The Daily Tar Heel

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Thursday May 26th

Here's how the amendments struck down in N.C. could affect you

<p>Frank Porter Graham School during election day in 2018.</p>
Buy Photos Early voting for lieutenant governor and many other state elected officials ends Saturday, Feb. 29. Election day is Tuesday, March 3 in North Carolina.

A North Carolina superior court judge struck down two of the constitutional amendments voted into effect by voters in the 2018 election, citing gerrymandering as a main reason.

Four of the six amendments on the ballot passed with a majority of votes from North Carolina residents. The two voided by G. Bryan Collins, Jr., a N.C. superior court judge in Wake County, focus on voter ID policy and the maximum income tax rate.

Two groups, the N.C. NAACP and environmental advocacy group Clean Air Carolina, filed a lawsuit against State House Speaker Tim Moore and State Senate President Pro Tempore Phil Berger in their official capacities. Moore and Berger declined to comment for The Daily Tar Heel. 

"This commonsense measure to secure the integrity of our elections system is supported by the vast majority of North Carolinians who know protecting our democracy should be one of lawmakers' highest priorities," Moore said in a statement sponsoring the amendment's initial bill in June 2018. 

Collins cited in his decision the U.S. Supreme Court case Covington v. North Carolina, where the court found that a large portion of North Carolina citizens lack a constitutionally adequate voice in the state’s legislature. Because of this, he wrote, the General Assembly lost its claim to popular sovereignty.

“Thus, the unconstitutional racial gerrymander tainted the three-fifths majorities required by the state constitution before an amendment can be submitted to the people for a vote, breaking the requisite chain of popular sovereignty between North Carolina citizens and their representatives,” he wrote.

Interim Chancellor Kevin Guskiewicz has a March 15 deadline to certify under the penalty of perjury that student IDs comply with Senate Bill 824’s university-issued identification requirement. The UNC Young Democrats released a statement in support of UNC One Cards qualifying.

“There are lessons to be learned from our university’s recent history. Our state and university must take steps to ensure that One Cards count as valid voter ID,” the statement said. “Student voices matter and so do student votes. We ask Chancellor Guskiewicz and state officials to listen and act.”

UNC-system General Counsel Tom Shanahan released a statement on this provision in the Voter ID law, saying that the UNC System Office is continuing to work closely with the 17 institutions to help eligible students register to vote.

“Students at UNC-system institutions currently may receive students IDs even if they are not citizens, or do not have social security numbers, or are not 18 years of age,” he said. “UNC-system institutions continue to work through these and other requirements of the law.”

Shanahan also said institutions are also working to identify ways to assist in obtaining valid photo ID for those students and employees who need it.

The N.C. NAACP came out against the amendments three months before the 2018 election, with the Rev. T. Anthony Spearman, the association’s president, arguing that the proposed amendments represented great threats to the state’s democratic institutions. 

The voter ID amendment passed with about 55.5 percent of the votes. The maximum income tax rate – the exact rate being 7 percent, originally set at 10 percent – passed with just over 57 percent of the votes.

Since 2013, the state has had a flat rate tax system, originally set at 5.75 percent.

The state has tried to implement a voter ID policy in a larger voter restriction law in 2013, leading to the N.C. NAACP suing Gov. Pat McCrory. The NAACP said the amendment was racially discriminatory and would have an irreparable impact on the right to vote of Black people.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit ruled in favor of the NAACP.

Currently, 35 states have some form of in-person voter ID law in place. Twenty-eight of these states allow student ID with various caveats.

Chris Clark, an assistant political science professor at UNC, said students should recognize the important role that state governments play in their everyday lives.

“Public opinion does not always align with political preferences that are beneficial for political minorities, the marginalized, the less powerful,” he said in an email. “So when majorities are able to make laws without being held accountable by elections, then it can be problematic for minority rights.”

@CBlakeWeaver

city@dailytarheel.com

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