<![CDATA[The Daily Tar Heel]]> Fri, 20 Sep 2019 20:55:26 -0400 Fri, 20 Sep 2019 20:55:26 -0400 SNworks CEO 2019 The Daily Tar Heel <![CDATA[DOE says UNC-Duke must revise Consortium on Middle Eastern Studies to keep funding]]> The U.S. Department of Education directed UNC and Duke University to revise their joint Consortium for Middle Eastern Studies in order to continue receiving federal funding from Title VI, according to a letter sent to UNC Vice Chancellor for Research Terry Magnuson, dated Aug. 29 and published Tuesday.

The consortium, the Department said, appears to lack balance by placing a positive emphasis on Islam and not other religions, such as Christianity or Judaism. Additionally, the Department said UNC-Duke CMES activities supported by Title VI funds may be unauthorized.

"The Consortium deeply values its partnership with the Department of Education and has always been strongly committed to complying with the purposes and requirements of the Title VI program," a UNC spokesperson said in a statement. "In keeping with the spirit of this partnership, the Consortium is committed to working with the Department to provide more information about its programs."

Title VI of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, allows Congress to authorize grants to "protect the security, stability, and economic vitality of the United States" through the teaching of foreign languages and cultural competencies. This, the letter said, is intended to give students the instruction necessary to meet national needs.

The letter said the UNC-Duke CMES used Title VI funds for areas of study including film studies and a conference on "Love and Desire in Modern Iran" that, while relevant in academia, do not clearly benefit U.S. national security and economic stability.

"There is a startling lack of focus on geography, geopolitical issues, history, and language of the area, as Congress required in Title VI," the letter said.

Maggie Barkowitz is a UNC graduate who majored in Peace, War and Defense, minored in Arabic and attended a variety of events sponsored by UNC-Duke CMES during her time at UNC. She said events and classes without an explicit link to language or national security still advanced the understanding of these issues.

"A big portion of the events are about educating students about the culture of the Middle East, because you can't become fluent in a foreign language or truly understand national security issues of a region without understanding the culture of that region," she said.

As a Jewish student who also took classes that dealt with Middle Eastern Studies at UNC, Barkowitz said her professors never made anti-Semitic claims or insinuations. Regarding the Department of Education's claims that the consortium is unbalanced toward Islam, she said it made sense to her that the focus of classes was on Islam because UNC's program is called the Center for Middle East and Islamic Studies - although she never felt that her classes were religiously biased.

The UNC-Duke CMES drew controversy last year after a "Conflict Over Gaza" conference, which some said demonized Israel to the point of anti-Semitism. Ari Gauss, executive director of North Carolina Hillel, said Hillel has repeatedly raised concerns that the consortium allowed programs, such as the Gaza conference, to be used to foster anti-Semitism. Gauss said North Carolina Hillel welcomes the Department of Education's review of the consortium.

"We believe the Consortium offers an opportunity for rich, nuanced conversation about the complex issues in the Middle East, and hope this action will foster more balanced programming that welcomes multiple perspectives and a more deliberate process for selecting programs and speakers, as well as closer scrutiny by university administrators," Gauss said in an email.

The UNC Muslim Students Association could not be reached for comment by the time of publication.

Jacquelyn Hedrick, a junior at UNC minoring in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies, said she believes that the program has made a diligent effort to represent the Israel-Palestine conflict factually. She said the program did not necessarily represent Israel positively, but did present a balanced selection of perspectives on the issue.

This move from the Department of Education, Hedrick said, is a political one aimed at avoiding criticism of Israel because of the United States' relationship with Israel.

"I think that this attempt to completely erode public discourse at a publicly-funded institution is frightening and it verges on being fascist, all in the name of what is supposed to be national security, but what is really in large part motivated by a desire for wealth," Hedrick said.

Moving forward, the Department of Education said the UNC-Duke CMES is directed to provide a revised schedule of activities for the coming year, describing how each one promotes foreign language learning and advances U.S. national security interests and economic stability.

The letter said the Department of Education must obligate the funds for the consortium by Sept. 30, so those involved in the consortium must respond with "a preliminary plan and timetable for carrying out the above-specified compliance activities" by Sept. 22.

@maevesheehey

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[In Memoriam: Letters to Wynn]]> It is an impossible task to fit the life of Wynn Burrus into one page, or any number of pages for that matter. However, we hope that these testimonies from her friends and family will paint a small portrait of the brilliant life that she lived. Our thoughts and prayers are with Wynn's family, friends and anyone who was lucky enough to know her. If you would like to celebrate and honor Wynn's life, there will be a candlelight vigil tonight at 8:00 p.m. on Polk Place. All are welcome.


"Wynn's default state was kindness. Not the, 'oh, she's a nice person'-type - but the warm and welcoming variety. To talk to Wynn was to be seen and heard in that moment. To have her full attention. She may have thought nothing of it, but her combination of compassion and brilliance is rare."


"I had three back-to-back 'interview weekends' with Wynn. For the Park scholarship, we fell into a small cluster of friends and acquaintances. Instead of going to the scholarship-related event that night, we crashed a semi-formal dance that was happening in their union. It was a fun, kind of dumb thing to do but it felt Carpe diem. It's a small thing, but it was part of that gray transition from high school to college and that tumult of meeting people. And she was genuinely interested in meeting me during that weekend, and that kind gesture stuck with me. My prayers go out to her friends and family."



"To the girl who knew the true importance of selfless friendship, passion and illuminating/celebrating kindness for ALL - You are so incredibly loved and cherished. As much as we already miss you, we know that you are dancing with God up above. Thank you for always and forever watching over us. A standing angel who has now found a higher calling."


"Last night I sat in my apartment with my roommates trying to process the news of Wynn's passing. All day we had been worrying about her and wanted to do something. I texted one of my roommates this:

Think about what Wynn would say about this... she would say to put your trust into the Lord and pray that He gives the doctors the ability to figure out what to do and that He gives her a new chance, but at the same time, we trust Him to do what is right in His mind, not ours.

I look back on this text, and still agree with it. And as I sat on my apartment floor, I pulled out my Bible, just as I believe Wynn would do in a situation like this, and opened it to a verse that has stuck with me since a funeral I went to my senior year of high school. This verse is 'I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith' 2 Timothy 4:7.

This verse comes from Paul's letter to Timothy, near the end of his own life. Just as Paul did, I believe Wynn's mind was on the Lord during her last days. Wynn fought the good fight, finished the race and kept her faith. People like Wynn are few and far between, but I feel blessed to have gotten to know her over this last year through KD and Greek Life. I know she is up there watching over us, experiencing the Lord's greatest creation, surrounded by people who love her and went before us. Until we meet again."


"Wynn was one of the sweetest, kindest people I've ever met and was a light in the life of everyone she interacted with. She will be missed dearly by everyone who knew her, but will live on in each of our hearts.

We will all honor her legacy by trying to approach life with as much joy and positivity as she did."



"It is hard to think of someone who was so positive and had so much energy to be weak or ill. She shined from the inside out, always touching everyone with love and encouragement. She was so bright, but always so humble. For a girl that was involved in so much, she always took time to stop and do the little things that will make someone's day. I can't count the number of little notes and letters she had left for me over the years. She had a way of making everyone in her path feel special. As I grieve during this time and find it hard to not be angry and confused as to why a girl with so much going for her could have her life cut so short, I know that's not what Wynn would want. She would want us to feel peace in knowing that she is healed now and with her Father. She feels no pain; she is complete. The heartbreak is truly for her friends and family, not for Wynn. She is rejoicing in her eternal life. Truly an angel among us."


"I grew up alongside Wynn in Raleigh, and although we weren't close until we got to UNC, there was never a time I passed her that she wouldn't drop what she was doing to give me a hug and ask how I was doing in a way that showed she really did care. Lucky enough to have overlapping circles with her in college, we quickly became close and bonded through our shared love of Jesus, traveling and cheese plates. How lucky am I to say that I knew her, let alone able to explore the beauty of God's creation with her across Europe during our semesters abroad. One distinct memory of our adventures that so clearly shows who Wynn was: we passed a British tourist in the Amalfi coast who snapped at us for asking him for directions, and when my immediate instinct was to retaliate in contempt, Wynn so gently stopped me, turned to him, and said 'I'm sorry that you are upset, and I hope you have a lovely day.' Through countless moments like this one, Wynn made me a better person and helped me treat people as she did modeling Christ: with unconditional love and service. While my heart is broken and has a hole that will remain empty on this earth, I rejoice knowing that my beautiful friend is free of pain and suffering in a place deserving of her spirit. Wynn, I cannot wait to see you again someday, and until then I will live every day doing my best to model the love and service you showed to every person you encountered."


"To say that Wynn was an incredible person does not give her justice. She was far more than that. She was the light of God in this broken world, she was a best friend to all, she was the biggest hug when you most needed it, and overall the MOST beautiful person inside and out. As difficult as it is, Wynn Burrus would not want us to grieve her passing, but to celebrate. I truly do not believe that I will ever come across someone as special as her ever again on earth, but her light will never be forgotten. Wynn was the type of person who touched every single person she talked to. My dad met her only one time at a football game and when I told him that she too was a KD he said to me, 'I'm beyond happy that you have someone like her to look up to throughout your college experience.' From one encounter, he saw all of the love and goodness in her. I feel so blessed to have had such an amazing and impactful role model in my life. Wynn, you were an angel on earth and it is hard to fathom that you are no longer here, but we will see you again someday."


"Wynn was tremendously smart, and funny, and had a brilliant, infectious smile. She had a remarkably strong faith that she so beautifully shared, but never, ever imposed on others.

But what always stood out to me most about Wynn was her heart and compassion and love for those that so many others would overlook. Walking down Franklin street, Wynn was the type of person to stop, ask the name of, and genuinely care for every member of Chapel Hill's homeless population-even as the de facto response for most students and administrators has always been to simply walk faster or ignore. In any social setting, Wynn's instinct was to make sure that everyone was included and that everyone felt welcomed. If she noticed that someone seemed quiet or if someone was standing or sitting by themselves, it was Wynn's instinct to, without any fanfare or recognition needed, strike up a conversation and make it better. She helped me feel included more than a few times when she absolutely didn't have to. I know I was just one of thousands that she touched in this way.

Thank you, Wynn, for being one of the very best. And for giving me, and everyone who was fortunate enough to know you, such a bright and precious example of what it means to live and love well.

We could certainly use some more Wynn Burrus's in this world."



"Wynn was always the person to meet me wherever I was. On my happiest days, she was her happiest. On my worst days, she was her most supportive. I think back to the time Wynn texted me over the summer simply to tell me how amazing she thought I was, and I nearly laughed at the text because I never thought someone so incredible would think so highly of me too. As much as I wish I could express to Wynn and to the rest of the world the magnitude of her impact, I am comfortable knowing how lucky I have been to feel her effect first-hand. Having been touched by Wynn is one of my greatest treasures in life, and I hope I can start to shine some of her light in my own life. I am grateful for who she was and who she will continue to be in all of our lives, and I will always cherish her radiant smile and warm spirit."


"I find it difficult to write about Wynn because I know if Wynn were to write about me, it would be the best thing anyone has ever said about anything. Because that's what Wynn did, she made people feel good. Wynn was encouraging, positive, the most incredibly brilliant, kind, and selfless person I have ever had the joy of knowing. If you ever crossed paths with her, you know what I'm talking about. She possessed an untouchable ability to make people feel special and always took the time to make people feel like they were important to her - and they were. Wynn cared for everyone she met and thought little of no one. The goodness inside of her was impossible. And she will be missed by the lives she touched. But her light remains on this earth in every warm ray of sunshine, every blooming flower, and in every bright smile. For to know Wynn was to know the warmth and love of a lifetime."


"Wynn Burrus was one of the first smiles I saw my first day on campus. She made Carolina feel like home, made my freshmen year worries go away, and made me feel like I would always have a friend and role model. Wynn made everyone around her feel so special, and so loved. She was one of a kind, a true angel brought to this world to teach others what the definition of goodness really was. Her light will always shine through, as she made this world a better place and will continue to inspire us everyday with her kind nature and warm spirit. I thank her for making me feel so welcome and as calm. In a place where a lot of people are not willing to go out of their way to ask how others are, and where a lot of girls focus more on themselves than the needs of others, Wynn always took the time to make sure all people around her were ok. She was my favorite hug and her face could light up any room. I was so sad to see her leave last semester when she went abroad, but I am sure everyone who got the chance to meet her was touched by her warmth and goodness. Thank you sweet Wynn, for loving so well and teaching me how to live with peace and happiness. Your smile shines so bright and you will always hold a special place in my heart. I love you forever."


"To know Wynn is to love Wynn, and be loved by Wynn. I remember freshmen year after I joined KD, I was feeling so many things. Excitement, but also fear and 'what have I really gotten myself into.' I was in a new state, around all these new people in this sorority and I was timid. I'd already started to look up to Wynn and had so many sweet conversations with her. My parents and I walked up to the house on parents' weekend so I could give them a little tour. Wynn was sitting outside doing work and when she saw us. She jumped right up and ran over. She made not only me, but my parents, feel so welcome and loved. After 30 mins of chatting, we urged her to go back to work and my dad said, 'Wow. What an amazing girl. I don't even really know her, but you need to hold her close.' He was so right. It was such a small gesture to her. Actually, it wasn't even a gesture. It was Wynn and what she does. Everyone in the world needed to hold Wynn close. She is so much of the love, goodness, and selflessness in this world. I hope one day to be a fraction of her."


"Thinking of how to capture a light like Wynns into words is something I've been struggling with. Words don't do her justice. Pictures don't fully show her beautiful smile and luminous glow. To know her was to feel truly loved. Someone told me once that friendship is the most profound form of true love. It is love without bounds or rules. To be Wynn's best friend for 18 years has been the greatest honor of my life. From endless playground hangouts to late night swims in AB to the most awkward middle school photos imaginable, you have been there through it all. If I calculated all the days we have spent together over the years I think it would be thousands. Her home has always been like a second home, "mi casa es su casa" as my mom used to always say. With you, I made a flawed youtube channel, endless home movies that should never be revisited, so many peanut butter cookies, and worm more silly costumes than you could ever imagine. All of these things I share with you. I know you're up there listening to Destiny's Child and watching some fabulous Hallmark movies. Trying to capture years of memories into one paragraph is fruitless but I cling to the fact that you have made my life so full, so bright, so happy, so complete. I will miss you forever Wynnie."


"Wynn was simply vibrant. She quickly developed into one of the most foundational parts of my experience at Carolina. On my first day of freshman year, she sent me a message saying 'I hope you have the best day! Be yourself and give others a chance.' She was a constant reminder to put others first, and to go the extra mile to make someone else smile. She was kind, she was authentic, but most of all, she was able to make everyone feel genuinely important and heard. She knew what to say, when to say it, and always followed conversations with a smile and hug that were just warm. She is one of the people that made Carolina feel like home, and I am going to miss her so much. There will never be someone like you, Wynn, but everyone should strive to try."



"Here's to Wynn our beautiful blonde

She was kind and smart and of her we were all fond

I remember the day at the Carolina Inn when I first met her here

We were seniors and nervous, with a slight twinge of fear


I approached her with confidence because I had seen her pic

My stepmom was obsessed with her, she had a reputation that was quite sick

I heard of her success, from tennis to IB

Without the Morehead maybe she would've gone to an Ivey

We quickly became friends as the weekend carried on

That night we talked on the football field almost till dawn


We lived together two years in a row, one after the other

We shared so many memories, she was truly like no other

She was opinionated, and hated stickers like it was her job

But she was always there whether for a laugh or a sob


I know it feels funny to write a poem right now

But this is me processing, even when things are foul

This is for us to all think about Wynnie B

The one who was always so sweet and who also loved the tea

I don't know what's happening or what the future holds

But it's so important that we lean on each other as this grief unfolds

Let's remember to be thoughtful and intentional at best

We are all going thru shit and our hearts need a rest

#MoreLikeWynn"


"'How lucky I am to have something that makes saying goodbye so hard.' - Winnie the Pooh

A gentle reminder to always hold your friends tighter, to lean on them, and to support them just as Wynn would do. In this time of grief and mourning take care of yourselves and know that it will get better. Live every day how she would have wanted you to, and most importantly, be kind."



"I texted Wynn one day in passing just to ask if she had any recommendations for places to eat in Vienna. I was there last summer and I knew she had spent a semester in the city before. All I expected was a couple names and 'enjoy!' But clearly I didn't know Wynn well enough yet. She quickly responded with an entire blog of not only restaurants, but also cultural experiences, bars, clubs, parks, the best place for a run, the freshest groceries, the cutest boutiques and on and on. This interaction exemplifies who Wynn's is and will continue to be. She is the kind of unselfish person who is always eager to share experiences and make sure you have the best time in whatever way she can. She is above and beyond in all aspects of life and love and friendship. thank you, Wynn - (I never told you but Das Loft was my favorite)."


"It is my job to advise, question, and get to know students. Every time I spoke with Wynn, she had this disarming way of turning my questions back on me. She always asked about my day, my week, my family, things I was looking forward to. She remembered those details and asked me about them the next time I saw her. To Wynn, that was just how you treat people. To me, it was a joy and delight to be around her."


"I first met Wynn when I was a senior in high school at the Morehead-Cain finalist weekend. Coming from out-of-state and fully knowing that decisions were to be made about me as a prospective scholarship recipient, I was extremely nervous. As soon as I met Wynn, she made me feel so at ease and embraced me with her big, infectious smile. Wynn treated everyone she met as if they were family, and when she asked me to get coffee and breakfast one morning during an interview day, I was so touched by her inclusivity and openness. This was my first experience with the 'Wynn way', and although a small example, this kind of interaction was the norm for Wynn Burrus. She made it her business to make others feel loved. Her warmth, friendliness, and kindness brightened everyone's day, and I hope I can honor her by replicating these characteristics in all of my future interactions with others."


"I was first introduced to Wynn after I pledged Kappa Delta at UNC and I was immediately met with the biggest smile and brightest eyes. She made me feel welcomed and loved instantaneously. She radiated beauty and embodied the body of Christ. She loved Jesus and loved everyone around her and it was infectious. The kind of love that makes you giddy and gets you excited to get out and love more people. I am truly thankful to have known her as a dear friend. She will be dearly missed and I hope that I can honor her legacy by continuing to love others contagiously."


"Everyone has those days as a freshman. You're overwhelmed, scared, and nervous that college isn't going to be what you thought.

I remember having one of those particular days when I walked into the KD house two years ago. But then I went to my box and found a note. It read:

'Dear friend, I am so happy you are here in KD! I can't wait to see how you shine here! Love, Wynn'

I will never forget the feeling I had reading that letter. I felt loved and radiant. That is what Wynn would do to people - show up right when you needed it and bring you so much joy.

She is one of the greatest people I have ever met, and the closest you could get to perfect. I am so lucky to have known her, and deeply, deeply miss her. We have all gained one of the greatest guardian angels."


"Wynn Burrus was someone that everyone wanted to know, and if you did know her you wanted to be her best friend. She was one of a kind in that her caring and warm spirit was incredibly incomparable. Last year, I was a new member in KD and one of my favorite memories from my first year in the chapter was helping decorate the house for the holiday season. Among the small group of girls that had gathered to hang lights and trim the tree, was Wynn. As we all hung ornaments, I distinctly remember thinking 'wow, this girl really is special.' She almost seemed to float around the house, complimenting others work and assisting in any task she could. Wynn encompassed all the qualities that define the holidays; joy, cheer, love, and peace. She was a calm soul that lit up every room with her effortless kindness. I will be forever grateful that I was able to know and love Wynn, and will strive to love and live as passionately as she did."



"'Oh I believe there are angels among us,

Sent down to us, from somewhere up above

They come to you and me, in our darkest hours

To show us how to live, to teach us how to give

To guide us with the light of love.' ("Angels Among Us", by Alabama)

Wynn was just that. An angel among us, sent to teach us how to love more, love better. We were lucky to have her, to know her, to learn from her, and to love her, while she was with us. The Earthly world is a lot less bright without her, but we should all feel lucky to have such a beautiful guardian angel protecting us."


Caroline Bass, UNC Class of 2019:

"I felt like I already knew her the first time I met her. She looked at me and said: 'Caroline! How are you? I'm so glad you're in my rush group!' We'd never officially met in person, but the presence of mutual friends mixed with her warm, effervescent spirit decided we were already friends.

