It doesn't surprise me at all that we are all basically in one accord," Troy, who serves as president of the Black Student Movement, said. "I definitely think it's necessary for the University and the administration to be receiving pressure from all fronts."

In an emailed statement, Blouin wrote about the guidance and recommendations of Black student leaders.

"Their input is vital because they are representing the perspectives and experiences of many of our students, faculty and staff," Blouin wrote. "The Roadmap Implementation Team has reviewed the thoughtful recommendations from the Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity, has met with the Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Council, and looks forward to continued conversations and partnership as we improve the Roadmap for Fall 2020."

Though Black student leaders have had the opportunity to put forth recommendations, Richards questioned why UNC's Black community members were not more involved in the decisions for fall reopening within the Carolina Roadmap for Fall 2020.

"For me, not only as a chair of a commission on student equity, but also as a Black guy at UNC, when I look at the Roadmap, I do not see a place for me," Richards said.

Howard said in discussions, University leaders often reference survey data showing the preference of students for returning to campus, the development of community standards for the campus community and the financial implications for the University if it did not reopen.

On July 20, a formal notice from the Office of the Chancellor stated that the University would require students to acknowledge community standards as a condition of fall enrollment by July 27. The notice stated that the requirement must be completed through ConnectCarolina by all students, regardless of instruction mode.

"If you bring students back to campus and a lot of people get sick and die, then people might not want to come back to UNC-Chapel Hill, especially when other universities have shown the ability to adapt and have shown the ability to step up in situations and try to protect their students and that would have financial implications," Howard said.

He also said he feels the lack of proper explanations from University leaders about fall reopening affects the distrust that Black and minority students may already have in the University.

Though it is unclear whether UNC will implement the changes proposed by Black student leaders and other student entities, Richards said he will continue efforts to hold the University accountable.

"I'm going to keep pressing them because I think I'd be doing a pitiful job if I did not continue to speak out on behalf of minorities who have been long and historically silenced by this university," Richards said.



Five Black student leaders at UNC, from left to right, sophomore Greear Webb, sophomore Lamar Richards, junior Maya Logan, graduate student Jalyn Howard, and senior Tamiya Troy.

<![CDATA[The DTH sports desk picks its best walk-up songs ahead of MLB Opening Day]]> After a near five-month hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Major League Baseball is back in action with Opening Day slated for Thursday and Friday.

With no fans in the stands, walk-up music as players approach the batter's box will be some of the only noise echoing through ballparks during the abbreviated 60-game regular season. Here are the tracks some members of our sports desk would choose:

PJ Morales, senior writer:

To me, the perfect walk-up song has two elements: a personal connection and a hard-hitting beat. When I step up to the plate, I want the crowd to put down their overpriced ballpark hot dogs and beers and start getting hype. But the song is, more than anybody else, for me, so I want it to be something that'll send a bolt of energy up my spine and put me in the right mental zone to crush a ball into the upper deck.

With those two factors in mind, there's only one walk-up song for me, a collaboration between Puerto Rican trap superstar Bad Bunny and rap powerhouse Drake: "MIA."

When I hear "MIA," it's hard for me not to sing along or move my body to the beat. It gets me loose, pumped and ready to party. It also reminds me of my hometown of Miami and my Caribbean heritage, of which baseball was always a big part. With that combo of childhood inspiration and banging trap rhythm, no pitcher or pitch is safe when I'm up to bat. The energy is going straight from my body to my swing, and you're not going to see that ball again.

Andrew Reynolds, staff writer

All five minutes of Metallica's "For Whom the Bell Tolls" are meant to get hearts racing and blood pumping - a perfect walk-up song. The bells, the opening riff and the hard-hitting drums all represent what a walk-up song should be. Captivating, confidence boosting and a call to battle. "For Whom the Bell Tolls" instills confidence and creates a mindset of attack.

For me, at-bats are not supposed to be calm and relaxing, but a duel, and no song is better for battle than this classic from Metallica. While watching from the surface makes a plate appearance look straightforward and calm, the chess game between pitcher and hitter is nothing short of a battle, and Metallica would give me the advantage. "For Whom the Bell Tolls" would put me in a mindset of attack -appropriate for the game of mental chess baseball represents.

Zachary Crain, summer sports editor

Every time I step into the batter's box during the fanless 2020 campaign of my theoretical career, it's with one goal in mind: rear back and slap a 475-foot line-drive dinger with a 110 mph exit velocity straight into the gut of a cardboard cutout fan, preferably one in a Red Sox hat.

Unfortunately, I'm lacking in two characteristics key to the modern power-hitter: a questionably muscular frame, and prime-time confidence. Because of my lack of the latter, the intense and fast-paced music that often denotes a serious batter entering the box would likely fill my stomach with butterflies and my wrists with tingles and force me to swing out of my shoes chasing a 79 mph change-up in the dirt.

Thankfully, we have the gentle Americana of Joni Mitchell's "Morning Morgantown." The song that I usually stretch my legs and pop my back to in the morning will serve the nerves well as I, unprepared, step into the box to face heat from the likes of New York Yankees closer Aroldis Chapman.

As I try to knock one out of the ballpark - or at least try not to strike out - the small-town visuals of "Morning Morgantown" would give me, the opposing pitcher and maybe even a few of the cardboard fans something to reflect on as we collectively roll through the shortest major league season since 1878.

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[UNC linebacker Chazz Surratt named to preseason award watchlist]]> Linebacker Chazz Surratt of the North Carolina football team was named to the watchlist for the Bronko Nagurski Trophy - an award denoting the best defensive player in college football - Tuesday, marking the third watchlist he was recognized for during the 2020 preseason.

Surratt had also been named to the preseason watchlists for the Butkus Award for the best linebacker and the Chuck Bednarik Award - another annual award given to the nation's top defensive player. All three of Surratt's watchlist selections have come in July, as UNC attempts its return to the field amid COVID-19.

Entering his senior season, Surratt will look to build on the momentum of a breakout 2019 campaign. After playing quarterback his first two years in Chapel Hill, Surratt transitioned to linebacker and recorded 115 total tackles, including 6.5 sacks. His 115 tackles and 15 tackles-for-loss ranked 2nd and 5th in the ACC, respectively.

Surratt was named to the All-ACC first team and was the runner-up for the ACC Defensive Player of the Year award.

Surratt has garnered praise from NFL scouts after just one season at linebacker. ESPN's Mel Kiper has the senior listed as the No. 2 inside linebacker for the 2021 draft. Surratt looks set to be not only in the conversation for the best defender in the ACC, but could also looked at as a top defensive prospect in the country by the end of the season.

With high expectations in the preseason, the Surratt-led UNC defense will certainly rely on his leadership to take the team to the next level and content for a Coastal Division title.

North Carolina, which finished 7-6 last season, ranked No. 4 in the ACC in points per game allowed in 2019, giving up 23.7 per contest. On the other side of the ball, the Tar Heels posted an average of 33.1 points per game, tying them for 2nd in the ACC. The team struggled to win close games, but it certainly has the ability to keep games low scoring when needed. As Surratt enters his senior season, the Tar Heels could seek to follow his lead defensively as they did last year.

Since the award was created in 1993, no Tar Heel has ever won the Bronko Nagurski Trophy. There has also never been a Tar Heel to win the Butkus Award in its 34-year history. The last and only player from North Carolina to win the Chuck Bednarik Award was defensive end Julius Peppers in 2001.

This early recognition of Surratt's game could serve as a confidence booster for the rising senior, and also plays as an indication of how well the defense could play next season.

With the exact makeup of the upcoming campaign up in the air, UNC playing a full 12-game schedule is still uncertain. With UNC's announcement of 37 positive COVID-19 cases among players, coaches and staff members on July 8, the team resumed voluntary workouts July 16.

The ACC is already considering different possibilities to execute a shortened season, and the idea of conference-only scheduling has been rumored as a possibility after the Big 10 and Pac-12 decided to do so. Still, it is still possible that the ACC could move to a conference-plus schedule, allowing UNC to play at least its week two date with Auburn.

As scheduled, North Carolina's first game is against Central Florida on Sept. 4.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[UNC System will not change tuition and fees, waives testing requirements for 2021]]> The UNC System will not change or refund tuition and student fees for the 2020-2021 academic year even if instruction goes remote, the Board of Governors voted Thursday at its July meeting.

The BOG also passed a motion to waive standardized testing requirements for 2021 admissions and prepared to pass the torch from UNC System interim President Bill Roper to incoming President Peter Hans.

Tuition and fees for 2020-2021

Chairperson of the Committee on Budget and Finance James Holmes Jr. presented the motion to affirm that tuition and fees would not change or be refunded "regardless of any changes to instructional format that may occur for any part of the [2020-2021] academic year."

At a meeting of the Committee on Budget and Finance Wednesday, Holmes clarified that the motion applies to tuition and five basic student fees: athletics, health, student activities, debt service and student government association.

These fees are normally waived for study abroad or distanced education, and apply to students who are considered regular term.

"Those that are regular term, which would include those who shift to online via Zoom, or whatever other method, would just continue to remain regular term," Clinton Carter, chief financial officer of the UNC System, said on Wednesday.

This motion about tuition and fees does not apply to auxiliary fees, such as housing, Holmes said during the Board's full meeting.

"The tuition and fees we collect are important to sustaining this important mission, not just for today's students, but for the students who will attend our institutions in the future," Holmes said.

The motion passed. This comes after the Board's decision in May to freeze increases on tuition and fees.

Members Marty Kotis, Isaiah Green and Thom Goolsby argued against the motion.

"I don't feel like it's appropriate to pass these costs onto the students," Kotis said. "Everybody's struggling right now, the students and families are struggling - if they have to go back to online and they're taking Zoom classes, they're getting an inferior experience in my opinion."

Kotis argued if there was a return to remote instruction, tuition costs would overcharge students.

"To throw fees on top of that is adding insult to injury," he said.

He described the financial struggles facing the UNC System as "self-inflicted," stemming from overspending on athletic programs and stadiums.

Isaiah Green, student body president at UNC Asheville and student representative on the board, said these tuition bills could be "catastrophic" for families.

"Putting it on the families who may have lost their jobs, putting it on the children who do not have jobs yet and are trying to enter the job market but can't right now, is not a sustainable solution," Green said.

Even if instruction reverts to remote delivery, "the result is the same," said member Terry Hutchens, as students will still receive instruction and receive credit.

Green responded that even though the end result is the same, the learning quality differs. Green said his classes are all online, so he will stay off-campus in the fall.

"I'm not understanding why I, or other students who are all online, would pay the same price as a student who is physically in-person," Green said.

Goolsby expressed concerns over competition with other university systems. Other online learning programs, including North Carolina community colleges, offer online classes at a much lower cost, he said.

"We may be digging our own graves in this, keeping the tuition at these levels for the digital learning," he said.

BOG Chairperson Randy Ramsey added that the Board's Committee on Budget and Finance will begin a "deep dive" into the cost of tuition and fees.

Testing requirements waived

The BOG also passed a motion waiving testing requirements for the upcoming admission cycle in 2021.

This will be a one-year waiver permitting applicants to choose not to submit test scores, due to the impacts of COVID-19. Students can still submit test scores for consideration in the admissions process.

"It is very important to note that the committee did not consider, in any way, a permanent change on policy," said member Temple Sloan, who serves as chairperson for the Committee on Educational Planning, Policies, and Programs.

Member Steven Long offered an amended proposal that standardized test waivers only be granted if a student presents a written certification that they could not take a standardized test or retest due to COVID-19. This amendment was supported by Art Pope, one of the latest appointments to the BOG.

The amended motion was dismissed, and the original motion carried.

Green, Kotis and Secretary Pearl Burris-Floyd agreed that the requirement of standardized tests puts an unnecessary burden on students.

"I think we are dealing with an unprecedented time right now, and I think we've got to consider the mental health of the high school students, that are going through all of this," Kotis said. "And a standardized test, or any kind of major test, is a stressful event."

Countdown to new leadership

With eight days left in Roper's term, the BOG honored his time leading the UNC System.

Ramsey credited Roper with the UNC System meeting 10 out of 12 of its goals for its five-year strategic plan, and for his leadership during the COVID-19 pandemic.

"Dr. Roper's collaborative spirit pulled us all together," he said. "His calm, thoughtful demeanor helped us all think through our system-wide response rationally, and his expertise helped us all act quite quickly."

Ramsey announced that UNC-Chapel Hill Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz and Chairman of the Board of Trustees Richard Stevens have agreed to name a building or public space after Roper on campus.

The board unanimously approved Hans' contract for a five-year employment as the next president of the UNC System Thursday. Hans' term officially begins Aug. 1.



DTH Photo Illustration. Concerns have been raised over Zoom's cybersecurity as the University has moved to remote instruction.

<![CDATA[Your guide to Carolina Away, UNC's remote program for first-year and transfer students]]> As UNC prepares to welcome back nearly 20,000 undergraduate students to campus in less than three weeks, some incoming students will be joining the University as part of a new remote program.

According to the Carolina Together website, Carolina Away is a program for incoming first-years and transfer students and was made to facilitate the transition to the University for students who are not comfortable with or are unable to be on campus in the fall.

The program allows around 1,000 students to complete approximately 15 credits online this fall and "participate in small-group experiences," away from campus. Carolina Together states that, although most students take 15 credit hours, Carolina Away will provide individualized support for students whose situations warrant more or less classes. Once students return to campus, they will continue to participate in discussions and activities with classmates in their Carolina Away cohort.

According to Carolina Together, Carolina Away is not available for students who are transferring as juniors and are admitted in the following programs: biomedical and health sciences engineering, clinical laboratory science, dental hygiene, health policy and management, radiologic science or nursing.

Rudi Colloredo-Mansfeld, the senior associate dean of Social Sciences and Global Programs, and academic director for Carolina Away, said that the program was created in part to help new students become a part of the UNC community.

"We are, on the one hand, really helping them to make progress toward their academic goals as they start out, and on the other hand we really want them to belong to this community, and we want to develop a digital experience that will support their belonging to the community," Colloredo-Mansfeld said.

