<![CDATA[The Daily Tar Heel: pageone]]> Sat, 21 Sep 2019 20:06:08 -0400 Sat, 21 Sep 2019 20:06:08 -0400 SNworks CEO 2019 The Daily Tar Heel <![CDATA[Student government creates new student support network for mental health ]]> The Undergraduate Executive Branch of UNC Student Government is launching a student-to-student support system for mental health with its new peer support network. This mental health initiative will begin Sept. 30.

Nikhil Rao and Jordan Garrick, co-chairs of the executive branch's Mental Health Committee, started to work on the peer support project over the summer. Rao said the idea was originally championed by Raleigh Cury and Emma Caponigro, co-directors of the undergraduate Student Mental Health Task Force for the 2018-19 school year, who recognized the lack of peer resources for students on campus. The idea was also inspired by programs from the University of Michigan.

Rao said the structure of the peer support system will be divided into five groups, which will each meet once a week for an hour, between Monday and Wednesday. Each meeting will begin with a consistent ritual before launching into what the group would like to talk about.

"The meetings will be very much up to the discussion of the facilitators," Rao said.

Samantha Brosso, a Ph.D. student in the social psychology department at UNC, mentioned the importance of mental health services on campus. She said while physical symptoms cause people to go to the doctor, mental health is not always treated the same way.

"I think we tend to ignore what seems to be invisible," Brosso said.

Brosso said people know that therapists and mental health services exist on campus, but it is harder to gain the confidence to use them.

"Again, I think the decision-making process isn't at the level of, 'Oh, I don't have the resources,' it's at the level of 'When should I go to access these resources," she said.

This feeling of having mental health resources, but lacking direction and confidence within these resources, is part of the inspiration behind the Executive Board's new initiative.

Mallory Feldman, a graduate student in the psychology and neuroscience department, agreed that accessibility within mental health services is especially important.

Feldman said the idea of peer support is also important in bettering mental health. She said students struggling with mental health can find power in numbers, and highlighted the importance of support systems.

"I think one of the issues with mental health is that people frequently feel like they are suffering in isolation, and that's just statistically untrue," Feldman said.

Rao said he hopes the peer support network will help students find an outlet to discuss mental health issues.

"There is a unique perspective that can be gained in a student-to-student group," he said. "I also hope that this group helps to de-stigmatize mental illness and support asking for help."


Students often know that therapists and mental health services exist on campus, according to Samantha Brosso, a PhD student in the social psychology department at UNC. But it can be harder to gain the confidence to use them. Photo illustration by Anna Neil.

<![CDATA[College of Arts & Sciences receives anonymous $25 million donation ]]> The UNC College of Arts & Sciences received a $25 million gift from an anonymous donor meant to benefit graduate students across the school's many departments in upcoming years, the school announced Wednesday.

The large donation will be split into fellowships to directly fund graduate student research, projects, study abroad programs and other academic opportunities, Terry Rhodes, interim dean of the College of Arts & Sciences, said.

Funding graduate work is important, Rhodes said, because it can have an expansive impact across the school, state and nation.

"We have outstanding graduate students," Rhodes said. "We think this gift is going to help us in terms of competing to maintain that excellence in the graduate students we bring in."

According to U.S. News & World Report, nine graduate programs in the College of Arts & Sciences rank in the top 30 programs in the nation. The endowment can help maintain those programs' success, Rhodes said, by allowing students to reach their full potential.

The gift could support up to 200 UNC graduate students each year within the College of Arts & Sciences, she said.

"Our graduate students are at the heart of Carolina's culture of collaboration," interim Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz said in a statement on the College of Arts & Sciences website. "From our research labs and classrooms to our art studios and athletic fields, graduate students push boundaries and explore new ideas in their research and teaching. We are grateful for this donor's overwhelming generosity and commitment to supporting our graduate students and enabling them to pursue academic excellence."

Prior to his appointment as interim chancellor, Guskiewicz served as the dean of the College of Arts & Sciences.

Geneva Collins, the director of communications for the College of Arts & Sciences, said the fellowships funded by the donation will be application-based. As the donation is a bequest, the college cannot definitively say when the funding will become available.

By providing more funding to graduate students, Rhodes said the entire University can benefit from their research, projects and academic contributions.

Over the years, Rhodes said she has seen the need to bolster the college's graduate programs. The college has struggled with adequate funding in the past, and Rhodes said she has collaborated with Guskiewicz and other administrators within the school for years to make graduate funding a priority.

Rhodes said she is grateful to receive funding that will help maintain the excellence of the college's graduate students and help to reach the administration's goals for the college.

"It is really such a joy to have donors who understand the importance of this constituency in our University population, who understand how important graduate students are to a big research-one University," Rhodes said.



The Old Well is a fixture of McCorkle Place.

<![CDATA[What to do with your parents on campus this Family Weekend ]]> Mack is back and so is Carolina Family Weekend. The annual visit of Tar Heel families concurs with the Appalachian State University vs. UNC home football game, as well as other fun-filled events on Friday, Sept. 20 through Sunday, Sept. 22.

If you missed online registration for the Family Weekend events, you can register at the West Lounge of the Student Union on Friday from 2 p.m. to 8 p.m. or Saturday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. Carolina BBQ tickets and event shirts will also be on sale.

A variety of attractions outside of the Family Weekend program are available to make this weekend one to remember.

Tar Heel Treasure

For those who want to visit UNC's famous locations

  • UNC's own Ackland Art Museum is holding 30-minute guided tours all weekend to explore its collections. One special event called "Family and Friends Sunday: Woodcarving, Calligraphy, and Mosaics, Oh My!" will be free and open to the public on Sept. 22. Attendees can explore recent installations of African sculptures and Islamic art, in addition to participating in scavenger hunts and art-making activities.
  • Stop by the Carolina Basketball Museum and dive into UNC basketball history through special photographs and other artifacts. The museum is on the first floor of the Ernie Williamson Athletics Center.
  • Challenge yourself to an urban dance class on Friday night at 9:30 p.m., held at the Underground in the bottom of the Student Union and taught by UNC students for free. A note about the Underground: A dance video to the song "September" by Earth, Wind & Fire was filmed there and currently holds over 1.5 million views!
  • Attend one of UNC's many lectures open to the public. On Friday at the Carolina Asia Center, Tyrell Haberkorn will be speaking on "Justice After Dictatorship in Thailand." For other talks on justice and human rights, visit global.unc.edu.

Leisure and Culture

For culture, entertainment and laughter

  • Visit the Chapel Hill Public Library at dusk any day this weekend to view the 1971 outdoor art installation by Carolina Performing Arts as part of Craig Walsh's Monuments series. Awe-inspiring videos of women's suffrage pioneers will be projected on trees outside of the library.
  • Iconic landmarks are always open to visit - and they make great settings for family photos. After taking a cool sip from the Old Well, consider a stroll through the beautiful Coker Arboretum - an aesthetic five acres of diverse plantings.
  • A trip to Franklin Street is essential for the full Tar Heel experience. Watch a movie at Varsity Theatre, snap photos at pleasant cafes like Carolina Coffee Shop and Cha House or eat at popular restaurants like Top of the Hill, Time-Out and Sup Dogs.


<![CDATA[Buzz surrounding UNC football leads to student ticket fiasco]]> If you're a student at UNC, you've felt the hype around campus surrounding the North Carolina football team. The return of Hall of Fame head coach Mack Brown and wins over South Carolina and Miami have suddenly made Tar Heel football games marquee events.

But a new student ticket policy has put a damper on the fun for many this season.

In previous years, students were simply able to swipe their OneCards at the gates of Kenan Stadium on game day for admission. Now, students have to claim tickets to home games through an online portal, which opens at 9 a.m. 10 days before the game in question.

With claim periods having passed for the home opener against Miami and upcoming games versus Appalachian State and Clemson, some UNC students have been frustrated with the new process.

"I definitely think it's more trouble than it's worth," sophomore Matthew Jaynes said. "I've had a couple of negative experiences. I've logged on to the ticket claiming process right at 9 a.m., but I've still been put in a virtual waiting room. It's been super finicky to get tickets so far."

After the request period for the Miami game opened on Aug. 28, all 6,800 student tickets were claimed in a little over 24 hours, with the 200 student guest tickets gone well before.