She was an encourager, during sorority rush, a brutal process that seems to determine self worth. Wynn reminded me that it didn't. Wynn, my new friend, told me that our worth is dependent on the kind of person we are and that the only approval we should seek is from the Lord.

She was an encourager in every single college interaction. She was the type of person who would stop you on the street corner to ask you about your life, not the 'Hey - How are you? - Goodbye!' type of interaction so many of us have grown accustomed to in our busy, preoccupied society.

She was an encourager and role model to me, even if I was just a bit older. Getting adjusted to my new job with the Foundation, I had the pleasure of getting to spend time with her as we kicked off the year with new events. She complimented my tan and said she 'supported me and my dreams' when I told her it wasn't real, it was from a bottle.

This is one of the last times I saw her. With all the Moreheads. Overjoyed at the idea that my job allowed me to spend time with a friend like her.

We said we'd catch up and get together after the first few weeks of the semester slowed down. I can't express how much it hurts to know I won't be able to have that talk now.

While there is nothing we can ever do or say to make this unexplainable loss and hurt any better, we can honor her by embodying, as best we can, the traits we loved in her so much. Contagious joy, constant kindness, unwavering support. She was a listener with a servant's heart. She was a friend to all and a stranger to no one.

We love you, Wynn. You were quite literally the whole package. Know you're making heaven more beautiful as we speak."

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<![CDATA[How UNC's campus and culture have changed since your parents went here ]]> Pepper's Pizza on Franklin Street, the start of Mack Brown's coaching career at UNC, Michael Jordan and camping out for basketball tickets are all part of the good old days at UNC for alumni.

The nostalgia that's associated with the town of Chapel Hill and the University's campus is one of the first feelings to come up when some alumni recall their time at UNC.

With Carolina Family Weekend taking place Friday, Sept. 20 to Sunday, Sept. 22, many alumni will get to re-live the glory days at UNC, this time with their own children as students.

Memories

Pablo Cáceres, who graduated in 1989, will be taking part in his first Family Weekend as a parent to first-year son Alex Cáceres.

"It's not so much that I want him to carry on a tradition, as it is, I think the school is the right fit for him," Caceres said. "He got on the Tar Heel Voices, so he's going to be singing at the barbecue, so I'm going to see him. It's just going to be amazing to go back on Family Weekend."

Caceres and his wife both attended the University and were excited when their son, Alex, felt the magic - a father and son trip to the Smith Center solidified Alex's love for Carolina when he was 12.

"I took him to the Dean Dome, even though we got clobbered by Duke that year," Caceres said. "I mean it was the ugliest game I had ever seen at the Dean Dome. He caught the fever when they started showing the video of everyone saying 'Hi, I am Joe Wolf, I'm a Tar Heel' and then it was Dean Smith, and then it went to Michael Jordan, so I think from that point on he was always interested in Carolina."

Caceres has fond memories of UNC, especially Franklin Street and Four Corners. Still, he remembers controversy during his time on campus.

"I was there when Kenny Smith was playing basketball and I was there in the middle of the 1980s when the Soviet Union and U.S. were at it in the Cold War," Caceres said. "It was a much different time, we had different controversy back then."

Nowadays, the controversy of Silent Sam remains fresh on campus. Denise Hull, a 1992 graduate, recalls that Silent Sam was an issue during her time at UNC, too.

Campus Culture

Melissa Beck, another 1992 graduate, said she believes the fundamental values of UNC still stand strong.

"I feel like the culture is the same honestly," she said. "I think the people that tend to come here hold the values of the University, the whole idea of the University representing the people of North Carolina. It's a state University, its diverse, it's supposed to be reflective of our community."

Beck and her husband, also a graduate of the class of 1992, loved Chapel Hill so much they decided to raise their family in the area. Now, their daughter, Sarah Beck, is a member of the class of 2023.

"For us, it was like a dream come true," Beck said. "For us as parents it's always been our dream and I've always hoped that it was my daughter's dream, too."

The General Alumni Association will honor families like the Becks this weekend at a legacy pinning ceremony. Parents will bestow their child with a pin, symbolizing the continuing tradition of being a Tar Heel.

Hull is also happy to be returning to UNC this weekend and plans on attending the football game against Appalachian State University with her family and daughter, Kristen Hull, a junior.

"I always enjoy coming back to Chapel Hill - you always feel like you're coming home," Hull said. "It's true what they say, as a student there's just something magical about Chapel Hill and it never leaves you."

university@dailytarheel.com

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Alex Cáceres (second from right) is a first-year at UNC continuing a Tar Heel tradition - his father, Pablo (right) graduated in 1989.

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<![CDATA[UNC's Status of Women Committee seek salary equity on campus]]> Members of UNC's Committee on the Status of Women gathered on Wednesday to discuss the gender pay gap present at the University.

Over the summer, Elizabeth Dickinson, clinical associate professor of management and corporate communication; Misha Becker, professor of linguistics; and Carol Magee, associate professor in the Department of Art and Art History, sat down with Executive Vice Provost Ronald Strauss to discuss how to close the gender pay gap at UNC.

"The first meeting with Ron Strauss was good in a sense," Becker said. "He was very receptive to the point that we were making, which was that gender salary inequity is a big problem on this campus."

Assistant professor Noah Eisenkraft authored a report, presented at the COSOW meeting in March, on the gender pay inequity at the University and found that men on the UNC faculty earned 28 percent more than women in 2017. The gap is at its highest in the medical school and lowest in the school of nursing. He concluded that the gender pay gap is an ongoing problem and that most gender pay inequity can be explained by historical, occupational and selection-promotion biases.

Becker said that in the meeting, Strauss talked about how the University addressed this issue several years ago, but it has risen in conversation again. She said Strauss was interested in discussing the topic further.

He had already spoken with Lynn Williford, assistant provost for Institutional Research and Assessment, about undertaking a new analysis of the current status of the gender pay gap on campus.

Becker said Williford also showed interest in tackling the present challenges with the gender pay gap. Those present at the meeting said women tend to be in lower paying disciplines, but they believe the University can make an effort to undo those kinds of inequities.

The committee said it is important to keep the issue on people's minds, especially department leaders. Because chairpeople have the power to determine individual raises within their departments, any mandate for reducing gender salary inequity in the annual raise process would need to be communicated to them.

One of the committee's primary goals earlier in the year was to initiate a task force that would work to recognize, research, retain and repair the gender inequity in pay -- presented as the four "Rs." Among other recommendations to address the gap, COSOW calls the administration and faculty members to recognize that there is a gender pay gap among faculty at the University.

Among other goals, the task force hopes to develop a strategic plan to form and implement policies to improve conditions for women at the University. For the review and repair process, they recommend all departments undergo a detailed review of their compensation criteria and philosophy.

Those at the meeting said research should continue with collaboration from the Office of Institutional Research and Assessment. Continuing the conversation is key to furthering action towards closing the gender pay gap, meeting attendees said.

"Even if we get a task force, people have to recognize that there is a legitimate problem before we can do anything," Sarah Birken, assistant professor in health policy and management, said.

Karen Booth, a professor in the department of women's and gender studies, said that linguistics, Asian studies and women's and gender studies are consistently the lowest paid departments - and they happen to be the departments with the most female employees, as well.

"The calculations of individual salaries is one thing, but there's another level," Booth said. "In women's and gender studies we're almost all women, so you can't compare a man's salary and a woman's salary, but we do know that departments that are primarily women are paid less."

The committee's next steps will be to meet with other administrators to get an update on what strides have been made to resolve this issue.

"This is a great opportunity for UNC to be a real leader in erasing some of these institutional problems around salary inequity," Becker said.

@Nathankwesley

university@dailytarheel.com

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Members of the Committee on the Status of Women gathered on Wednesday, Sept. 18, to discuss the gender pay gap at UNC

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<![CDATA[Big changes may be coming to University Place in Chapel Hill]]> Stakeholders have begun discussing plans for expansion at University Place mall.

According to Orange County property records, Florida-based Ram Realty Services bought the mall in December 2018 for $51.6 million from Madison Marquette. These owners have decided to create a new vision and vibe for this mall.

Chapel Hill Town Council members Nancy Oates and Jessica Anderson said the town hasn't made a final decision about the project yet.

"The project is only at the concept plan stage, so nothing has even been seen by council yet and certainly not approved," Anderson said in an email.

In August, a proposed concept plan for the redevelopment was released, outlining some of the plans for the mall.

The University Place Concept Plan considers some key issues for the development:

  • Bicycle and pedestrian connections
  • Redevelopment opportunities in the area
  • The Ephesus Road/Fordham Boulevard area planning and traffic analysis adopted in 2011
  • Potential expanded transit services

"We have not received any definite plans or information yet, it is just in the idea stages," said Catherine Callemyn, planning technician and zoning inspector for the Town of Chapel Hill, in an email.

Current plans show part of the mall will be removed and replaced with a gathering area and new pedestrian access. One main goal is to bring the buildings closer to the surrounding streets to be more accommodating with the standards of the town.

The redevelopment plan includes upgrading existing structures along with adding new structures like parking areas, residential units and office space to the mall.

The plan discusses improvements such as larger landscape islands and increased landscaping. Construction won't involve demolition of surrounding properties or be detrimental to the floodplains located on the parcel.

According to the concept plan, construction will happen in phases to prevent excess sediment runoff. The goal is to allow surrounding areas to remain stable.

Stormwater treatment may be incorporated in the redevelopment.

Multi-use path improvements and sidewalks are set to go in along Willow Drive, South Estes Drive and Fordham Boulevard along with pedestrian pathways. The concept plan also outlines new driveway access points to Willow Drive and South Estes Drive, pending approval by the North Carolina Department of Transportation and the Town of Chapel Hill.

Ideas and plans have been made for the University Place mall, but no proposals have been made to the town council yet. Oates said the council will receive an official proposal in October.

city@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Student government creates new student support network for mental health ]]> The Undergraduate Executive Branch of UNC Student Government is launching a student-to-student support system for mental health with its new peer support network. This mental health initiative will begin Sept. 30.

Nikhil Rao and Jordan Garrick, co-chairs of the executive branch's Mental Health Committee, started to work on the peer support project over the summer. Rao said the idea was originally championed by Raleigh Cury and Emma Caponigro, co-directors of the undergraduate Student Mental Health Task Force for the 2018-19 school year, who recognized the lack of peer resources for students on campus. The idea was also inspired by programs from the University of Michigan.

Rao said the structure of the peer support system will be divided into five groups, which will each meet once a week for an hour, between Monday and Wednesday. Each meeting will begin with a consistent ritual before launching into what the group would like to talk about.

"The meetings will be very much up to the discussion of the facilitators," Rao said.

Samantha Brosso, a Ph.D. student in the social psychology department at UNC, mentioned the importance of mental health services on campus. She said while physical symptoms cause people to go to the doctor, mental health is not always treated the same way.

"I think we tend to ignore what seems to be invisible," Brosso said.

Brosso said people know that therapists and mental health services exist on campus, but it is harder to gain the confidence to use them.

"Again, I think the decision-making process isn't at the level of, 'Oh, I don't have the resources,' it's at the level of 'When should I go to access these resources," she said.

This feeling of having mental health resources, but lacking direction and confidence within these resources, is part of the inspiration behind the Executive Board's new initiative.

Mallory Feldman, a graduate student in the psychology and neuroscience department, agreed that accessibility within mental health services is especially important.

Feldman said the idea of peer support is also important in bettering mental health. She said students struggling with mental health can find power in numbers, and highlighted the importance of support systems.

"I think one of the issues with mental health is that people frequently feel like they are suffering in isolation, and that's just statistically untrue," Feldman said.

Rao said he hopes the peer support network will help students find an outlet to discuss mental health issues.

"There is a unique perspective that can be gained in a student-to-student group," he said. "I also hope that this group helps to de-stigmatize mental illness and support asking for help."

university@dailytarheel.com

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Students often know that therapists and mental health services exist on campus, according to Samantha Brosso, a PhD student in the social psychology department at UNC. But it can be harder to gain the confidence to use them. Photo illustration by Anna Neil.

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<![CDATA[UNC receives $20 million to explore the future of the internet]]> The University's Renaissance Computing Institute received a $20 million grant from the National Science Foundation to oversee a project exploring potential internet architectures. The newly funded project, called FABRIC, will allow researchers to investigate new approaches to constructing the internet.

RENCI is a collaboration between UNC, Duke University and North Carolina State University. Its scientists develop advanced technologies for researchers in business, government and academia.

FABRIC will be a testbed for reimagining the ways in which data can be stored, processed and shared, according to a press release issued by UNC.

"The internet today is an integral part of just about any area of scientific research you can name," said Ilya Baldin, lead principal investigator of FABRIC and director of network research and infrastructure at RENCI.

The majority of researchers rely on vast quantities of data, Baldin said. The ability to process and store this data depends on the network that they're using.

"Many researchers still use what they call 'sneakernet,' which is essentially a nice way of saying we ship a hard drive from one facility to another in order to send data there," Baldin said.

The goal of FABRIC is for users to be able to store and share data through a shared infrastructure in a faster, more secure manner.

Collaborators on the project include the University of Kentucky, Clemson University, the Illinois Institute of Technology and the Energy Sciences Network, a high-speed computer network used by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy.

Because no singular institution possesses the resources or faculty required to complete a project like FABRIC, the project's main contributors are spread throughout the country, said Anita Nikolich, co-director of FABRIC and computer science research fellow at Illinois Institute of Technology.

"We need people who are geographically distributed across the United States," Nikolich said. "This is a nation-wide, physical infrastructure we're building. Having people who are spread from North Carolina all the way to California in various cities and states is really important."

FABRIC allows institutions to share high volumes of data quickly and with less concern for the security issues that can plague current networks, Baldin said.

Rather than recreating the entire internet, the project aims to build a scalable platform geared toward the storage, security and transfer of data, according to the press release. In addition, the program can be tailored to each user's specific needs.

"What we're offering is a network that is much more programmable compared to the internet today," Baldin said.

As the primary institution behind FABRIC, UNC will spearhead the project's construction efforts, with the hopes of completing this phase in just four years. According to the University's press release, if things go as planned, researchers will be able to attach additional hardware to FABRIC so that it may evolve alongside today's ever-changing research needs.

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[College of Arts & Sciences receives anonymous $25 million donation ]]> The UNC College of Arts & Sciences received a $25 million gift from an anonymous donor meant to benefit graduate students across the school's many departments in upcoming years, the school announced Wednesday.

The large donation will be split into fellowships to directly fund graduate student research, projects, study abroad programs and other academic opportunities, Terry Rhodes, interim dean of the College of Arts & Sciences, said.

Funding graduate work is important, Rhodes said, because it can have an expansive impact across the school, state and nation.

"We have outstanding graduate students," Rhodes said. "We think this gift is going to help us in terms of competing to maintain that excellence in the graduate students we bring in."

According to U.S. News & World Report, nine graduate programs in the College of Arts & Sciences rank in the top 30 programs in the nation. The endowment can help maintain those programs' success, Rhodes said, by allowing students to reach their full potential.

The gift could support up to 200 UNC graduate students each year within the College of Arts & Sciences, she said.

"Our graduate students are at the heart of Carolina's culture of collaboration," interim Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz said in a statement on the College of Arts & Sciences website. "From our research labs and classrooms to our art studios and athletic fields, graduate students push boundaries and explore new ideas in their research and teaching. We are grateful for this donor's overwhelming generosity and commitment to supporting our graduate students and enabling them to pursue academic excellence."

Prior to his appointment as interim chancellor, Guskiewicz served as the dean of the College of Arts & Sciences.

Geneva Collins, the director of communications for the College of Arts & Sciences, said the fellowships funded by the donation will be application-based. As the donation is a bequest, the college cannot definitively say when the funding will become available.

By providing more funding to graduate students, Rhodes said the entire University can benefit from their research, projects and academic contributions.

Over the years, Rhodes said she has seen the need to bolster the college's graduate programs. The college has struggled with adequate funding in the past, and Rhodes said she has collaborated with Guskiewicz and other administrators within the school for years to make graduate funding a priority.

Rhodes said she is grateful to receive funding that will help maintain the excellence of the college's graduate students and help to reach the administration's goals for the college.

"It is really such a joy to have donors who understand the importance of this constituency in our University population, who understand how important graduate students are to a big research-one University," Rhodes said.

@macymeyer

university@dailytarheel.com

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The Old Well is a fixture of McCorkle Place.

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<![CDATA[What to do with your parents on campus this Family Weekend ]]> Mack is back and so is Carolina Family Weekend. The annual visit of Tar Heel families concurs with the Appalachian State University vs. UNC home football game, as well as other fun-filled events on Friday, Sept. 20 through Sunday, Sept. 22.

If you missed online registration for the Family Weekend events, you can register at the West Lounge of the Student Union on Friday from 2 p.m. to 8 p.m. or Saturday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. Carolina BBQ tickets and event shirts will also be on sale.

A variety of attractions outside of the Family Weekend program are available to make this weekend one to remember.

Tar Heel Treasure

For those who want to visit UNC's famous locations

  • UNC's own Ackland Art Museum is holding 30-minute guided tours all weekend to explore its collections. One special event called "Family and Friends Sunday: Woodcarving, Calligraphy, and Mosaics, Oh My!" will be free and open to the public on Sept. 22. Attendees can explore recent installations of African sculptures and Islamic art, in addition to participating in scavenger hunts and art-making activities.
  • Stop by the Carolina Basketball Museum and dive into UNC basketball history through special photographs and other artifacts. The museum is on the first floor of the Ernie Williamson Athletics Center.
  • Challenge yourself to an urban dance class on Friday night at 9:30 p.m., held at the Underground in the bottom of the Student Union and taught by UNC students for free. A note about the Underground: A dance video to the song "September" by Earth, Wind & Fire was filmed there and currently holds over 1.5 million views!
  • Attend one of UNC's many lectures open to the public. On Friday at the Carolina Asia Center, Tyrell Haberkorn will be speaking on "Justice After Dictatorship in Thailand." For other talks on justice and human rights, visit global.unc.edu.

Leisure and Culture

For culture, entertainment and laughter

  • Visit the Chapel Hill Public Library at dusk any day this weekend to view the 1971 outdoor art installation by Carolina Performing Arts as part of Craig Walsh's Monuments series. Awe-inspiring videos of women's suffrage pioneers will be projected on trees outside of the library.
  • Iconic landmarks are always open to visit - and they make great settings for family photos. After taking a cool sip from the Old Well, consider a stroll through the beautiful Coker Arboretum - an aesthetic five acres of diverse plantings.
  • A trip to Franklin Street is essential for the full Tar Heel experience. Watch a movie at Varsity Theatre, snap photos at pleasant cafes like Carolina Coffee Shop and Cha House or eat at popular restaurants like Top of the Hill, Time-Out and Sup Dogs.

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Here's where to eat if your family is coming to town this weekend]]> Whether this is your first time or your 50th time coming to Chapel Hill, the sheer quantity of cuisine choices can be overwhelming, especially on Franklin Street. To make your Family Weekend a little easier, here's a guide to some of Chapel Hill's most iconic local restaurants.

For Breakfast

Carolina Coffee Shop

Carolina Coffee Shop offers coffee, breakfast, lunch, dinner and pastries. Open this weekend from 8 a.m. to midnight, the restaurant is especially well-known for its delicious brunch, said staff member Sean McGrath.

The oldest continually running restaurant in North Carolina, the restaurant has a "great place in history," he said. He recommended the signature cornflake french toast and the eye opener breakfast platter as must-try items.

Carolina Coffee Shop is located at 138 E. Franklin St.

The Purple Bowl

According to its website, The Purple Bowl offers "artisan toast, coffee and healthy eats." Natalie Salib, the company's director of operations and a junior at UNC, praised the company's all-organic menu and local ownership, saying the establishment has a homey vibe. Salib recommends that açai newcomers try the company's "Simple Bowl."

Purple Bowl is located at 306B W. Franklin St. and is open from 7:30 a.m. to 8 p.m. every day.

For Lunch and Dinner

Mediterranean Deli

Commonly called "Med Deli," this Chapel Hill-based business is located on West Franklin Street. According to its website, Med Deli offers Mediterranean cuisine in addition to a bakery and a Mediterranean market attached to the building.

Catering Director Liz Coughlin highlighted that the restaurant has a variety of vegetarian, vegan and gluten-free options.

Coughlin recommends customers try the Deli's Mediterranean-style grilled salmon platter and its three item sampler. Mediterranean Deli is open daily from 11 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Mediterranean Deli is located at 410 W. Franklin St.