According to the Carolina Together website, students can participate in Carolina Away by logging into ConnectCarolina and indicating their plans for next semester via the Fall Plans survey. The University has asked students to make them aware of their plans no later than July 31. The decision is not binding, as students can freely change their status until the end of the month.

Tuition and fees for Carolina Away students are the same for students not in the program. Carolina Together states that students in the program are still eligible for financial aid.

"Carolina Away participants will not have any university charges for housing or dining, though your financial aid award will still have an allowance in your cost of attendance budget for housing and meals while at home," Carolina Together states.

An FAQ for Carolina Away on the Carolina Together website regarding students concerned about connectivity issues suggests mobile hotspots as "an alternative solution for remote learning," and encourages students to review Information Technology Services' guidance.

"The Carolina Away cost of attendance used for 2020-21 financial aid eligibility includes an allowance for technology," the FAQ states. "Qualifying students may use these funds to upgrade their internet or purchase mobile hotspots."

Carolina Away students can enroll in courses that are either completely online, or are "HyFlex," which has both an online and in-person option, Colloredo-Mansfeld said.

"Carolina Away, as a program, is really there to help students make the most of our digital offerings, but it is not a separate set of offerings," Colloredo-Mansfeld said.

The program requires students to take a one-credit COVID-19 Investigations and Learning Communities class that is unique to Carolina Away students, Colloredo-Mansfeld said. These investigation courses are targeted to different subject areas related to COVID-19 and will have guest speakers.

Jim Appiah said he is a first-year international student from Ghana participating in Carolina Away. He said he's participating in the program because there are visa restrictions from his home country that prevented him from attending UNC in the fall. Appiah said he received guidance from UNC's Office of International Student and Scholar Services when deciding to join the program.

He said that one of the challenges of the program so far was registering for classes because of the time difference in his home country.

"Because they didn't personalize the enrollment ... it made it very difficult," Appiah said. "Some of my classes will now be around 10 [p.m.]."

Husna Kider said she is an incoming first-year student from North Carolina and is participating in Carolina Away because she lives with her grandparents and young siblings and didn't want to put them at greater risk of infection if she visited on the weekends.

Kider said she used the Carolina Together website for guidance on how to register. She said she received an initial email confirming her spot in Carolina Away, but as of July 22, has not received information on the program beyond that.

"It said you have to take a COVID investigations class and you can only sign up for remote or HyFlex classes, but other than that I didn't really get a lot of information," Kider said.

Colloredo-Mansfeld said that advising is one aspect of Carolina Away that his team has been focused on. Carolina Away students will have access to advisers who have been trained to accommodate the virtual experience, he said.

Additionally, students will be paired with a mentor for support and to help them make connections on campus and through the program, Carolina Together states. As of July 9, Colloredo-Mansfeld said some details of the program are still being finalized.

"Some of this is under construction; the mentoring part would be under construction," he said. "We don't have any pieces in place now, but it is something that we're looking into."

He said that the program recognizes the unique needs of online students.

"There is a dedicated approach to advising these students," Colloredo-Mansfeld said. "These students have specific kinds of needs that have to do with being all-remote learners who are not in Chapel Hill."



<![CDATA[Column: Removing Native American imagery from sports is long overdue]]> 2020 seems to be the year that major American sports teams are finally reconsidering the use of Native American imagery for their logos, branding and marketing.

The Washington NFL team, formerly known as the Redskins, announced July 13 that it would be retiring its old name and logo. Other sports franchises like the Atlanta Braves and Cleveland Indians have also conducted investigations into the Native American imagery and logos they use - both of which came to the conclusion that things needed to change, be it the name, logo or even the Braves' "Tomahawk chop" celebration.

Many of these changes were prompted by the wave of social activism in the wake of George Floyd's killing by four Minneapolis police officers. People of different ethnicities and economic statuses took to the streets and social media to advocate for systemic reform, thereby emboldening other marginalized groups - including LGBTQ+, Latinx and Native American activists - to do the same.

So, my take on all of this? To put it simply, I'm angry.

I'm angry that people are still comfortable promoting Native American stereotypes and appropriating their imagery and culture, despite mass outcry from Native American groups dating back over half a century.

Since the 1940s, the National Congress of American Indians has been fighting for name changes, taking the view that such names can project negative stereotypes and images of Native groups. Since then, several Native American nations - including the Cherokee, Oneida and Navajo Nations - have expressed opposition to names such as the Redskins, due to their association with stereotypical views of their people, as well as the use of the term to refer to bloodied and scalped Native American bodies.

I'm angry that it took the threat of financial loss for teams to finally begin conversations about the appropriation of Native American imagery, which gives me reason to doubt the sincerity of any action taken by said teams. After all, would these changes have taken place without mass popular support of the social justice movement happening right now? Are changes being made to do the right thing, or to protect a bottom line?

Dan Snyder, the owner of the Washington NFL team, can help us answer that question. In an interview with USA Today in 2013, Snyder was asked if he would ever consider changing the name of the franchise. His answer was definitive.

"We'll never change the name. It's that simple. NEVER - you can use caps."

He cited his pride in being a lifelong fan of the team and the fans' understanding of the team's traditions and, "what it's all about." Even if Washington lost the trademark lawsuit it was in at the time, he said the franchise would never change its name.

But his tone quickly changed when he was asked about Amanda Blackhorse, a Navajo activist and a named plaintiff in the trademark lawsuit. When USA Today sports reporter Erik Brady asked Snyder if he would call her a "redskin" to her face, the boldness was gone.

"I think the best way is just not to comment on that type of stuff. I don't know her."

This says just one thing: Snyder cared about the name as far as it affected his profit margin. Fans were still going to games and buying merchandise, so he wasn't going to change just because some Native American activists were angry. Now, with retailers like Nike refusing to sell any more Washington NFL apparel, Snyder saw fit to make a change. To me, he did the right thing for all the wrong reasons, and his dishonesty shows.

But the thing that angers me the most? The teams that use Native American iconography as a symbol of pride and strength also continue to sing the national anthem at games and express patriotism for the United States, despite the centuries of forced migrations, killings and other countless injustices Native Americans have suffered at the hands of this country. It constitutes the worst form of blatant, unabashed hypocrisy.

Members of the Cherokee Nation were removed from their homes across the Southeast in 1838 and forcibly marched westward along the Trail of Tears to be resettled. Historians estimate that more than 5,000 Cherokee people died on the march. In 1890, American cavalrymen slaughtered hundreds of Lakota Sioux in South Dakota, in what would become known as the Wounded Knee Massacre. Those are just two of the largest in a long list of crimes inflicted upon Native Americans by white settlers.

Today, Native Americans consistently rank among the most impoverished and least represented people in the country. It's hard to see how that will change, with Indigenous peoples only making up 1.3 percent of the population. They still suffer the effects of colonialism today, with poverty and alcoholism affecting Native Americans at shocking rates. According to the American Addiction Centers, over 20 percent of Native Americans live at or below the poverty level, and one out of every six Native American adolescents engaged in underaged alcohol use - more than any other ethnic group in the country.

The next time you see someone dressed up as a chief with a headdress and painted skin at a Kansas City Chiefs game, or doing the Tomahawk chop at a Braves game, ask yourself: is it OK to use that imagery and represent Native Americans the way we do, despite their demonstrated anger at those stereotypes and the tragedies they suffered as a result of American colonialism and expansion?

No, it's not.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Morehead Planetarium and GSK science-based summer camp adjusts to COVID-19 pandemic ]]> Although students across the state have learned outside of the physical classroom due to COVID-19, one free GSK-sponsored nationwide camp is still delivering hands-on, remote science education to students this summer with the help of UNC's Morehead Planetarium and Science Center.

Usually hosted in local libraries and community centers, the GSKScience in the Summer camp, coordinated by Morehead Planetarium, has gone fully remote this summer due to COVID-19 concerns.

Zenovia Hogue, GSK Science in the Summer coordinator, said the camp's curriculum helps explain science in a way that can be understood and quantified by kids.

"These are all activities with things they see every day - things they see, that they don't necessarily know," Hogue said.

According to a press release from the planetarium, students will be guided by educators from the Morehead Planetarium through home experiments in online videos, after which students with internet access will be able to join live virtual meetings to share experimental results and ask questions about the material.

For students without internet access, paper guides to the experiments have been dropped off in Boys & Girls clubs across the state. Hogue said about 1,700 kits of science materials have been donated in central North Carolina.

In the press release, Becki Lynch, the director of US Community Partnerships at GSK, said the goal of Science in the Summer is to encourage campers from diverse backgrounds to consider careers in STEM fields.

"We hope that GSK Science in the Summer programs continue to inspire more children to put on their goggles and explore the wonders of science," Lynch said in the press release. "Our goal is to encourage students, particularly those from populations underrepresented in the scientific community, to pursue STEM career paths later in life."

As the camp's operations adapted to the pandemic, Morehead Planetarium has also been affected, said Todd Boyette, director of the planetarium and science center.

According to the planetarium's website, all public operations have been suspended until further notice due to the University's closure in response to COVID-19. Boyette said the planetarium's own summer camps have been canceled this summer.

"Normally, we have a full on-site summer science camp program," Boyette said. "This is not a normal summer, of course. With the campus shutdowns and everything, all of that was canceled."

Hogue said another very important aspect of Science in the Summer is to combat "summer slide," the learning gap that occurs when students, especially low-income students, are out of school for summer vacation.

"I definitely think it's important to keep them in that learning mindset," Hogue said.

Regardless of the planetarium's limits during the pandemic, Boyette said at least in this one way, he is glad it can still service the community.

"Our main goal is to address the summer slide," Boyette said. "We hope that families engage with Morehead in other ways, but at the very least we want to provide that service to them."

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[55 years ago, UNC men's basketball coaching legend Dean Smith was hanged in effigy]]> Largely forgotten by fans of the North Carolina men's basketball team, Dean Smith's hanging in effigy serves as a reminder that motivation can come from the most unlikely places.

The Jan. 9, 1965 copy of The Daily Tar Heel contained advertisements for showings of "Sex and the Single Girl," starring Tony Curtis and Natalie Wood, at the Varsity Theater, a recent "Peanuts" comic, a crossword puzzle and a story about Daniel K. Moore being sworn in as North Carolina's 66th governor - typical stories and advertisements for a college newspaper at the time.

What readers may not have expected was an editorial denouncing the actions of a group of students who hung an effigy of head men's basketball coach Dean Smith. The incident was brought up in an editorial in the DTH three days after it happened.

"To protest a bad basketball club is one thing, but to do it in such a cowardly underhanded manner is another," the editorial read. "The team needs our support. It is the only team we have, and it will not change personnel before the year is out."

That copy of the DTH contains one of the few documentations of the effigy incident that mystified UNC students during that winter and beyond.

On Jan. 6, the basketball team rolled into Chapel Hill on a bus back from Winston-Salem after suffering a 107-85 demolition at the hands of the Demon Deacons. When the bus pulled in front of Woollen Gymnasium, it was met with an effigy of head coach Dean Smith, then in just his fourth year as UNC's head coach, hanging from a tree outside of the building.

"Dean Smith was hanging in effigy and half of us didn't realize what the devil that was and what it meant," Billy Cunningham, a senior on that 1965 team, said. "When we realized, it was very upsetting, and myself and my teammates went out and pulled it down. We felt, if nothing else, it wasn't the coach's fault we lost. All the losing was due to the way we were playing."

Peter Gammons, a DTH sports reporter who was on the bus, recalled players shouting for the bus to stop when they saw the effigy.

"I remember it was so bad that I didn't have to haul out my typewriter and do a sidebar," Gammons told the DTH via email.

The effigy was torn down by Cunningham and his teammates before Smith could see it. When Cunningham asked the students outside of Winston Hall who the culprit was, none of them had an answer, and no one claimed responsibility for the incident.

"It was just the frustration and realization of why [the effigy] was up there," Cunningham said. "The feelings I had towards coach Smith, that this was so unfair and that goes for the whole team. We were all just so frustrated."

Three days later, the Tar Heels went on to beat crosstown rival Duke in Durham. The Blue Devils, helmed by head coach Vic Bubas, were ranked No. 6 before their meeting with UNC. After winning six consecutive games to finish off the season, UNC beat Duke a second time - this time in Woollen - finishing the regular season with a 15-8 record.

"I think the frustration came out when we played Duke that Saturday," Cunningham said. "It was almost like motivation for the team at that point that we were really letting the coach down."

As for Smith, the legend of that January night became just a footnote in his Hall of Fame coaching career. Later that decade, Smith led the Tar Heels to three straight Final Fours, eventually winning two national championships in 1982 and 1993.

In his career spanning four decades, Smith's impact on his players, like Cunnigham, Michael Jordan, Vince Carter and hundreds of others, left a lasting mark on the history of basketball.

If the hanging of the effigy impacted Smith, Cunningham said he didn't show it.

"You could never read Dean Smith," Cunningham said. "Look at his career, he would never blame players for anything. If there was a game Carolina won, it was always because the players played so well. That was the reasoning. And he maintained that all through his coaching career at North Carolina."


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Chancellor-appointed committee reviews recommendation to remove names of 4 buildings]]> A chancellor-appointed committee unanimously voted Tuesday to put forth a recommendation to Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz that the University remove the names Charles B. Aycock, Josephus Daniels, Julian S. Carr, Thomas Ruffin and Thomas Ruffin Jr. from buildings on campus.

The committee plans to submit the recommendation in the form of a report to Guskiewicz. If approved, Guskiewicz will call a meeting with the BOT to vote on the removal of the names.

"I will act expeditiously in deciding whether to formally ask the Board of Trustees to consider this request," Guskiewicz said at the start of Tuesday's meeting. "The board chair, Richard Stevens, has agreed, if necessary, to convene a special meeting to review this request, as we are at a critical moment in the history of our University and the nation, and I am grateful for the support of Richard and of our trustees to take on this issue on our campus."

The 13-member committee is composed of students, faculty, alumni and trustees, and is chaired by Vice Chancellor for Development David Routh.

The committee's report follows a recommendation originally made July 10 by the Commission on History, Race and a Way Forward to the chancellor to remove the names from Aycock Residence Hall, Josephus Daniels Student Stores, Carr Building and Ruffin Residence Hall. The Commission's resolution cited historical evidence of each namesake's connection to white supremacy.