Since then, more students have become aware of the new procedure. It took approximately 30 minutes on Sept. 11 for students to grab all available tickets for this Saturday's App State game; for the game against No. 1 Clemson, tickets were snagged in about 25 minutes on Wednesday morning.

There have been complaints from those with other commitments- such as class or work - during the Wednesday morning claim periods. It also didn't help that the portal for the App State game crashed for many due to high volume.

Gerry Lajoie, senior assistant director of athletics and ticket operations, said that the athletics department added additional servers to the portal after the technical difficulties.

Another change to this Wednesday's claim period included a randomization of students' places in the virtual waiting room. No matter how early students accessed the website, when the clock struck 9 a.m., the line's order was randomly shuffled.

"If you have 10,000 people looking for 7,000 tickets, not everyone's going to get one," Lajoie told The Daily Tar Heel on Tuesday. "But I think we certainly learned a lot from that first week to the next week. We're still evaluating the process. We're looking at it; we're talking about it internally."

Lajoie said the new policy was initially discussed after last season's home night game against Virginia Tech, when there was overcrowding in the student section and "a mess" at the entry gate. He added that the policy "dovetailed together nicely" with the return of Brown, one that brought a newfound excitement around the program.

Lajoie emphasized that the protocol, implemented after discussions with the Carolina Athletic Association and Carolina Fever, had more to do with safety and preparation than it did with boosting student attendance.

However, Carolina Fever co-chairperson Peyton Collette said the athletics department has stressed the importance of student attendance at football games to Fever and other campus organizations.

Collette, a senior, said he's also heard criticism of the system from other Fever students. Still, he acknowledged the benefits of the new policy, particularly in regards to the student turnout and atmosphere in the Tar Heels' home-opening 28-25 win over the Hurricanes.

"Maybe it's recency bias, but I truly do feel that this past Miami game was the best environment we've had in Kenan," Collette said. "And maybe the student section owes that a little bit to the new system of putting pressure on students to actually get there."

Student tickets are voided at kickoff, so there is indeed pressure on students to arrive early. And even though they've only played one game at home so far, the players felt a different energy from the student body, too.

"The student section was great - it was phenomenal," graduate defensive tackle Aaron Crawford said after practice on Tuesday. "It was the best I've ever seen by far. You can tell that they really impacted the game, really the stadium as a whole."

While it seems like a majority of students have been critical of the ticketing procedure, some are in favor of it because of the hype it's created for Tar Heel football.

Senior Hugh Kelley admits when he first received the email from Carolina Athletics regarding the changed policy, he was frustrated. But he's since changed his mind.

"I kinda just realized that it's creating demand and just generally making people more excited about the football season," Kelley said.

He continued, "You can't just go and tailgate for as long as you want and show up 15 minutes, 30 minutes, an hour late and go because you want to get the photo in Kenan. You have to get there 30 minutes early, as Mack Brown has requested, and really be dedicated. And I personally think that's awesome."

But there are some consequences of the protocol that the University might not have considered.

After Jaynes didn't receive a ticket to the Appalachian State game, he was done trying his luck. He purchased a student guest ticket through the ticket office, which comes with a regular student ticket, for the game against Clemson on Sept. 28.

Jaynes paid $75 for the pair of seats - a cost he said he'll split with his girlfriend, a die-hard Tigers fan.

Then, there's the issue of students selling their free student tickets. Jaynes and Kelley said they've already seen tickets sold around campus for the first three home games.

"I definitely think it shouldn't happen," Jaynes said. "I think every student should get a fair chance to claim a ticket. You shouldn't be jumping on just to make a profit, especially since you're getting that ticket for free."

Lajoie said his office has heard feedback - both positive and negative - from students, and has had internal discussions to better the process moving forward. A suggestion that's been brought up in meetings is using a lottery system, similar to the one used to distribute student tickets for men's basketball games.

"We've not settled on that, but we certainly had internal discussions and a lottery has been mentioned, where there's a larger claim period to at least get an entry," Lajoie said. "Maybe you're not claiming a ticket, but you're claiming an entry, and you have 24 to 48 hours to do so."

In the meantime, though, students should get accustomed to the current policy.

"I don't see us going back to a system where you show up with your OneCard - I don't think that's happening," Lajoie said. "But talking about, 'Are there better ways to handle the student process?'"


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA['There has never, ever been a police chief here like me': Q&A with David L. Perry ]]> David L. Perry has served as the new assistant vice chancellor and chief of UNC Police since Sept. 3, following the resignation of former UNC Police Chief Jeff McCracken. Perry comes to the University after having served as police chief at Florida State University for 14 years.

Following Perry's first couple weeks at the University, assistant University desk editor Evely Forte sat down with him to discuss how he's hoping to build up missing trust between campus community members and his police force, as well as his vision for ensuring safety on campus during his time at UNC.

The Daily Tar Heel: Can you elaborate a bit on your background and experiences in community policing, specifically before your time at FSU?

David Perry: I think my community policing started when I became an Albany police officer back in 1993. I literally had to walk a beat - I had to walk a downtown area. I was instructed by my supervisors to get to know the people within that beat - talk to business owners and meet people. And I was a cool. I thought I was getting paid to go out and have good social interactions, but then he also said, 'When crime occurs within your area, you have to be ready to respond, and hopefully you'll meet people, and they'll give you information where you can maybe prevent crime.' So, I thought that was really cool at a young age to just talk to people, meet with them and then, hopefully, use them as allies to help reduce crime and just make that, my little zone, a safer place. So, that's when community policing started for me and started in my mind.

And that transitioned into every assignment that I've really had because when I left being a patrol officer, as a drug task force agent, I was specific to drug investigations and drug crime, but I was still community oriented. It was helpful for communities to see we were removing people who were selling drugs in their community. It was helpful to go and talk to the elderly or people who were really concerned about loitering and people standing around about what we need to do and what times are good to come back. So, even though it was not a pretty scene, when you're dealing with drug investigations, it was very fulfilling work to see that you could make a difference in a barrier cleaning up drugs and crime.

Those community connections continued as I accepted a position at Albany State, a Historically Black University (HBCU). Again, getting to know the university, getting to know the people, the administration, the students and working together to be successful. So those same types of approaches have worked at Clemson University, very, very successful at Florida State, and I hope to bring some of those same ideas, same energy and same commitment to community policing here.

DTH: I know mistrust on campus between University students and campus police is something that has been on the rise lately. Is there anything that you have in mind - or that you would like to accomplish while here - that would tackle that or that would try to diminish that sort of mistrust that seems to already exist in our campus culture here?

DP: Yeah, and campus culture here, I understand there have been past challenges. But I am coming in, hopefully, with this mindset for all, that we are hoping to wipe the slate clean and start over, because I am completely different from the previous administration. There has never, ever been a police chief here like me, and so I am going to use that as a good thing. But it first starts with the men and women within the department - getting them to understand what my expectations are, having a sense of urgency, providing outstanding customer service and being present and visible for the people that we serve.

I'm working, from day one, to try and change the culture and the mindset of the men and women that work here, so then we can go out, and people can start to feel some of those changes and see like, 'Hey, they are really taking their time. The officers are here. They're not here to spy on us. They're here just to say hello, or they're walking through our events.' Just to start to change some of those past ideas about some of the interactions that police and students have had.

DTH: In addition to reshaping that campus culture, are there any initiatives you hope to implement here in terms of safety on campus - specifically related to sexual assaults and active shootings on campus?

DP: One of the very early assignments I gave myself was to look at some of the very important operating procedures and guidelines that our officers undertake for very serious crimes. Active shooters are very serious. Sexual assault reports are extremely serious. Hate crimes and hate speech, all those things that involve personal violence and safety, are very important to me. I took a very important look at the sexual assault protocol, and I was impressed. I was impressed by the checklist they use and the methodical review that's done.

At previous institutions, it was a mandate that we would have two investigators assigned to work any sexual assault that came into our office because we take those incidents and reports very seriously. Here, we have an officer that will take an initial report. Currently, we have an investigator that will respond to do their duties, and in the future, I see implanting the same two-investigator process. Right now, we do have an officer that will take an initial report, and then they have a very detailed checklist that they have to follow so that they don't miss any important steps in that process. But I was very comfortable with their protocol on sexual assaults.