Carolina Brewery

This weekend, The Carolina Brewery will offer $1 mimosas, $3 bloody marys and what its front-of-house manager Kaylee Spangler calls a "multi-generational experience."

The locally owned company also serves a variety of appetizers, entrees and desserts. Its signature Sky Blue Brew is available in stores and also at home UNC football games.

Spangler recommended its house-made potato chip nachos as a must-try item.

The restaurant's Chapel Hill location is on 460 W. Franklin St.

Top of the Hill

Located on the corner of Columbia Street and Franklin Street, Top of the Hill is offering "first-come, first serve" dining in lieu of its usual reservation policy, Restaurant Manager Jeff Wardwell said.

Commonly referred to as TOPO, the restaurant serves a dinner menu from 5 p.m. to 10 p.m. alongside a variety of house-brewed beers and spirits.

Wardwell recommended that new customers try the company's wild mushroom grit cakes with added shrimp or its TOPO whiskey and coke braised beef.

Top of the Hill is located at 100 E. Franklin St.

For Dessert

The Yogurt Pump

The Yogurt Pump offers frozen yogurt, toppings and freshly made waffle-cones.

Tucked away on an alley off West Franklin Street since 1982, the locally-owned frozen yogurt stop has been affectionately dubbed "YoPo" by students. It is currently featuring seasonal flavors like pumpkin pie.

The Yogurt Pump is located at 106 W. Franklin St.

@sclaire_perry

city@dailytarheel.com



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UNC first-year Alex Riginos, a peace, war, and defense major and Carly Terkiel, a sophomore psychology major, enjoy the weather with brunch at Carolina Coffee Shop on Thursday, Sept. 19 2019.

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<![CDATA[Buzz surrounding UNC football leads to student ticket fiasco]]> If you're a student at UNC, you've felt the hype around campus surrounding the North Carolina football team. The return of Hall of Fame head coach Mack Brown and wins over South Carolina and Miami have suddenly made Tar Heel football games marquee events.

But a new student ticket policy has put a damper on the fun for many this season.

In previous years, students were simply able to swipe their OneCards at the gates of Kenan Stadium on game day for admission. Now, students have to claim tickets to home games through an online portal, which opens at 9 a.m. 10 days before the game in question.

With claim periods having passed for the home opener against Miami and upcoming games versus Appalachian State and Clemson, some UNC students have been frustrated with the new process.

"I definitely think it's more trouble than it's worth," sophomore Matthew Jaynes said. "I've had a couple of negative experiences. I've logged on to the ticket claiming process right at 9 a.m., but I've still been put in a virtual waiting room. It's been super finicky to get tickets so far."

After the request period for the Miami game opened on Aug. 28, all 6,800 student tickets were claimed in a little over 24 hours, with the 200 student guest tickets gone well before.

Since then, more students have become aware of the new procedure. It took approximately 30 minutes on Sept. 11 for students to grab all available tickets for this Saturday's App State game; for the game against No. 1 Clemson, tickets were snagged in about 25 minutes on Wednesday morning.

There have been complaints from those with other commitments- such as class or work - during the Wednesday morning claim periods. It also didn't help that the portal for the App State game crashed for many due to high volume.

Gerry Lajoie, senior assistant director of athletics and ticket operations, said that the athletics department added additional servers to the portal after the technical difficulties.


Another change to this Wednesday's claim period included a randomization of students' places in the virtual waiting room. No matter how early students accessed the website, when the clock struck 9 a.m., the line's order was randomly shuffled.

"If you have 10,000 people looking for 7,000 tickets, not everyone's going to get one," Lajoie told The Daily Tar Heel on Tuesday. "But I think we certainly learned a lot from that first week to the next week. We're still evaluating the process. We're looking at it; we're talking about it internally."

Lajoie said the new policy was initially discussed after last season's home night game against Virginia Tech, when there was overcrowding in the student section and "a mess" at the entry gate. He added that the policy "dovetailed together nicely" with the return of Brown, one that brought a newfound excitement around the program.

Lajoie emphasized that the protocol, implemented after discussions with the Carolina Athletic Association and Carolina Fever, had more to do with safety and preparation than it did with boosting student attendance.

However, Carolina Fever co-chairperson Peyton Collette said the athletics department has stressed the importance of student attendance at football games to Fever and other campus organizations.

Collette, a senior, said he's also heard criticism of the system from other Fever students. Still, he acknowledged the benefits of the new policy, particularly in regards to the student turnout and atmosphere in the Tar Heels' home-opening 28-25 win over the Hurricanes.

"Maybe it's recency bias, but I truly do feel that this past Miami game was the best environment we've had in Kenan," Collette said. "And maybe the student section owes that a little bit to the new system of putting pressure on students to actually get there."

Student tickets are voided at kickoff, so there is indeed pressure on students to arrive early. And even though they've only played one game at home so far, the players felt a different energy from the student body, too.

"The student section was great - it was phenomenal," graduate defensive tackle Aaron Crawford said after practice on Tuesday. "It was the best I've ever seen by far. You can tell that they really impacted the game, really the stadium as a whole."

While it seems like a majority of students have been critical of the ticketing procedure, some are in favor of it because of the hype it's created for Tar Heel football.

Senior Hugh Kelley admits when he first received the email from Carolina Athletics regarding the changed policy, he was frustrated. But he's since changed his mind.

"I kinda just realized that it's creating demand and just generally making people more excited about the football season," Kelley said.

He continued, "You can't just go and tailgate for as long as you want and show up 15 minutes, 30 minutes, an hour late and go because you want to get the photo in Kenan. You have to get there 30 minutes early, as Mack Brown has requested, and really be dedicated. And I personally think that's awesome."

But there are some consequences of the protocol that the University might not have considered.

After Jaynes didn't receive a ticket to the Appalachian State game, he was done trying his luck. He purchased a student guest ticket through the ticket office, which comes with a regular student ticket, for the game against Clemson on Sept. 28.

Jaynes paid $75 for the pair of seats - a cost he said he'll split with his girlfriend, a die-hard Tigers fan.

Then, there's the issue of students selling their free student tickets. Jaynes and Kelley said they've already seen tickets sold around campus for the first three home games.

"I definitely think it shouldn't happen," Jaynes said. "I think every student should get a fair chance to claim a ticket. You shouldn't be jumping on just to make a profit, especially since you're getting that ticket for free."

Lajoie said his office has heard feedback - both positive and negative - from students, and has had internal discussions to better the process moving forward. A suggestion that's been brought up in meetings is using a lottery system, similar to the one used to distribute student tickets for men's basketball games.

"We've not settled on that, but we certainly had internal discussions and a lottery has been mentioned, where there's a larger claim period to at least get an entry," Lajoie said. "Maybe you're not claiming a ticket, but you're claiming an entry, and you have 24 to 48 hours to do so."

In the meantime, though, students should get accustomed to the current policy.

"I don't see us going back to a system where you show up with your OneCard - I don't think that's happening," Lajoie said. "But talking about, 'Are there better ways to handle the student process?'"

@pupadhyaya_

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Orange County students and residents to bike to Raleigh as part of climate strike]]> Activists will bike 33 miles from Chapel Hill to Raleigh on Friday to pressure local and state governments to act on the climate crisis as part of the student-led Global Climate Strike.

The Chapel Hill Climate Strike was organized by 16-year-old climate activist Ember Penney to pressure the Chapel Hill Town Council into adopting a local Green New Deal resolution and supporting the national climate efforts by U.S. Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-New York

"Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old Swedish climate activist, inspired me to take action locally," Penney said. "She was one of the first of her age to start actually striking."

Thunberg went viral online in 2018 for striking in front of the Swedish Parliament every school day for three weeks, which led to the Global Climate Strikes occurring this weekend. More than 150 countries will participate in the strike, and North Carolina will have more than 10.

"There is also going to be a walkout from all of the Chapel Hill high schools and Carrboro high schools to come to the strike, whether their schools are making excused absences or not," Penney said.

At 9 a.m., the high school students will join students from both UNC and Duke University at the Peace & Justice Plaza. The activists will then leave Chapel Hill at 9:30 a.m. and cycle to the Triangle Climate Strike at Halifax Mall in Raleigh.

There will be opportunities for participants to stay involved after the Global Week of Action next week, such as making phone calls and taking personal steps to reduce consumption, organizers said. They stressed that although this is a student-led event, anyone wishing to participate is welcome to attend.

Organizers of the strikes said their goals for combating climate change in the Triangle are to reduce fossil fuel emissions and to stop the use of coal-fired power plants, most notably the power plant operated by UNC. The University recently renewed a permit to continue operations at the power plant.

Megan Raisle, a UNC senior and organizer for the strike, said the demonstrators will be a "zero-emissions caravan," meaning they will travel emission-free to Raleigh. Participants can choose between two routes at the event.

In addition to cycling to Raleigh, activists may choose a route around the University that is 1.5 miles, symbolizing the efforts to prevent global temperatures rising above 2 degrees Celsius.

For those unable to ride their bikes to Raleigh, information for traveling to the Triangle Climate Strike utilizing the public transit has been made available so they will still be honoring the zero-emissions goal of the caravan, according to the event's Facebook page.

Karen Bearden, a facilitator for the Triangle Climate Strike and 350 Triangle Coordinator, said over 25 organizations will host booths at the strike in Raleigh to provide more education on the climate crisis and explain to participants how they can get involved. Activists will make a quilt to provide a visual of the story about their fight for action, she said.

"We need to change the system," Bearden said. "There is a climate emergency and we need action now."

In addition to the rally, organizers will also deliver letters to the General Assembly, Gov. Roy Cooper's office, the N.C. Public Utility Commission and the N.C. Department of Environmental Quality.

Andrew Whelan, marketing communications manager for Clean Air Carolina, described the student-led movement as bold and inspiring and said the students won't tolerate lack of political action. Whelan emphasized that the students are using the strikes to fight for their future, and that Clean Air Carolina will be proud to stand with the young people. He encourages others to join them.

From Thunberg to Penney, young people use the strikes tomorrow to call for solutions to the climate crisis. Penney said she feels it is especially important to be engaged as this issue will have the biggest impact on people in her generation.

@brittmcgee21

city@dailytarheel.com


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<![CDATA[UNC first-year hopes to 'provide a youthful perspective' on county advisory board]]> Four or five classes. Homework. Playing for a club or intramural sports team. Maybe a few extracurriculars. All of these seem like a normal part of the life of an average student at UNC.

What might seem anything but ordinary is the fact that a student secured a spot in a government office, even more so when they've been on campus for less than two months. But that's exactly what Adejuwon Ojebuoboh has managed to do.

At its meeting on Tuesday, the Board of Orange County Commissioners considered the applications of nominees hoping to be appointed to several different county commissions, ranging from the County Parks and Recreation Council to the Nursing Home Community Advisory Committee.

Orange County Assistant Deputy Clerk Thom Freeman said the nominations are submitted to the commissioners several days before the meeting they are meant to be discussed at. All of the appointees were confirmed via a unanimous 7-0 vote on Tuesday.

But that's not to say there isn't novelty with the introduction of each nominee, which is exactly what the addition of Ojebuoboh brings to the Orange County Affordable Housing Advisory Board.

At age 18, he is the youngest member on the board. As a young Black adult, he said he wants to provide a fresh perspective to the body on how housing issues affect the community.

Ojebuoboh said Tai Huynh first inspired him to apply for the position. Huynh announced his candidacy for the Chapel Hill Town Council in April. Huynh has served as the vice chairperson of the Housing Advisory Board for the Town of Chapel Hill since May 2017, which is how Ojebuoboh first heard about the position.

Ojebuoboh does have a background in politics, though. He was born in Jacksonville, North Carolina, a small, coastal city in the state's southeast. He lived there for several years, later moving to Nigeria for one year and to Canada for three before returning to Jacksonville in fifth grade.

In Jacksonville, he was involved in work for the community, serving as an intern in the office of the city manager and as chairperson of the Jacksonville Youth Council. He also started a political nonprofit organization, The Institute for Effective Change, which just attained 501(c)3 status from the IRS, he said.

"We help tackle deficient teenage civic engagement," Ojebuoboh said.

But more importantly, he said, he wants to help teenagers have "a tangible impact on policy."

Ojebuoboh said he hopes to use his experience with his nonprofit to further youth involvement in government as a whole.

"When I was in Youth Council, there were so many limitations on what I could do," he said.

He said he believes age is still a significant factor that may make it more difficult for people to become involved in government. He hopes to help reverse this trend in the near future.

As for affordable housing itself, Ojebuoboh said he hopes to use the experience on the board to learn more about the issue and present new solutions the county can use to help combat present and future disputes.

"I hope I can provide a youthful perspective and the college perspective of UNC students, too, because I've heard a lot of complaints about people feeling like they're being pushed out by college students moving into their neighborhoods," Ojebuoboh said. "So I hope I can provide some perspective about that."

Even though he said this may be a large workload for an undergraduate student to take on, he considered dropping some of his other extracurricular commitments to make time for his new job with the county.

Ojebuoboh said he hopes to make a positive change in the community he'll call home for the next four years.

@GMolero1

city@dailytarheel.com

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UNC first-year and Robertson Scholar, Adejuwon Ojebuoboh, will serve on Orange County's Housing Advisory Board. The board oversees housing needs, project proposals, and community awareness.

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<![CDATA[PlayMakers performances canceled due to parking complications ]]> PlayMakers Repertory Company, UNC's professional theater in residence, decided to cancel two performances of "Native Son" on Sept. 21, due to a home football game taking place that evening.

Justin Haslett, managing director at PlayMakers, said this decision was made with their patrons in mind.

"Our audiences were so extraordinarily frustrated by the lack of parking and the traffic and the difficulty of being able to get to the theater in the first place that we decided the aggravation simply wasn't worth it for our audiences,"Haslett said.

The decision was not the first of its kind to be made. Vivienne Benesch, producing artistic director at PlayMakers, was warned years ago of the hype surrounding football and its implications for performances.

"When I first got to North Carolina and became artistic director of PlayMakers, I was told there were two forces I'd have to reckon with: mother nature and football," Benesch said. "That has indeed been the case."

Benesch said PlayMakers welcomes a diverse audience, and limited parking makes it difficult for them to attend these performances.

"We have patrons of all ages, including some with accessibility issues, and it would be tough for them to get around when parking is so limited," Benesch said.

Patrons are not the only demographic affected by game-day parking.

Tia James, a company member, vocal coach and performer in "Native Son" said actors and production staff are reminded, prior to rehearsal, to reevaluate their parking strategies on game days.

Company members aren't the only ones affected by parking restrictions. Students will face penalties if they do not move their car, including potential fines, tickets or towing consequences.

Jalen Johnson, a UNC sophomore and self-proclaimed Tar Heel fan, pays $345 annually for his parking spot near Ehringhaus Residence Hall.

"Every time there's a home football game, I do have to move my car," Johnson said.

Parking seems to be the primary source of contention between the University and its visitors, students, staff and organizations on game days. This furthers the conversation beyond the canceled performances of "Native Son" and calls the University's infrastructure into question.

Lauren Toney, a UNC senior, is the president of Company Carolina, a student-run theater organization on campus.

Toney said she feels the University could improve its infrastructure to be more supportive of the arts.

"For one, they could build spaces for us," Toney said. "We have this amazing football stadium and we don't really have a decent space we can perform in."

Even for members of the company, Toney said it is difficult to access space on campus.

"Even the bare minimum things, our needs aren't being met," Toney said. "It's so hard to even book rehearsal rooms."

James had a similar sentiment about the University's cultural attitude toward the arts. She said she isn't sure how the University prioritizes theatre as an institution of campus life.

"I feel like the University does support the theater, knows its value and knows its worth, but I don't know that the students know that," James said. "I don't know if it's lack of interest or lack of knowledge."

Haslett believes it is a societal issue, rather than one specific to the University.

"We've stopped marketing the arts in a national way," Haslett said. "There's an NFL TV station. There's an MLB TV station. There's no 'arts' TV station. It's not something that people pride in the same way. It's a challenge; it really is."

Students do not entirely agree with Haslett's perspective, though.

Toney said she does believe the University prioritizes sports over other aspects of campus culture.

"I think we're supported by the other theater groups, but I don't feel like we are supported by the University in general," Toney said.

arts@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA['The most iconic album of rock 'n' roll history': "Abbey Road" comes to Cat's Cradle]]> Cat's Cradle will "come together" on Sept. 28 with Beatles tribute band Abbey Road LIVE! for a one-night-only concert celebrating the 50th anniversary of the band's famous album, "Abbey Road."

With songs like "Come Together" and "Here Comes the Sun," the album forged its way into music history and into the hearts of many Beatles fans.

"Growing up, I always listened to the Beatles, and I have really specific memories of singing 'Here Comes the Sun' with my dad," UNC senior Brooke Smaltz said. "Besides the fact that I remember it growing up and it's sentimental and nostalgic, I recently got to see Abbey Road Studios and walk across the sidewalk and it was really magical. It flooded back all those memories."

Abbey Road LIVE! is not a traditional cover band. The four musicians pride themselves on their ability to bring something more complex to Beatles music, band member Michael Wegner said.

"With Beatles tribute bands, a lot of them will put on suits and wigs and fake British accents and try to impersonate the Beatles," Wegner said. "We don't do that. We really just focus on the music."

According to Wegner, Abbey Road LIVE! formed nearly 20 years ago, when several members of another band decided on a whim to learn the entire "Abbey Road" album. Despite the fact that the band has performed the same set for other venues, Wegner said the concert at Cat's Cradle is even more special.

The music of "Abbey Road" was never performed live in concert by the Beatles. The group stopped touring in 1966. Wegner said Abbey Road LIVE! focuses on giving audiences the experience of an authentic Beatles concert.

"It's one of the most iconic albums, if not the most iconic album of rock 'n' roll history," Wegner said. "Everyone pretty much knows 'Abbey Road' and the cover with the Beatles on the crosswalk and whatnot."

The music of the Beatles not only shaped the 1960s and 1970s, but also continues to influence audiences today. UNC sophomore Ashley Curry has been a Beatles fan since she was 11 years old.

"When I found out (Cat's Cradle) was doing a tribute to the 'Abbey Road' album, I was like 'Woah, I should totally go,'" Curry said. "I can't wait to hear some of my favorite Beatles music with other people who are just as excited about it."

Curry said she sees "Abbey Road" as evidence of success through resilience, change and innovation. The upcoming concert is another reminder of that resilience even after 50 years.

"Throughout their eight years of being together, they were always trying new things and innovating what we know as pop music," Curry said. "Just the span of content and music they produced, how different it is, and how it was able to reach so many people, I think that's the core of their legacy."

arts@dailytarheel.com

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Abbey Road LIVE!, a Beatles tribute band. Photo courtesy of Michael Wegner.

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<![CDATA[At UNCUT's launch, founders debut a new platform for student-athlete storytelling]]> In his first two years of college, Jake Lawler struggled with balance. More accurately, a lack thereof.

The linebacker's schedule at North Carolina, he said, went something like this: football, football, football, school, football, football, football, school. Mixed somewhere in there, sleep. Then do it all over again.

"I knew that I was more," he said.

With UNCUT, the video platform Lawler and four other UNC students launched this week, he hopes the next generation won't have to "fight and claw" like he did to balance sports with other interests and prove they're more than just a jersey number.

"As great as it is now, what I'm doing, it should never be that hard," Lawler said. "It should never be that difficult. And with UNCUT, it won't be anymore."

Ahead of its content launch Thursday afternoon, the student-led, athlete-driven nonprofit hosted an exclusive premiere Wednesday night at the Varsity Theatre on Franklin Street. Over the course of an hour, the UNCUT team introduced itself to donors and supporters, screened three of its new video stories and hosted a round-table discussion with Lawler as moderator.

The event was 11 months in the making, headed by UNCUT's five-person team of Lawler, track and field athlete Jill Shippee and UNC students Alex Mazer, Luke Buxton and Justin Hadad. All five spoke to begin the night, expanding on the ideas they've pushed since the start: authenticity, accessibility and storytelling.

"As a thrower, the distance I record is the only thing people see," said Shippee, a junior who heads the website's written content. "But nobody in humanity has numerical value. We, at UNCUT, hope nobody sees athletes as statistics."

From there, the night alternated between keynote speeches and screening of the videos UNCUT will roll out gradually next week. Those highlighted: Jared Martin, who went from a swimming team cast-off to an All-ACC javelin thrower while also excelling academically, and Taylor Moreno, the starting goalie for the women's lacrosse team who's also a talented artist.