Members of the chancellor's committee were tasked with reviewing the recommendation in accordance with the Board of Trustees' new policy on the removal of names from buildings and public spaces.

Routh said the historical research and record of the Commission's report will be embedded in the committee's report, which he said should be relatively brief and describe their process and the committee's views on the strength of the evidence.

"I think we could run the risk of adding too much to that record, when that record is pretty strong and concise and clear already," Routh said.

Student Body President Reeves Moseley said there is an overwhelming sense of urgency among the student body to remove racist names from campus.

"In just a couple of weeks, there's going to be transfer students, first-year students, students who haven't been on Carolina's campus before that are going to be walking across campus and passing Aycock [Residence] Hall or Daniels [Student Stores], and that perpetuates a system of discrimination," Moseley said.

Residence Hall Association President Kira Griffith echoed Moseley's sentiment and added her perspective as a student who lived in Aycock Residence Hall.

"It was quite ironic to be living in a building that was named after somebody who was not just a part of the white supremacist movement, but was an influencer of it," Griffith said.

In discussion of the principles put forward by the Board of Trustees, committee members agreed that there was clear historical evidence to support the removal of the names.

"It's hard for me to imagine that anyone could read these principles and the backgrounds of these individuals and come to any different conclusion," said Paul Fulton, a 1957 graduate and former BOT and UNC System Board of Governors member.

Specifically, Griffith said the four names fall under the BOT's criteria that honoring the namesakes jeopardizes the University's mission.

"None of the values that these individuals supported, elevated and promoted around the country and globally follow the University's mission," Griffith said. "Our mission includes having a space for excellence where we teach a diverse group of students, staff and faculty."

While the committee is making a recommendation on renaming the buildings, it is not currently tasked with any renaming responsibilities.

"We are not being asked to deliberate, in this committee and in this process, on new names or even temporary names," Routh said. "The process of putting new names back on campus will and should be a very thoughtful process that is going to take a longer period of time, and that is a good thing."

Committee member and 1979 graduate Michael Kennedy echoed Routh's sentiment that renaming structures should be a detailed process.

"The University of North Carolina is the oldest public university in the country, and I think this is going to be an opportunity for us to really be thoughtful and take an approach to tell the story of UNC from 1795 until today," Kennedy said. "I think we need to put all of the cards on the table and be very thoughtful, and not do it in an ad-hoc or piecemeal way."



CORRECTION: A former version of this photo caption incorrectly identified the university that most recently changed a name of a campus building. The university was UNC-Greensboro.

In February, UNC-Greensboro became the third university in the state to remove Charles Brantley Aycock's name from a campus building.

<![CDATA[Orange County Schools students to learn remotely for at least the first nine weeks]]> Orange County Schools' Board of Education held a special meeting on Monday to discuss the district's return to virtual schooling this fall, including metrics that will be used to determine when children can start returning to the classroom.

For at least the first nine weeks of school, OCS students who don't opt for its completely remote Virtual Academy will learn remotely under Plan C while district leaders monitor the virus. The district will aim to move to Plan B, a hybrid of in-person and remote learning, as soon as it is safe.

If the district moves to Plan B, students in elementary, middle and high schools would attend class Monday through Thursday, with Fridays dedicated to an additional multi-tier peer support. Students would have alternating weeks of online and in-person instruction.

The board also voted to approve a contract for the purchase of a North Carolina standards-based online curriculum to teach students who opt to attend the district's Virtual Academy, an online extension of OCS for any students K-12 who choose to opt in for at least one semester.

The virtual academy program will allow students to stay enrolled in their school, even as other students return to the physical classroom.

Kathleen Dawson, deputy superintendent of OCS, said the board wants to find the least disruptive way for students to continue the school year.

"As we continue to monitor the progress of the virus, we want to have opportunities for families to opt in or out of the Virtual Academy," Dawson said.

Quintana Stewart, health director for Orange County, introduced the four metrics that OCS will use to inform its decisions when students return to campus.

"We are using these metrics to inform decision-making as we move through the different plans and let students back on site," Stewart said.

The first metric is the daily number of lab-confirmed COVID-19 cases in Orange County. Stewart said Orange County Health Department is able to track where the cases are located.

Other metrics include cumulative case count over a three-week period, trends in the types of COVID-19-like illnesses such as in the influenza in Orange County, and the percent of positive tests out of total tests performed.

Stewart said OCHD recommends OCS and Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools create a joint task force to determine a simultaneous reopening of schools.

In a survey administered to parents, as of July 19, 42 percent of 5,221 responses said families prefer an all-virtual program for the return to school. In the same survey, 27 percent of families said their child or someone in the household has health concerns that would prevent them from returning to school and 30 percent of families say they will need breakfast and/or lunch.

The Summer Feeding Program through OCS that provides meals for children under 18 will only run until Aug. 31. Under Plan C, the Department of Public Instruction has applied for a waiver with the U.S. Department of Agriculture to continue providing meals during the school year.

Monique Felder, superintendent of OCS, introduced the motion to approve providing stipends of $100 for OCS teachers as an incentive to start their pre-service days before the usual three days before the first day of school. The stipend would help teachers attend "Teaching Remotely: A Practical Guide-Units 1-3" before they return to school.

"As a former teacher and principal, whether it's three days or five days, it's never enough just in normal circumstances given what we have to do," Felder said.

There was an additional request of $100 for each of the 64 10-month certified staff who will participate in professional development on the new online curriculum and take the training back to their schools to train teachers and other instructional staff.

The motion to approve both stipends passed, adding a total expenditure of $71,500.

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

DTH Photo Illustration. With the closing of all public schools due to COVID-19, students in CHCCS and OCS face a new struggle: remote learning. Students are now completing schoolwork and studying at home.

<![CDATA[On-campus IT support student workers raise concerns about fall, staffing new gaming arena]]> With the semester starting in less than three weeks, some student workers are raising concerns about their safety this fall when students return to campus.

Among these workers are residential computing consultants, or RCCs, who provide technology support in residence halls and are compensated through free on-campus housing. Students are employed through ResNET, which delivers "on-site IT support, education and the technology infrastructure for the UNC-Chapel Hill residential communities," according to the University's Information Technology Services website.

On July 13, incoming fall RCCs received an email from ResNET Director Lee Hyde, which included HR documents required for employment classification.

One of the documents that RCCs were asked to sign included a waiver, which designated them as "unpaid interns" under Carolina Housing and released UNC from any liability or claim with regard to injury, illness or death that may result from their service.

UNC Media Relations said in an email that the waiver has been used for volunteer positions across the University for years and by Carolina Housing since fall 2019. The form is unrelated to COVID-19 and is used to differentiate RCCs as student workers who are provided with a room credit as opposed to employees who are provided with monetary compensation, according to the email.

A returning RCC who asked to remain anonymous due to future employment concerns said she believes the waiver was implemented last year to make it easier for RCCs to get other on-campus jobs.

She said before the waiver was implemented, an RCC position counted as 20 hours of work per week, which prevented students from finding other on-campus jobs because they were not allowed to work more than 40 hours per week.

The waiver solved this problem by designating RCCs as unpaid interns, she said.

Some RCCs still have concerns about the waiver, as the pandemic has changed the circumstances of their position.

Another returning RCC who asked to remain anonymous due to concerns about future employment said they found it upsetting that RCCs receive none of the benefits of being an employee, yet have all the liability of a volunteer or an intern.

"I just think it's kind of absurd that in this waiver in particular, UNC is sidestepping any obligation or liability for our safety and giving us this status," they said. "The University obviously considers our work essential because they're asking us to come back in the middle of a global health crisis. They obviously think our work is valuable, but not enough to take responsibility for us."

They said ResNET is expecting RCCs to staff a new "gaming arena" in Craige Residence Hall.

RCCs received a draft copy from ResNET outlining the adjustments that will be made to the arena to prevent COVID-19 spread, which include reduced capacity and operational times, cleaning procedures and signage.

UNC Media Relations said that RCCs will be following the same guidelines as other employees at the University as outlined in the Carolina Roadmap for Fall 2020.

The returning RCC said they think the gaming arena should not be opened, as conditions have changed and the risks of staffing the arena have increased.

"In my opinion, the acceptable number of workers who will be put at risk of dying of COVID so that some kids can play Fortnite is zero," they said.

They said RCCs were told in the spring they would receive compensation for their housing being cut short when campus residence halls closed in March.

UNC Media Relations said in an email that all RCCs were compensated for their lost room credits by July 16. Media Relations said that because RCCs are provided with a room credit as opposed to monetary compensation for their work as part of their role, it took more time to determine the appropriate method for compensation of lost room credits.

The other returning RCC said the delay in receiving compensation could have left some RCCs scrambling to find and pay for housing.

"If it took us this long to get a refund this time, the idea that we'd get them next semester is kind of ludicrous," she said.

She said she was told that if a technology problem could not be resolved over phone or email, RCCs would be expected to go to a client's personal space to assist them.

Her biggest concern is being required to possibly expose herself to COVID-19 when visiting someone's living space, she said.

Ash Dos Santos, a rising senior, planned on returning to her position as an RCC this year, but decided not to because of COVID-19 related concerns.

She said she was worried about spreading the virus if she had to visit multiple different living spaces to assist with technology, and receiving the waiver heightened her concerns.

"I have an elderly grandma who has dementia and is very high risk," she said. "If I go and visit her, I could kill her. That was a risk I was not willing to take"

Dos Santos said leaving her position was an extremely difficult decision. She said she believes ResNET management cares about their workers and said they were understanding about her decision to leave.

"I feel bad because I want to be in ResNET," she said. "I love ResNET. It's one of my favorite programs, but also, I want to make sure my family's safe."



<![CDATA[Orange County officials aim to quell late-night crowds with new order]]> If you want a late-night bite in Chapel Hill these days, you'll need to make it at home or order it to go. Since July 10, Orange County restaurants have been prohibited from serving dine-in alcohol or food orders from 10 p.m to 5 a.m., as per a declaration added to the county's state of emergency order.

Town leaders said the order came as a response to concerns from residents, local law enforcement and University officials regarding crowds gathering at local restaurants in downtown Chapel Hill.

"A lot of comments"

Chapel Hill Mayor Pam Hemminger said she crafted the amendment with Mayor Lydia Lavelle of Carrboro, Mayor Jenn Weaver of Hillsborough and Penny Rich, chairperson of the Board of Orange County Commissioners.

"We were getting a lot of comments from our residents and our staff saying there were a lot of people hanging out in these establishments on Franklin Street," Hemminger said. "We knew the governor had not allowed bars to continue, so we started calling restaurants."

Gov. Roy Cooper's May 20 executive order moved the state into Phase 2 of reopening and stated that restaurants could open as long as they did not exceed 50 percent of the capacity for the building and set up tables to maintain a 6-foot social distance. Under the order, bars are not allowed to open.

The order defines bars as "establishments that are not eating establishments or restaurants, that have a permit to sell alcoholic beverages for onsite consumption" and "are principally engaged in the business of selling alcoholic beverages for onsite consumption."

A business that calls itself a bar, but makes 30 percent of its revenue from food and has a kitchen and inside dining area is classified as a restaurant, according to state laws.

Rich said law enforcement asked for an order so they could shut down restaurants operating as bars at night.

"Law enforcement asked us to create this policy in the order because the way the order was before, they couldn't go into the restaurants," Rich said. "There was nothing in Orange County that allowed them to do that."

Todd McGee, the community relations director for Orange County, wrote in an email that while he can't confirm whether cases are related to specific restaurants, the number of confirmed cases in Orange County have doubled over the past month.

"We had received reports that people were gathering in restaurants and staying for long periods of time without observing social distancing or wearing masks and that the restaurants were not enforcing reduced capacity inside the facility," he wrote.

Some UNC students have posted concerns on social media about crowds at multiple establishments in downtown Chapel Hill throughout the summer. One such establishment included Might as Well Bar & Grill, which has previously functioned as both a restaurant and a late-night bar and club for students.

Richard Sanchez, the general manager of Might as Well, said he was aware of the negative feedback online.

Before the order set by the county, the restaurant was still learning how to best abide by the regulations set by the state, he said.

"We did our best to abide by state and county regulations," he said. "It was a little tough, and it was a bit of a learning curve, but we did our best to get through it."

In a different email, McGee confirmed that COVID-positive individuals visited Might as Well.

"We have heard cases where COVID positive individuals said they visited MAW, but we have not linked any outbreak specifically to MAW being the cause or source for the outbreak," he wrote in the email.

The amendment states it was created upon UNC administration's requests that "local officials take action to address the influx of large numbers of students who will increase the stress on local health care infrastructure in the event of a surge in COVID cases."

Penny Rich said UNC leaders, specifically Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz, took part in discussions surrounding this amendment.

"We thought long and hard about this," Rich said. "We talked to law enforcement, we talked to the University and Chancellor Guskiewicz was involved with the conversation with the mayor."

Chapel Hill Mayor Pro Tem Michael Parker said what is most important is making sure Orange County residents' health is a priority, including students and faculty returning to the area.

"It's our goal as elected leaders in this community to try to keep our community safe," he said. "Clearly the most pressing threat that our community has right now is COVID-19, so yes, we want to make it harder for the disease to spread in our community."

According to McGee, the sudden influx of returning students could create the potential for a COVID-19 outbreak in the county.

"The 18-24 age group accounts for 22% of the cases in Orange County," McGee said. "Across the nation, this age group has seen an explosion in cases in some states that have relaxed restrictive measures."

Parker said it is essential for all community members, including UNC students, to follow the "Three Ws" the governor has highlighted.

"I think that we are all very mindful of the fact that we could see an additional 10 or 20,000 or more folks coming into the Chapel Hill, Carrboro, Orange County community," Parker said. "We want to make sure that they are safe and that they don't take actions that would jeopardize the health and safety of our broader community."


@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Tar Heels in the pros: Former UNC baseball players gear up for Opening Day]]> In the midst of July, ballparks across the nation are usually filled with baseball lovers sweating through the summer heat to watch the excitement between the base paths. Unfortunately, the only fans you'll see in the stands this season will be made out of cardboard.