And then, I looked at the response to active shooters because, as you know, I lived through an active shooter event on Nov. 20 of 2014. I attended the very first active shooter seminar that was conducted by our crime prevention officer Sergeant David, and he did an outstanding job. The video was a little dated, so I'm going to need some help from the students and the faculty and the administration so that we can create our own 'Run, hide, fight' video that is unique to University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, but the information was spot on.

But I do see opportunities to improve. I see opportunities to expand it probably by 30 minutes or so, to add hands-on, physical activities, so the participants can truly see what it means to just hide under a table and not do something to defend yourself versus, 'If someone comes in here, we are going to throw this chair, that box, and we are going to work as a team to keep someone from hurting us.' If you don't ever go through an exercise like that, you won't really know how it feels.

DTH: Speaking of on campus shooters, it seems like a lot of them tend to show, on social media, a variety of signs that they are inclined to do these sorts of attacks. Is there anything that campus police is doing to monitor the social media efforts of individuals on campus to prevent these attacks from occurring?

DP: I don't use the term monitoring with social media because I don't want to ever give the perception that the police are like just sitting around trying to monitor a student or an employee. We monitor threats and threats that are communicated through hate speech or visual pictures or other forms of communication that would alert us that it could be a potential threat. So, we use all those resources that are available to us in law enforcement to detect those types of words and phrases and those types of images that could be concerning, and once we detect those, we put all of our resources into trying to run that story down and confirm, 'Was this person talking about North Carolina shooting a ball to win the game, and it was the bomb, or were they talking about something that was meant to hurt people?' We do use every tool in the toolkit that is available in law enforcement.

DTH: As far as protests and demonstrations on campus, which were very prevalent here last year at UNC, do you have any protocol that you hope to implement during your term?

DP: I've lived through hundreds of free speech events. You'll hear Chief Perry use a different term than protest. My vernacular is free speech event because we are in a college and university setting. We are in a higher education environment. Students are expected to have free speech opportunities to express their views. The term protest is for a different setting. I think students should have the right to express how they feel and come together, peacefully, to express those views. That's where I come in and where my staff comes in to make sure that those gatherings for free speech are peaceful. There is training that officers have gone through. I understand that maybe some of the gatherings in the past year have not gone well, but it's a different day, different leadership style, a different expectation on what I will bring when those free speech events are formed.

I typically look forward to working with any group that is going to exercise their free speech; that's not to give someone VIP treatment and to mistreat another group, but to hear all of the details about that group where they want to travel, how long they want to spend time there and what it will involve so that I can better prepare my staff for how to respond and provide the services that are going to be needed. So regardless of the group and regardless of the ideology, we're there to keep the peace and make sure that that free speech event goes well and that people can still go their separate ways at the end. That's what I'm looking forward to being a part of.

DTH: Before we wrap things up, I wanted to ask you - what do you hope your legacy here will be at Carolina? When envisioning yourself finishing up your time here at UNC, how do you hope you will be remembered?

DP: I hope to be remembered as that person - not that police officer, not that administrator - but that person who was able to reconnect the campus community in a way that was meaningful, that we get along and that we made this a more productive, safe and harmonious environment. To be a connection, a bridge builder, which are the things I've done all my life, so I just look forward to doing some of those same things here.



Chapel Hill's new Chief of Police, David Perry, began his job on Sept. 3, 2019. He hails from Florida State University where he served for 14 years, totaling 25 years of overall experience. During his interview on Tuesday, Sept. 17, 2019 he discussed his plans for addressing sexual assault, protests and monitoring threats to the UNC campus.

<![CDATA[Committee discusses parking citations, lighting and updates to UNC's transportation ]]> Violators of the new weeknight parking initiative will be issued educational warnings rather than initial citations, Director of Transportation & Parking at UNC Cheryl Stout said at a meeting on Wednesday.

The nighttime citation process, she said, is expected to begin next semester.

"It's a pretty big cultural change on campus," Stout said. "As we move into the next semester, we'll still be cautious about citations."

UNC's Advisory Committee on Transportation & Parking met on Wednesday afternoon to update community members on upcoming changes regarding parking on campus.

Stout, the chairperson of the ACT, opened the meeting with a presentation to explain progress made in the new weeknight parking program, as a part of their Five-Year Plan.

The department is completely receipt-funded - meaning it does not receive any state funding - so the Five-Year Plan is trying to generate needed revenue for expenses through on-campus parking fees.

During the presentation, Stout said the committee has engaged the campus community in an ongoing, comprehensive transition which includes a marketing, education and implementation phase for its new parking program.

Stout said campus members with doubts and concerns about the new program should reach out directly to the Transportation and Parking Office.

Christopher Payne, associate vice chancellor for student affairs and senior operating officer, echoed that sentiment.

"I think the communication was really good," Payne said. "If there is feedback from students, in particular - undergraduate, graduate, professional, post-op - it would be good to continue to hear the feedback about any issues or concerns. Just because it is implanted, doesn't mean we are not continuing to be responsive to clarify any misinformation or misunderstood information."

The committee also discussed other changes expected on campus under its Five-Year Plan.

Tentatively beginning in January, many parking decks - including the Rams Head, Jackson Circle, Cobb and Business School parking decks - will have new LED lighting installed.

"It's just a better quality of lighting, and more efficient system," Stout said.

New kiosks with updated Parking Access Revenue Control Systems will soon be installed in various lots across campus to better for pay for parking.

"There are going to be a lot of operational changes with this new technology," Stout said.

While people may not see these changes until the beginning of next semester, Stout said the committee has been working on this transitional process for years.

The new vendor for the PARCS system has already been selected, but Stouts said the full transition to the updated technology may take up to two years. She also said she hopes the lighting upgrades will begin soon, since the contracts have already gone out for bid.

Stout said the committee hopes to implement other changes in the future, including night travel options available to students, bike share programming on campus and contributing to Safe Ride programs in Chapel Hill.


<![CDATA[The LSAT will go fully digital starting this month]]> Starting this September, tens of thousands of hopeful law students will take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) in a completely new format.

The Law School Admission Council (LSAC), which distributes and administers the LSAT, announced last year students will take the test digitally beginning with a pilot test in July 2019.

Students will take the exam on Microsoft Surface Pro tablets provided at testing sites, as opposed to the traditional pencil-paper method. According to a press release by the LSAC, the new digital format is intended to ease the law school application process.

Glen Stohr, senior manager of products for Kaplan Testing Prep, said the LSAT is one of the last of the major graduate school exams to "go digital." Apart from the LSAT, Kaplan also provides testing preparation materials for assessments like the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Graduate Record Examination (GRE) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).

The content of the test will remain the same, but Stohr said he hopes the use of tablets will allow for increased security, faster scoring results and more environmentally sustainable practices. He said despite a few problems, such as the tablets not being properly charged at one site, the feedback from students who took the exam digitally in July was mostly positive with regard to the actual interface. For the pilot exam, half the students took it digitally and half used pencil and paper.

"I'm sure there were one or two things that was like, 'Well, there's a good thing to learn, and we won't have that problem in the future,'" Stohr said. "But the big majority of sites that used the tablet in July, they were just error-free, it was just that the administration went off smoothly."

In particular, Stohr said unique features provided on the tablet, such as flagging and highlighting options, decrease the opportunities for manual error that come with traditionally bubbling answer sheets. The LSAC and Kaplan have developed materials for students that apply techniques and strategies for the digital format, but he strongly recommends students practice using a tablet prior to taking the exam.

Junior Joey Hannum, who is preparing to take the LSAT in December, said he finds the transition a little troubling.

"It's a kind of disadvantage to students that maybe don't have access to a computer, or a reliable one, or a tablet that they can replicate the results and make sure that they understand how to use the format," Hannum said. "I think that's kind of frustrating because I think print resources are very standard, and you can't really mess that up."

William Taylor, UNC assistant director of pre-graduate and pre-law advising, had similar concerns with regard to the LSAT changes.

"There are some digital practice tests available, but not nearly as many as the multiple decades' worth of paper practice tests," Taylor said. "Time will remedy this problem, but not quickly."

Stohr said he would tell students to try out what works best for them. He said Kaplan intends to work closely with test-takers to help them better understand the digital shift.

"We always tell students that the test is not your enemy, the test is your opportunity to show the schools what you can really do," Stohr said.