In a scheduling conflict reflective of the athletes UNCUT wants to highlight, Martin, a 2019 graduate, missed the event because he was mid-shift at a nearby urgent care facility.

Women's soccer head coach Anson Dorrance spoke on stage, praising U.S. Women's National Team star Megan Rapinoe for using her World Cup platform to champion social justice and UNCUT for highlighting the diversity of thought among athletes that's added "a richness" to his experience as a coach.

"We consider character development to be the most important thing in the evolution of a student-athlete on the women's soccer team here," Dorrance said. "We consider their academic achievements as a second priority. And finally, we address the business of going around trying to beat every other team to death. That's the order."

Later, in his keynote, Lawler candidly detailed the depression and suicidal thoughts he has dealt with for eight years. The linebacker shared his story with the world this summer with a lengthy post on his blog titled "A New Life." A platform like UNCUT, he said, offers a safe space for mental health conversations.

Lawler's speech preceded the main video: the first episode of UNCUT's Tar Heel Talk. In the 12-minute clip, filmed in April in Sutton's Drug Store, Lawler moderates a discussion with Garrison Brooks, Michael Carter and Brianna Pinto on being black. The set-up is similar to that of "The Shop," LeBron James' HBO talk show.

Sitting relaxed around a wooden table, each athlete spoke honestly of their struggles. Carter recalled attending a football booster event where he was the only Black person, and Pinto spoke of a white parent yelling "Don't let that Black girl beat you!" in one of her youth soccer games.

Brooks, Pinto and Carter all attended Wednesday's premiere, and they took the stage afterward to reflect on the experience. Brooks, a junior forward, credited the former NFL quarterback and racial justice advocate Colin Kaepernick for inspiring him to "speak out and not be afraid."

"I think having this platform to inspire others and help them along in their process is so important," Pinto said. "Everybody has a voice, but not everybody has an opportunity to use it."

@chapelfowler

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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Michael Carter discusses his personal experience with what it means to be Black at UNC with fellow student athletes (from left) Jake Lawler, Brianna Pinto and Garrison Brooks on Sept. 18, 2019 at the premiere of UNCUT at Varsity Theatre.

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<![CDATA[New exhibit illuminates North Carolina's complicated history with women's suffrage]]> The Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote, was not ratified in North Carolina until 1971. But even after its ratification, not all women in North Carolina were able to vote.

To commemorate the women who advocated for women's suffrage, Carolina Performing Arts, the Town of Chapel Hill's Community Arts & Culture and the Chapel Hill Public Library are displaying an art installation, entitled "1971,"every evening until Sept. 29 in front of the library.

The installation was created by Australian artist Craig Walsh as part of his "Monuments" series. Walsh's work has been featured in various places around the world.

"I am interested in inspirational individuals who contribute to social justice and community development wherever they are from," Walsh said.

Walsh said it is essential for the community to collaborate with him so the context for the artwork is accurate.

"In Chapel Hill, the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in North Carolina was discussed as atimelyhistory to explore and was quicklyrecognized as an important subject to present to the broader community through this public artwork application," Walsh said in an email.

A panel represented by the Carolina Women's Center, Chapel Hill Public Library and Southern Oral History Program chose the featured honorees, who are all members of the Chapel Hill-Carrboro community: Mae McLendon, Mary Jones Phillips and Diane Robertson.

Today, all three women continue to work to increase voter participation within the community.

Christina Rodriguez, assistant director of marketing and communications for Carolina Performing Arts, said it is a good year to add something that is not only different, but also modern to their season lineup. Because this is their 50th year, Rodriguez felt it was the perfect time to do something outside of the norm.

"This installation shows the evolution of art since our beginning," Rodriguez said. "It ties back to the larger idea that Carolina Performing Arts stresses the importance of engaging deeply with the world."

Rodriguez said it is important for North Carolinians to understand why the Nineteenth Amendment wasn't ratified in the state until 52 years after it was passed by Congress.

"There are still present voting rights issues in North Carolina and the country as a whole," Rodriguez said. "It is very present within our own communities."

While Carolina Performing Arts initiated its first outdoor installation, it continued to encourage collaborative art projects between the University and the Town of Chapel Hill, she said.

Susan Brown, director of Chapel Hill Public Library and executive director of Community Arts and Culture, said 1971 closely aligns with the library's mission of sparking curiosity, inspiring learning and creating connections.

"1971 helps the community learn about these women who are living, breathing members of the town," Brown said. "It's something that the community probably doesn't know about, but it will spark questions."

Two of the installation's curators - Carolina Women's Center Director Gloria Thomas and Southern Oral History Program representative Jennifer Standish - will host a discussion Friday evening at 7:30 p.m. The event is free and open to the public.

@hecorrell

city@dailytarheel.com


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(From left) Brad Munda, the production manager for Carolina Performing Arts, talks with Bruce Guild, Chapel Hill resident and UNC class of '81 while Guild's wife, Linda Convissor, class of '99 and former director of community relations looks on.

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<![CDATA["Consolation and consideration": Orange County Detention Center eliminates ATM fees]]> The automated teller machine in the Orange County Detention Center lobby will no longer impose a direct fee on those making cash deposits on behalf of incarcerated individuals.

According to a press release, the fee's elimination follows an agreement signed last month between the Orange County Sheriff's Office and Oasis Commissary Services, the management consultant that operates the detention center's ATM.

"It's really important for families that do have the money to put in there that they are able to do that and not get assessed an excessive fee," Caitlin Fenhagen, Orange County criminal justice resource director, said. "We're really happy that that can happen, and I hope that it will ease the burden for some of the families and loved ones."

Orange County Sheriff Charles Blackwood said the facility is cashless, meaning all detention officers are prohibited from taking any cash from someone outside and transferring it to someone inside.

"We used to do that some time ago, but it presents an opportunity for money to be mishandled," Blackwood said. "We wanted to eliminate that possibility by going cashless with the kiosk."

When an individual is booked into the detention center, they must use a kiosk inside the booking room to deposit any money they have on their person into an account, according to a press release. The inmate will receive the full value of their initial deposit, and that money can be used to purchase various items and services such as haircuts, snacks, hygiene products and Bibles, according to the press release.

However, if inmates have little to no money with them when they are being booked, family and friends will typically deposit money into the inmate's account, according to the press release.

Alicia Stemper, director of public information and special services for the Orange County Sheriff's Office, said the ATM's transaction fee for cash deposits was $3.

Fenhagen said the conversation about the fee's elimination arose after the county and the sheriff's office realized the financial strain this fee can cause on depositing cash on an incarcerated individual's behalf.

"The people that were being hurt the most by this were the friends and families of those individuals who often are least able to pay any extra transaction fees," she said.

UNC law professor Richard Rosen said multiple fees are typically imposed on incarcerated individuals including a $10 per day pretrial jail fee.

"We have these court costs that, depending on the nature of the case, can be as low as seventy dollars to hundreds of thousands of dollars, that are imposed upon people who can't afford to pay them," Rosen said. "If they found a way to do away with that $3 fee, they should be congratulated."

Blackwood said Orange County and the Criminal Justice Resource Department approached him and asked if it would be possible for the county to absorb the transaction fees.

"I told them I don't care how you do it, as long as it's maintained and managed and the inmate can get their money," Blackwood said.

In an email, Deputy County Manager Travis Myren said Orange County is estimating the fees to cost approximately $8,000 annually, which can be adsorbed in the current budget.

"I think that it lessens the burden on the families of the people who are incarcerated because they're not having to pay for that money," said Blackwood. "I just say, put yourself in their shoes. If you or your child was in the same circumstance, and you had not committed a crime, you'd probably want some consolation and consideration as well."

@diane_adame

city@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[A look at Appalachian State, UNC football's fourth foe of the year]]> After a 2018 campaign in which his team finished 11-2, former Appalachian State head football coach Scott Satterfield departed for greener pastures, electing to take the Louisville job and try to lead the Cardinals back to prominence.

Some North Carolina fans were keen on bringing Satterfield, one of the hottest young coaches in the country, to Chapel Hill. Instead, they got a second helping of Mack Brown, who returned to Chapel Hill after leaving the program in 1997, while App State tapped Eliah Drinkwitz, the former offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach for N.C. State, to helm the program.

So far, things worked out pretty well for both teams.

While UNC is 2-1 on the year, already equaling its amount of wins from last season, App State is 2-0 thus far under the guidance of Drinkwitz. The teams will face off on Saturday at 3:30 p.m. in Chapel Hill, with both looking to move a step closer to claiming in-state dominance.

When asked if his familiarity with UNC could help the Mountaineers, Drinkwitz told reporters, "I don't know if it helps other than to understand to understand how good of football players they are and exactly how big of a challenge it is for us to go play and compete against them."

Brown, meanwhile, had praise of his own to heap on his opponent.

"App State's good enough, they could be in the ACC," Brown told reporters this week. "They're that talented."

In 2019, the Mountaineers have handled two inferior opponents ⁠- they crushed East Tennessee State, 42-7, and beat UNC-Charlotte, 56-41 ⁠- and, coming off of a bye week, are well-rested and ready for what may be their toughest opponent of the year in UNC. The Tar Heels are just one of two Power 5 teams that App State will face this season, the other being South Carolina, a team that North Carolina beat 24-20 on August 31.

One of Drinkwitz's most talented players is junior receiver Corey Sutton, a second-team All-Sun Belt selection last season who led the team in touchdown receptions with 10. After being suspended for the first two games of the year due to a marijuana possession charge back in July, Sutton will be, according to Drinkwitz, "Ready to roll."

At 6-foot-3, 200 pounds, Sutton is a tall, physical receiver who could prove troublesome for an undermanned UNC secondary. Without starting cornerback Patrice Rene, who tore his ACL against Miami, the Tar Heels allowed Wake Forest's Sage Surratt to tally 169 yards and a touchdown in Friday's loss.

In the App State run game, junior Darrynton Evans has followed up a dominant 2018 campaign with 333 yards and four touchdowns this year. Against UNC-Charlotte alone, the reigning Sun Belt rushing leader amassed 234 yards and found the end zone thrice.

How the Tar Heels plan on containing App State's offensive weapons will be something to watch for. Drinkwitz, for his part, was sure to give credit to the North Carolina defense - and Brown, for turning the UNC program around so quickly.

"I think they're one of the top 25 or 26 in the country in third-down defense. That's what they're trying to do, and he does a really good job of it," Drinkwitz said.

"... He's been a good football coach for a long time. He's been around this state for a while. So he does a really good job."

@ryantwilcox

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Comedians and activists join forces in Durham to benefit reproductive rights ]]> A group of comedians is partnering with the National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League of North Carolina, also known as NARAL Pro-Choice North Carolina, for the Abort Mission comedy benefit at Durham's Durty Bull Brewing Company on Wednesday, Sept. 25 from 8 to 10 p.m.

The show will include performances from five comedians, including comic and North Carolina native Hilliary Begley, who was recently featured in the Netflix film "Dumplin'."

"The people who are in the show are all really funny," Begley said. "Plus, we're donating the money to NARAL North Carolina, which is an excellent organization and is specific to North Carolina."

The show is produced by one of the performing comedians, Bridgette Martin, who has spent the past few weeks performing similar benefits around the United States.

"I'm just looking for different cities where people are interested in helping raise money for reproductive rights," Martin said. "Because honestly, it's a hot-button issue right now and it's something that I'm really passionate about."

Martin and her group of comedians have performed in cities across the Southeast, including shows in Nashville and New Orleans. Portions of the ticket sales are donated to the partner organization in each city.

Martin said she reached out to NARAL Pro-Choice North Carolina, an organization that advocates for safe reproductive healthcare and reproductive rights, because they serve a statewide community. Martin said that while donations to larger advocacy organizations are important, it is the work that smaller organizations do on the local level that the benefit is focusing on.

"There was a story a little while ago where I believe it was, like, Ariana Grande had donated to Planned Parenthood, which is great, but the money really helps at the local level," Martin said.

Martin said she has found that groups like NARAL Pro-Choice North Carolina are eager to get involved because they serve a smaller community and want to advocate for the people they serve within that community.

"All of the organizations that I have worked with have been super helpful," Martin said. "It's imperative that they're able to raise these funds to continue doing the work that they're doing."

NARAL Pro-Choice North Carolina is excited to be a part of the event and is hopeful that it will bring awareness to the work that the organization does, said Tara Romano, executive director of NARAL Pro-Choice North Carolina.

"We feel like it's a great opportunity to bring folks out who care about the issue and want to be supportive, and also be in a community with other people who also share those values," Romano said.

In addition to the comedy portion of the evening, Romano said representatives from NARAL Pro-Choice North Carolina, will have a table with information about how to get involved in the Triangle area, as well as in other communities around North Carolina.

"It really is about people raising their individual voices about why abortion access and reproductive healthcare is important to them," Romano said. "That's what's going to make the difference in keeping abortion access safe and legal in North Carolina."

Martin said she is fully aware of the contradiction between comedy and infringement on reproductive rights.

"Reproductive rights being taken away from people is not a funny thing, there's nothing funny about it," Martin said. "But being able to kind of come out for an hour and a half and just kind of forget about everything bad, forget about anything that doesn't make you happy and just relax and have a good time - I think it really kind of helps reset people and recharge them."

The collaboration's main goal is to create an opportunity for community members to enjoy a night of comedy while supporting an issue important to them.

"People want to laugh," Martin said. "People need to laugh. There's just depressing stuff going on all the time, so if we can laugh and do something good, it's just the perfect pairing."

@Elizabeth_Sills

arts@dailytarheel.com

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Abort Mission comedy benefit host Bridgette Martin. Photo courtesy of Alyx Libby.

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<![CDATA[Sam Howell aims to become a vocal leader moving forward for UNC football]]> Sam Howell doesn't like to say too much.

His answers to the media are typically short and sweet, and his teammates describe him as being fairly quiet. Junior receiver Beau Corrales said the first-year quarterback isn't a "rah-rah type of guy" after UNC's season-opening win over South Carolina.

"But the confidence he has," Corrales said, "you can feel that."

That's the swagger that Howell carried himself with from the moment he stepped under center for the Tar Heels. Never too high, never too low -- always letting his actions speak louder than his words.

After North Carolina's first loss of the year to Wake Forest last Friday, though, Howell thought it was time to adjust his approach.

"I just want to make sure my guys are motivated enough," he said after practice on Tuesday. "I just want to make sure everyone's doing what they're supposed to be doing. I know if there's times where I need to step up and say something, then I will do that."

Players on both sides of the ball have taken notice.

Redshirt junior defensive back Myles Wolfolk said he initially saw the Indian Trial, North Carolina, native "coming into his own" as a vocal leader during the team's second game against Miami, but he believes it was last week on the road when Howell truly recognized the importance of speaking up.

In the contest versus Wake Forest, UNC had only three points on the board heading into the fourth quarter.

"We've just gotta come out of the gate focused," Howell said. "Sometimes, it's gonna be too late, like we saw with Wake Forest. It's too late to just start playing really hard in the fourth quarter."

Though he admits he also wasn't mentally sharp on every snap against the Demon Deacons, Howell hopes his voice can spark life into his team early in games moving forward.

It's a mindset he's begun to embrace in practice, as well.

"Before, he was just sitting back, and he'll watch," sophomore receiver Dyami Brown said. "... He started talking more in the huddle (this week). Before we go out and run plays, he'll say something. Even during the plays, like when the play's over with, he'll say something. Like, 'We need to do this. We need to do that.'"

A hot start to the season - highlighted by six touchdown passes and zero interceptions - has raised expectations for Howell. Last week, ESPN ranked him as the best true freshman in all of college football so far this season.

But in the matchup with the Demon Deacons, Howell had just 15 passing yards at halftime, finishing with 182 yards through the air and two touchdowns.

Howell understands that it'll take time for him to be the player and leader he wants to be. And he said he's OK with that.

"I get better every day," Howell said. "I grow every day in every category of my life, whether that's on the field, leadership, things like that, so it definitely just comes with the process."

Some may think it's a tall order to ask a true first-year, one who just celebrated his 19th birthday on Monday, to be a key voice in the locker room.

His veteran teammates certainly seem to think otherwise, though.

"The opponent doesn't care about your age," Wolfolk said. "So, I think him realizing that is gonna help him out."

@pupadhyaya_

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[DOJ arrests man known as 'Jack Corbin,' who threatened UNC students, others online]]> The U.S. Department of Justice arrested a man on Wednesday who has long coordinated death threats, harassment and personal information exposure throughout the country, including toward UNC students and faculty.

Daniel McMahon, a 31-year-old resident of Brandon, Florida, was indicted on four counts, according to a Justice Department press release: willful interference with a candidate for elective office, bias-motivated interference with a candidate for elective office, threats to injure in interstate commerce and cyberstalking.

McMahon is believed to have used online aliases including "Jack Corbin," "Pale Horse" and others to espouse white supremacist and fascist goals.

The indictment bases these charges in McMahon's use of "the internet and his social media accounts to intimidate and interfere with" the planned candidacy of Don Gathers, co-founder of a Black Lives Matter chapter, for a city council nomination in Charlottesville, Virginia.

The Justice Department's indictment alleged that McMahon engaged in conduct between December 2017 and January 2019 "that placed (Gathers) in reasonable fear of death and serious bodily injury" and "substantial emotional distress."

McMahon's social media presence had already gained notoriety in Chapel Hill, Charlottesville and elsewhere.

McMahon has been highly active on social media sites like Gab, which has been criticized as a platform for bigotry and radicalization, and where his "Jack Corbin" account had more than 2,000 followers.

The Corbin account was no longer available on Gab as of Wednesday evening, though it was online earlier that day.

After Robert Bowers allegedly murdered 11 people in a Pittsburgh synagogue with anti-Semitic motives last October, a Southern Poverty Law Center analysis found that Bowers had re-posted and replied to Gab posts by Corbin more frequently than he did any other user. A Gab post by Bowers shortly before the synagogue shooting closed with, "Screw your optics, I'm going in."

Corbin has since praised Bowers on Gab for the slaughter.

McMahon has often used his Corbin account and other aliases, including the names "Pale Horse" and "Dakota Stone," to publicly identify and antagonize UNC students. He has commonly targeted students, mostly women, for their public opposition to Silent Sam, using derogatory claims about their appearance, race, and other personal attacks.

One target of that harassment has been UNC graduate student Lindsay Ayling. In past posts, McMahon mocked the death of Ayling's brother.

"How's what's left of what remains of your late little brother ... who succumbed to his alcoholism and obsessive love for trains?" McMahon said in a Facebook comment in July, responding to a post by Ayling through a page he started called "Restore Silent Sam."

After a group of pro-Confederate protesters came to UNC last May to advocate for Silent Sam's return to campus, McMahon posted through his Corbin account on Gab that he was giving control of the Restore Silent Sam page to "some brave activists who stood against Antifa in Chapel Hill."

The Facebook account's comment months later toward Ayling about her brother's death and other posts indicate that Corbin maintained control of the Restore Silent Sam page, but began sharing it with individuals who have gained their own notoriety through actions on campus.

At the end of May, McMahon said in a Gab post on his Corbin account that, "Nancy Rushton makes a damn good admin too!" The woman McMahon referred to is Nancy McCorkle, who has attended multiple Silent Sam protests at UNC and was recently found guilty of vandalizing the Unsung Founders Memorial, a campus monument, with slurs and urine.

Ayling said that during the May demonstration, McCorkle began making train noises to her in reference to her brother's death. She said Ryan Barnett - who was also found guilty for vandalizing the Unsung Founders Memorial - taunted her about it as well.

"They were kind of taking instructions from Jack Corbin about how to harass people," Ayling said.

McCorkle and Barnett have traveled to UNC before to advocate for Silent Sam's return with the Heirs to the Confederacy, an out-of-town group that has received criticism and community response for its members' open-carrying of guns and other weapons on and around campus grounds.

In the months leading up to McMahon's arrest Wednesday, he had been posting on Gab through the Corbin account about his ongoing development of a video game that would be of simple-enough quality for any user on Gab to play on their own computer.

The game, he said, would be a first-person shooting game "which promote(s) fascism, and where you kill Antifa in the game." It would include 3D maps of cities including Charlottesville, Chapel Hill and Carrboro. He said he planned to model the shooting targets of the game as "Antifa" he knows the faces and names of.

"I'll likely change their names so I don't get sued by them for making them a video game character to be slaughtered in-game without paying them royalties," McMahon said in the post.