But this week, Major League Baseball will make its long-awaited return. With the season being reduced from 162 to 60 games, teams that might not otherwise have a chance could make a run at success in a shortened campaign.

While many organizations are filled with Tar Heels, only a select few will be able to make a large impact in the coming months. Here is a look at how some former members of the North Carolina baseball team could help their teams in the weeks to come.

Andrew Miller

By now, the formula should be easy for executives to identify - if their team wants to make the postseason, acquiring Andrew Miller is a good place to start.

Since 2014, Miller's teams have been to the playoffs every year, partially attributed to Miller's contributions as a bullpen stalwart.

When the lights are the brightest, Miller elevates his game to another level. Throughout his postseason career, Miller's ERA sits at a dominant 0.95, posting 54 strikeouts in 38 innings. Despite having some struggles in the 2019 regular season, Miller was still dependable in the playoffs, giving up only one hit in five innings with the St. Louis Cardinals.

Later this week, Miller and the Cardinals will begin their attempt to get back to the National League Championship Series and repeat as NL Central division champions, the latter being a feat the team is favored to accomplish.

Kyle Seager

Since making his Major League debut in 2011, Kyle Seager has been a constant presence for the Seattle Mariners.

Following a seven-year stretch in which he played in no fewer than 150 games per year, Seager had an injury-riddled 2019 season, but still turned in an impressive 23 home runs in 106 games. Over the course of his career, he has shown a solid amount of pop in his bat, posting multiple years with 25-plus home runs and 80-plus RBIs.

Now fully healthy, he will look to mentor a young Mariners team that has not reached the postseason since 2001. Although the odds are not in their favor, his role in helping his teammates develop will be invaluable to the franchise moving forward.

Colin Moran

After being a member of the Houston Astros' 40-man roster when they won the 2017 World Series, Colin Moran was sent to Pittsburgh in a trade package that landed the Astros ace pitcher Gerrit Cole. On the Pirates, the former sixth overall pick in 2013 has developed into a solid major league player.

Since becoming a full-time starter in 2018, Moran has been a steady piece in the Pirates' lineup, posting a .277 batting average in each of the last two seasons. Last year, Moran drove in 80 runs, ranking third on the team.

Although the Pirates aren't expected to be in contention, the shortened schedule has given the team some hope for a surprising season. With a loaded division including the Milwaukee Brewers, Chicago Cubs and the Cardinals, Moran in the Pirates will have their work cut out for them, even in with the 60-game schedule.

Daniel Bard

Ten years ago, it looked like Daniel Bard was headed for stardom.

Appearing in 143 games as a relief pitcher for the Boston Red Sox throughout 2010 and 2011, Bard became one of the better relievers in baseball, posting a 1.93 ERA in 2010 and followed it up posting an impressive 0.959 WHIP in 2011.

His career began to unravel once manager Bobby Valentine pegged him as a starting pitcher early in the 2012 campaign. In his new role, Bard developed the yips - a psychological performance issue that can make it difficult to even play catch - and struggled to throw strikes and control his mechanics. Just two relief appearances into 2013, the Red Sox parted ways with Bard, and he hasn't been in the majors since. After bouncing around with a number of minor league teams, Bard retired in 2018.

In February, Bard got the itch to play again, and he signed a minor league deal with the Colorado Rockies. After impressing the team in its summer camp, Bard was rewarded with an Opening Day roster spot.

Now 35 years old, Bard will have the chance to rewrite his legacy in the Mile High City. The Rockies are not favored to make the postseason, but with Nolan Arenado - one of the game's best players - on the roster, Bard and the Rockies could muster up some magic at Coors Field.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

Andrew Miller pitches against Seton Hall on February 19, 2006. Miller played for the UNC baseball team from 2004 to 2006.

<![CDATA['Planning on playing': UNC football resumes voluntary workouts amid uncertainty]]> After a short hiatus, the North Carolina football team is back in action.

On July 8, UNC announced it had identified 37 positive COVID-19 tests among players, coaches and Carolina Athletics staff. Following this announcement, the North Carolina football team suspended voluntary workouts before reopening the weight room July 16.

Enhanced workouts - during which the Tar Heels will be allowed to hold walk-throughs for the first time since March - are slated to begin Friday before fall practice officially begins on Aug. 7.

Head coach Mack Brown held a press conference Tuesday to discuss the team's resumption of voluntary workouts.

"The contact tracing people are trying to figure out why we had our positives so we can do a better job," Brown said. "Thank goodness that all of our guys had minor to no symptoms, and they're doing really well and excited about getting back to work."

Brown, now entering his second season back in Chapel Hill, said he and his staff have made it clear to players that sitting out the season due to COVID-19-related health concerns will not be met with judgment.

"It's not only important to tell your players that they don't have to play if they don't feel comfortable, it's important that they believe you," Brown said. "I've learned a lot of things in the last four months just from listening to players, so that's the most important thing right now for us."

Brown said the positive tests and ensuing postponement of workouts could be used as a learning experience ahead of the student body's return.

"It just goes from nothing to fast, and that's why we closed the weight room down," Brown said. "I said, 'Let's take a deep breath here and let's let our medical people look at this more closely and determine exactly what we're doing and how we're doing it and make sure we take a look at everybody's safety as well.' It's inevitable that you're going to have some (positives), and you've got to learn from them."

Brown said the Tar Heels will wear masks in the weight room, face shields as masks over their helmets, and that coaches will utilize 6-foot sticks to maintain proper social distance from players when enhanced workouts and team walk-throughs begin.

Despite the positive tests continuing to pour in from programs around the country - and cancellations from conferences like the Ivy League and Colonial Athletic Association - Brown said he still believes there will be a college football season.

"I expect us to play college football this fall," Brown said. "The real answer is that we've all got to do what we're told to do, we've all got to fight this virus as a whole in our country, and as the virus slows down, we have a better chance to play."

With decisions from the PAC-12 and Big Ten to move to conference-only schedules, a similar decision from the ACC could be looming. If the ACC moves to a conference-only schedule, the Tar Heels would miss week one and two match ups against Central Florida and Auburn, respectively, a Sept. 19 date against James Madison and a Nov. 7 home game against Connecticut.

James Madison, a member of the CAA, plans to move forward with an independent schedule this fall despite its conference's decision to cancel the season.

"I think we need a commissioner of college football," Brown said. "Right now we just seem to be disjointed and we don't have a single voice together. I would've liked to have seen it where more people were talking about when it's safe to come back as a group, how we're going to run the season, who's going to play, when are they going to play. That seems to be all over the place right now."

A variety of options have been proposed for alternatives to conference-only schedules, including the possibility of plus-one and plus-two models - in which teams would keep one or two out-of-conference games and eliminate the rest - and moving the season to the spring, as some states' high school athletic associations have already voted to do. ACC commissioner John Swofford said the conference will make plans for fall sports by the end of July.

Despite the increasing uncertainty, Brown said his focus is still on ensuring the Tar Heels are ready to take the field when the time comes.

"The only thing that is assured is that we're not assured of anything right now," Brown said. "People have asked me, 'What about the spring, could you play in the spring?' I'm not going there because I'm planning on playing in the fall."


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Tar Heels in the pros: Pineda, Berhalter shine in MLS is Back Tournament's early stages]]> After a near four-month-long interruption due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the MLS made its return on July 8 with the World Cup-esque MLS is Back Tournament. Nearly two weeks into the league's revival, a pair of former North Carolina men's soccer standouts have had noteworthy performances this summer.

Mauricio Pineda

Pineda, who scored 17 goals during his four years in Chapel Hill despite spending the majority of his time as a midfielder or defender, had about as close to a perfect debut as one can hope for. The Chicago Fire rookie earned a start against the Seattle Sounders on July 14 and either assisted or scored on each of his team's goals in a 2-1 win.

With the ball at his feet deep in his own half, Pineda launched a clearing long ball up to the midfield line where teammate Robert Berić shrugged off a Seattle defender so only Yeimar Gómez Andrade stood between himself and the Seattle goalkeeper. A quick cutback touch from Berić towards the middle of the field allowed the Chicago striker to create enough space to collect himself and slot the ball into the bottom left corner of Seattle's goal in the 52nd minute.

Following an equalizer from the Sounders, the Fire won a corner in the closing minutes of regular time, giving them the opportunity to score a late game-winner.

Chicago's Gastón Giménez drove a low cross into the six-yard box that managed to slip through a crowd of players before Pineda caught his defender sleeping and drifted into a pocket of space at the back post to meet the ball. A quick tap-in was all it took for the former Tar Heel to put it in the back of the net for the first goal of his professional career.

Pineda's second game of the tournament, though, was less impressive as the Fire suffered a 2-0 loss to the San Jose Earthquakes. Although he earned another start at center back, San Jose dominated the play - the Earthquakes finished the match with 62.7 percent possession - and a second-half yellow card contributed to Pineda being subbed out in the 72nd minute.

Sebastian Berhalter

Berhalter, who was born in London but grew up in Ohio, only appeared in 16 games in his lone season for UNC before returning home to play professionally for the Columbus Crew.

His professional debut for the Crew came on July 11 in the the waning minutes of a 4-0 win over FC Cincinnati after all of the goal-scoring action had come to pass. The silver lining was that his father and U.S. men's national team manager Gregg Berhalter was in attendance for his son's first MLS game.

Berhalter's performance in the final minutes of the Crew's dominant win over their in-state rival was enough for head coach Caleb Porter to ask the young midfielder to start the following match against the New York Red Bulls as one of the key distributors in the center of the pitch.

In just his second match as a pro, the 19-year-old held his ground in the defensive midfielder role during the Crew's 2-0 win and was a key piece of Columbus' impressive first half.

From the fifth minute to the 35th minute, the Crew easily controlled the battle of possession against the Red Bulls, while Berhalter finished the first half with more touches than any player on either squad. Although Berhalter was unable to pick up a goal or assist, he was on the field for both of Columbus' goals before being subbed off in the 57th minute of his first start.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[UNC graduate donates $6.2 million rare book collection to University Libraries]]> Florence Fearrington, a 1958 UNC graduate, donated a rare book collection this summer valued at $6.2 million to University Libraries, which will be added to the Wilson Special Collections Library. Fearrington's gift of over 4,000 books and objects is made up of several sub-collections, including natural history and children's literature.

Elizabeth Ott, curator of rare books at UNC, said Fearrington and her husband began collecting books together, and when her husband passed away, Fearrington continued to build this collection on her own. Together, they developed an interest in natural history, and created collections in this area. Two of the sub-collections included in Fearrington's contribution to UNC are a Wunderkammer collection and malacology collection.

Wunderkammer is a German word, meaning cabinets of wonder, or curiosities, Ott said. According to a University Communications article, Fearrington's collection includes books, catalogs and prints on Wunderkammers.

"Florence and her husband had wide-ranging interests, and if they saw books they loved, they would acquire them," Ott said. "So it has a certain amount of material that spoke to them and sparked their interest."

She said Fearrington's contribution also includes children's literature about the natural world, and a malacology collection that documents the study of shells, mollusks and conchs.

Fearrington graduated from UNC in 1958 with a degree in mathematics, and eventually moved to New York City to enter the world of finance.

"If you can imagine being a woman in the world of finance in the early 1960s in New York City, it definitely was a man's world and she succeeded in it," said Ott.

Fearrington continued to defy gender roles as she progressed into the realm of book collecting, which Ott said was kind of a "man's world" at the time as well.

Her interest in shells and books about shells began during the summers she spent collecting them on the coast of North Carolina in her childhood. She then became interested in others who collected shells, and the books that documented these collections.

"For her, that was kind of the connection back to North Carolina," Ott said, regarding Fearrington's decision to donate this collection to UNC.

According to the University Communications article, Fearrington has previously contributed to the University Libraries' Rare Book Collection, and in 2016, donated $5 million to support the Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library.

Ott also spoke to why this collection is considered rare, saying that oftentimes, people associate rare books simply with being old.

"And that's definitely true of a lot of books in this collection," Ott said. "But there's also rare in the sense of cherished, rare in the sense of important and valued. And that's the sense that we use when we think about Florence's collection. Many of them are scarce; they're not many copies. But beyond that scarcity, they teach us valuable things about how we came to be where we are."

Ott also said the books are important in the sense that since the natural world is constantly changing ecologically, it is valuable to see what the ecology of different spaces around the globe were like at the point in time when the work was created.

"[The books] really give us a lot of evidence for what the natural world has been and how that compares to how it is now," said Ott.

Emily Kader, rare book research librarian at UNC, explained how the children's literature in Fearrington's collection will be beneficial to education classes at UNC. She said she works with an education class that designs their own children's books, and that students could explore the children's literature collection before making their own.

"This will really enhance that experience and give them a lot to work with," said Kader. "My sense of it is it's really going to open up a lot of really exciting avenues."

Ott said that the collection expands on subjects and opportunities for students to engage with shared cultural heritage.

"I think that Florence's collections carry us into new arenas where we can start to ask some new types of questions about ecocriticism, or about colonialism, the history of collecting about the book itself as an object," said Ott. "We're looking forward to incorporating those into our classroom instruction."

Ott said an exhibition is in the works, and will hopefully take place in 2021. The exhibition would provide an opportunity for students to view selections of items from the collection. Ott mentioned the importance of students having access to these items to use and learn from, and said there shouldn't be a need to lock them away.

"In the North Carolina collection at Wilson Library, we've long had great Natural History Collections that document the natural history of the Carolinas, so the flora and fauna that are traditionally found in the Piedmont region," said Ott. "This collection gives us an additional strength and natural history that I think makes us a destination for scholars around the world who studied this topic."


<![CDATA[Coronavirus contact tracing: Here's what you need to know for UNC's 2020 fall semester]]> With classes starting in less than a month, questions remain about how the University will handle contact tracing for students who come into contact with a COVID-19-infected person.

The short passage relating to contact tracing on the Campus Health website says that UNC will abide by the CDC definition of a close contact, which it states as: "Any individual within 6 feet of an infected person for at least 15 minutes starting from two days before symptom onset for symptomatic individuals and two days prior to positive specimen collection for asymptomatic individuals."

Students in close contact with an infected person will be notified, told to quarantine, given self-monitoring instructions and be provided arrangements, if necessary, according to the Campus Health website.