Similar to the undergraduate admissions process, UNC's School of Law takes a holistic approach when reviewing applications, Assistant Dean for Admissions Bianca D. Mack said.

"If you perform really well on the LSAT, that's a great thing," Mack said. "If you don't perform as well, but every other admissions factor that we're considering is really strong, then you should be a competitive applicant as well."

She said it's still too early to fully understand the implications of the new change, especially since the September testing date will be the first time all LSAT test-takers use the digital format.

"It's so new that I think we just have to give it some time, and we'll learn more," Mack said. "In a year from now, this could be very different."


UNC junior political science and public policy major Joey Hannum studies for the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) he's taking this winter.

<![CDATA[Why an Orange County resident is appealing the county's flag ordinance]]> Orange County resident Robert Hall Jr. is challenging a county ruling that a large Confederate flag he raised on his property along Highway 70 violates a new flag ordinance.

The local zoning ordinance to limit flags on residential properties was amended approximately one month after Hall raised the flag on his property. Property owners were given one year to follow the ordinance before the county began issuing violations.

Orange County Community Relations Director Todd McGee said the appeal was filed to the Orange County Board of Adjustment and will likely be considered at its November meeting.

"This flag owner has been the only one that has filed an appeal with the county," McGee said.

In April 2018, Hall raised a 400-square-foot Confederate flag on his property.

Last week, the pro-Confederate group Alamance County Taking Back Alamance County said in a Facebook post that they helped raise the flag last year in response to Orange County leaders "over stepping their bounds and the Silent Sam conflict."

"Orange County hates Southern symbols so much, they took it as far as to restrict a man's property rights, free speech and history," the group said in the Facebook post.

According to the ordinance, all flags raised by property owners can be no larger than 24-square feet while the flagpole cannot be taller than 54 feet. The ordinance also includes a three flag limit per pole, and only one flagpole is permitted.

Board of Orange County Commissioners Vice Chair Renee Price said the rule does not apply to municipalities, such as Chapel Hill, Carrboro, Hillsborough and the city limits of Mebane.

McGee said the county Planning and Inspections Department conducted a survey in all the areas in which the ordinance applied to try and find any potential violations.

"They came up with a list of about 12 properties that look like they may be in violation," McGee said.

Though the ordinance was amended in May 2018, one month after Hall raised his flag, Board of Orange County Commissioners Chair Penny Rich said the amendments were a safety measure and not in response to Hall's flag content.

"When you think about large-sized flags, it's about the safety of drivers particularly, and flagpoles coming down across roads and killing people that are driving by," Rich said. "We're looking at this as a safety issue, and that's it."

Price said the ordinance creates consistency among the size of flags and flagpoles that can be erected in residential and business areas.

"Whenever we have ordinances or policies of that nature, it's to help with the character of our own environment," Price said. "We want to respect people's freedom of speech. Yet, since everyone has their own viewpoint and some people disagree, this way we have some consistency."

McGee said the Orange County Board of Adjustment would hear the case first, and if they were to decide Hall is still in violation, he could decide to appeal to the state Superior Court.



<![CDATA[Local schools face measles threat, even with high vaccination rates]]> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report last month confirming over 1,200 individual cases of measles in 31 different states since the beginning of the year, the highest number of cases reported in the U.S. since 1992.

Although North Carolina is not currently among the long list of states affected by the measles outbreaks, a growing amount of unvaccinated children may increase the threat of contraction in schools across the country. The CDC reported that the majority of cases were found in communities that had lower vaccination rates.

Tracy Sanders, nurse coordinator for Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools, said despite the district's history of high vaccination rates, health officials are monitoring measles closely to prevent outbreaks and potential quarantines of affected students.

"If measles were to come through, measles is much more contagious than pertussis (whooping cough) and is much more easily spread," Sanders said.

Last spring, Sanders said, school nurses were required to contact all students who had not received two doses of the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, the state-mandated vaccine requirement to prevent measles, to inform their parents of the possible threat. The DTH reported earlier this year that in 2017, 92.2 percent of children aged 19-25 months had received their first MMR vaccine, down one percent from 2016.

Mike DeFranco of the Orange County Health Department said the department also hosted a "measles symposium" to raise awareness of the required measles vaccine and how to address the disease, should it spread to North Carolina. The OCHD is responsible for administering guidelines to both Orange County Schools and Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools concerning outbreaks and preventative care on a case-by-case basis.

"We reached out to a lot of community partners, some schools, just to say, 'Hey, let's have this conversation.' We haven't had a case in North Carolina or South Carolina, but in adjacent states, we have," DeFranco said.

Vaccination requirements and exemptions

According to North Carolina General Statute 130A-152, every child in the state is required to be immunized against several different illnesses and diseases, including measles and whooping cough, upon entering kindergarten and the seventh grade. Students are given a 30-day grace period from their first day of enrollment to provide documentation proving they have been vaccinated or are exempt. Should the documentation not be provided, they are not permitted to go to school.

There are only two ways in which a child may be exempt from such policies: by a licensed physician's request, or by a statement of "bona fide religious belief." According to General Statute 130A-156, if a physician licensed by the state of North Carolina deems a required immunization detrimental to a person's health (i.e. allergic reaction), they have the authority to advise against vaccination.

A statement of "bona fide religious belief" against immunization, however, does not need to be notarized nor signed by a religious leader or attorney. A parent, guardian or person in loco parentis of a child may write a document expressing why vaccination requirements conflict with their religious belief.

Although personal or philosophical beliefs against vaccinations do not qualify as legal exemptions, there is no formal process of verifying whether a religious statement is truly applicable to a student.

"It can't really be checked," said Penny Rosser, a nurse for Orange County Schools. "We just have to trust the parents."

Growing religious exemptions

The North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services reported that 1.2 percent of children entering kindergarten for the 2017-2018 school year were exempted from state-mandated vaccinations for religious reasons, a 0.1 percent increase from the previous year.

Western counties hold the highest percentage of unvaccinated students in the state, with Buncombe County - where Asheville is located - holding the highest percentage of unvaccinated students - about 5.7 percent of the 2,542 kindergartners of Buncombe County exempt from vaccines through religious exemptions. The state's metropolitan hubs also saw an increase in religious exemptions in the past year - news station Fox 46 Charlotte reported that Mecklenburg County saw a 2.5 percent increase in non-vaccinated kindergartners and a "sharp" increase in non-vaccinations in Wake County.

Rosser said that although parents do have a right to a religious exemption, she urges them to contact their health provider to make an informed decision.

"Prevention is the name of the game," Rosser said. "Talk to your doctor and ask for valid research on vaccines and potential complications."

The measles vaccine is not a fool-proof form of prevention, but Sanders said immunization guards against contraction and high-risk symptoms.

"Vaccines are not 100 percent effective," Sanders said. "It's not necessarily that people are not getting vaccinated and therefore, we're getting all of these cases coming in. It's just that if they get it, their symptoms will be much worse."

Sanders said although it's too early in the 2019-2020 school year to know current immunization rates, Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools hope to have 100 percent compliance of all students by the 30th day of school.

"The benefits far outweigh the risk," Sanders said. "Vaccinations are the number one defense against many communicable diseases that can be deadly."

For parents on the fence about vaccinating their child, DeFranco said it's important to investigate the research behind vaccines and their effects.

"Clean water and vaccines have really, really helped push forward human longevity and I think there's something to be said about that."



<![CDATA[For UNC field hockey, quick start leads to 8-0 win over William & Mary]]> Before the No. 1 North Carolina field hockey team(5-0) beat William & Mary (1-4), 8-0 on Sunday, head coach Karen Shelton had a goal for her team.

"We wanted to have a quick start today," Shelton said. "We had not scored in the first quarter in the four previous games."

It didn't take long for the Tar Heels to achieve that goal.

In the third minute, senior midfielder Megan DuVernois scored off UNC's first penalty corner of the afternoon, giving her team a 1-0 lead.

Two minutes after the first goal, senior forward Catherine Hayden scored off a pass from sophomore forward Erin Matson. Hayden deflected the ball toward the goal, and Tribe goalkeeper Kimi Jones was unable to stop it as the ball headed into the back of the net.