McMahon posted periodically since that time with updates on the game. A week before his Wednesday arrest, McMahon said he had released a newly testable model of the game but wasn't posting it on Gab because of "Antifa terrorists" monitoring his page.

The Justice Department declined to comment beyond its press release and indictment, saying Wednesday evening that McMahon would be "arraigned in court shortly" in an email to The Daily Tar Heel.

special.projects@dailytarheel.com

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Photo courtesy of Pinellas County Sheriff's Office


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<![CDATA[Community members give input in chancellor search process ]]> UNC's chancellorship, one of the most prominent positions at the University, remains held by an interim. On Tuesday and Wednesday, campus community members were given a chance to provide their input.

On Wednesday evening, students, faculty and community members gathered in Wilson Library for the second and final Chancellor's Search Committee public forum, where attendees could share their thoughts on qualities they wish to see in UNC's 12th chancellor.

Read more: Chancellor Search Committee kicks off efforts for permanent Folt replacement

A characteristic that was consistently expressed as important by those present was a student-focused leader: one who prioritizes student interests and maintains regular communication with the campus population.

"I therefore ask you to help choose a chancellor that is accessible," Lily Herbert, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Geography, said. "(One) who frequently creates well publicized opportunities for listening to students, one who is always willing to have difficult conversations about student safety and bravely advocate for us while navigating the complex politics of being an administrator at UNC."

Tim Osborn, a third-year physics graduate student, said he also thinks candidates should be motivated to act for students, rather than be focused on outside interests.

"If there is a conflict between the Board of Governors and the wellbeing of students at UNC-Chapel Hill, we need a candidate who is willing to take that conversation and back the students," Osborn said. "It's been far too often where we've been stuck in this middle ground trying to balance two completely opposing ideologies."

Many attendees also said they hope UNC's future chancellor will have familiarity with the state and experience within higher education and academia.

"I think they should be familiar with our campus," athletics director Bubba Cunningham said. "We have had a lot of change in the last few years, so I think someone who is familiar with the state, the campus, faculty, the students, would be very beneficial to the community."

Attendees also mentioned qualities like being strategic, responsive and charismatic.

"I think it's also important to remember as you are thinking about qualities, and that aspect of it, that you recognize that just because someone makes a good chancellor, doesn't mean they will make a good chancellor here," Ryan Collins, a second-year law student, said. "So, constantly framing that in the context of not only are they qualified, but are they qualified in the context of this university and where we are in this moment."

The Chancellor's Search Committee plans on using the input expressed by the public - along with the characteristics given by interim UNC-system President Bill Roper and the views of the committee members - to guide them as as they create a leadership statement that will be used to recruit candidates during their national search.

The 20-member search committee is comprised of faculty, staff, alumni, students and members of the Board of Trustees. The group is tasked with recommending at least two candidates to the Board of Trustees before an approved candidate is passed onto interim UNC-system President Bill Roper and the Board of Governors.

Richard Stevens serves as the chairperson of the Search Committee and chairperson of the Board of Trustees.

Although the committee is in the early stages of the search process, Stevens said its goal is to appoint a new chancellor by the end of the calendar year.

The position is currently being filled by interim Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz, who assumed the role on Feb. 6 after former Chancellor Carol Folt resigned.

"We are trying to do this in a very expeditious manner, but in a very thorough manner," Stevens said.

university@dailytarheel.com

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Lily Hebert , Ph.D. Student in the Department of Geography, speaks to the Chancellor's Search Committee out of concerns for the Muslim community on campus in Wilson Library on Sept. 18, 2019.

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<![CDATA['Obviously, I'm disappointed': UNC men's soccer ties Davidson in no-score game]]> With just four seconds remaining, first-year Sebastian Berhalter whipped a free kick into the box looking for a game-winning header.

It looked like the No. 11 North Carolina men's soccer team was going to escape Tuesday's non-conference game as victors when junior Santiago Herrera put his head to the ball for a forceful shot.

However, the Tar Heels (3-1-2) came away with defeated looks when the ball found the Davidson (1-3-1) goalkeeper's hands. The last second save earned the Wildcats a 0-0 draw, an excellent result from their perspective.

UNC, on the other hand, was disappointed with the outcome, which came against a team whose only victory this season came against Wake Technical Community College in overtime.

"It's a little unfortunate," senior captain Mauricio Pineda said. "Obviously we want to win every game."

Head coach Carlos Somoano was a bit more blunt in his response: "Obviously, I'm disappointed."

The Tar Heels dominated the stat sheet on a scoreless night, leading 14-1 in shots and 3-0 in shots on goal.

But Davidson "parked the bus," and would at times play 10 men behind the ball on defense. The usually potent UNC attack struggled to capitalize on its chances.

"We don't really focus on the opponent too much," Pineda said. "We just try to stick to our game plan to the best that we can."

UNC's defense, on the other hand, clearly came to play, not allowing a shot after the 12th minute of the game. That means Davidson had zero shots in 98 minutes of game time.

"They had one shot and a shutout," junior defender Matt Constant said. "So we did our job pretty well."

The North Carolina back line has held firm the last four games, allowing just one goal over that stretch.

"We just keep doing the same stuff," Constant said. "Stay as a unit, cover each other, bail each other out. If we can limit teams to less than three or four shots a game, I think our chances are pretty good of keeping a shutout."

Because Davidson mostly sat back on defense, the UNC defense was also responsible for starting the North Carolina attack. That type of gameplay meant that there needed to be a lot of crisp passes to get the ball upfield.

"We just passed the ball too slow," Somoano said. "It always gave them comfort to be able to shift around and get numbers behind the ball."

Davidson continued to stifle the Tar Heel attack into overtime. UNC only manufactured two shots after regulation, both coming in the second overtime.

"In general, I don't know what it was," Somoano said. "The legs, the minds looked tired. We played a tired game today from the outset."

Somoano added that he believes UNC may have fell victim to the student-athlete grind. He mentioned that the team may have been tired because it was just four days away from its last game, a 3-1 win at Virginia Tech, and that many of his players had exams this week.

That doesn't bode well for the Tar Heels and their upcoming schedule. The team will turn around and play No. 16 Notre Dame on Friday, and will need to get its energy back. Then, UNC will have another ranked ACC matchup against Duke the following week.

In an up-and-down season so far, the team knows that a short memory is crucial.

"The only thing we can do now," Pineda said, "is focus on our next game."

@matt_chilson

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Unsustainable scholarship: How private companies control research in higher education]]> Correction: a previous version of this article misstated Elsevier's connection to Norway. After the country cancelled subscriptions with Elsevier, a new two year pilot program was established to make articles by Norwegian authors free to read in Elsevier's journals. The Daily Tar Heel apologizes for this error.

The world of academic research has been consumed by its middle-men: private publishing companies. UNC Libraries is pushing back against the publishers' aggressive tactics that they say perpetuate a broken marketplace.

One of UNC Libraries most important responsibilities is acquiring subscriptions to academic research journals. At a University like UNC, where faculty are expected to be cutting-edge, having an extensive library is required - so access to the most prestigious journals is imperative for researchers.

But UNC Libraries has faced consistent budget cuts since 2008, and during that same time the percentage of its budget spent on journal subscriptions has gone from 28 percent to over 70 percent.

Vice Provost of University Libraries and University Librarian Elaine Westbrooks said the current system of scholarship is unsustainable.

"We're at this tipping point," she said. "We've all lost control over the scholarly publishing system."

Unsustainable scholarship

The process starts with academics who create content for research journals. Then come peer reviewers, who edit and criticize new research to ensure high quality.

Research at UNC is financed by taxpayers and other grants. Neither the author nor peer reviewers are paid if their original research is accepted by a scholarly journal for publication.

Private publishing companies then package journals together in clumps, and sell university libraries access to them. The publishing companies charge each university differently, depending on its subscription history and school size, and have each school sign nondisclosure agreements, keeping universities from discovering costs paid by peers.

Once the content is back in the hands of universities, it's put behind a paywall, where only university affiliates can access the information.

In this model, taxpayers fund research, and then must pay again to access it.

Nerea Llamas is the associate University librarian for collections, strategies and services, and her job is to strategize the acquisition and dissemination of academia in the digital age.

She said this process can be unhealthy.

"The effect is that not only are we paying multiple times, but we are cutting off access to other people who can't afford to pay for that," she said. "That could be other institutions in the U.S., but then also other institutions internationally."

Llamas said the publishing companies advertise their packaged, multi-journal deals as the best cost available. But over time, the companies can raise the price by introducing new costs and subscriptions, like how cable companies can charge customers for unwanted perks, she said.

Political science professor Timothy Ryan has published many scholarly articles, and said he sympathizes with the Libraries' concern.

"Publishers - and Elsevier is the clearest example of this - make a boatload by selling academics' material back to us, at a steep premium," he said. "It's not at all clear what value they add."

Elsevier is the world's largest commercial publisher of scholarly journals, with close to $4 billion in 2018 revenue and profit margins consistently above 30 percent.

How we got here

The academic publishing giant Elsevier started in 1880 as a small Dutch company and expanded to America in 1940.

After World War II, the U.S. government heightened its interest in scientific research, increasing funding to accelerate projects like the space race. Elsevier took notice, and started to accumulate an inventory of academic journals, which up until that point were widely controlled by scientific societies of specific disciplines.

After a merger in 1970, Elsevier assumed a position among the biggest names in the industry.

When the digital age came, Elsevier was ready. In 1991 it started the first online program designed to circulate copyrighted academic research. Since then, it's expanded its digital presence and positioned itself at the forefront of online journal access.

"That's when paywalls got out of control," Nerea said.

Digitalization starkly changed the economic model. A journal's paper copy can stay on a library shelf forever, but once it's online, access depends on monthly or annual bills.

"They have different means of trying to make money off of their scholarly content. As technology changes and as the world changes, they find new ways," Westbrooks, the University librarian, said. "They want to monetize the article. They're a nimble company that can figure out ways to make money."

Westbrooks added that the approach taken by Elsevier and similar companies conflicts with UNC Libraries' goals.

"We're not wired to say, 'How can we make money off of this?' That's not our mission," she said.

Today, Elsevier controls 16 percent of the social sciences and humanities publishing market and 24 percent of the market for natural and medical sciences.

But in response to Elsevier's dominance, Germany and Sweden cut ties with the publishing giant. The University of California system made the same decision when it ended negotiations with the company in March.

Libraries across the world are rebelling against the cog in academia they don't see as necessary, and instead are pursuing a different model for disseminating academic research: open access.

Open access

Christopher Nelson is an anthropology professor at UNC and edits a scholarly journal on the subject. He and his board decided to make their work open access, meaning consumers wouldn't need to pay to read it.

Nelson said they did it "so that the work that we did could be available to anyone, anywhere. So that it wouldn't be behind a paywall."

UNC Libraries, firm in their opinion that the traditional model dominated by publishers is unhealthy for science, encourage UNC faculty to publish open access.

"We write to be read," Westbrooks said.

Jason Schmitt made a film called "Paywall" about how publishers control the dissemination of science. He chairs the department of communications and media at Clarkson University in New York and advocates for open access research.

"Everybody that's at UNC doesn't know what it's like to not have access," he said. "We're perpetuating, in my mind, one of the biggest cultural divides possible and that's access to damn science."

When making the movie, Schmitt traveled to places like Nepal, where medical doctors have no way of keeping up with current research because articles can cost more than $40 to access and small villages can't afford it.

Schmitt said he thinks Elsevier and other publishers impair science and human progress by hoarding information and hiding it behind a paywall.

"Synergy cures cancer and ebola faster," Schmitt said. "Synergy does not come from every single person having the same Western mindset."

If all academics were to make their articles free of charge online, Schmitt said, there would be a healthier and livelier scientific community across the world.

However, faculty aren't always on board with open access, because earning tenure at universities often involves having material published in the most prestigious journals. And the supply of renowned journals that publish open access is limited.

Anne Gilliland is the scholarly communications officer for UNC Libraries and works to educate faculty about their options in publishing.

She said the norm is for the copyright on the research to end up in the publisher's hands, making it difficult for the author to use their own creation in future work.

She added that a renewed campaign toward open access had helped to lift stigmas, but faculty still often value name recognition in the journals they submit to, even if their work will be behind a paywall when published.

"I think a lot of people do get caught in a bind there between their ideals and their desire to keep feeding their families," Gilliland said.

Bringing science back

The internet forced existential crises onto the music and film industries. Since consumers could find content for free online, once-indestructible companies had to adapt to survive. Academic publishers never had to.

In 1995, Forbes ran an article that predicted academic publishers like Elsevier could be the "internet's first victim." Instead, publishers found a new model that cemented their dominance, but caused some to worry that university libraries across the country could be crippled in the process.

Now, UNC Libraries fights to change the system with calls for open access. The current Elsevier contract expires on Dec. 31 this year.




Updated at 7:45 p.m. on Sept. 19: Elsevier did not respond to The Daily Tar Heel's request for comment by the time of publication on Sept. 18. At 11:57 a.m. on Sept. 19, a spokesperson said in an email that the company is one of the largest open access publishers in the world, and that some authors "prefer paying for publication, so readers have free access to articles, whilst others would rather publish for free."

Authors can pay fees to publishing companies, often thousands of dollars, to retain copyrights on their research. In this case the author can make the research free to view online.

The spokesperson said submissions to Elsevier's journals are growing rapidly, and researchers value the many benefits Elsevier provides in the production of scholarly articles.

In response to Elsevier's statement, UNC Librarian Elaine Westbrooks said in an email: "While Elsevier may call itself an open access publisher, this means that OA is now a supplementary revenue stream for them, with no offsets to the outsized subscription prices they are asking me to pay."


university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Letter: Classics professors oppose Program for Public Discourse]]> Administrators at UNC-Chapel Hill have been developing a program in "Civic Virtue and Civil Discourse," recently renamed the "Program for Public Discourse," whose initiative came from UNC's Board of Governors.

Board members include Robert George, the prominent conservative who founded a program on "American Ideals and Institutions" at Princeton, UNC Board of Governors and Board of Trustees members, two Harvard academics, and a few UNC faculty who were invited to join.

The fact that members of UNC's Board of Governors and Board of Trustees do not understand why this is a problem suggests a failure to grasp the nature of the research University, which will fall into mediocrity if faculty no longer feel that theirs is the guiding voice on curricula - not to mention if existing programs are left understaffed while a new, unnecessary one like this (whose courses will replicate much of what is already taught in departments across UNC-CH) is given so much financial support.

This is all particularly relevant to us in the Classics department, where we are devoted to professional study of the material, linguistic and literary history of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. Too often, "civic" programs - like the one supported by the UNC Board of Governors - use superficial interpretations of the ancient Mediterranean world to co-opt Classics in support of conservative ideologies. University research is not about promoting a single ideology over others; in fact that is anathema to what the University ought to be doing.

Emily Baragwanath, Associate Professor, Department of Classics

Sharon L. James, Professor, Department of Classics

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<![CDATA[Letter: "Clemens' story does not comport with the facts"]]> As reported in your article on the Program for Public Discourse's "seed money donor," Dean Chris Clemens feels aggrieved. Officers of the AAUP, he claims, have been unfair to him."I sent an email [about the donors] to be transparent for members of AAUP, and they've been pretending not to know this to create a narrative."

Unfortunately for Clemens, the words of his own email, quoted in your story, show that he's being less than honest.

In an email to the chapter president of the AAUP, who had asked about the identity of donors, Clemens said "I believe" the Dowd Foundation provided the largest donation and "I think" the University was also pursuing the Park Foundation. In that same email, he acknowledged other "individuals" were being contacted and admitted that he himself did not have "the most up-to-date information" about the donor situation.

He invited Rob Parker, a senior associate Dean in the development office who was copied on the email, to provide more detail; that added detail never arrived. Instead, AAUP officers requested the information through an unsuccessful public records request because the information is 'private'. We complained about a lack of transparency surrounding this program and its finances because administrators have consistently failed to provide clear, accurate, and honest representations of the Program's origins.

The AAUP is a body of faculty. Its desire is not to "create a narrative" - indeed, it is Clemens' story that does not comport with the facts - but rather to ensure that UNC continues to abide by the open, democratic, and regular processes of shared governance.

Jay M. Smith

Professor of History and Vice-President, Chapel Hill AAUP chapter

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<![CDATA[Letter: Climate Strike]]> To the editor,

Climate change will be among the most important issues transforming our world over the lives of current students, damaging prospects for human economy, peace, security, health and wellbeing. The human causes of climate change are well understood, its impacts widespread and solutions are at hand.

Friday, Sept. 20 is an internationally designated day to draw attention to climate change, part of a youth and student-driven movement. Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg started a one-person protest about climate change inaction in 2018. She has helped energize a youth movement focused on the generational injustice of climate change and the lack of global action.Sept. 20 has been designed to bring the issue of climate change, always simmering in the background, to the forefront, sending a message that this is an issue about which people care and demand action.Young people in over 150 countries are planning events for this day, including walk-outs, marches and sit-ins. Local rallies will be in Chapel Hill and Raleigh.

The Sept. 20 events will start a week of activities coinciding with the United Nations Climate Action Summit on Sept. 23. The UN meeting will convene world leaders, aiming to convince countries to make more ambitious commitments to combating the growing climate crisis with the aim of global net zero emissions by 2050.

This event is unique in that it is youth-led while urging adults to participate, and the organizers have a pointed aim of breaking through the complacency associated with addressing climate change.

Erika Wise, Associate Professor, Geography

Jason West, Professor, Environmental Sciences & Engineering

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<![CDATA[Hillsborough works to make playgrounds more inclusive with community input]]> In an attempt to be more inclusive, the Town of Hillsborough is exploring how to make its parks more accessible for all by potentially adding playground equipment compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

The Hillsborough Parks and Recreation Board asked citizens of the town for their input regarding the addition of inclusive playground equipment to some of the local parks.

According to Public Space Manager Stephanie Trueblood, the topic of park accessibility is one that has come up multiple times in the past, but this is the first time that the board solicited feedback from the residents in Hillsborough.

Mark Bell, Hillsborough commissioner and representative on the Parks and Recreation Board, recently added this topic to the Parks and Recreation board's agenda, hoping to "enhance and expand the services that (they) provide."

Bell said he felt the need to raise the topic due to both citizen requests and the desire of town staff and board members to express their recognition of the gap in the service the town is providing.

A town press release encouraged residents to come to the Parks and Recreation board meeting on Tuesday to discuss their opinions on the matter. Bell said he was pleased with the response the board received but mentioned more input is encouraged and welcomed.

Citizens contributed by sending personal experiences and photographs from other, more inclusive parks the board could use for inspiration.

Bell said community members showed examples of specific equipment, including swings, zip lines and musical instruments. Additionally, residents suggested other measures the board could take to increase accessibility, such as increasing shade, which can be greatly beneficial for children with certain disabilities.

Bell said the board would like to implement both interactive, ADA-compliant equipment and shaded areas in local parks.

When it comes to the cost of these additions, Trueblood said it's difficult to determine an exact number because it depends on the type of equipment in addition to the location.

"For instance if we were just to add one handicapped-accessible swing, in order to do that in our existing park, we would have to replace a piece of equipment," Trueblood said. "So the cost of the swing is not very much. It is usually probably $1,500 to $2,000, but to take out a piece of equipment and excavate the park and put in new footers and repair any drainage and do the installation and reapply the surfacing - that cost could grow to $15,000 to $20,000 very quickly for just one swing."

These additions would be paid for through the general fund and potentially grants, Trueblood said.

She said creating a balance between adding more accessible equipment and removing equipment admired by residents is another obstacle they're facing in these conversations.

The board has instructed the town hall staff to come up with a rough budget to be considered for the next fiscal year, for which planning begins in early 2020, Bell said. But based on the number they come up with, the town might be able to find funding in this year's budget.

The town has not budgeted or created a design for the project so far. The Parks and Recreation Board is simply bringing attention to the topic and attempting to create a plan for future implementation.

city@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[New initiative explores redefining UNC's data science curriculum ]]> UNC is in the process of kicking off a new data science initiative, which is focused on changing how the University approaches data science curriculum.

Over 100 individuals, including undergraduate students, professors and University researchers, will together conduct an initial feasibility study as to how UNC's data science curriculum can be reprogrammed.

Gary Marchionini, the dean of UNC's School of Information and Library Science, is the chairperson of the steering committee leading this new data science initiative. He believes this initial feasibility study is essential for coming to a conclusion about how to change the program.