The close contacts will also receive self-monitoring instructions and daily emails from Campus Health.

According to the contact tracing policy on the Campus Health website, "close contact" does not include "... individuals who maintain at least 6 feet physical separation in a classroom or congregate setting while masked. …"

Carolina Together, UNC's roadmap website for the fall semester, says no broad announcement is necessary when a student has tested positive for COVID-19, because the student's close contacts will be notified personally.

Rising junior Jenna DeMartino said she thinks students should be informed if there are positive cases at UNC.

"I don't like that policy, because I would want to know what's going on on campus and how much I'm at risk to get coronavirus," she said.

A spokesperson for UNC said the University cannot make broad announcements when students contract COVID-19 because of state and federal laws.

"The Carolina Together website clearly states that the University cannot communicate broadly within a unit or department due to State Human Resources Act and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, as well as other privacy considerations," the spokesperson said in an email. "This is also consistent with CDC guidance."

The University has in the past made AlertCarolina announcements for other deadly diseases, including a 2017 alert about a student who tested positive for tuberculosis and a January 2020 announcement about a student with a confirmed case of the mumps.

UNC could release non-identifying communications about clusters of positive results based on approved guidelines, which it does not specify, according to Carolina Together.

DeMartino, who is taking a partially in-person differential equations course, said the thought of not being contacted when someone in her class contracts the virus makes her uneasy.

"I think that if somebody that you're in class with gets coronavirus, then you should know regardless of if you were 6 feet away or not," she said. "You could still be touching things that they touched."

The University will provide testing and contact tracing, but it says students, staff, faculty and campus visitors are all responsible for mitigating the spread of COVID-19.

This includes observing social distancing, wearing a mask and monitoring one's own health, according to Carolina Together.

"All members of the University community should be familiar with the symptoms of COVID-19 and should seek medical care when appropriate, including complying with medical guidance designed to reduce further transmission of the virus," the website states.

Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz also informed students in an email July 20 that they will be required to acknowledge UNC's community standards and guidelines as a condition of enrollment for the fall.

DeMartino said apart from the uncertainty she feels regarding the University's preparations for the fall, much is left unknown about the virus in general.

"I just think that when we get there, there's going to be things that happen that, you know, weren't even considered in the plans and we're just going to have to constantly adapt," she said. "I'm just worried that once we get there, they're going to realize that it was a really bad idea."



<![CDATA[Nonprofit aims to keep older adults connected with doctors through technology]]> With a higher risk of illness and coronavirus cases still on the rise, many older adults in North Carolina are still stuck at home, sometimes without the technology that could help keep them connected with friends, family - and their health care providers.

It's something that Brooke Chow, incoming UNC first-year and North Carolina lead for TeleHealth Access for Seniors, wants to help remedy.

Chow said her brother works in a hospital and brought up the disconnect from virtual patients to their caregivers.

"It all started when we noticed that a lot of military veterans and patients were not able to travel to medical facilities and hospitals anymore because of coronavirus," Chow said. "Obviously one issue with this is a lot of people may not have access to a camera enabled device to video call their doctors."

After a quick Google search, she found TeleHealth Access for Seniors, a501(c)(3)nonprofit started by high school and college students, that aims to connect senior and low-income patients with doctors through smartphones, laptops and tablets.

Spanning 26 states, TeleHealth Access for Seniors has donated over 1,000 devices and is partnered with 75 clinics, according to its website. Monetary donations are used to buy chargers and Amazon Fire tablets, Chow said.

Chow recently donated five tablets to the Durham Veterans Affairs Health Care System's Community Living Center. Erica Dickens, a creative arts therapist at the Durham VA, received the tablets.

"This is a great opportunity to connect technology even more with our existing programs," Dickens said. "The tablets allow for us to continue our services with quarantine precautions."

The Durham VA has had tablet donations from Telehealth Access for Seniors as well as other organizations, Dickens said. The tablets will be used in individual and group settings to provide recreational therapy and will allow for veterans to connect with their families for virtual visits.

Dickens said the Durham VA is following infection control measures to safely provide the tablets, but right now, the center does not have enough tablets for each veteran in the unit.

"Prior to COVID-19, we had some tablets we were able to use with some veterans," Dickens said. "During COVID-19, the need for tablets has increased. We are very appreciative for this one-time donation."

Dickens said the tablets are individualized, so different apps are downloaded for each veteran's interests and to address any functional goals.

"We pass out tablets as they're needed," Dickens said. "We complete an assessment on each veteran and determine if the tablet is appropriate for them. Then they receive proper education on how to use it."

Beverly Shuford, communications specialist for Orange County, said one of the biggest changes in the lives of seniors during the pandemic has been connectivity. The two senior centers in Orange County are closed, Shuford said, though some programs have been modified to accommodate the pandemic.

"We are still active and working," Shuford said. "What we do, others can do, by making connections and checking in on people."

A lot of senior residents are socially isolated this summer, she said, so it's important to check in on the older adults in your life.

"It's good if they get phone calls, so call your neighbor, call your grandparents and check in on your friends," Shuford said. "We're doing that with our telephone reassurance, but other folks can do it too. It's really important, especially for those who do not have connectivity through the internet and technology. Those isolated folks really need us to reach out and look for them."

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Op-ed: White tenured faculty must strike now to save lives and jobs]]> Dear faculty,

We, the Anti-Racist Graduate Worker Collective at UNC, come to you hopeful that we can work together in these next crucial days and weeks before Aug. 3, when undergraduates begin returning to campus. We also come to you exhausted from months - and for many of us, years - of taking great risks to make this campus safer.

We come to you, afraid for our lives, and motivated by the relationships we have cultivated with campus workers, graduate workers and undergraduates, whose fears we are also acting upon. We are asking you to act, too.

White tenured faculty members, we ask you to refuse to teach this fall unless the semester is remote by default, and unless the administration commits to move forward without furloughs or cuts to graduate students' and low-paid workers' pay and benefits. We are specifically calling those with the most privilege to take the first step in withholding labor.

As Black, Indigenous and all people of color have been asked to shoulder the burden of "diversity and inclusion" work in departments, and as many BIPOC faculty took a significant risk in their work on and support of the Roadmap for Racial Equity at UNC this summer, we see this ask as one way for white tenured faculty to step away from protecting their power through silence and inaction. Furthermore, as faculty at the UNC System's flagship school, UNC-Chapel Hill faculty have more security than their colleagues at other UNC schools, who face greater precarity in this moment.

Students returning to campus will, without question, increase the rate of sickness and death within the campus community and beyond. According to a recent talk given by infectious disease experts, UNC has capacity for 164 students to be quarantined on campus. Before the majority of students have even returned, we have reached a quarter of that capacity with the summer football conditioning outbreak. This summer, UNC has continually failed to deliver on promises to protect and care for the wellbeing of students and staff through coronavirus relief and prevention resources, including a total lack of transparency with students' CARES Act funding, requiring staff to reuse limited and inadequate PPE and not extending testing resources to exposed staff. The University has still not decided or announced when their "off-ramp" would occur or what it would look like.

It is also inevitable, as many have noted, that campus will be forced to return to full online instruction before the end of the semester. Students will again be asked to uproot themselves and further spread COVID-19 to their home communities - and to continue paying for the University housing contracts or off-campus leases they have no choice but to sign to attend on-campus courses at UNC-Chapel Hill.

Saving lives and reducing harm must be our priority. The only reasonable choice is to halt reopening before thousands of students, workers and faculty return to campus. White tenured faculty, you have the power to refuse to implement a deadly reopening plan before the crucial moment when undergraduates return en masse to Chapel Hill.

To date, members of the Anti-Racist Graduate Worker Collective have worked in different ways and with different strategies to do what we can to prevent campus from reopening. We developed an extensively researched petition presenting three simple demands and - recognizing that budget cuts were always going to be announced - outlining practical ways to pursue them without harming the most marginalized among us. This document registered our hope that the campus community would prioritize health and wellbeing over profit or protection of its multi-billion dollar endowment. This means protecting not only the lives of campus workers and graduate students, but their livelihoods, too.

We also spearheaded an effort to work with the Graduate and Professional Student Federation, which is meant to represent all 11,000 UNC graduate and professional students at UNC. We drafted and submitted three resolutions for GPSF's emergency session: 1) endorse the petition and its demands; 2) demand that UNC protect international and undocumented students; and 3) stand in solidarity with campus workers. All three resolutions were passed almost unanimously and were shared with campus and UNC System leadership.

We have coordinated social media and email campaigns to pressure University administration, consistently communicated with our network of petition signees and gave and solicited feedback to and from University administrators and department chairs. Undergraduate students are doing similar work to push for a remote semester, along with campus workers who have bravely shared their concerns.

This is not the first time students have risked their well-being and livelihoods to fight for the health and safety of our campus community. Members of this collective withheld our labor to prevent the further militarization of UNC Police and Silent Sam's return. But undergraduate student activists fight every day with their unpaid labor and at the expense of their mental health and physical safety for the rights of working class, BIPOC, disabled and LGBTQ peoples across campus.

Campus workers have also been central to the justice and labor movements on our campus. From the founding of the UNC Janitor's Association by four Black housekeepers in 1930, to the UNC Food Workers' Strike of 1969, to the demands issued by the UNC Housekeepers' Association in 1996, to going on the record today about UNC's failure to protect workers from COVID-19, UNC's non-faculty staff have consistently risked their jobs, reputations and safety in order to make Carolina's campus a safer place for anyone to work.

Those who will be most affected by UNC reopening this fall are those who have already risked so much to make campus safe and just for everyone. It is wrong for the most protected workers to risk the least and the least protected workers to risk the most.

We have sacrificed a lot in our efforts to make campus safe without faculty support. Now, we are asking you to join us. We come to you with hopeful solidarity and genuine willingness to share our hard-earned experiential knowledge, resources and networks developed over years as labor organizers and activists. There is very little time for you to take the steps necessary to mitigate the sickness and death UNC's fall reopening will cause. We are hopeful and resolute that you will.


Members of the The Anti-Racist Graduate Student Collective at UNC-Chapel Hill

<![CDATA[Op-ed: We delivered the UNC Title IX petition. The administration answered.]]> On May 6, the U.S. Department of Education released a new rule rolling back the civil rights afforded to student survivors of gender violence under Title IX. The ruling applies to all schools receiving federal funding and further narrows the definition of sexual harassment and assault. Moreover, the ruling limits schools to investigate only on-campus violence -despite the fact 92 percent of sexual assaults occur off campus.

UNC has a sickening history of failed support and protection for students who have experienced abuse and has drawn national headlines year after year. Despite national scrutiny, the University has perpetuated decades of systemic failure to stop sexual violence and maintained a culture of sexual assault. According to the Association of American Universities, sexual assault has increased at UNC since 2015. More specifically, a recent AAU survey found one in three UNC undergraduate women experience non-consensual sexual touching or penetration.

I, myself, contribute to this statistic. I also stand with the hundreds of victims who have pursued recourse through Title IX but were misled and neglected by UNC's failed implementation and enforcement of policies that are supposed to protect us. UNC lacks an effective and constructive procedure, and survivors suffer as a result.

The UNC policy is rife with opaque guidelines, subjective decision making and conflicts of interest that ultimately deter survivors from reporting and limit support options to resources like the local police department. This is alarming, as off-campus police departments are often ineffective at achieving justice for survivors. Moreover, there is a myriad of reasons why survivors, especially queer, undocumented and non-white survivors, should not be forced to turn to law enforcement due to their schools' failures to protect them. Black women, for example, are disproportionately affected both by sexual violence and by police brutality. Interactions with police pose a greater risk of further harm for Black survivors.

It is imperative that UNC creates a cohesive and equitable Title IX process to protect the lives and rights of survivors from marginalized groups. In a moment of a national reckoning on racial injustice, UNC must adopt fair and comprehensive Title IX policies to protect marginalized survivors. Anything less is discriminatory and dangerous.

The new Title IX obligations contain dangerous provisions that tip the scales against survivors and jeopardize students' civil right to an education free from violence. The policy changes would discourage survivors from pursuing Title IX recourse at all, resulting in a continued failure to address sexual violence, placing a disproportionate burden on marginalized students.

That said, multiple sections within the new rule give schools the discretion to choose how to implement certain policies. As such, Georgia Broitman, Salena Braye and I started a petition, garnering nearly 2,500 signatures from students and the Carolina community at large, to urge the administration to uphold the civil rights of all students on campus by adopting the safest and fairest policies legally allowed under the Final Rule.

To our surprise, the administration responded, recommitting themselves to "safety, diversity, education and equity." The recognition of our concerns is a positive step forward, but we demand action beyond words. Although the administration was responsive to each of our demands, they left much ambiguity, vagueness, and leniency in their commitments, saying things such as "when appropriate" and "as permitted." With decades of experience handling scandal within the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office, we are weary of the political jargon and advisory boards often created to deter scrutiny and followed up to ask that the letter be released in full to the public.

After reviewing how the Final Rule will affect current policy, UNC plans to gather community input by hosting an explanatory Zoom webinar, creating a feedback page on the EOC website and creating a Policy Advisory Group. We urge our fellow Tar Heels to demand action, a released response and accountability for these promises.

For years, the University has swept sexual violence under the rug while making empty promises to confront the issue. UNC has the opportunity to break the pattern of institutional betrayal and do right by their students. It is time for accountability, transparency and urgency of action to be prioritized in order to dismantle Carolina's culture of sexual assault.

With power,

Georgia Broitman, Class of 2023

Lara Matsukura Bernardino, Class of 2023

Salena Braye, Class of 2023

Mary Laci Motley, Class of 2020

<![CDATA[Heel Talk episode 15: UNC works toward renaming campus buildings ]]> The 15th episode of Heel Talk went live Monday morning.

On July 16, the Board of Trustees decided on an official policy to remove the names of buildings on UNC's campus. This follows the BOT decision in June to rescind its 16-year self-imposed moratorium on renaming buildings.