Hayden scored twice more in the half, and her three consecutive goals gave the Tar Heels a 4-0 lead at the break. Her outing on Sunday was the third hat trick of her collegiate career.

"She's a scorer and she gets herself in good position," Shelton said. "She's got that knack and I was happy for her to get on the board."

Hayden has been getting on the board a lot lately. In North Carolina's past two games, Hayden has scored five goals after only scoring one in the first three games.

"I play pretty high up the field. I like to work around the goalie," Hayden said. "I like to screen the goalies, so they can't see. A lot of people think it's funny that I'm not afraid to stand there. I just play into it: that is my role, that is what I do."

With a commanding lead over the Tribe, the Tar Heels refused to let up. Senior forward Marissa Creatore, sophomore forward Riley Fulmer, junior midfielder Eva Smolenaars and Matson all scored goals in the second half.

In the past two games, UNC's backline has found its groove. In the team's first three games, opponents scored six goals. But in the past two, North Carolina hasn't allowed any.

On Sunday, the Tribe took 10 shots in the contest, four on goal; they never found the back of the net.

"I think we are doing a really great job of starting to gel," junior goalkeeper Amanda Hendry said. "Our defense is pretty young, but we are really starting to connect with each other. I think we are doing a great job of getting in front of people, stopping the ball from even getting into the circle."

Despite the dominant win, Shelton remains focused on the future.

"I am pleased with our development," Shelton said. "We're not as we will be. We have potential to keep growing, and that is what we need to do all season long."


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[UNC gamers offer female perspectives about harassment while playing online]]> Editor's note: This story contains graphic depictions of threats of violence and sexual assault. Reader discretion is advised.




"Go back to the kitchen."

"You shouldn't be playing this."

"You suck."

These are just some of the things UNC junior Elizabeth Qian hears from gamers almost every time she plays the video game "Overwatch."

The team-based, first-person shooter game, varies in levels of competition and intensity. For Qian, this game has provided fun and leisure, but also toxicity and harassment.

"Overwatch" has several game modes, including team competitive play. This gameplay involves communicating with players over microphones to coordinate strategy and hopefully win. Qian said that as soon as other players merely hear her voice, the harassment begins.

If the outcome of the match isn't favorable, the comments only get worse.

"They'll blame it on you," Qian said. "You have to hide your stats because they will use everything against you and kind of gang up on you to try and get you banned."

Competitive play involves teams of six, with each player filling a specific position on the team. Within the game there are gender normative roles. Qian said she is often relegated to the role of healer, supporting the team rather than playing on the front lines.

"They say, 'Girls can't aim, so if you pick the main attack role we're probably going to lose,'" Qian said. "If they find out that it's a girl playing they'll say, 'You should switch back to healer.' Even if you're winning."

Qian originally played "Overwatch" on Xbox One before switching to a PC gaming platform. On Xbox, the comments about her gender and skill started even before she turned on her microphone - all because of her screen name, "izzylizzy99."

Now when playing "Overwatch," Qian said she experiences this harassment every other game on average. But Qian's worst harassment experience occurred after her team lost in a competitive game.

"This one guy was saying, 'I'm going to track you down, and then rape you and your whole family, and then behead you,'" Qian said with an uneasy laughter.

Qian said these severe threats are rare. More commonly, male players will tell her their food orders, insinuating she should not be participating in the game, but rather preparing food for them.

There are options to report harassment in "Overwatch." Qian said the main feature is "avoid this player," but this increases her queue time - delaying her from joining and starting a game.


UNC senior Annabelle Webb has played "Fortnite" since her sophomore year. "Fortnite" is a popular shooter-survival game available on multiple platforms, such as mobile - Webb's preferred gaming platform.

When Webb plays "Fortnite," she said she opens the app, logs in and immediately mutes her microphone, which prevents users from verbally communicating with her in the game.

If another user begins to talk through the app's voice chat feature, Webb said she will turn her microphone on. She said usually the gamer on the other side is a young teenage boy who automatically assumes that Webb is male. Once the gamer hears her voice, they immediately question her gender and her sexuality.

"If they figure out that I'm a girl, they'll ask, 'Are you a girl?,'" Webb said. When she answers yes, the immediate follow up is - "Are you a lesbian?"

After assuming and questioning her gender and sexuality, they turn to another factor - her skill as a gamer. Webb said next they question how long she has been playing.

"Fortnite" is played in seasons that last about 10 weeks each. Webb has been playing since season three - currently "Fortnite" is in season 10. Despite her long history playing the game, there is an underlying assumption that because she is female, she is automatically less skilled.

"They said, 'I started on season 7, but I know I'm better than you,'" Webb said.

Webb said these comments stem in part from the hyper-sexualization of women in video games in everything from their avatars to actual gamers seen in pop culture.

"It's always that dichotomy, either you're a guy and you're really good, or you're a girl and you suck, but you're hot," Webb said.

UNC senior Emma Stubblefield also said the hyper-sexualization of female characters in video games contribute to this harassment and sexism. She said female characters are often dressed in scantily clad armor, meant to be sexy and attractive.

"There is definitely a male gaze intended with a lot of these games," Stubblefield said.

Webb said she has never reported the sexist comments. She said this gender-based assumption of lower skill level is nothing new, specifically relating her experience in gaming culture with her experience in robotics club.

"I was in robotics club in high school, and I dealt with a lot of the 'You're not good enough because you're a woman' feeling, so I'm kind of used to it," Webb said. "But it's weird when you hear it from people who a) don't know who you are, and b) are half your age."

Behind the screen

Qian and Webb said much of this harassment stems from the anonymous nature of gaming. Behind the computer screen, some feel there are no consequences to what they say.

"People are always keyboard warriors," Webb said. "They feel more empowered to do things when they aren't physically present."

Stubblefield said direct communication over a microphone upholds this anonymity.

"Even if you can hear someone's voice, you're probably not going to run into this person in real life and have to deal with the repercussions in that way," Stubblefield said. "It's a lot easier to be mean and nasty to people."

Because of this physical distance between gamers, Qian said she has never felt genuinely threatened, even after hearing violent comments. She said she has accepted this form of online harassment as normal.

"It's a pretty commonly known thing among my friends that if you hop onto a game, you're probably going to get harassed," Qian said.

Overall, Webb said she thinks that gendered language and harassment needs to be addressed, but she said that it's difficult to address these behaviors because of how deeply rooted sexism is in gaming culture.

"It's hard to have a discussion because video games are so new, but hyper-sexualization of women and sexism are so old," Webb said.



<![CDATA[Protesters rallied in Pittsboro after confederate statue removal decision]]> On Saturday, confederate protestors and counter-protestors rallied on opposite sides of the street outside of Chatham County Historical Courthouse.

The protest revolved around a recent decision made by Chatham County commissioners to remove the confederate statue that currently stands in front of the courthouse.

The group protesting this decision held signs and shouted chants like, "Save the monument. Remove the commissioners," to people driving past the organization.

According to a leaked message, the scheduled rally was to only be discussed and shared with others via text or Facebook Messenger.

Pittsboro resident Scott Gilmore showed up to protest the commissioner's decision. Unlike the counter-protesters, he said he does not believe the statue sends a hateful message.

"That's a statue of a man who fought in the confederacy - who believes in loyalty, respect, integrity, honor, above all, on which protecting my own land, my own life and my family," Gilmore said.

Counter-protesters, holding signs with slogans praising the commissioners, outnumbered the rally across the street. Stephanie Perry is a member of, Chatham, Stand Up, which organized the counter-protest.

"We believe it's important for all facets of our town to stand up and take a stand for unity, for peace, for justice," she said. "We supported the commissioner's decision to bring the statue down, and we just want to keep Chatham a welcoming, fun, wonderful place to live."

Though the protests were physically separated at the time, Perry said she hopes to one day sit down with the opposition and discuss their differences.

"We hope for the time and place where we can construct some sort of table where we can sit down and discuss our differences so that we can be unified here in Chatham County," she said.

Police officers monitored the protests and searched a few protesters' bags. Barricades surrounded the courthouse and the confederate statue pending removal. One Pittsboro resident, Cody Miles spent time with people on both sides.

"For the people that want the statue to stand, I got one person to talk to me about it," he said. "That to me is kind of disheartening because I came at this impartial. They're out here protesting. They want to give an opinion, so why won't they? And the people that want to take it down were very vocal and very open to talk about it."