"We certainly would hope in the coming year that we would have some kind of campus consensus about what kind of programs we would like to create," Marchionini said. "And then those would go through the usual process of approval and definition and then launch in the subsequent years."

A key part of this feasibility study is the collaboration of the seven newly created subcommittees. These subcommittees are composed of a wide range of University representatives and are centered around undergraduate curriculum, graduate curriculum, research, community engagement, finance and funding, infrastructure and student services.

Jay Aikat, a professor in the Department of Computer Science and co-chairperson of the steering committee, said these seven subcommittees have until the end of November to give recommendations on what their sector would like to see.

"This is not implementation because nothing has been decided," Aikat said. "This is feasibility so that we're thinking about the various areas that we need to eventually plan out if this goes forward."

Aikat said she believes this data science initiative will encompass the entire University with implications for all majors, rather than just those that typically come to mind when thinking of data science.

"Especially on this campus, if we don't do it as a pan-campus effort where all of the disciplines are enhanced by this effort, then we are not going to be successful," Aikat said. "Think about it. What discipline doesn't deal with data? It's just data defined differently. It's not just numbers or data sets."

Luke White, a sophomore majoring in computer science, said he is in favor of the University's efforts to enhance the data science program because he thinks it will attract a more well-rounded student population.

"I think it makes us look more dynamic because a lot of kids, especially being from Raleigh, if they want to do engineering, they're going to State," White said. "But if they want to do business or journalism, then they're going to UNC. I think if we can kind of re-engineer the curriculum so that our data science program is more appealing to those types of students, it could strengthen our student body."

university@dailytarheel.com

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UNC's new data science initiative, which includes seven subcommittees on undergraduate curriculum, graduate curriculum, research, community engagement, finance and funding, infrastructure and student services, will focus on revising the University's data science curriculum.

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<![CDATA['There has never, ever been a police chief here like me': Q&A with David L. Perry ]]> David L. Perry has served as the new assistant vice chancellor and chief of UNC Police since Sept. 3, following the resignation of former UNC Police Chief Jeff McCracken. Perry comes to the University after having served as police chief at Florida State University for 14 years.

Following Perry's first couple weeks at the University, assistant University desk editor Evely Forte sat down with him to discuss how he's hoping to build up missing trust between campus community members and his police force, as well as his vision for ensuring safety on campus during his time at UNC.

The Daily Tar Heel: Can you elaborate a bit on your background and experiences in community policing, specifically before your time at FSU?

David Perry: I think my community policing started when I became an Albany police officer back in 1993. I literally had to walk a beat - I had to walk a downtown area. I was instructed by my supervisors to get to know the people within that beat - talk to business owners and meet people. And I was a cool. I thought I was getting paid to go out and have good social interactions, but then he also said, 'When crime occurs within your area, you have to be ready to respond, and hopefully you'll meet people, and they'll give you information where you can maybe prevent crime.' So, I thought that was really cool at a young age to just talk to people, meet with them and then, hopefully, use them as allies to help reduce crime and just make that, my little zone, a safer place. So, that's when community policing started for me and started in my mind.

And that transitioned into every assignment that I've really had because when I left being a patrol officer, as a drug task force agent, I was specific to drug investigations and drug crime, but I was still community oriented. It was helpful for communities to see we were removing people who were selling drugs in their community. It was helpful to go and talk to the elderly or people who were really concerned about loitering and people standing around about what we need to do and what times are good to come back. So, even though it was not a pretty scene, when you're dealing with drug investigations, it was very fulfilling work to see that you could make a difference in a barrier cleaning up drugs and crime.

Those community connections continued as I accepted a position at Albany State, a Historically Black University (HBCU). Again, getting to know the university, getting to know the people, the administration, the students and working together to be successful. So those same types of approaches have worked at Clemson University, very, very successful at Florida State, and I hope to bring some of those same ideas, same energy and same commitment to community policing here.

DTH: I know mistrust on campus between University students and campus police is something that has been on the rise lately. Is there anything that you have in mind - or that you would like to accomplish while here - that would tackle that or that would try to diminish that sort of mistrust that seems to already exist in our campus culture here?

DP: Yeah, and campus culture here, I understand there have been past challenges. But I am coming in, hopefully, with this mindset for all, that we are hoping to wipe the slate clean and start over, because I am completely different from the previous administration. There has never, ever been a police chief here like me, and so I am going to use that as a good thing. But it first starts with the men and women within the department - getting them to understand what my expectations are, having a sense of urgency, providing outstanding customer service and being present and visible for the people that we serve.

I'm working, from day one, to try and change the culture and the mindset of the men and women that work here, so then we can go out, and people can start to feel some of those changes and see like, 'Hey, they are really taking their time. The officers are here. They're not here to spy on us. They're here just to say hello, or they're walking through our events.' Just to start to change some of those past ideas about some of the interactions that police and students have had.

DTH: In addition to reshaping that campus culture, are there any initiatives you hope to implement here in terms of safety on campus - specifically related to sexual assaults and active shootings on campus?

DP: One of the very early assignments I gave myself was to look at some of the very important operating procedures and guidelines that our officers undertake for very serious crimes. Active shooters are very serious. Sexual assault reports are extremely serious. Hate crimes and hate speech, all those things that involve personal violence and safety, are very important to me. I took a very important look at the sexual assault protocol, and I was impressed. I was impressed by the checklist they use and the methodical review that's done.

At previous institutions, it was a mandate that we would have two investigators assigned to work any sexual assault that came into our office because we take those incidents and reports very seriously. Here, we have an officer that will take an initial report. Currently, we have an investigator that will respond to do their duties, and in the future, I see implanting the same two-investigator process. Right now, we do have an officer that will take an initial report, and then they have a very detailed checklist that they have to follow so that they don't miss any important steps in that process. But I was very comfortable with their protocol on sexual assaults.

And then, I looked at the response to active shooters because, as you know, I lived through an active shooter event on Nov. 20 of 2014. I attended the very first active shooter seminar that was conducted by our crime prevention officer Sergeant David, and he did an outstanding job. The video was a little dated, so I'm going to need some help from the students and the faculty and the administration so that we can create our own 'Run, hide, fight' video that is unique to University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, but the information was spot on.

But I do see opportunities to improve. I see opportunities to expand it probably by 30 minutes or so, to add hands-on, physical activities, so the participants can truly see what it means to just hide under a table and not do something to defend yourself versus, 'If someone comes in here, we are going to throw this chair, that box, and we are going to work as a team to keep someone from hurting us.' If you don't ever go through an exercise like that, you won't really know how it feels.

DTH: Speaking of on campus shooters, it seems like a lot of them tend to show, on social media, a variety of signs that they are inclined to do these sorts of attacks. Is there anything that campus police is doing to monitor the social media efforts of individuals on campus to prevent these attacks from occurring?

DP: I don't use the term monitoring with social media because I don't want to ever give the perception that the police are like just sitting around trying to monitor a student or an employee. We monitor threats and threats that are communicated through hate speech or visual pictures or other forms of communication that would alert us that it could be a potential threat. So, we use all those resources that are available to us in law enforcement to detect those types of words and phrases and those types of images that could be concerning, and once we detect those, we put all of our resources into trying to run that story down and confirm, 'Was this person talking about North Carolina shooting a ball to win the game, and it was the bomb, or were they talking about something that was meant to hurt people?' We do use every tool in the toolkit that is available in law enforcement.

DTH: As far as protests and demonstrations on campus, which were very prevalent here last year at UNC, do you have any protocol that you hope to implement during your term?

DP: I've lived through hundreds of free speech events. You'll hear Chief Perry use a different term than protest. My vernacular is free speech event because we are in a college and university setting. We are in a higher education environment. Students are expected to have free speech opportunities to express their views. The term protest is for a different setting. I think students should have the right to express how they feel and come together, peacefully, to express those views. That's where I come in and where my staff comes in to make sure that those gatherings for free speech are peaceful. There is training that officers have gone through. I understand that maybe some of the gatherings in the past year have not gone well, but it's a different day, different leadership style, a different expectation on what I will bring when those free speech events are formed.

I typically look forward to working with any group that is going to exercise their free speech; that's not to give someone VIP treatment and to mistreat another group, but to hear all of the details about that group where they want to travel, how long they want to spend time there and what it will involve so that I can better prepare my staff for how to respond and provide the services that are going to be needed. So regardless of the group and regardless of the ideology, we're there to keep the peace and make sure that that free speech event goes well and that people can still go their separate ways at the end. That's what I'm looking forward to being a part of.

DTH: Before we wrap things up, I wanted to ask you - what do you hope your legacy here will be at Carolina? When envisioning yourself finishing up your time here at UNC, how do you hope you will be remembered?

DP: I hope to be remembered as that person - not that police officer, not that administrator - but that person who was able to reconnect the campus community in a way that was meaningful, that we get along and that we made this a more productive, safe and harmonious environment. To be a connection, a bridge builder, which are the things I've done all my life, so I just look forward to doing some of those same things here.

@evelyaforte

university@dailytarheel.com

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Chapel Hill's new Chief of Police, David Perry, began his job on Sept. 3, 2019. He hails from Florida State University where he served for 14 years, totaling 25 years of overall experience. During his interview on Tuesday, Sept. 17, 2019 he discussed his plans for addressing sexual assault, protests and monitoring threats to the UNC campus.

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<![CDATA['I see colors when I hear music': artist blends music and painting in new exhibit]]> The Page-Walker Arts and History Center in Cary, North Carolina, will be hosting Visual Rhapsodies from Sept. 18 to Oct. 12, where the work of artist Marcelle Harwell Pachnowski will be displayed.

"Marcelle has, I believe, close to 50 years of experience as an artist, and she's explored a number of directions," said Pachnowski's publicist, Corbie Hill. "I've seen a lot of her work."

Hill said that since he's known her, Pachnowski has done non-objective paintings, which differ from abstract paintings. He said that unlike abstract paintings, non-objective paintings don't represent, or aren't meant to represent, anything.

"I also collaborate with her when she paints to live music," Hill said. "I'm a musician, as well, so I've been organizing musicians to do these improvised shows."

Pachnowski's synesthesia causes sound to translate into color and pattern. Pachnowski said that synesthesia can affect more than one sense, and she has been doing more research on the condition.

"I think it's good and very unique to her abilities," said Sage Holden, a UNC sophomore interested in art. "I think it's really interesting how it provides a window into how she sees things, because obviously not all of us have synesthesia, so it lets others see what she can see and associates with music."

Holden said that although she doesn't do art professionally, she really enjoys it and is considering taking art classes in the future.

"Merging these two mediums of self-expression of art and performance is really interesting and makes you think a little bit more,"Holden said.

Pachnowski said that she has been a working artist for almost 50 years.

"I have had a tremendous amount of experience from teaching for 25 years from all ages, from pre-first through college, senior citizens," Pachnowski said. "You name it, I have taught all sorts of different types of individuals and students and venues."

Pachnowski said she had been actively trying to pursue showing her art, which she did for the first time in 1971.

"I have done music and art for all my whole entire life," Pachnowski said. "I actually wanted to be a musician when I was very, very young. I did lots of piano and lots of singing."

Pachnowski said that growing up, she never really learned how to read music and just played music by ear. She said now in her paintings she is dealing with purely color, movement and texture in the non-objective.

"Abstract is taken from reality," Pachnowksi said. "If you look at a Picasso, if you look at his development and his career you see that there are distortions. There were extreme distortions and there were some that were much more subtle, now that's abstraction. In non-objective, there is no object, so you're basically dealing with the basic elements of design: color, movement and texture."

Pachnowski said she starts working by putting paints on her palette and expressing herself on whatever surface she is working on.

"As soon as I hear music, I see colors," said Pachnowski. "I have since I was a kid. I didn't even know, I just thought everybody had it. I see colors when I hear music. I always paint to music in my studio too, so it's never in silence that I do artwork, it's always in music."

arts@dailytarheel.com

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"Encroachment" oil on canvas painting by Marcelle Pachnowski. Photo courtesy of Corbie Hill.

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<![CDATA[Committee discusses parking citations, lighting and updates to UNC's transportation ]]> Violators of the new weeknight parking initiative will be issued educational warnings rather than initial citations, Director of Transportation & Parking at UNC Cheryl Stout said at a meeting on Wednesday.

The nighttime citation process, she said, is expected to begin next semester.

"It's a pretty big cultural change on campus," Stout said. "As we move into the next semester, we'll still be cautious about citations."

UNC's Advisory Committee on Transportation & Parking met on Wednesday afternoon to update community members on upcoming changes regarding parking on campus.

Stout, the chairperson of the ACT, opened the meeting with a presentation to explain progress made in the new weeknight parking program, as a part of their Five-Year Plan.

The department is completely receipt-funded - meaning it does not receive any state funding - so the Five-Year Plan is trying to generate needed revenue for expenses through on-campus parking fees.

During the presentation, Stout said the committee has engaged the campus community in an ongoing, comprehensive transition which includes a marketing, education and implementation phase for its new parking program.

Stout said campus members with doubts and concerns about the new program should reach out directly to the Transportation and Parking Office.

Christopher Payne, associate vice chancellor for student affairs and senior operating officer, echoed that sentiment.

"I think the communication was really good," Payne said. "If there is feedback from students, in particular - undergraduate, graduate, professional, post-op - it would be good to continue to hear the feedback about any issues or concerns. Just because it is implanted, doesn't mean we are not continuing to be responsive to clarify any misinformation or misunderstood information."

The committee also discussed other changes expected on campus under its Five-Year Plan.

Tentatively beginning in January, many parking decks - including the Rams Head, Jackson Circle, Cobb and Business School parking decks - will have new LED lighting installed.

"It's just a better quality of lighting, and more efficient system," Stout said.

New kiosks with updated Parking Access Revenue Control Systems will soon be installed in various lots across campus to better for pay for parking.

"There are going to be a lot of operational changes with this new technology," Stout said.

While people may not see these changes until the beginning of next semester, Stout said the committee has been working on this transitional process for years.

The new vendor for the PARCS system has already been selected, but Stouts said the full transition to the updated technology may take up to two years. She also said she hopes the lighting upgrades will begin soon, since the contracts have already gone out for bid.

Stout said the committee hopes to implement other changes in the future, including night travel options available to students, bike share programming on campus and contributing to Safe Ride programs in Chapel Hill.

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Viewpoints: Should UNC allow athletes to be paid?]]> Pay our athletes

In the 2018 fiscal year, the University had a total sports revenue of more than $104 million, and the NCAA itself topped out it's personal revenue at an estimated 1.1 billion in 2017. Where does this money go, you ask? Well, Mack really is back, and his contract tops at 3.5 million per year.

Meanwhile, the players who sell out the tickets, spend hours conditioning and make the plays are bound by NCAA rules and can only accept the gear they receive from their coaches. Since we know that the athletes aren't getting paid, the revenue is redistributed throughout the University. Some of it is pocketed by coaches and leaders of the Athletic Department, while some is used to further develop the program and fund other teams.

According to NCAA recruiters, only about 59 percent of all Division-1 athletes are on some form of athletic scholarship. This means that 41 percent are required to put in an average of 34 hours per week, with some pushing closer to 40 with little to no compensation. To make matters worse, student-athletes are also prohibited from working during their respective seasons by NCAA bylaws, squashing any chance of student-athletes from supporting themselves during those time periods.

Steps to resolve this injustice could be made with California's attempt to provide collegiate athletes the opportunity to accept sponsorships. However, the movement brings new questions and issues to light; sponsorships are likely to gravitate towards star players and sports that generally receive more airtime, such as football and men's basketball. This would perpetuate issues in the gender pay gap and disparities in pay among collegiate sports.

Given the rising popularity and huge profits being pocketed by administrators in the NCAA, it's time to begin compensating student athletes for their time and effort that they pour into the industry.

Sponsorships, although a great start, will fail to equally support all student-athletes given gender and respective sport. UNC Chapel Hill has a responsibility to equally pay and treat athletes just as any other work-study student; both provide labor for the university, and athletes bring in dramatically more revenue.

The University should equally pay all athletes, regardless of visibility or sport. As a result, they could make a statement against the precursors that cause pay disparities in nearly every professional sports league today.

Sponsor our athletes

In the 2017-2018 fiscal year, UNC Athletics reported roughly $104.6 million in revenue.

The college athletes? $0.00.

The lack of self-ownership of a college athlete's likeness is preposterous. There is simply no other way to put it, and there's nothing else comparable. Celebrities all across the nation make money for their fame. Advertising deals and endorsements provide an extremely lucrative source of income for those outside of college athletics.

But if you're a famous college athlete? Tough luck.

There is little logical rationale for maintaining this distinction for college athletes. It simply serves as an easy way for the NCAA to exploit their workforce. Meanwhile, these athletes practice day and night. They risk horrific injuries. They forego time that might be spent studying. All in the service of padding a profit margin. And maybe, in the future, if they're really lucky, they'll get a share. But lost time is lost money.

This is wrong. College athletes, some as young as 18 or 19, own their image and likeness just as much as a 23-year-old professional does. As such, UNC and the NCAA should do the humane thing. If millions of fans around the country want to buy items with a player's likeness on them, share a slice of the pie.

Think beyond the money

Our University has the ability to offer an expansive array of sports for student-athletes to participate in, and the burden of providing pay should not jeopardize these opportunities.

It is undisputed that revenue from UNC athletics has greatly increased over the past decade, resulting in new facilities and higher coach compensation. Football and men's basketball, as it seems, are two powerhouse programs that generate exorbitant amounts of money for the University - why shouldn't athletes get a cut? Because it creates a power structure within college athletics that disadvantages smaller schools and less popular sports.

While football and men's basketball report a profit, much of this money is funneled back into other sports programs. With part of this cash stream lost, we are losing resources that allow the University to support less visible sports. At a national level, pay would significantly reduce the amount of money available to athletic programs that are in the red.

NCAA data from 2016 indicates that at the Division I level, when revenues and expenses are taken in the aggregate across all schools, only football and men's basketball operate without loss. Giving student-athletes the ability to acquire third-party sponsorships is a fairer solution.

However, note that while enabling access to this compensation helps the situation, it does not address the more fundamental issues facing student athletes. Pay does not solve issues of education discrepancy, effectively unending work hours, or limited participation in other opportunities. Greater change is necessary.

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<![CDATA[Lostboycrow, flor and Joan will bring infectious lyrical energy to Durham]]> Soft white stage lights illuminate an animated figure, enraptured in the notes bursting from his guitar. In a raw and unadulterated harmony, singer Lostboycrow creates music that has captured audiences from Arizona, Georgia and in a few days, North Carolina.

Chris Blair, also known as Lostboycrow, is an Oregon-born indie-pop artist who will be performing alongside headlining bands flor and Joan, in Durham's Motorco Music Hall on Sept. 20 at 7:30 p.m.

In his most recent album release, "Sante Fe," he has stripped down the electronic R&B style of his old work to bring audiences simple yet effective voice-lead guitar melodies. This album is about remembering his roots, Blair said, and producing something raw, as well as contained.

"There's a certain level of sincerity in the music that I write," Blair said. "And I'd like to think that everybody can sort of get something from listening in that regard."

Joan, also performing at this concert, aims to provide audiences with a similar feeling of truthful connection, said band members Alan Thomas and Steven Rutherford.

"Our number one goal is to write music that makes people feel something," Thomas said. "Hearing from people that our music positively affected them through a tough time they were having is the most validating feeling for us. It makes all of the hard work and grind make sense. The fact that we could be a soundtrack to someone's life is quite humbling."

Taylor Workman, a longtime fan of flor, the tour's headliner, said their music brings joy overall.

"I think they're really out to just brighten everyone's day," Workman said. "Their music is extremely uplifting and super bright and colorful. It's like an anti-depressant."

Workman recently attended the bands' concert in Atlanta and said flor put the audience at ease, creating a relaxed, familial environment.

"Everyone is going to be in a great mood and laughing at this show - they demand it of you on stage," Workman said.

Blair agreed with Workman's sentiment about the audience atmosphere, and he said the sincerity each band possesses blends together in perfect harmony, in turn creating the actual performance.

"That's something I've always loved to do," Blair said. "I think you just know you get more and more comfortable being up on stage in front of people and realizing that they want the same things you want, you know?"

Blair said in his experience, it's very natural for the audience and band to interact with one another. He said the performance is led by the audience's active perception of what the artists are doing on stage.