Host Evely Forte spoke to incoming Sports Editor Brian Keyes to understand what this policy means for UNC's campus. Evely also spoke to Maydha Devarajan, summer University desk editor, to break down the July 10 unanimous decision by the Commission on History, Race and a Way Forward to remove names with ties to white supremacy of four on-campus buildings. University desk writer Kate Carroll also shared her reporting regarding the UNC departments that came together to begin the process of renaming Hamilton Hall as Pauli Murray Hall.

Reporting for this episode was done by Kate Carroll, Maydha Devarajan and Brian Keyes. The episode was co-edited and co-produced by Evely Forte and Meredith Radford.

For more information on today's episode, click here.

The transcript of Monday's episode is available below:

Evely Forte: I'm Evely Forte from The Daily Tar Heel and this is Heel Talk.

Hey everyone, welcome back to Heel Talk. On July 10, the Commission on History, Race and a Way Forward unanimously approved a recommendation to Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz for the removal of names with ties to white supremacy of four on-campus buildings at their meeting Friday. I spoke to my colleague, Summer University Desk Editor Maydha Devarajan, to understand which buildings' names might be removed from campus and why the commission submitted that recommendation to the chancellor.

First, Maydha, could you start us off by explaining what exactly the recommendation submitted by the commission even is?

Maydha Devarajan: Yeah, the resolution that the commission passed was a recommendation to the chancellor that the names of Charles B. Aycock, Josephus Daniels, Julian S. Carr, Thomas Ruffin and Thomas Ruffin Jr. be removed, respectively, from Aycock Residence Hall, the Josephus Daniels building, which is the Student Stores building, Carr Building and Ruffin Residence Hall.

The commission's resolution really emphasized that these are men who used their positions of power and wealth to disenfranchise Black voters, instigate violence and murder towards Black people, dismantle Fusion political parties, institutionalize Jim Crow, among other acts of white supremacy. Co-chairperson Jim Leloudis introduced the resolution at the meeting on Friday.

EF: Based on your reporting, what exactly did the commission find concerning about each of these names?

MD: Yeah, so this is by no means exhaustive. I would definitely encourage people to look through the resolution in the show notes below and also to do their own independent research.

But, Charles Aycock was extremely influential in state politics. The resolution notes that he led the Democratic Party's white supremacy campaign in 1898. He and other Democratic Party leaders also urged loyal Democrats to terrorize Black voters and their white allies through terrorist vigilante groups known as the Red Shirts, and the worst of these incidents occurred in the Wilmington Massacre of 1898, during which a white mob murdered at least 60 Black people, destroyed Black businesses and carried out a violent coup d'etat of the local Fusion government. Aycock was also the governor of North Carolina from 1901 to 1905, and he'd campaigned on the promise to impose literary tests in elections. Leloudis touched on Aycock's role in institutionalizing Jim Crow during the meeting.

Josephus Daniels was a long-time editor and owner of the News & Observer. During his time at the paper, he was able to position it as one of the most influential in North Carolina, largely through serving as a propaganda arm of the Democratic Party and white supremacy campaigns. According to the commission's resolution, he filled the newspaper day after day with white supremacist propaganda that demonized Black people and sent white Democrats into fearsome mobs, like the one that terrorized and killed dozens of people in the Wilmington Massacre. Daniels also promoted Jim Crow segregation as secretary of the Navy for President Woodrow Wilson during the U.S. occupation of Haiti.

Julian Carr had studied at UNC in the 1860s, and he left in between to serve in the Confederate army. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees from 1877 to 1924. The resolution notes that he was a major financier of the 1898 and 1900 white supremacy campaigns in North Carolina. He was one of the richest men in the state. He was also a member of the Ku Klux Klan. He's also known for having recounted whipping a Black woman close to the University at Silent Sam's dedication. Leloudis had said during the meeting that he was a prominent figure involved in the memorialization of Confederate veterans across the state.

And, Ruffin Residence Hall is actually named for Thomas Ruffin and Thomas Ruffin Jr. The older Thomas Ruffin was a trustee from 1813 to 1870, and he practiced law in Orange County and was a chief justice on the North Carolina Supreme Court for many years in the mid-19th century. He was also one of the largest slaveholders in the state, and he profited significantly from the domestic slave trade, and as a jurist, encouraged the breaking up of families of enslaved individuals. The resolution notes that Thomas Ruffin Jr. was also a lawyer and a Confederate veteran. He served one term in the legislature, but the resolution says he left no distinctive mark on jurisprudence.

EF: And so, do you have an understanding, Maydha, as to what the motivation of the commission was in submitting this recommendation in the first place?

MD: Co-chair Parker said that the commission had been receiving a lot of requests regarding names on campus. At the Board of Trustees' June meeting, they lifted the 16-year ban on renaming buildings and structures on campus. At that meeting, the Chancellor stated the commission is going to provide recommendations back to him and the board moving forward. So, I think that these conversations are really capitalizing on the momentum that was built from that meeting. A few members at the meeting really emphasized that it's important to remember that these were not men of their times, which I think is often a common, sort of, explanation to excuse their racism and white supremacy.

Sherick Hughes, a commission member and professor in the School of Education, touched on this at the meeting.

EF: So, my understanding, based on our conversation today Maydha, is that this proposal is just that - a proposed recommendation to the chancellor. So, what happens now?

MD: This is a really important question that commission members touched on, sort of, like, what are these next steps going to be.

At the commission's meeting last Friday, Leloudis said the next steps are that recommendation would go to the chancellor, who he believes will pass it on to the Board of Trustees, and they have the final ability to make name changes, as we saw with Saunders Hall, which was named for Ku Klux Klan leader and Board of Trustees member William Saunders, and became Carolina Hall in 2015.

So, going forward, part of ... the Commission on Race, History and a Way Forward, part of their action plan is going to include conducting an exhaustive program of research, they said, to produce a full account of the more than three dozen campus buildings and public spaces that are named for white supremacists or men who expropriated native peoples' land, among a number of other actions. The action plan also includes memorializing the names of enslaved people who built UNC, researching the histories of two UNC-owned cemeteries, where enslaved people are buried, and to consider installing public exhibits to honor their memory. Commission members also noted that it's important to uplift the research already done by generations of activists and scholars regarding these histories of buildings. The commission had also discussed adopting a truth, racial healing and transformation framework that was originally developed by the Kellogg Foundation in 2016 to address the historic and contemporary effects of racism.

It seemed to be that a really important part of the commission's discussion going forward was also discussing whose stories would be highlighted through the commission's education work. Larry Chavis, a commission member and director of UNC's American Indian Center, had touched on this at the meeting. The resolution that the commission passed on Friday also notes that there are other names of structures on campus that warrant action and that the commission plans to make additional recommendations based on research and engagement with community members.

EF: Last week, several UNC departments came together to begin the process of renaming Hamilton Hall as Pauli Murray Hall. Those departments are urging the Commission on History, Race and a Way Forward to make the name change official. This follows the decision the UNC Board of Trustees made to lift a 16-year moratorium that prevented renaming buildings on campus just over three weeks ago. I spoke to University desk writer Kate Carroll to better understand this symbolic name change.

Kate, could you start us off by explaining what exactly this symbolic name change entails?

Kate Carroll: Right, so as of now the new name of the former Hamilton Hall is Pauli Murray Hall, but that isn't an official, set-in-stone type of name. This name is a strong recommendation that was put together in the form of a report from the departments of political science, history, sociology and then the peace, war and defense curriculum. So, those departments came together, their leadership came together, and they discussed this change. And now, they are pushing for an official change to be executed by the committee on Race, History and a Way Forward. Professor Lisa Lindsay, who's the chair of the history department, said that there was a really great consensus between all of the departments in choosing to honor Pauli Murray. And, that name has already begun to be adopted and used within the building, just not officially, right?

And so, Pauli Murray was a Black descendent of the University's original trustees, and she was also known as a prominent advocate for women's rights and civil rights. And, she had a number of roles that she carried throughout her life, including an attorney and a priest. And, in terms of her UNC relationship, beyond just being a descendent of the original trustees, she was actually denied admission to UNC's sociology Ph.D. program in 1938, just because of her race. So, despite that she was still able to make a number of scholarly contributions to a number of disciplines. And, all of this information was listed in a report statement that came out by the departments that decided to make this change.

EF: And so, what were some of those motivations for implementing this change and this report that you mentioned?

KC: So, there were a number of avenues that, sort of, came together in terms of motivation to ultimately push for this change. So, first, of course, is the fact that very recently, the UNC Board of Trustees lifted the 16-year moratorium on renaming buildings, and so, that would have banned a change on renaming buildings until 2031.

Second, according to chairperson Lisa Lindsay, she said that there's been, sort of a widely expressed dissatisfaction among faculty, graduate students in the buildings and undergrads having to do with Hamilton's legacy and the idea of having a building named after someone that sympathized with white supremacist views.

And then third, and this was something that in my reporting was actually a little surprising, is that there was a petition that was put together by a number of graduate history students, and this included, one of the demands was for department leaders to call for and take action to rename buildings on campus that are named after racists, confederates and/or white supremacists. But, what was interesting is that there actually seemed to be a, sort of, lack of communication in this area between who put together the petition - the graduate students - and the department leadership. So, when I was speaking with Professor Lindsay, she said that the petition really helped push for the change, but when I was speaking with a graduate student, that was one of the writers of the petition, Benjamin Fortun, he said that he was really surprised to hear that that petition was actually being brought up as a motivation because he said that, on their end, they hadn't really heard anything from leaders about the name change until very last minute, when they were notified of the actual change. And, nonetheless, he said that this was a great thing and this was a good change to honor Pauli Murray.

And then, a final motivation that Lindsay brought up to me is that they were also influenced by the Black faculty, faculty of color and indigenous faculty Roadmap for Racial Equity. And so, this was a guide that was released last month that was created by those faculty members. And, it sort of gives suggestions and a guide for future decision-making and policymaking at UNC to help address and, sort of, undue the institutional racism that has been found at the University.

EF: From your reporting, Kate, do you have an understanding as to what some of the issues UNC department members have with the current Hamilton Hall name?

KC: Yeah, so some quick research into the history of it, and who professor Joseph Hamilton was, shows that as a former UNC professor, his work clearly promoted the views of white supremacists. So, in his dissertation "Reconstruction in North Carolina," he actually praised the Ku Klux Klan for restoring political power to the white race. And, this was the sort of thing that faculty members brought up to me. In talking with professor Lindsay, she made it clear that they didn't want the building to symbolize someone who defended white supremacy. And, one thing that she mentioned that stuck with me was that we're living in 2020, and people don't want to work in a building that is honoring someone who stood for those things. And then, beyond that too, it's also an issue of inclusivity and welcomeness. So, political science Chair Mark Crescenzi said that their hope with this name change is, sort of, to make the building a more comfortable and inclusive learning environment for everyone.

EF: And so, Kate, what importance are campus members identifying in this symbolic change?

KC: Yeah, so I was able to speak with a few undergrads that are in these majors that study in Hamilton Hall and, the now Pauli Murray Hall if that change goes through, and I got some positive responses from people in different majors.

So, journalism and political science major Clay Morris said that this sort of change is, sort of, a complete 180 from what it was, switching from honoring a white man who sympathized with white supremacy, to honoring a Black woman in this manner.

Clay Morris: Even if, you know, UNC as a whole isn't actively racist, just those names being there still do impact students, so I think this thing will also do the same but in the opposite way, in the inverse. It's going to probably inspire students.

KC: Additionally, I spoke with a history major, Grace Taylor, and she brought up the fact that she feels like changing building names is a clear choice for UNC because there's so many people connected to this University and to the larger state of North Carolina who, you know, don't have these racist legacies and they didn't sympathize with white supremacists in their work, that there's no reason to be honoring those who did.

EF: After my conversations with Maydha, the UNC-Chapel Hill Board of Trustees voted to implement a policy for renaming buildings and public spaces on campus. I spoke to incoming Sports Editor Brian Keyes, who covered the BOT meeting, to better understand what the policy really means and how it would impact our University.

First Brian, could you explain what the renaming policy even entails?

Brian Keyes: Yeah, so the deal with the policy is that it gives the opportunity for people to submit written requests to remove a name from a building. And then, what happens after you submit that request is it goes to the chancellor, who's Kevin Guskiewicz right now, who reviews it, who then passes it along to a committee, that will be made specifically for this purpose, that will also review it. And then, they create a report that then the chancellor reads and decides whether or not he wants to formally request to the Board of Trustees whether or not they will actually vote to remove a name.

And then, I can just go into the details of, sort of, what the policy requires for specific things. So, one, when you're making the written request the policy requires that you have the specific conduct of the namesake that "jeopardizes the University's integrity, missions or values" and proves the character of the named individual and the extent of the harm that the University caused by continuing to honor that person, whoever it is. And then, historical evidence that strengthens your position. So, it can't be based on just, sort of, general hearsay. There needs to be documentation of this person, of their actions, of their views in some form or another.

And then, they actually list out principles for evaluating these requests and things that will make it stronger or weaker. And so, things that generally make it stronger, that if these people did these things, it's more likely to be removed. "Namesake was found to have committed a major violation of a state or U.S. law." The big line here that will cover a lot of names that will likely be removed is "the repugnant conduct in question was central to a namesake's career, public persona or life as a whole." So, you could see that with someone like Josephus Daniels.

Again, these allegations need to be supported by documentary evidence of some shape or form. And then, they also say "honoring the namesake jeopardizes the University's integrity and materially impedes its mission of teaching, researching and public engagement or significantly contributes to an environment that excludes some members of the University community from opportunities to learn, thrive and succeed." You see, that language is very similar to the way student activists talked about the Silent Sam statue and advocating for that to come down, that the argument is that having these names on these buildings severely, negatively impacts students' abilities to learn. You know, if you were a Black student at UNC who is forced to go into a building every day, whether that's your residence hall or your, where your classes are, and it's named after a slave owner, or one of these people who was involved in the Wilmington Massacre or whatever have it be, you know, you can't expect students to go about their day like that. You know, that's extremely distressing to have that constant reminder of who the University is honoring.