Most protesters and counter-protesters lived in the area, but some, like UNC student Lindsay Ayling, traveled to join the rally.

"I've seen a few people who I recognize from Orange County, but by and large, it seems to be local residents," she said. "So that always makes me happy when people in small towns come out to say that racists aren't welcome in their communities."



<![CDATA[Silent Sam has been found according to UNC student radio; University cannot confirm]]> The Daily Tar Heel found what appears to be the statue and pedestal of Silent Sam.

After a report from Carolina Connection that included pictures of a figure in a black tarp and a large cube in a blue tarp, the DTH went to the pictures' apparent location at the facilities near Horace Williams Airport and found similar figures as what was reported Saturday morning.

There were UNC Police at the facility. One patrol car appeared to be guarding the fenced-in area that contained the two objects, and shortly after the DTH arrived, two more UNC Police cars showed up at the scene.

The DTH can't confirm that these objects are Silent Sam, but their size and shape resemble the statue and the base when they were taken down. According to the Carolina Connection article, UNC Director of Media Relations Joanne Peters Denny said in an email she was unable to identify what was in the photo.

A UNC Media Relations spokesperson told the DTH she didn't know why the area was being patrolled by UNC police.

Assistant City & State Editor Jamey Cross contributed reporting.


<![CDATA[Expecting an easy win, UNC learns valuable lesson against Demon Deacons]]> WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. - Head coach Mack Brown alluded to it earlier in the week in his Wednesday press conference. It was a question that no one knew the answer to.

But it was a question that had an answer which would determine the outlook for the remainder of the North Carolina football team's season.

Can the Tar Heels handle success?

After North Carolina's 24-18 loss to Wake Forest on Friday night in Winston-Salem, the answer, at least for now, is no.

"We thought we had better players; we thought we were the better team coming in," redshirt sophomore linebacker Jeremiah Gemmel admitted after the game. "... We thought we were gonna have an easy one, and we didn't."

It was far from easy for UNC. Coming off of wins against South Carolina and Miami, the team was admittedly overconfident, and it showed.

The Tar Heels fell behind quickly. A fumble by sophomore running back Javonte Williams at the Tar Heels' own 20-yard line led to a Demon Deacon touchdown with a little over three minutes left in the first quarter.

Then, about two minutes later, a 41-yard bomb from Wake Forest quarterback Jamie Newman to wide receiver Sage Surratt set up another score six seconds into the second quarter. At the 12:04 mark of the second quarter, Newman connected with Surratt again, this time for 51 yards and Wake Forest's third touchdown of the night.

Headed into halftime, the Tar Heels found themselves in a 21-0 hole. They had mustered just 71 yards of total offense.

"At halftime, the guys had to make a decision," Brown said. "'Are you going to pick it up and play and come back out and give yourself a chance to win the second half like you have the other games?'"

The team responded to Brown's challenge. UNC forced Wake Forest to go three-and-out on the first drive of the second half. Two drives later, the Tar Heels pressured Newman into throwing an interception to senior safety Myles Dorn.

All of a sudden, North Carolina had new life.

"I knew that play had to be made, just to get the morale up," Dorn said. "I felt the energy switch."

Still, the offense couldn't find a rhythm. UNC didn't score until the final seconds of the third quarter, when redshirt sophomore kicker Noah Ruggles' 49-yard attempt was just long enough to put three points on the board.

At the start of the fourth quarter, first-year quarterback Sam Howell - who finished with 182 yards and two touchdowns - had only thrown for only 62 yards.

"I've just gotta play better," Howell said. "If our defense gives up (just) 24 points, we should win the game."

But Howell and his teammates said they didn't lose hope. And why would they? The team's fourth quarter magic had proven effective in its first two outings.

It looked like it would work again.

Minutes into the final quarter, Howell hit sophomore receiver Dyami Brown in stride for a 55-yard completion. Three plays later, he found junior running back Michael Carter for an 11-yard touchdown.

The Tar Heels' next drive ended in a score, too. A 17-yard slant pass from Howell to Brown, followed by a successful two-point conversion, cut the deficit to three points.

UNC's defense still hadn't allowed Wake Forest to score. That changed, though, when the Demon Deacons drilled a 32-yard field goal after milking the clock in the final minutes of the game.

Howell and the offense had the ball back, down by six points with 1:09 left. The Tar Heels had one last chance.

However, by the time UNC moved the ball close to Demon Deacon territory, there simply wasn't enough time left. Carter tried to get out of bounds on a 13-yard run - which ended up being the last play of the game - but couldn't do so before the clock hit zero.

"We've got to do better in the first three quarters," Howell said. "It shouldn't come down to the fourth quarter every time for us to pick it up on the offensive side of the ball.

"I've got to play better in the first three quarters so we're not in those situations."

With the loss came a lesson - the Tar Heels can't overlook opponents and must take the same approach week in and week out.

And if North Carolina hopes to put together its first winning season since 2016, it was a lesson that needed to be taught.

"We know how we can play ball," Gemmel said. "We've just got to come out every single day and bring that energy."


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[Preview: UNC football looks to win QB battle against Wake Forest]]> The North Carolina football team is projected as the underdog - again.

After a fourth quarter rally victory against Miami last weekend, UNC heads into an unusual non-conference Friday night game against ACC rival Wake Forest with a 2-0 record for the first time since 2014.

Mack Brown closed his first stint with the Tar Heels with 16 consecutive wins against in-state opponents. After victories over Miami and South Carolina, he's looking to continue this streak.

However, the Demon Deacons are also 2-0, with wins over Rice and Utah State thanks to their high-tempo offense. This will be an important matchup for the in-state rivals, especially since this will be the first time they've played since UNC breezed past Wake Forest 50-14 in 2015.

Here's what to expect when the two teams face off on Friday night.

UNC defensive trials

The Tar Heels' defense may be in trouble when it comes to handling the Wake Forest offense on Friday.

During Monday's media availability, Brown announced that Patrice Rene, a starting cornerback for UNC, was out for the season due to a torn ACL suffered during the Miami game. This will leave junior Greg Ross as the No. 1 corner.

The cornerbacks will need to step up in the face of Wake Forest's tall receiving corps, like 6-foot-3 Sage Surratt, brother of UNC linebacker Chazz Surratt, and 6-foot-5 Scotty Washington. The latter was named ACC Receiver of the Week after posting career-highs with 158 receiving yards and two touchdown catches during the Demon Deacons' 41-21 win over Rice.

Washington leads Wake Forest with 204 receiving yards and three touchdown catches this season. He's tied for second in receptions with 11.

The Demon Deacons have averaged 356.5 yards in the air after just two games, and currently have the No. 12 passing offense in college football. They currently lead the conference with 546 total yards of offense per game.

North Carolina's starting center Nick Polino is also out indefinitely, and underwent surgery on Wednesday. He sustained a lower body injury in the first quarter last Saturday.

Howell vs. Newman

On Friday, keep an eye on the quarterback match-up between UNC first-year Sam Howell and redshirt junior Jamie Newman.

Defense has not been the Demon Deacons' strong suit this season, specifically through the air. They're ranked No. 123 in the nation in passing yards allowed, conceding an average of 335 yards per game thus far.

This could give Howell room to play more to his wide receivers, like Dazz Newsome and Dyami Brown. Coming into the season, it was expected that Brown would lean on his veteran running backs to ease the pressure for Howell; however, the opposite has been true so far. He beat an SEC defense with 245 passing yards and slipped past Miami for 274 yards.

Newsome currently has 120 receiving yards and one touchdown, while Brown is at two touchdowns and 149 receiving yards.

Howell has balanced handing off to the running backs and throwing to the wide receivers, especially for late touchdowns.

While Miami was able to contain UNC for three quarters, its persistent rushing attack gave the Tar Heels an edge in the fourth quarter, something that will also be crucial against Wake Forest.

For the Demon Deacons, Newman's rise to the starting quarterback spot was unexpected. After Sam Hartman broke his leg during last year's game against Syracuse, Newman stepped into the starting role for the final four games of the season.

He led the Demon Deacons to beat No. 14 NC State, 27-23, and Duke, 59-7, during that time, ending the season with a 7-6 record and a win over Memphis in the Birmingham Bowl.