"People really want to be free," Blair said. "And if you're tense, I think they are gonna be a little awkward or tense or turned off. And I think if you allow them to see how free and sort of fluid and how much fun you're having, I think that's going be infectious."

arts@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Editorial: Make the student football ticket system a lottery]]> It's 9 a.m. You're in class, and your professor banned laptops because some study claimed that hand-writing notes leads to better retention and focus. But you're not focused. You're watching in agony as the clock ticks, hoping football tickets won't sell out in the first 20 minutes. But they did. They always do, and frankly, we're tired of it.

It just simply defies common sense to have a first-come, first-serve ticket policy during our classes. Changing the time to 9 or 10 p.m. would be far more ideal - not only are more students awake than at 9 a.m., but we're also typically out of extracurricular activities and jobs.

It's also difficult to understand why the football program could not just adopt the basketball lottery system. Though it's not perfect, the lottery is both flexible on time and gives preference to seniority. And upperclassmen deserve these tickets most - no sight caused greater collective pain than our measly five wins in the last two seasons under Fedora. The interceptions were plentiful, the student section half empty and there were no $10 White Claws to drown our sorrows.

We don't blame the University for wanting to improve last year's ticket policy. First-come, first-serve at gates had its downsides, such as the Virginia Tech game when students were denied entry after 20 minutes. But now, we're denied entry after 20 minutes because we had responsibilities other than logging into our GoHeels account at 9 a.m. Under the old gate-entry system, at least every student was actually going to the game - even if we were leaving early when we started losing by 30.

This season, upperclassmen without tickets are left with the painful sight of freshmen at Sigma Alpha Epsilon getting too hammered and P2P-ing back to HoJo, tickets still in hand. If a lottery system were in place, they could penalize those who order tickets and don't show up to the game.

Admittedly the new ticket policy, playing on the FOMO in our psyche, could be credited for the increased attendance this year. Despite two early wins, our program won't win a championship, and likely not even the ACC Coastal title. However, the student section alone has made us seem like a legitimate football school.

The sudden demand of tickets with the online first-come, first-serve policy has descended our ticket system into classism. Just hours after the UNC v. Clemson tickets sold out, UNC-Chapel Hill class Facebook pages flooded with people selling tickets, in which wealthy kids can afford to outbid other students to attend the game. On the other hand, broke college kids are forced to wait hours in a stand-by line with slim chances of being admitted at all.

It's nice to see Mack Brown back at UNC with a competitive football team. It shouldn't be so impossible for upperclassmen with a 9 a.m. to see it in person.

opinion@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[CHCCS school board candidate withdraws from race after supposed donations to Trump]]> Louis Tortora, a candidate running for the Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools Board of Education, withdrew himself from consideration on Saturday after the public discovered records of donations he made to President Donald Trump's campaign.

Tortora described himself as "a dad, former teacher, executive and volunteer" when announcing his campaign for office on Facebook. He also outlined his intentions to describe a plan that would improve student performance, close the achievement gap, recruit and retain the best teachers and maintain safe and healthy facilities.

Tortora hasn't explicitly confirmed that the donations - which totaled $650 between 2016 and 2019 - were his, but the donations are attributed to the name Louis Tortora in the state of North Carolina in the Federal Election Commission database.

"Unfortunately, some in our district feel that donating to a political candidate that doesn't align with their views is akin to a scandal, and the negative conversation surrounding this is distracting all of us from the kids I aim to serve," Tortora wrote in a Facebook post.

He continued, saying he has no political affiliation with Trump, and he doesn't support his policies, his effect on public education or his treatment of people.

Tortora also responded to a comment that said that his withdrawal is a loss for the school system.

"I appreciate your voice in light of blind ignorance by people who have no idea of who I am, and how deeply committed I have been to education - nor do they have a clue of what I could have done for our town through partnerships regionally and nationally!" he wrote.

Andrew Davidson, another candidate running for the CHCCS Board of Education, commented by email about the withdrawal.

"I am the chair of the Special Needs Advisory Council. Given that Mr. Tortora referred to special needs students as 'handicapped learners,' I think it is in the best interests of our students that he decided to drop out of the race," Davidson said.

The Chapel Hill-Carrboro NAACP said in an email it does not endorse candidates and has no party affiliation, but it is committed to the enactment of policies that promote the vision of the NAACP.

"We believe in the democratic process which thrives when the electorate is well informed and active in the process," the statement said.

The NAACP also said Tortora is a "recent member" and donor to the association, but has not worked directly with it.

There are five remaining candidates for the four available seats on the board: incumbent Rani Dasi, Andrew Davidson, Jillian La Serna, Ashton Powell and Deon Temne.

city@dailytarheel.com

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A Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools bus drives toward Chapel Hill High School.

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<![CDATA[Chapel Hill receives Duke Energy grant to improve emergency communication]]> The Town of Chapel Hill received a $4,000 grant aiming to support residents with limited English proficiency by providing emergency messaging in multiple languages.

The Duke Energy Foundation awarded the grant in an effort to promote a sense of community and inclusion among the Town's increasingly diverse population.

"We appreciate Duke Energy Foundation's support for our efforts to improve outreach and safety in our diverse community," Town Manager Maurice Jones said in a press release. "Emergency communications that are accessible to all support our community value of being a place for everyone."

As of 2016, 16.5 percent of Chapel Hill residents were born outside of the United States, which means immigrants and refugees comprise nearly 10,000 of the 59,000 Chapel Hill residents. Funding from this grant will be used to develop emergency messages related to severe weather and water contamination in Spanish, Burmese, Karen and Mandarin Chinese, among other languages.

Aaruba Ayesha, a UNC junior, serves on the Executive Board of UNC's Refugee Community Partnership. RCP works to uplift local immigrant and refugee communities through relationship-based support and opportunity development.

"Chapel Hill's refugee population is so often overlooked, which can get really frustrating considering how big a role they play in our community," Ayesha said. "It's heartwarming and validating to know that other people care about and want to support our refugee and immigrant friends, and I hope this is a catalyst to even more efforts toward inclusion."

The Town of Chapel Hill is one of 65 organizations across North Carolina to receive funding from Duke Energy's Powerful Communities grant. In addition to the Town of Chapel Hill, the Town of Carrboro also received money from the grant.

Indira Everett, district manager of government and community relations for Duke Energy, awarded the Town of Carrboro a $6,000 grant on behalf of Duke Energy on Tuesday night. This funding will support low-income communities experiencing severe weather by purchasing storm resiliency guides and providing survival kits that will similarly consider different language barriers.


Board of Alderman member Sammy Slade said at the board's meeting Tuesday that he thinks it's ironic Duke Energy is donating to emergency preparedness when they contribute to the problem.

"Duke Energy is the leading contributor to climate change in our state, and as much as they will only be producing 8 percent of their electrical generation from renewable energy by, I believe it's 2030, the rest of it is coal, natural gas and nuclear," he said.

Duke Energy awards more than $30 million in these charitable grants every year, and according to their website, the program is meant to "build powerful communities where nature and wildlife thrive, students can excel and a talented workforce drives economic prosperity for all."

Sarah Viñas, assistant director of the Office for Housing and Community for the Town of Chapel Hill, said she anticipates the process of developing these messages and translating them to Chapel Hill's primary languages will be completed over the next year. This effort will continue after the one-year grant period as the Town further develops language accessibility to residents with limited English proficiency, she said.

Translating emergency messages is an initiative organized by the Building Integrated Communities Project, a collaboration between the Town of Chapel Hill and local individuals and community groups intended to promote increased knowledge, civic engagement and community development.

Other initiatives have included purchasing interpretation equipment for Town and community use, adding new multilingual children's books to the Chapel Hill Public Library's collection, and providing financial support to residents seeking DACA renewal assistance.

city@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Meet the WWII veteran who's going for his degree at 100 years old]]> UNC alumnus Littleton Cole Selden is approaching his 100th birthday, but this milestone alone does not capture his many accomplishments.

Just months before his graduation and the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, L.C. Selden decided to join the U.S. Army Air Corps.

L.C. Selden, born in Jackson, North Carolina, in 1920, arrived at UNC as a pre-pharmacy student. With no previous flying experience, he left school to join the Army Air Corps as an aviation cadet in April 1941, before the Air Force was established. He began his pilot training on small, crop-duster planes in Oklahoma.

"He was so close to getting his degree, but he went and had to save Western civilization," Steven Ford, a close friend of his son, said.

During his 30 years of service in the military, L.C. Selden became a colonel. He provided air support during D-Day and the Battle of Normandy with the 406th Fighter Group, and his unit received two Presidential Citations for service in WWII to honor the group for their courage and heroism.

"The extraordinary achievements of the airmen of the 406th Fighter Group on this occasion reflects the highest credit upon the entire organization and is in keeping with the finest tradition of the Army Air Forces," the First Presidential Citation given to the 406th Fighter Group read.

He also spent two years working in the Pentagon and, at one point, briefed President Eisenhower.

"He went all the way from flying that little crop duster to B-52 fighters, the bombers carrying nuclear weapons," Ford said. "You can imagine what a career that is."

In 1971, L.C. Selden retired from the military and opened an antique furniture repair and refinishing shop in Marietta, Georgia, where he worked until he was 96.

Ford and David, L.C. Selden's son, have started working together these past few years to get L.C. Selden an honorary degree from UNC, as he was unable to finish his last few months of school once he joined the Army.

"My father is one of those good guys - in other words, he is honest, he's hardworking, he's unbelievably organized and those are all things he tried to teach me," David Selden said. "I feel like I am the person I am today largely because of him."

David Selden said he and Ford are currently working with Congressman Barry Loudermilk from Atlanta to retrieve L.C. Selden's total record from the military, which will help this process.

L.C.Selden was unable to comment for this story as he is currently in the hospital recovering from a fall. Despite his ailments, Ford said L.C. Selden's mind is still as sharp as ever as he approaches his 100th birthday on Jan. 12.

"This is a real life story of somebody who was walking the same place you're walking," Ford said. "He just did it 78 years ago."

@kyle_ingram11

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Suspect in verbal harassment complaint at Davis Library not caught by UNC Police]]> UNC Police responded to an incident of verbal harassment on Tuesday night outside of Davis Library, according to UNC Police spokesperson Randy Young. Police searched for the suspect, but did not find him.

"UNC Police responded to the report of a male subject making inappropriate comments at Davis Library. Police conducted a search for the suspect but were unsuccessful. Pepper spray was not deployed," Young said in an emailed statement.

This incident did not result in an Alert Carolina message sent to the UNC community. Kate Luck of UNC Media Relations said this was because the incident, while troubling, did not meet the criteria outlined on alertcarolina.unc.edu/about.

Luck said UNC has no indication that this incident is related to the recent reported sexual assault at Shortbread Lofts parking deck on Friday morning, which is still under investigation.

"UNC Police are working closely with the Chapel Hill Police Department to assist in their investigation of the attack at Shortbread Lofts. The UNC Police Department has provided additional patrols on foot and by vehicle since this incident occurred," Police Chief David Perry said in his statement.

Perry said students are encouraged to report suspicious activity to UNC Police by calling (919) 962-8100, or 911 in case of an immediate emergency.

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[A community persists through decades of environmental injustice: the story of Rogers Road.]]> Rev. Robert Campbell beams with pride whenever he talks about the Rogers Road Community Center. The center is designed with constant usage in mind - large rooms provide space for the host of programs offered within its walls.

Campbell, president of the Rogers-Eubanks Neighborhood Association, holds up a poster covered in photos of youth in the community doing hands-on, dirty work in the community garden at RENA's Summer Enrichment Camp. That's where community building starts, Campbell said: with the youth.

The RENA center is now a bustling hub of activity, but it didn't come without a fight - nothing in the Rogers-Eubanks area did.

The neighborhood traces its roots back over 150 years as Black farmers settled in the area after emancipation. For decades, the area was rural, but the landscape changed in 1972 when the Town of Chapel Hill selected Eubanks Road as the site for Orange County's new landfill, right next door to the community.

Community members initially fought the decision, but Howard Lee, the first Black mayor of Chapel Hill, enticed the community with promises of a paved road, water and sewage lines and a recreation center on the site of the dump when it closed. Many of those promises were not met until recently, almost 50 years later.

Since that decision, environmental justice advocates have been criticizing government officials for building in the historically Black neighborhood.

After the community fought off plans to place a waste transfer station near the neighborhood, the dump closed in 2013. OWASA completed the main trunk of the community's sewer line in August after 50 years of lobbying, but in 2013, Campbell said the town threatened that it might not even happen.

"They even told us that if we don't get the waste transfer station, you're not going to get the big-ticket thing, you probably never will get the sewage line," Campbell said.

To this day, the community is largely composed of minority residents - a 2014 report by the Marian Cheek Jackson Center found that 88 percent of residents identify as people of color, and nearly half earn less than 50 percent of the area median income.

Still, officials fought claims of racism and environmental injustice for decades. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, environmental justice is equal protection from environmental hazards and equal access to environmental decision-making, and it's a standard the government legally must uphold. The term was coined after a similar landfill debate in Warren County.

For years, the town insisted these standards were met.

"I can certainly attest that when locating the area, it was not racially motivated," Lee, then a state senator, told The Daily Tar Heel in 2001. "I tried to reassure the neighbors that it was being located there because the land itself was conducive to what we were looking for."

Renewed community activism

With the dump in place, the Rogers Road community's focus on community organizing exploded.

Campbell said he conducted surveys with other community leaders to develop priorities for improvements. Topping the list: gaining water and sewage access, closing the landfill and getting rid of the buzzards that infested the neighborhood due to its proximity to the dump.

Years later, reports would show the shallow wells many residents relied on for drinking water were contaminated by runoff from the unlined landfill - Campbell believes it may have even been fatal for some.

However, at the time, one of the most immediate and noticeable harms was the odor wafting toward the neighborhood on hot summer days.

"You couldn't sit out on your porch or play in your yard and not smell that putrid smell coming from the landfill or see buzzards flying over your property," said state senator Valerie Foushee, D-Orange, Chatham, who was formerly an Orange County commissioner. "It was awful. I wouldn't want to live like this - nobody should."

The current community center wouldn't be around for another 40 years, so Campbell said residents met in other places, first in backyards and living rooms, then at the Faith Tabernacle Church after its construction in 1981.

Rogers Road had a political need, but it had social needs, too. Campbell said one of the first needs the community recognized was for fresh, healthy food, so they constructed a community garden. Young people didn't have a place to go during the summer, so they started a summer program that spilled over into an after-school program.

"To be a part of the Rogers Eubanks neighborhood environment is that you can do what you do, and at the same time, you can see the results of the work that you do," Campbell said. "It doesn't cause you to get big-headed - it only inspires you to do more."

Barriers to change

Residents believed political change was bogged down by criss-crossing responsibilities that allowed local governments to dodge accountability for the neighborhood. Part of the neighborhood was under Chapel Hill jurisdiction, but part of it was in the county. In 2005, the Carrboro Board of Aldermen voted to annex a portion of the community into Carrboro.

As a result, Campbell said, no municipality would claim Rogers Road.

"We tell people that we are the hole in the doughnut," Campbell said. "Everything around us affects us, and everything around us excluded us. Now we're saying ok, let's talk about connection."

Overlapping, mismatched zoning patterns are not exclusive to the Rogers-Eubanks community. Instead, said Orange County commissioner Mark Dorosin, zoning has been wielded across the state to disenfranchise non-white, low-wealth communities.

"That's not by accident - that's part of the institutionalized discrimination that underlies all environmental justice issues," Dorosin said. "These are communities that have been explicitly left out or excluded on the fringe, marginalized politically."

Regardless, the community persisted. Leaders attended a North Carolina Environmental Justice Network summit in 2009, then went to the White House for an EPA conference. RENA was founded in 2007, opening a small community center in 2010, then the current center in 2014.

In 2011, RENA organized a cleanup of illegal dumping sites around the landfill and has partnered with UNC to bring students from the neighborhood to campus.

Chapel Hill Mayor Pam Hemminger said in an email the Town has made good on its promises and continues to try to support the community.

"It has been a determination of the Town to work with the RENA Community to make amends for hosting our collective landfill for so many years," she said.

Campbell said the next step is connecting the whole neighborhood to the sewer system.

"Those residents believed in themselves and believed in the system enough to keep knocking it," Foushee said. "I've lived here all my life, and that's how Black folk have gotten anything that they've gotten. You just don't give up."

@alicebbennett

city@dailytarheel.com

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Community leader Robert Campbell at the RENA Community Center in Chapel Hill, NC on Tuesday September 17, 2019. Campbell, president of the Rogers-Eubanks Neighborhood Association, believes community building depends on youth. Government officials face criticism amid concerns from the Rogers-Eubanks area residents over the government building in the historically black neighborhood.

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<![CDATA[The LSAT will go fully digital starting this month]]> Starting this September, tens of thousands of hopeful law students will take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) in a completely new format.

The Law School Admission Council (LSAC), which distributes and administers the LSAT, announced last year students will take the test digitally beginning with a pilot test in July 2019.

Students will take the exam on Microsoft Surface Pro tablets provided at testing sites, as opposed to the traditional pencil-paper method. According to a press release by the LSAC, the new digital format is intended to ease the law school application process.

Glen Stohr, senior manager of products for Kaplan Testing Prep, said the LSAT is one of the last of the major graduate school exams to "go digital." Apart from the LSAT, Kaplan also provides testing preparation materials for assessments like the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Graduate Record Examination (GRE) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).

The content of the test will remain the same, but Stohr said he hopes the use of tablets will allow for increased security, faster scoring results and more environmentally sustainable practices. He said despite a few problems, such as the tablets not being properly charged at one site, the feedback from students who took the exam digitally in July was mostly positive with regard to the actual interface. For the pilot exam, half the students took it digitally and half used pencil and paper.

"I'm sure there were one or two things that was like, 'Well, there's a good thing to learn, and we won't have that problem in the future,'" Stohr said. "But the big majority of sites that used the tablet in July, they were just error-free, it was just that the administration went off smoothly."

In particular, Stohr said unique features provided on the tablet, such as flagging and highlighting options, decrease the opportunities for manual error that come with traditionally bubbling answer sheets. The LSAC and Kaplan have developed materials for students that apply techniques and strategies for the digital format, but he strongly recommends students practice using a tablet prior to taking the exam.

Junior Joey Hannum, who is preparing to take the LSAT in December, said he finds the transition a little troubling.

"It's a kind of disadvantage to students that maybe don't have access to a computer, or a reliable one, or a tablet that they can replicate the results and make sure that they understand how to use the format," Hannum said. "I think that's kind of frustrating because I think print resources are very standard, and you can't really mess that up."

William Taylor, UNC assistant director of pre-graduate and pre-law advising, had similar concerns with regard to the LSAT changes.

"There are some digital practice tests available, but not nearly as many as the multiple decades' worth of paper practice tests," Taylor said. "Time will remedy this problem, but not quickly."

Stohr said he would tell students to try out what works best for them. He said Kaplan intends to work closely with test-takers to help them better understand the digital shift.

"We always tell students that the test is not your enemy, the test is your opportunity to show the schools what you can really do," Stohr said.

Similar to the undergraduate admissions process, UNC's School of Law takes a holistic approach when reviewing applications, Assistant Dean for Admissions Bianca D. Mack said.

"If you perform really well on the LSAT, that's a great thing," Mack said. "If you don't perform as well, but every other admissions factor that we're considering is really strong, then you should be a competitive applicant as well."

She said it's still too early to fully understand the implications of the new change, especially since the September testing date will be the first time all LSAT test-takers use the digital format.

"It's so new that I think we just have to give it some time, and we'll learn more," Mack said. "In a year from now, this could be very different."

university@dailytarheel.com

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UNC junior political science and public policy major Joey Hannum studies for the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) he's taking this winter.

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<![CDATA[UNC Health Care System introduces new safety measures for platelet transfusions]]> Receiving a platelet transfusion in the UNC Health Care system just got safer.

UNC Health Care has started treating the platelets it gives patients with the INTERCEPT Blood System, which reduces the risk of pathogens being passed from a donor's platelets to a patient receiving a transfusion.

In the United States, incidences of transfusion-transmitted infections are rare, but according to the UNC Health Care Blood Donation Center, risk from bacteria and emerging pathogens still exists. The overall bacterial contamination rate is one in about every 1,500 platelet units, but people affiliated with the UNC Blood Donation Center said the new technology will eradicate any risk of infection.

"With this process we've just adapted, we would be able to cut that completely out," UNC Blood Donation Center Donor Recruiter Trilby Norton said. "It neutralizes all the pathogens, kills everything in there, but obviously keeps the platelets really safe. It's a way, way safer product for our patients."