And then, already online you've seen some blowback online about things that make the positions weaker. And, the key thing in that is it says, "the namesake's offensive viewpoints or behavior were conventional at its time, and other aspects of the namesake's life and work are especially noteworthy to the University or the greater community." And, I suspect you're going to see that argument used for slaveholders who, you know, they owned slaves was the primary reason to remove them. Which you see, you know, people make the argument now, all the time with people like Thomas Jefferson or George Washington of, you know, "they were men of their time." But, again, they owned slaves. And, it makes sense that there are students, whose ancestors might have been slaves on UNC's campus, would not want people who owned slaves to be honored in such a way. So, already, people have, sort of, been talking about issues with the policy, as soon as it's created.

EF: Did any of the BOT members explain their motivations for supporting the policy's adoption?

BK: Yeah, so Gene Davis was the person, he's the vice chair of the Board of Trustees, who presented the policy and, sort of led the, led it through as they were debating it. And, he read part of the preamble, which I think really gets at the gist of why they decided to do it. And, the line here that really gets at it is, he says, "In order to be a place where inclusive transformation is valued, we must be willing to submit our history and traditions to scrutiny and thoughtful assessment, consistent with the high standards and integrity of free and open inquiry and debate." They are just saying it's time to evaluate, you know, who are the people that are honored on the buildings.

And, it's, you know, it's embarrassing for the University to have these names on buildings, and it's demeaning to students whose families generations before might have been affected. And, it's really just a recognition that these things are no longer acceptable and that it's time to change them.

EF: And so, as you're aware, Brian, the Commission on History, Race and a Way Forward unanimously approved a recommendation to Chancellor Guskiewicz to rename Daniels Building, Carr Building, Ruffin Residence Hall and Aycock Residence Halls. Does this policy facilitate that recommendation in any sort of way?

BK: Yeah so it just, it provides the actual mechanism through which to change it. And, Kevin Guskiewicz, sort of, mentioned in passing at a media availability right after the Board of Trustees meeting, that he suspects those four are going to be the first four names to change and that we could see change as soon as, he said, maybe early next week.

But, basically what needs to happen, one of the thing that I asked him about, that he was not super clear on, but I think all that would need to happen is that someone submits a written request proposal for those four, which I don't know if the commission and their report would count as the written proposal. But, you know I suspect the report, sort of, has the historical evidence that this policy requires. So really, it's just the policy created the way that they're going to change it. It was, some people were sort of expecting the Board of Trustees were going to vote then and there to change those names, which is not what has happened as of today, they are all still named the same thing.

EF: And what is the immediate effect of this policy's enactment, if anything at all?

BK: Yeah, so like I said, the immediate effect is basically nothing, in that nothing has changed the day after, everything is still named the same thing. But, what it does mean is that people, and especially the University's historians, will now have an opportunity to start making requests for names to be removed. And, we see that in, there's one website that has been going around online and has been cited in numerous articles, including the article I wrote about this, that was done by a former UNC history class that marks all the, all the buildings on UNC's campus that are named for slave owners or people involved in white supremacy. And, the number is in the 20s, somewhere, I'm not exactly sure what the exact number is.

But, you know, I suspect that after those four names that the commission found, people are going to start evaluating those as well. And then, it's going to become decisions like, you know, UNC has a lot of slave owners in its history, and Guskiewicz and the committee that's created to evaluate these proposals is going to evaluate things that, I assume, people are going to request for a lot of those names to come down. And, they will weigh whether or not they feel the travesty of owning slaves is outweighed by whatever those people contributed to the University to get their names on the buildings in the first place.

EF: Well, thank you so much, Brian, for your time today and for sharing the insights that you gained from your reporting.

BK: Yeah of course, thank you for having me.

EF: This week's episode of Heel Talk was co-edited and co-produced by Meredith Radford and myself.

That's it for this week's episode of Heel Talk. I'm Evely Forte, I'll see you next week.

So, if you enjoyed today's episode, please consider subscribing, rating and reviewing the episode and sharing it with someone that you think would enjoy it too. I'll see you next time.

Episode transcribed by Meredith Radford.

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If you enjoyed this episode, please consider leaving an honest rating and review.






<![CDATA[Commission on equity calls for accountability and transparency for fall reentry]]> The Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity shared a series of recommendations with University leaders on Saturday regarding UNC's fall 2020 reentry plan. The commission's recommendations include more transparent and equitable accountability measures, a technology assistance program, application-only on-campus housing, for all courses to have an entirely virtual option, a revised grading policy and a reevaluation of how CARES Act funding is distributed.

The commission previously met Thursday evening to hear from community members and solidify their recommendations for UNC's fall 2020 plan. During the public comments period of the commission's meeting, many community members and leaders shared their concerns about the University's current plan for returning in the fall.

Chapel Hill Town Council member and UNC graduate Tai Huynh shared his worries about how the University will manage students who live off campus.

He said many students live in historically Black neighborhoods close to campus and could be putting the residents of those neighborhoods at risk by not following social distancing and mask-wearing guidelines.

Paris Miller, a community advocate, said Northside, the historically Black neighborhood where she lives, has suffered from gentrification and displacement of long-term Black residents at the expense of UNC student housing.

Miller said she wants to know what measures and outreach the University will provide to address off-campus student life and behaviors that serve as a factor in the spread of COVID-19.

"We want students to be protected and safe, but as long-term residents, we need to be protected and safe as well," she said.

Kira Griffith, president of the Residence Hall Association, said some students are concerned about the safety of returning to campus because of possible spread of COVID-19, while others are worried about having to remain in living situations that are not conducive to studying or their mental health if they can't go back to campus.

Griffith said residence halls will have signage to encourage social distancing, masks will be required in common spaces and residents may not be permitted to visit residence hall communities other than their own.

Danielle Dulken, a graduate student and member of the Anti-Racist Graduate Worker Collective at UNC, shared a set of demands issued earlier this summer by the collective.

Their demands include remote-only instruction, no staff furloughs, retained full pay and benefits for all workers and for UNC to grant all graduate workers a universal one-year degree extension.

"As graduate workers, we have timelines on our work and we're not able to do our research because all of the University archives are closed," she said. "The University not granting us extensions means that we're unable to do our dissertations."

Dulken also brought up issues regarding the availability of broadband internet and safe housing for students who need it and expanding mental health resources.

Devin Case-Ruchala, a graduate student, senator in the Graduate and Professional Student Federation and member of the Anti-Racist Graduate Worker Collective, shared concerns about creating a productive teaching environment as a teaching assistant and how social distancing norms will be enforced in the classroom. They said they are worried about the mental health stress of being required to teach in person and having a higher risk of being exposed to COVID-19.

Dawna Jones, assistant dean of students and chairperson of the Carolina Black Caucus, shared that housekeeping and facilities staff are worried about not having enough access to personal protective equipment and COVID-19 testing locations.

She also said faculty and staff in the caucus have concerns about their ability to choose whether or not to return to in-person work and their access to mental health resources.

Tamiya Troy, a commission member and president of the UNC Black Student Movement, spoke about student concerns regarding when financial aid information will be released and how the University is using CARES Act funding.

"Students were told that the CARES Act would replace standing aid in their packages," she said. "I'm not sure what the University would be doing with the money, taking it out and replacing, whatever the case may be, but that doesn't seem transparent and it seems very shady, actually, to know that whatever we had originally would be replaced."

Debbi Clarke, associate provost for strategy and special projects, responded that nothing "shady" was happening with the allocation of financial aid to students at UNC.

"There was no untoward behavior or activity in the Office of Student Scholarships and Aid," she said. "All they do is work to make sure that all students' financial aid needs are met."

Commission Member Collyn Smith also shared concerns during the meeting about how community standards will apply to Interfraternity Council and Panhellenic Greek life on campus.

Smith said if the groups continue to hold social events, it will affect the campus community and greater Chapel Hill community.

"They have consistently, historically, traditionally gotten away with essentially everything they've wanted to do with very little consequences," Smith said. "This is something I think administration needs to take a much more firm stand on."



Screenshot from the virtually held Commission on Campus Equality and Student Equity meeting regarding UNC's fall reopening on Thursday, July 16, 2020.

<![CDATA[Here's how these groups are distributing food to senior residents during COVID-19]]> Food insecurity affects nearly 20,000 residents of Orange County - and with the COVID-19 pandemic, it's become even more difficult for senior residents to access the resources they need.

Rachel Bearman, executive director of Chapel Hill-Carrboro Meals on Wheels, said the pandemic has complicated food distribution, especially for high-risk senior residents.

"Through our volunteer phone calls we were doing, we realized that a lot of our recipients who used to have other options for getting other food to their home - since we were only delivering one hot meal a day on the weekdays - no longer had the same access to those other resources," Bearman said.

Organizations such as Meals on Wheels Orange County, N.C. and the Orange County Department on Aging have been providing meals to senior citizens throughout the pandemic while adapting their protocols for maximum safety.

The Orange County Department on Aging, which runs the Seymour Center in Chapel Hill and the Passmore Center in Hillsborough, runs a lunch program for older adults.

Isabel Jackson, food services coordinator for Orange County senior centers, said that the program has continued through the pandemic, with a few adjustments to ensure safety of recipients.

The program has switched from providing one hot meal every day from Monday through Friday to providing one hot meal and one boxed meal that are available for curbside pickup on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

"We are continuing to supply the food, but in a different way, because in the beginning of the pandemic we didn't know how much exposure with the seniors would be OK," Jackson said.

The Orange County Department on Aging is also supplementing its lunch program by providing pre-packaged boxes of food through its commodity supplemental food box program.

Shenae McPherson is the administrator of the Volunteer Connect 55+ program- the branch of the department organizing the supplemental food box program. She said the commodity supplemental food boxes are packaged by the Food Bank of Central and Eastern North Carolina and generally contain canned fruit, canned vegetables, rice or pasta, peanut butter, beans, a breakfast item, such as oatmeal, and canned meat.

McPherson said the boxes of food are distributed using a drive-through method in order to keep staff and recipients safe.

"All participants remain in their vehicles," McPherson said. "Staff are provided and required to wear PPE and implement social distancing. We also encourage our older adults to wear cloth face coverings."

Meals on Wheels Orange County, N.C. delivers meals to older adults who have disabilities, are homebound or otherwise unable to access food from other sources through the pandemic.

Bearman said under usual conditions, volunteers deliver one hot meal per day to the recipient's home. Since the start of the pandemic, Meals on Wheels has been delivering five frozen meals and a bag of fruit to the recipient's home once a week, and volunteers are no longer going into the recipients' homes but instead putting the food outside of their doors.

Jackson also said that the Orange County Department on Aging had partnered with the Carrboro and Chapel Hill police departments to reach seniors that have difficulty leaving their homes to access food.

"We have another group of people who are not able to pick up their meals because of lack of transportation or mobility impairments, and those lunches are delivered to their house by the Carrboro and Chapel Hill police department," Jackson said.

Bearman said in April, the organization started putting together emergency food and supply boxes, similar to the supplemental commodity food boxes provided by Orange County, for those recipients who had expressed that they were having difficulty accessing food since the start of the pandemic.

Bearman and Jackson both said they have seen the number of recipients for their nutrition programs grow since the start of the pandemic. Bearman said she believes this increase is partly due to increased unemployment and an inability for high-risk adults to leave their homes, and partly due to increased information being distributed about already existing resources.

"I also think that when this started, it highlighted a number of needs that have always existed in the community but that COVID made more apparent," Bearman said. "And there was a lot of information that was being given out about resources that have always been there but that maybe people didn't know about, such as organizations that were serving the food-insecure community."

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

DTH Photo Illustration depicting non-perishable food items, one of the resources being provided by the Carrboro-based Refugee Support Center

<![CDATA[Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools to open remotely this fall]]> The Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools Board of Education decided students will learn remotely for the first nine weeks of the fall semester at a July 16 meeting, following community backlash on a previous presentation that would favor hybrid education.

The decision comes two days after Gov. Roy Cooper announced schools would be able to open either under Plan B, which would include both online and in-person instruction, or Plan C, with completely remote instruction.

Just a week earlier, the Board met to consider its plan for hybrid education under Plan B. Since that meeting, Board Chairperson Mary Ann Wolf said hundreds of students, parents and staff members expressed concerns about the hybrid proposal.

Interim Superintendent Jim Causby said his recommendation to open under Plan C comes in light of this feedback and rising COVID-19 cases in Orange County and across the state - but despite its necessity, he said, it is not ideal.

"This is not a decision I want to make," Causby said. "There are two other options that I'd certainly prefer."

Causby referenced the looming return of thousands of UNC students to Orange County in August as another point of concern for the district and the entire Chapel Hill-Carrboro community, especially as COVID-19 cases continue to rise among young people.

Under the Board's remote learning plan, which was presented by Assistant Superintendent Jessica Donovan, elementary schools, middle schools and high schools would each have different scheduling to fit age-appropriate needs.

In a sample elementary school schedule provided by the district, students would attend literacy, math, science and social studies each day except Wednesday, with a one-hour "device-free" lunch, two hours of asynchronous learning and 30 minutes for "specials," such as art and music, built into the daily schedule.

As per a sample middle school schedule, each core class of math, ELA, social studies and science will meet twice a week. After each core class, there would be time built in for asynchronous learning, service delivery or a guided study hall.

Under the sample plan for seven-period-style high schools, such as East Chapel Hill and Chapel Hill high schools, each class would meet twice a week, with time scheduled for asynchronous learning, service delivery and guided study hall. The one-hour lunch would also serve as time for clubs and affinity groups to meet.

Under this plan, students on block scheduling will be attending each of their four classes twice a week with time scheduled in for asynchronous learning, service delivery and guided study hall and a similarly organized lunch and club/affinity group combination.

All schools would have Wednesday as a "Flex Day" with live small group support, independent practice and choice activities.

As in a normal school year, attendance would be recorded in Power Schools, O'Donovan said. Board member Ashton Powell brought up concerns that lack of flexibility in attendance-taking may negatively affect students who miss class due to externalities caused by COVID-19.

"What I am worried about is if we are trying to fit our normal understanding of what we should be trying to teach the kids over the course of the year in a setting where it's brand new to everyone," Powell said. "There are going to be deaths, likely in the community. There are likely to be mass amounts of unemployment."

O'Donavan said attendance, taken by work done and class attended the previous day, will be recorded each morning. Work will be due at midnight to accommodate conflicts with class and make sure students can still receive credit for work even if they miss class.