In four games last year, Newman tallied more than 1,000 passing yards. Through two games in 2019, Newman has thrown for 713 yards and six touchdowns. Surratt and Washington have carried the bulk of the wide receiver work with two and three touchdowns, respectively.

With both teams looking to remain undefeated, the game will likely come down to the offenses, especially with the two quarterbacks leading the charge for their respective teams.


@DTHSports | sports@dailytarheel.com

<![CDATA[The underreported trend of sexual assault during study abroad programs]]> Editor's note: This story contains mentions of sexual assault. Reader discretion is advised.




Studying abroad is a dream for many UNC students. But for those who have experienced a sexual assault overseas, a seeming lack of resources and feeling of isolation can turn that dream into a nightmare.

"Just the thought of him and what happened made me ill," said UNC senior Tara Smith. She was sexually assaulted by a local when she did a direct exchange in Oviedo, Spain in the 2018-19 academic year.

UNC offers more than 400 study abroad programs in 70 countries, and in the 2016-17 school year, 36 percent of UNC students studied abroad before graduating. These programs vary from a couple weeks with a UNC professor to a year direct exchange.

In recent years, campus sexual assault has come into the spotlight due to various movements for reform, including "The Hunting Ground," a documentary partly set at UNC. Yet without robust research on the topic, sexual assault during study abroad programs remains uncharted territory.

Dealing with assault abroad

"There's this whole image around studying abroad," Smith said. "There was a lot of consensual sex happening around me."

Hook-up culture is often seen as a part of the American study abroad experience, she said, but being an American studying abroad can mean dealing with new cultural expectations and rules for all aspects of life, including sex and relationships.

An analysis by the Council on International Educational Exchange, an organization that runs study abroad programs, found that 73 percent of sexual assaults reported during its programs were perpetrated by strangers or someone the survivor had met that day.

Smith said she still doesn't know the name or age of the Spanish local who assaulted her the night she met him at a bar.

After her assault, she searched for resources available at her host university, but she could not find anything on the university's website. Discouraged by the language barrier she would face if she went to the police, Smith decided not to report it.

However, even without a language barrier, reporting a sexual assault in a foreign country can be traumatizing and fruitless.

Another UNC student, Jane, whose name has been changed to preserve anonymity, wanted to report her assault. Jane was assaulted by an Irish man she met on a dating app while on a three-week summer study abroad program in Galway, Ireland.

With the help of the UNC professor who headed her program and an Irish adviser at the university at which she studied, Jane explained her situation to the Irish police. They told her if she wanted to file an official report, she would have to come back to Ireland to go to court, which could be up to two years from the time of her assault.

Jane said she decided not to pursue it.

"If it was in Chapel Hill, then maybe I would have gone through the whole filing a police report, going to court and stuff," Jane said. "Because it was in Ireland, and traveling all the way there and somehow explaining to my friends and family why I was going to Ireland - it just made everything a lot more complicated and more scary."

Still, she underwent a physical exam by the station's sexual assault unit and helped the police gather evidence to keep on file were her assailant accused of sexual assault again.

She had to recount the story of her assault in detail a total of three times to various units throughout this process, even though she expects she will probably never get justice.

Resources at home

University-sponsored study abroad programs are specifically included in Title IX protections, so UNC is required to respond the same way to a sexual assault on a study abroad program as it would to an assault on campus, said Adrienne Allison, director of Title IX Compliance at UNC's Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office.

Allison said the University's EOC does not have any statistics on the rate of sexual assault of UNC students on study abroad programs.

The degree to which UNC can act is limited if the perpetrator is not a UNC student, and even more limited if they are not a student at all, Allison said. However, she said she encourages students who experience an assault to reach out, as they still have access to campus resources that will do their best to help them.

"We can try to reach a student however we can, using whatever technology we can to be able to communicate with a student so that they do feel connected to UNC and connected to the resources here on campus, as well as connected to resources that we might be able to help them identify in-country," Allison said.

UNC Study Abroad partners with the EOC and the Carolina Women's Center's Gender Violence Services in a pre-departure training for students preparing to study abroad, she said. It provides them with information about safety and how and where to report a sexual assault, even if that is the last thing on their minds.

Uncharted territory

A 2013 study by researchers from Bucknell University and Middlebury College suggested that there could be an increased risk of sexual assault for some students who studied abroad.

Bill Flack, a professor of psychology at Bucknell, was one of the study's lead researchers. He said studying abroad is a risk that has not yet been adequately examined. Flack decided to look into incidences of sexual assault on study abroad programs after students told him they had been harassed while abroad.

The results of the study indicated that the risk of an unwanted sexual experience - which included nonconsensual sexual contact, attempted sexual assault and completed sexual assault - was "3-5 times greater" on a study abroad program than on campus.

This study was just one case, and it certainly is not as comprehensive as a national dive into sexual assault on study abroad programs, but it is an indication that serious research should be done on the topic, Flack said.

Flack said that when most students are looking forward to studying abroad, "They're not thinking, 'Jeez I'm going to be assaulted,' or, 'I might be assaulted,' or 'I need to know what the risk is of being assaulted.'"

The Council on International Educational Exchange keeps track of self-reported sexual assaults on its programs and releases a yearly report about the health and safety of students studying abroad. In 2018, CIEE reported 0.3 percent of its students experienced sex offenses.

"When we look at our numbers of sexual assault reportings, frankly, I think we still are underreporting," said Bill Bull, the vice president of risk management at the CIEE. "When you compare our data to campuses, you see that the on-campus rates are one-in-five, one-in-four depending on what you read. We're nowhere near that, so one would anticipate we would be closer to that than we are."


DTH Photo Illustration. A woman sits in an alley, alone, while a man on his phone walks by paying no attention to her.

<![CDATA[Six months later, the pair that vandalized Unsung Founders Memorial were found guilty ]]> Ryan Barnett and Nancy McCorkle, arrested in April for vandalizing the Unsung Founders Memorial, were found guilty last week for injury to real property and larceny, according to reports from INDYWeek and The News and Observer. Barnett was also found guilty of indecent exposure and public urination.

Barnett and McCorkle vandalized an art installation outside of Hanes Art Center and used markers to write slurs and expletives across the Unsung Founders Memorial, INDYWeek reported. The pair also stole a flag from the UNC system Office.

The vandalism named and insulted Maya Little and Lindsay Ayling, two student activists who have fought to remove what they see as lasting symbols of racism, including Confederate monument Silent Sam, from the University.

McCorkle and Barnett have previously attended pro-Confederate events in the area. Ayling said Barnett has frequently harassed her in the past.

At the time, Heirs to the Confederacy co-founder Lance Spivey said the pro-Confederate group did not condone the acts of vandalism.

The judge dismissed charges of ethnic intimidation, according to INDYWeek.

Ayling said she was frustrated that the judge dismissed this charge despite the vandalism including racial slurs, the defacement of a monument to slaves and Little's name.

The insults and use of her name in the acts of vandalism weren't surprising to Ayling. She's experienced frequent harassment for her activism, she said, and the attacks against her Black peers are often explicitly racist.

"Unfortunately, it's something that we have to deal with a lot," Ayling said.

She said she's received multiple death threats for her activism.

Barnett and McCorkle's arrest was not the first time pro-Confederates have crossed paths with police in Chapel Hill. The same month of the pair's acts of vandalism, pro-Confederate demonstrators were approached by police for carrying firearms on campus. No arrests were made.

According to INDYWeek, Barnett and McCorkle were sentenced to 200 hours of community service and must each pay a fine of $500, in addition to reimbursing the University $1,326 for the cost of removing the graffiti.



<![CDATA[Bernie Sanders will come to UNC in September, Young Democrats announce]]> Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders will come to UNC for a rally on Sept. 19, the UNC Young Democrats announced Wednesday.

The rally will be held at the Bell Tower Amphitheater at 5:30 p.m., the announcement said. More details about student tickets will be announced later.

Sanders follows a long line of politicians to visit the University, including Beto O'Rourke in 2019 and Barack Obama in 2016.

He is best known for his presidential campaign for the Democratic nomination, which has often been aimed at the youth vote, and his time served as a U.S. senator from Vermont.