Norton said even before the Blood Donation Center added the INTERCEPT system, receiving a platelet transfusion was not a risky procedure.

"This is just an extra, added step to make sure that they are absolutely perfect to be transfused to our patients," Norton said. "We're really taking that extra step to make sure that everybody is safe and doesn't have exposure to any pathogens."

The process has been used in Europe for more than a decade, but was only introduced to the U.S. health care system less than three years ago, UNC Blood Donation Center Supervisor Tom Neish said.

He said it took some time to properly introduce the INTERCEPT system to UNC Health Care's infrastructure, but that UNC adopted it as soon as it could.

"It's safer for our patients," Neish said.

Neish said INTERCEPT works by adding a chemical called amotosalen to platelets and exposing them to UV light. The amotosalen binds RNA or DNA, preventing them from ever replicating. Excess amotosalen is removed, and the platelets are ready for transfusion.

"For a normal platelet transfusion, actually with any transfusion, there's always a risk of a transfusion-transmitted infection, meaning a blood donor who may have some disease or bacteria or virus that can be spread through transfusion," Neish said. "What this pathogen reduction does is inactivates any possible pathogen, which is bacteria or virus in the platelets."

Those interested in donating platelets may do so at the UNC Blood Donation Center at the N.C. Cancer Hospital on weekdays from 8 a.m. until 4:30 p.m.

All platelets donated at the UNC Blood Donation Center remain in the UNC Health Care system and are used for patient transfusions locally.

"The donor process is completely the same, it doesn't change anything for the donors, they don't have to worry about anything," Norton said. "Our patients, now, don't have to worry about a single thing when they're getting a platelet transfusion. Again, not that there was a huge, huge risk of infection beforehand, but this just kind of puts them more at ease."

@caseyquam

university@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA['Simplicity is freedom': Grammy Award-winning band Tinariwen to headline at Cat's Cradle]]> Ibrahim Ag Alhabib, the founder of the band Tinariwen, witnessed as a child the execution of his father during a Tuareg uprising.

Tinariwen was formed in the Sahara desert of northern Mali and count Robert Plant, Bono, Carlos Santana and Thom Yorke amongst their fans and collaborators.

On Wednesday, Sept. 18, this Grammy Award-winning band will be playing at Cat's Cradle.

"They're so cool to watch, I just love them," said Bill Smith, former chef at Crook's Corner in Chapel Hill and one of the the founders of Cat's Cradle.

Tinariwen received offensive Facebook comments and death threats after The Ramkat put up a social media post for the band's concert on Sept. 17 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

According to a press release by the band, the music they play "can become like the fire, free, magical and impossible to stuff into a box."

The lyrics of Tinariwen's music span several African dialects including French, Arabic and Tuareg.

"It's hard not to dance in place, know what I mean? You don't dance with somebody, but it's hard to be still, and I don't speak Arabic - a lot of their songs are in Arabic or Tuareg - so it's not the words I'm responding to, it's the rhythm and the vibe," Smith said.

The lyrics of some of Tinariwen songs include descriptions of the Sahara desert. The name of Tinariwen's latest album is Amadjar, which means 'the unknown visitor' in Tamashek, or 'the one who seeks hospitality and who's condemned to an inner exile, within a territory or within himself.'

"Well you should always see something you don't know, that you're unfamiliar with," Smith said. "That's a rule of life, you should always check out new music."

Minna Banawan, a senior double majoring in psychology and English, said she hasn't even listened to Tinariwen's music yet, but is planning on going to the show.

"West African music is kind of where (the Blues) evolved from, and I don't mind the Blues," Banawan said. "I just like finding new artists and going to new shows. I try to go to shows I haven't heard of before at least once a year."

Tinariwen's music is played on pop radio stations in Europe and Africa, and that caused them to be targeted by Islamic extremists in Mali.

"We don't have a mission," said Eyadou Ag Leche, guitarist and vocalist for Tinariwen. "We are a Tuareg musical band from the Sahara. Our lyrics talk about the Tuareg issue since the Independence of Mali and about our lives and traditions, but also about love and nostalgia of the old days when the borders in the Sahara were not existing."

While Eyadou Ag Leche said that the band hasn't heard of the song, "Carolina In My Mind," they are very much looking forward to sharing their music with UNC students.

"This is always a good experience to discover music from other countries, other cultures," said Leche. "We hope that the UNC students will enjoy the show."

Tinariwen's lyrics include themes of self-reliance, community, and minimalism.

"Simplicity is freedom," Leche said.

@iheartbeijing

arts@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Column: The math of social democracy]]> Scandinavian countries aren't socialist, they are social democracies, and there is a huge difference. Calling it socialist is a scare tactic that helps the rich hold power over the middle class.

Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders is visiting our campus tomorrow, and I would like to personally bid him welcome. As an exchange student from Denmark, it is always heartwarming to hear Senator Sanders speak so kindly about my home country. To be honest, every time anyone in the States indicates that they know we exist, nearly all six million Danes collectively lose their minds.

Yet, that is not the only reason that Sanders is probably the candidate that most Scandinavian citizens prefer. The American political discourse is oddly fascinating to us because we struggle to understand why you insist that corporations, and not the government, should be providing basic necessities, like healthcare and education, to your population. Sanders is, to my knowledge, the first presidential candidate who suggested that maybe that should change.

In contrast, all Danish parties across the political spectrum agree that our extensive welfare state is a good thing and should be preserved. They only disagree on how best to do it, which is pretty impressive considering that we currently have ten parties elected (not including the ones from Greenland - we are still not selling).

Our welfare state will provide an unemployed and homeless Dane with a basic income, a home and medical care if needed. All this, of course, requires a high tax rate. Nonetheless, that does not make Denmark a socialist country. There are tons of privately-owned businesses in the country, and the government does not have control over the economy. In fact, Denmark scores higher than the U.S. on a number of economic freedom measures. We simply choose to redistribute our wealth among the population a lot more than you do. A country with a capitalist economy and a strong welfare state is called a social democracy - not a socialist regime.

This column is meant to be a crash-course in "How to Become Happy 101." It is not supposed to sound like I'm attacking America or being patronizing to its citizens. My heart just truly breaks whenever I see social inequity, which could be fixed with relative ease. Right now, the American system is structured in a way that helps a few rich people become richer, which I honestly think is undemocratic.

The American Revolution's slogan was: "Taxation without representation is tyranny." Why does this statement not apply to modern America? In a society with a strong welfare state, you elect the people in charge of your health and education. If they are not good enough, you can kick them out of office. You can't fire the insurance people. You can switch providers, but let's be honest, that won't have a big effect on the company.

Please call me a communist, if that gets it out of your system, but I want you to listen to my arguments. And yes, I am the same writer who wrote about the conservative center last week. I will defend your right to have and express your opinion any day, so please allow me to do the same.

I argue that letting the government take over some aspects of your economy will make paying for it cheaper from a consumer standpoint.

Let's take a look at the math.

The average annual income for one person in the United States in late 2018 was $62,850. If that American were living in Chapel Hill, he or she would receive $47,941 out of their income under current tax laws, which is an effective tax rate of 23.72 percent. The average Dane has an annual income of $60,140. That average taxpayer would get $38,906 of that, which is an effective tax rate of 35.1 percent.

For a Danish citizen, included in those taxes are free healthcare and free higher education among other things. The American citizen on the other hand has to pay an additional amount out of pocket to get that.

Tuition and fees for one child for four years at an in-state public college, without scholarships, would require a parent to save up $3000 annually from birth until enrollment. The average health insurance policy, according to health insurer eHealth, under the Affordable Care Act costs $5,280 annually, which often also has a deductible. That leaves the average American taxpayer with $39,661 left a year, which would be equal to a tax rate of 36.9 percent.

There are, of course, other taxes apart from income tax. The sales tax on all goods in Denmark is 25 percent, and the corporate tax is 22 percent. Yet the average Dane can afford almost as many goods as the average American, even though the former has a higher taxation rate. That is because the Danish Purchasing Power Parity is only a bit smaller than the American, which means that you can nearly buy the same amount of products in both countries for the same dollar.

This comparison is not even including the fact that the welfare state provides many other social benefits. Of course, some freeloading people will take advantage of the system, but in my opinion, the benefits outweigh that risk. Besides, Denmark currently has an unemployment rate of 3.8 percent, so it is not that big of a problem anyway.

The conservatives in this country are running a scare campaign about how horrible the United States would become if you adopted some of the "socialist" Scandinavian policies. Why do you think that we score so high on the Happiness Report year after year?

Now look, this is not going to happen over night. It took us about 100 years to get to where we are now, and Denmark is just a small country of almost six million people. But the good news is that you guys are much farther ahead than we were when we started, and you have a couple of countries that you can imitate. So drop the excuses and work towards that utopia you dream of. Don't run your politics on what you cannot do, run it on what you can.

So, dear UNC students and staff, please think about what kind of a society you want in the future. Perhaps you should go listen to Bernie Sanders speak while he is on campus. Maybe electing a social democrat is not such a bad idea. It just makes so much more sense from a sympathetic, economic and mathematical standpoint.

opinion@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Tar Heels in the Pros: Cole Holcomb stands out in first two games]]> With the first two weeks of the 2019 NFL regular season completed, a few of the younger former Tar Heels have had performances worth noting in the season's early games.

Linebacker Cole Holcomb has seen plenty of quality action for the Washington Redskins in his rookie season, while quarterback Mitchell Trubisky hasn't been able to sustain the high level of play he displayed at the end of last season.

Cole Holcomb

The Redskins selected Holcomb in the fifth round of this year's draft to pair him with veteran linebacker Jonathan Bostic.

Through the first two games of this season, Holcomb has been on the field for 114 of Washington's 145 defensive snaps.

Despite losing both games, Holcomb has been a solid option for the Redskins' defense. The former second-team All-ACC linebacker has tallied 14 total tackles, nine solo tackles and three tackles for loss in his first two NFL games.

Holcomb's seven total defensive stops in Washington's matchup against the Philadelphia Eagles were tied for the most among all defenders in the NFL during the season's opening weekend.

Holcomb's promising start to his career certainly hasn't shrunk the large shoes he has to fill. The last UNC linebacker to be drafted by the Redskins was Chris Hanburger in 1965. Hanburger played all 187 games of his Hall of Fame career with Washington.

Mitch Trubisky

Trubisky's noticeable improvement from his rookie year to his second season in the NFL seemed to indicate that the young quarterback's career could be trending upward.

In his second year with the Chicago Bears, Trubisky's completion percentage, passing yards, passing touchdowns and quarterback rating all rose from his rookie year numbers.

But over the first two games of this season, that upward trend hasn't continued.

The Bears have posted a 1-1 record with a 10-3 loss to the Green Bay Packers and a 16-14 win over the Denver Broncos. In those games, Trubisky was unable to score a single touchdown, and against the Packers, he threw an interception in the final two minutes of the game.

Trubisky is completing 58.3 percent of his passes, has thrown for 348 yards and has a quarterback rating of just 65 so far this season.

After helping lead the Bears to a 12-4 record in last year's regular season, the former Tar Heel quarterback threw for 303 yards and a touchdown in a 16-15 loss against the Eagles in a Wild Card game.

It will be interesting to see if Trubisky can rebound from this slow start to his 2019 campaign and return to the strong form that he showed he is capable of going forward.

Mack Hollins

After missing the entire 2018 NFL season due to a surgery to repair a groin injury, Hollins made his return to the field in Philadelphia's first two games of the 2019 season.

The 2017 fourth round draft pick caught five of his eight targets for 50 yards against the Falcons in a 24-20 loss during Philadelphia's second game of the season.

In Hollins' rookie season, the wide receiver caught 16 passes for 226 yards and appeared in all 16 regular season games. With the young wideout finally returning from the injured reserve list, the Eagles can see what he is capable of after an entire season off the field to learn and develop.

@McMastersJ

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA[Column: Women just want to walk without fear]]> Editor's note: This column discusses sensitive topics such as sexual assault.

Around 3 a.m. on Friday, Sept. 13, a sexual assault occurred in the Shortbread Lofts parking deck.

Friday afternoon, an AlertCarolina went out informing the campus of the assault and asking for any information regarding the suspect.

I was in class with one of my roommates when I got the email. After I opened it, it was nearly impossible to focus. Instead of joining in the group discussion about the readings, I was thinking about how I was going to get home from my late-night meetings, and whether I should change the isolated path I take to class to a more crowded one.

Before leaving for my first semester at UNC, my parents had a serious discussion with me about never walking alone, how to use my pepper spray and what to do if someone grabs me from behind. My male friends were told to be careful about staying on top of their work and not to drink too much.

After reading the AlertCarolina, I ordered a pack of personal alarms and offered an extra to a friend - they, of course, already had one. Because to be a woman on a college campus is to be prepared for the possibility of sexual assault.

Plainly put, it was a terrifying email. I woke up the next day to texts from my younger brother making sure I was okay and ensuring I always carried mace. He should be asking where we're going to eat on Family Weekend, not if I feel unsafe at the school that I love so much.

I'm not sure what my male peers thought upon receiving the email, but I am almost positive that it wasn't about changing their daily routine in order to avoid being sexually assaulted.

"The Hunting Ground" came out about four years ago, and took an in-depth look at how the University violated the Title IX anti-discrimination law. While UNC has made several significant changes to how it handles sexual assault, the fear still remains among most female students.

It's hard to know what to do after something like this. I don't want to always be thinking, "What would I do if someone was following me down Franklin?" But I am, because incidents like this prove that my fear is legitimate.

Chapel Hill Police and UNC Police have increased security in the area. This is a great first step. I don't know what the next step should be, but I do know women feel unsafe on our campus, and that's awful.

That being said, the next step should not be shifting the conversation to, "What can men do to make women feel safer?" Obviously, women should feel safe, and it's great to have a buddy to walk home with, but conversations like that don't really address the root of the issue. The conversation needs to be about large, systematic change at UNC and universities across the country in regards to how sexual assault is reported, how survivors are treated (hopefully with respect and dignity) and how we must hold everyone accountable.

In the meantime, let's check in with our friends. It was a tough couple of days, and we all felt it. It's hard to imagine significant change happening while we are still at UNC, but having an open dialogue about sexual assault will hopefully make the women in classes below us feel safer. Eventually, I hope that they'll be able to walk the campus just as easily as their male peers do.

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<![CDATA[Letter: David Perry, UNC Chief of Police]]> Hello UNC-Chapel Hill!

Allow me to introduce myself - I'm UNC's new Chief of Police David L. Perry.

Customer service and engagement are at the heart of our community-oriented policing philosophy, and these can only be achieved in an atmosphere where trust is built, partnerships strengthened and new relationships fostered. This only underscores the importance and urgency I have of meeting with students and student groups. Many of these opportunities were identified in yesterday's Daily Tar Heel editorial, aptly titled "UNC police chief must listen," and I fully agree.

In just my first two weeks at UNC, we have hosted our first home football game and contended with the potential impacts of a major hurricane. I've met with many local community partners, and I've spoken briefly at many meetings, including the Employee Forum and Campus Safety Committee. I also met early on with Student Body President Ashton Martin.

No single board meeting or presentation will immediately meet our goal of healing relationships. My responsiveness and availability must address all students, staff and faculty. I'm no stranger to these challenges, and I've addressed them successfully before. I will hopefully be meeting with as many of you this semester as possible, whether in a meeting setting, one-on-one or simply out walking across this beautiful campus. If you see me, introduce yourself. Whatever our recent history, I know you'll discover that many of our views and priorities are the same.

Let's partner in rebuilding the trust that is so crucial to campus safety. Yes, the UNC police chief must listen, and I am listening and ready to get to work!

David Perry, UNC Police Chief

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<![CDATA[Ryan Burnett's third-place finish a bright spot for UNC men's golf]]> DURHAM, N.C. - The North Carolina men's golf team placed seventh of 13 teams with an 8-over-par performance at the 2019 Rod Myers Invitational in Durham this weekend.

While sophomore Ryan Burnett finished third with a 9-under-par performance, the Tar Heels fell into an early hole in the first round, with a score of an 11-over-par 299, that they never quite recovered from.

"We became a little soft after that, and that's exactly what we don't want to be," head coach Andrew DiBitetto said. "We want to overcome adversity and overcome bad shots, because they are going to happen over the course of 18 holes, 36 holes, 54 holes."

Despite finishing the second round five shots under par, the Tar Heels were unable to make up significant ground on the leaders, sitting at seventh through the first two rounds. Burnett, meanwhile, held a two-stroke lead going into the final round.

"He's been playing great," DiBitetto said. "He's got a lot of confidence going. He's always been a good ball-striker. Right now the putter has been pretty good too, to start the year."

After missing several makable putts, Burnett was able to keep his composure and end the tournament on a high note. He holed in an eagle on the final hole, prompting his teammates to erupt with joy.

Still, Burnett was not satisfied about his showing in the final round, which saw him fall to third place to finish the event.

"Golf is just kind of a funny game sometimes," Burnett said. "I really had it going in the 36-hole day, and you're just playing hole after hole. You kinda get lost in the round, and you're not really paying attention to anything else. And in the final round, you just hit a few wayward shots.

"I wasn't giving myself the opportunities that I did the day before, and the putter wasn't quite working."

While every member of the team had his difficulties, the Tar Heels remained united, providing support for one another. Because of that, Burnett said he felt he needed to finish the final round strong.

"I think that's it's kind of the mentality of our team," Burnett said. "It's just, never stop fighting, even if it's not going your way. I definitely did not have my best stuff really all day, but I knew I just gotta keep making swings and keep trying to execute golf shots and eventually, it will happen."

Burnett was not the only player to commend the team's culture. First-year Austin Greaser, who finished in a tie for 50th, completed what was just the second tournament of his collegiate career and has already bonded with his teammates.

"It's fun to be around guys that love golf and love the sport as much as you do, because you don't always get that back where you're from or in high school golf," Greaser said.

Confidence is essential in golf, and having a team that encourages each other is key to maintaining it. UNC's performance over the weekend may not be considered a positive one. But the close relationships they have developed provide hope that they will be able to bounce back.

"We've got a really tight-knit team," Greaser said. "We all have a lot of fun, and the coaches really cap it off. DiBitetto and (assistant coach Matt) Clark are just great coaches to have. Thrilled to be a part of this team and looking forward to the rest of the season."

@ryanheller23

@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

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<![CDATA['Freedom isn't free': UNC law students and professors commemorate Constitution Day]]> On Sept. 17, 1787, the Founding Fathers signed the document that formed the legal backbone of the United States of America. Two hundred and thirty-two years after its signing, UNC law students and professors gathered in the rotunda of the Kathrine R. Everett Law Library to celebrate the Constitution and its continued importance in an annual Constitution Day event put on by the UNC School of Law.

The keynote speaker of the event was retired Lt. Gen. Flora Darpino. Among other feats, Darpino served as the 39th Judge Advocate General in the U.S. Army - the first woman ever appointed to the position.

Darpino said Constitution Day is also known as Citizenship Day, a day for highlighting those who have become or are working to become American citizens. She said understanding the Constitution and what it means for each individual is important in preserving the document's meaning 200 years after it was written.

"As someone who has spent over 30 years in the military, I swore to support and defend the Constitution - and interestingly enough, you as a citizen also have a duty to support and defend the Constitution," Darpino said.

Americans also have a duty to give back to their country, Darpino said, but it doesn't have to be in a military or political capacity. Citizens can give in any way that they are able.

"Freedom isn't free for any of us," she said. "And we all have to find a way to give back to our nation because we get to enjoy those freedoms."

John Brooker, a professor in the School of Law and retired lieutenant colonel, U.S. Army, said the Constitution protects the most important rights of Americans, including the right to express opinions.

"If you watch the news, or you look elsewhere, it seems like there is a lot of division in the country," Brooker said. "There are a lot of people with different viewpoints, who are voicing those viewpoints rather loudly. And they may disagree with each other, but I think that is exactly why Constitution Day is so important."

The School of Law hosts the event annually to foster awareness of the Constitution and its role in the study of law, according to the school's Office of Communications.

Institutions that receive federal funding are required to commemorate the Constitution on Constitution Day per a federal mandate signed in 2004.

"What is important about Constitution Day at a place like UNC is that it gives you a chance to think about that and to use the power of the University and to figure out how you want to give back," Brooker said. "This University has the power to transform you so that you can give back to your country in whatever way you choose."

university@dailytarheel.com

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