"By state law, we cannot simply mark a student absent solely for not showing up to a live session," O'Donovan said. "It's also about work completed."

Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools joins Durham Public Schools and Orange County Schools, who also announced plans for remote reentry last week. OCS will meet tomorrow night to discuss its plans to reopen in more detail, but it is currently slated to remain remote until at least September.

At the meeting, Causby said when he spoke to Wake County Public School System Superintendent Cathy Moore earlier that day, she said the district was also highly considering opening online.

"I have almost become convinced that in systems like ours, and others in the central part of the state, it's almost impossible to do Plan B," Causby said.


@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

DTH Photo Illustration. With the closing of all public schools due to COVID-19, students in CHCCS and OCS face a new struggle: remote learning. Students are now completing schoolwork and studying at home.

<![CDATA['Safe jobs save lives': University faculty and staff demand safer conditions for fall]]> The American Association of University Professors and UE Local 150, The North Carolina Public Service Workers Union, held a town hall on Thursday to address the concerns of campus workers at universities across the UNC System and lay out demands for a safer return to campus.

The town hall was followed by a "Day of Action" on Friday, where campus workers shared their demands through petitions, phone banking, email campaigns and a march on UNC-Chapel Hill's campus.During the march, attendees chanted "Safe jobs save lives" and "Hey Kevin, how many deaths?"

Attendees at the march delivered a set of demands to South Building via an envelope and gave the administration five days to respond. The demands include providing protective equipment for each shift for workers, making in-person teaching optional, allotting two weeks of additional sick leave and giving union leaders in each department "a seat at the table" to consult on safety measures with University administrators and management.

During Thursday's town hall, which was viewed by over 2,000 people, workers and students from several UNC System institutions voiced their concerns about returning to their campuses in the fall.

UE 150 Vice President Sekia Royall began the town hall by explaining the four themes that guided the worker's demands.

"Keep us safe, keep our jobs and our incomes safe, end institutional racism and give UE 150 and AAUP a seat at the table to ensure these safety measures are put into place properly," she said.

"Keep us safe"

Jermany Alston and Tracy Harter, housekeepers at UNC, spoke about the University's recent announcement that 37 student-athletes, coaches and athletics staff members tested positive for COVID-19. Harter described finding out about the infections on the news before she went into work, only to find that her managers weren't even aware of it and housekeepers were already cleaning the dorms that housed many of the infected students.

"What I want to know is who knew it, when did you know it and why didn't you tell us," Harter said. "That is the perfect evidence you do not care because we had two housekeepers over there for God only knows how long before they got moved."

Alston also expressed her concern that students wouldn't wear face masks in their residence halls, putting housekeepers at risk. David Brannigan, a groundskeeper at UNC, echoed her concern.

"There is no hope for compliance," he said. "... The fact is it's not going to work, and if it's not going to work, it's going to kill workers."

According to NC Policy Watch, an email survey of UNC students conducted by the Gillings School of Public Health between June 8 and June 23 reported that 52 percent of undergraduate respondents said they were "extremely likely" to wear a mask while on campus but not in class, with another 26 percent saying they were "somewhat likely."

The demands presented at the town hall to administration ask the University to conduct daily COVID-19 symptom screening for all staff and students, as well as develop a comprehensive protocol for quarantining those who test positive.

Currently, UNC plans to house residential students who have been exposed to the virus but do not have a positive COVID-19 diagnosis in Craige North Residence Hall, while students with confirmed diagnoses will be in Parker Residence Hall. Carolina Together states that the University anticipates that off-campus students will be able to isolate or quarantine in their living accommodations, but "when other options are not available," on-campus living will be secured.

Jeff Eaddy, a worker and student at North Carolina Central University, drew attention to the fact that campus workers are some of the lowest-paid employees at UNC System institutions, yet they face a higher risk of contracting the virus than others due to the amount of interaction they have with students.

"The essential workers, the people that are the most vulnerable, the people that are the least paid, the people that do the most important work for the institution are the people that are being left behind," he said.

"A seat at the table"

Throughout the town hall, speakers drew attention to the fact that Black and Brown campus workers will be most impacted by the virus; data continues to show that Black, Native American or Alaska Native and Latinx people are at a higher risk of contracting and suffering severe illness from COVID-19.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native people are about five times more likely to be hospitalized with coronavirus than non-Hispanic white people, with Hispanic or Latino people being four times as likely to be hospitalized than non-Hispanic white people.

Hanna Wondmagegn, a rising senior at UNC, warned about the possibility of racial bias in enforcing community guidelines such as mask-wearing and social distancing among some members of the UNC community. She also worried that Greek life organizations would not be held to the same standards as the rest of the student body.

"One group and community that usually isn't punished for their actions and have already shown intentions to not follow social distancing rules are fraternities and sororities," Wondmagegn said.

At a Carrboro Town Council meeting last week, Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost Bob Blouin said the University is restricted in how it can control activities sponsored by Greek organizations, because the University does not own that property.

The student survey conducted by the Gillings School reported that about 30 percent of students said they would still go to parties or other large events when they return to school in the fall.

Jay Smith, a history professor at UNC and vice president of the UNC Chapel Hill chapter of the AAUP, said that the UNC System administration has ignored the principle of shared governance with faculty that his organization advocates for.

"We feel frustrated that so many vital decisions have been made in the last couple of months without adequate faculty participation and the participation of all others who are going to be affected by these decisions," Smith said.

The University has not yet responded publicly to the workers' demands.

Claire Perry contributed reporting.



UNC System workers march across campus towards South Building on Friday, July 17, 2020 to protest the university's approach to reopening.

<![CDATA[Q&A: Peach Bowl, Inc. CEO Gary Stokan talks UNC-Auburn, COVID-19 precautions and more]]> Following decisions from the Pac-12 and Big 10 to move to conference-only schedules for fall sports, the North Carolina football team's week two match-up with Auburn in the Chick-fil-A Kickoff was thrown into question with speculation that the ACC could follow suit. Summer Sports Editor Zachary Crain caught up with Peach Bowl, Inc. CEO Gary Stokan to discuss conference plus-one schedules, the Kickoff game's potential impact and more. This interview has been edited for brevity and clarity.

The Daily Tar Heel: One of the big things right now is the possibility of conference-only scheduling. Can you explain some of the scenarios you could see happening if the ACC or SEC goes conference-only?

Gary Stokan: Hopefully the ACC and SEC don't follow the Pac-12 and the Big 10 and go conference-only. If they did, we would lose our North Carolina-Auburn game, Georgia-Virginia game and Florida State-West Virginia games. If they went to conference plus-one, then we could play West Virginia vs. Virginia and North Carolina vs. Auburn. If they went conference plus-two, then we could play all three Chick-fil-A Kickoff games as scheduled.

DTH: Can you explain the idea of conference plus-one and conference plus-two schedules?

GS: Sure, the conference plus-one would be the eight conference games that they currently have scheduled and then the one Power Five game that they have scheduled, so in North Carolina's case it would be Auburn, in N.C. State's case it would be Mississippi State, Texas plays LSU and Tennessee plays Oklahoma. Notre Dame would need the most help because the rivalry games would take place with Florida-Florida State, Kentucky-Louisville, Georgia-Georgia Tech and South Carolina-Clemson. Notre Dame would lose three games, so what I've suggested is the ACC puts Syracuse who lost a game, Miami who lost Michigan State and Alabama who lost USC on the Notre Dame schedule. So that would make up those three games with Clemson, Louisville and Georgia Tech who they lost to the rivalry games. It's basically the ACC would play all their conference games plus-one Power Five game.

DTH: If the games do go on in Atlanta, what would be some of the precautions taken to try and limit the spread of COVID-19?

GS: We have a meeting coming up on July 23 with Mercedes-Benz Stadium, but talking to the six (athletic directors) and Mercedes-Benz, we're looking at things like everybody having to wear a mask, there won't be any cheerleaders or bands, we wouldn't do our team walks, we wouldn't have our tailgate zone before the game and we'd probably have either clear bags or no bags at all. Those are some of the precautions, the goal in all of this would be to have the safest environment possible for anybody that steps inside of Mercedes-Benz Stadium.

DTH: One thing people have said about conference-only scheduling is that it will be easier to maintain one set of guidelines within each conference, has there been any kind of communication with the conferences to make sure everyone's going by the same precautions if they are going to go by a conference-plus schedule?

GS: The NCAA put out their protocols I think (Friday) or (Thursday), and certainly all the three Big 12, ACC and SEC conferences, as well as the Pac-12 and Big 10 would adhere to those same testing modules. That's one of the reasons why you're going to see conference plus-one or conference plus-two because the Group of Five and the FCS schools probably wouldn't be able to have the same kind of testing modules as the Power 5 conferences.

DTH: You've talked about the difference precautions that people and the teams would have to take if the games do go on, but is there anything outside of those that would be different about the experience?

GS: Just the capacity of the number of fans. If we would have had the opportunity not to have COVID and be able to sell all the tickets we would have had three sell outs with 72,000 for each of the games. We'll meet with Mercedes-Benz and our medical people and talk about capacities, but what we've modeled is 25, 30 and 50 percent. So that'll be a little bit different, at 25 percent you're probably talking approximately 17,500 fans being in the stadium.

DTH: Obviously playing in these big early season match-ups can be a jumping off point for a team to have success later in the year and maybe get into a bigger bowl game. Can you talk about the impact this game could have on a team like UNC that's up and coming?

GS: Well that's one of the big points to playing a plus-one. If you're North Carolina, the implications of beating Auburn - and some people have picked Carolina to win their division - now all of a sudden you've got a shot at playing in the (College Football Playoff) semifinal games if you win your conference championship. So in the North Carolina-Auburn game, you've got two top-20 teams, two of the best young quarterbacks in the country and two of the greatest coaches in the country, it makes for a great college football game to kick off the season. It's very important for both Auburn and North Carolina, because whoever wins that game could find themselves right in the mix of being a part of a New Year's Six bowl game or even the semifinals.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA['I'm a skeptic': UNC history professor Matthew Andrews on return of sports]]> Major League Baseball is set to begin its shortened season on July 23 after a four-month hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

While the NCAA and NBA both stopped play as well, the return of competition for those leagues has not been nearly as drawn out as that of the MLB.

The Major League Baseball Players Association and owners pitched scheduling ideas at one another for weeks with no resolve.

Finally, players and owners struck a deal on a 60-game season, and opening day was scheduled for July 23 and 24.

With the MLB's return set, players reported to team facilities for testing in early July.

At the end of the first round of testing on July 10, 66 of 3,748 samples came back positive for COVID-19. Of the 66 positive results, 58 were players and eight were staff members. Overall, 27 teams reported positive test results during this initial phase. The total amount of positive players who tested positive reached 80 on Friday.

Due to the pandemic, some big name players - including David Price and Buster Posey - opted to sit out the season.

UNC history professor Matthew Andrews - who teaches a course on baseball and American history - compared the COVID-19 pandemic to other historical events that have disrupted the world of sports.

"This is reminiscent of moments of great national calamity like World War I, like the Great Depression and like World War II - baseball did continue during the Great Depression, baseball did continue during World War II - in fact, that was the power of baseball," Andrews said. "(Former MLB commissioner) Judge (Kenesaw) Landis and President (Franklin) Roosevelt, they wanted baseball to continue as a sign of normalcy. The argument being in a time of great stress, Americans need baseball, and that's what was lacking during this great time of stress - we did not have our sports."

With leagues across the country implementing plans to return, like the NBA bubble in Orlando, Florida, and the MLB's scheduled return, the number of positive tests among athletes continues to increase. Andrews said the risks associated with returning to play could outweigh the benefits.

"Baseball, I was not surprised by the numbers at all. I'm not sure if I believe any of the numbers coming from Major League Baseball or the NBA or for colleges and universities," Andrews said. "Certainly, professional sports franchises, they have a lot of reasons not to give us the accurate numbers. But when those numbers came out, they were in the dozens."

If a league postponed its season in March, Andrews said, then it should not resume play in July with the number of confirmed cases continuing to rise across the country.

With MLB teams set to travel across states for games, Andrews said the problem will only be exacerbated. If a player like All-Star Mike Trout tests positive for COVID-19, Andrews said it would only hurt the game.

Despite plans to resume leagues, Andrews said he is pessimistic about the eventual outcome.

"I'm a skeptic about the idea of resuming sports," Andrews said. "I'm a skeptic about certainly resuming college sports and college football, I think that's absolute insanity. I think it's downright dangerous and maybe even morally repugnant to put college athletes at risk like that."

But if the 60-game season is played and baseball makes it to the postseason within its scheduled time frame, Andrews said the league would be rewarded.

"We are all looking for normalcy in our lives and we're not going to have it for a while," Andrews said. "But if baseball can be on our TV screens in October - it would be a coup for the game."


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

Professor Matthew Andrews poses for a portrait in his office in Hamilton Hall on Monday, Nov. 18, 2019. Andrews teaches Baseball and American History, a popular course at UNC.

<![CDATA[Column: We want to hear your thoughts on the switch to remote learning]]> Our community faced an abrupt shift to stay-at-home orders and remote schooling this past spring, and we are continuing to experience the impacts of the pandemic and this summer's restrictions. Now, many students who finished the school year online will find themselves logging back on to begin this fall.

Earlier this summer, Gov. Roy Cooper outlined three plans for reopening North Carolina's public and charter schools this fall: Plan A (return to classes), Plan C (fully remote) and Plan B (hybrid). On Tuesday, he announced that North Carolina's schools will be operating under Plan B for the fall, and districts have the flexibility to choose Plan C. Both Orange County school districts will begin their semesters completely online.

We know that online schooling is a major shift for students, parents, teachers and school staff. Every one of your experiences has been uniquely impacted by the switch to remote schooling, and as schools transition to this online model of learning, we want to help you tell your stories.

We've created an online survey where you'll be able to share your experiences. We want to hear how you've been impacted by this shift to remote education. If you're interested, please fill out the survey.

If you have any questions or concerns, feel free to email us directly at city@dailytarheel.com.

@DTHCityState | city@dailytarheel.com

DTH Photo Illustration. Concerns have been raised over Zoom's cybersecurity as the University has moved to remote instruction.