<![CDATA[Universities grapple with providing affordable long and short-term mental health care]]> CORRECTION: A previous version of this article made a broad statement about medication management appointments not being covered by a campus health fee. For UNC-Charlotte, the fee covers the appointment but may not cover the medication or supplemental tests, depending on insurance. The Daily Tar Heel apologizes for this error.

When Ashlin Elliott was in high school, she considered going to therapy. She quickly realized that psychological care was out of reach for her.

She said the closest provider was a 45-minute drive from her hometown of Columbia, North Carolina, and without access to transportation, her mental health suffered.

Now a senior at UNC-Chapel Hill, Elliott's quest for long-term mental health care continues. It's a dilemma that many low-income students like herself and college counseling centers across the state are grappling with: How can universities make psychological services accessible to all students, regardless of their socioeconomic background?

The short-term model

UNC-CH, Duke University and UNC-Charlotte have short-term therapy models. At all three schools, sessions are covered by a campus health fee.

UNC-CH and Duke do not have a maximum number of sessions, but UNC-C has a 12-session maximum per academic year. At Duke, the average number of visits for students is five to six sessions. At UNC-C, it's five to seven.

Medication management appointments are not covered through the campus health fee at these three universities, though they may be covered by insurance depending on the plan. At UNC-CH, any medication management follow-up appointment after the initial free evaluation costs $150 per session.

Elliott said she wasn't sure if she wanted short-term or long-term therapy when she first visited UNC-CH's Counseling and Psychological Services in the spring. After the semester ended, her therapist recommended that she continue therapy over the summer.

"She told me once I came back, and if I decided that I wanted to continue seeing someone that I could just talk to her, and she would find someone that worked with my insurance, someone that worked best with what I was going through at the time," Elliott said. "She would find a therapist for me, so I wouldn't have to go through the stress of finding someone."

At UNC-CH and Duke, 30 percent of students who visit CAPS are referred to outside providers for long-term therapy, according to the University. At UNC-C, this figure is much lower: 12.2 percent.

Dr. Allen O'Barr, the director of UNC-CH's CAPS, said CAPS does its best to make treatment feasible for every student.

"During that referral coordination appointment, the coordinator looks at the insurance, the request by the student, what the student's transportation is, all that kind of stuff to see if they can find the thing that is the cheapest option and the best option for the student," he said. "We have a number of providers in the community who operate on a sliding scale."

O'Barr said a number of the University's initiatives over the past decade, including the student health insurance mandate and requiring referral coordination for every student referred outside of CAPS, have helped increase accessibility.

Elliott said CAPS provided her with an avenue for treatment that she wouldn't have had otherwise.

"Just being able to go to a free counseling service was probably the reason why I'm going to pay to go to counseling services now," she said.

A UNC-CH student and Covenant scholar who visited CAPS two years ago for anxiety and depression and asked to remain anonymous due to privacy concerns said CAPS' short-term model was not ideal for her.

"For a lot of people that struggle with mental health, it's a long-term thing, and it's not something that resolves in a couple of months, and that was something I had a really hard time with," she said.

She said she wasn't informed of CAPS' short-term model until about halfway through her therapy sessions, when she was told that her last appointment would be two to three sessions away. She said she was informed about the referral process in vague terms, but knew that she wouldn't be able to afford the copay.

"I felt like 'This is the amount of time I have left, and then, it's over, and whatever happens to my mental health happens,'" she said.

'We have chosen to prioritize'

Sue Wasiolek, the associate vice president for student affairs and dean of students at Duke, said in an email that most counseling centers encounter a tension between addressing students' needs quickly and adequately, due to the increasing demand for college counseling services, so they end up opting for a short-term care model rather than long-term.

"For safety reasons, we have chosen to prioritize rapid access to assessment and crisis intervention services," she said.

Between 2012 and 2017, screenings at UNC-CH CAPS increased by 101.9 percent. At UNC-C, the number of students using counseling services represents a 9 percent increase compared to this time last year, said Leigh Norwood, the assistant director for counseling services at UNC-C.

Wasiolek said Duke's counseling services are often able to connect low-income students to financial assistance for their care at outside providers.

Norwood said the University does not have resources to support low-income students with the out-of-pocket costs they might incur at outside providers, but has been in contact with Student Assistance and Support Services about potential funding opportunities.

She said many students of low socioeconomic status deal with trauma and family-of-origin concerns, such as being first-generation or balancing their course load with a full-time job.

Because of her therapist's limited availability, Elliot said she had to skip class twice and work once to attend her sessions.

"I think it's kind of dangerous for students to have to miss class to get therapy and counseling services because missing class can add to the problem of anxiety," Elliott said.

Elliott and the anonymous UNC-CH student both said the reality of being low-income can in itself be a big stressor.

Norwood said initiatives like CAPS Open House & Fall Festival, extended hours and a 24/7 helpline -also available at Duke and UNC-CH -have helped make CAPS more accessible to low-income UNC-C students.

"One of the goals was to be able to have students from marginalized communities be able to come and experience what the feel of a therapist's office is to reduce stigma and also to let them know where we're located, if they ever need to know how to make an appointment, things like that just to become familiar with our services," she said.

O'Barr said UNC-CH CAPS continues working to improve care as service requirements and students' needs increase.

"We're just trying to take care of every student with their individual needs and provide what we can to make it affordable for them," he said.



<![CDATA[Faculty debate new program with undisclosed donors ]]> CORRECTION: An earlier version of this article had a misleading headline. The story has been updated to reflect the changes. The Daily Tar Heel apologizes for this error.

Tensions ran high as faculty discussed topics including the Program for Civic Virtue and Civil Discourse, which some think lacks transparency and may have conservative roots, at a meeting on Monday.

The Faculty Executive Committee met in South Building to discuss new forms of online communication, the Three Zeroes Environmental Initiative and the PCVCD.

The meeting began with a mention of the two public forums that will be held by the Chancellor Search Committee on Sept. 17 and 18. Forum attendants will discuss traits they would like see in the new chancellor.

The Well

Jane Calloway, director of internal communications, explained plans for The Well, an online news forum for University employees. The Well, which is a reimagined form of the printed University Gazette, will be updated on a daily basis by 8 a.m. It was designed in response to faculty requests that different calendars and news streams be pulled together in a singular, more navigable online location.

"We want employees to have a quick place where they can find out what's going on with all of those initiatives," Calloway said. "We want this to be a hub. We want employees to come read the news every morning and then there are certain business applications that employees can jump off to."

Three Zeroes Initiative

After Calloway spoke, members provided an update on accomplishments within the Three Zeroes Initiative.

Collaborations between classes and the initiative were discussed, in addition to statistics showing UNC's success in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and water intensity.

Jennifer Larson, an English and comparative literature professor, advocated for more collaboration between individual classes and the Three Zeros Initiative.

"Students get these issues, you don't have to tell them if they're on board," Larson said. "They wanna know how to solve them, and if so we can provide more opportunities for them to work on these projects, they eat it up."

Program on Civic Virtue and Civil Discourse

The majority of the meeting was spent discussing the Program on Civic Virtue and Civil Discourse.

Chris Clemens, senior associate dean for research and innovation, is the inaugural director for the program. He said participation is voluntary, and faculty are not required to adhere to new standards.

"Faculty who want to add structured space for debate and conversation into pedagogy will learn well-established techniques for doing that," Clemens said.

History professor Jay Smith recommended that development of the program be suspended until a full public discussion is held. He and several other faculty attendants expressed concerns about a Board of Governors member being on the advisory committee for the program.

"The curriculum will be reshaped," Smith said. "There will be more and more courses that deal with the Western canon, that deal with American political thought that deal with great books. That advance the kind of content that conservative donors and conservative activists associated with the Koch Brothers and others have wanted to see universities adopt."

Clemens said donors will not be able to stipulate the content of courses.

"It is not unusual to have donors give money, and sometimes even for specific topical areas," Clemens said. "And we tell donors they don't get to stipulate the content of courses or the structure and content of curriculum."

Other members of the faculty expressed concerns about the proposed cost of the program. History professor Erik Gellman said he believes that participation in the program cannot be voluntary if it is incentivized by additional funding.

"Once a foot gets in the door, five, 10 years down the road - suddenly starved, impoverished departments are gonna be given a choice," Gellman said. "'Hire this faculty member - you can say no, but here's a line that's funded fully through the firewall program of civic virtue.'"